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Europe :: PORTUGAL
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PORTUGAL
  • Introduction :: PORTUGAL

  • Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of Brazil, its wealthiest colony, in 1822. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.
  • Geography :: PORTUGAL

  • Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain
    39 30 N, 8 00 W
    Europe
    total: 92,090 sq km
    land: 91,470 sq km
    water: 620 sq km
    note: includes Azores and Madeira Islands
    country comparison to the world: 112
    slightly smaller than Virginia
    total: 1,224 km
    border countries (1): Spain 1,224 km
    1,793 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south
    the west-flowing Tagus River divides the country: the north is mountainous toward the interior, while the south is characterized by rolling plains
    mean elevation: 372 m
    elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Ponta do Pico (Pico or Pico Alto) on Ilha do Pico in the Azores 2,351 m
    fish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower
    agricultural land: 39.7%
    arable land 11.9%; permanent crops 7.8%; permanent pasture 20%
    forest: 37.8%
    other: 22.5% (2011 est.)
    5,400 sq km (2012)
    concentrations are primarily along or near the Atlantic coast; both Lisbon and the second largest city, Porto, are coastal cities
    Azores subject to severe earthquakes
    volcanism: limited volcanic activity in the Azores Islands; Fayal or Faial (elev. 1,043 m) last erupted in 1958; most volcanoes have not erupted in centuries; historically active volcanoes include Agua de Pau, Furnas, Pico, Picos Volcanic System, San Jorge, Sete Cidades, and Terceira
    soil erosion; air pollution caused by industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution, especially in coastal areas
    party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Environmental Modification
    Azores and Madeira Islands occupy strategic locations along western sea approaches to Strait of Gibraltar
  • People and Society :: PORTUGAL

  • 10,839,514 (July 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 84
    noun: Portuguese (singular and plural)
    adjective: Portuguese
    homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal
    Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
    Roman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other (includes Jewish, Muslim, other) 0.6%, none 6.8%, unspecified 8.3%
    note: represents population 15 years of age and older (2011 est.)
    0-14 years: 15.34% (male 866,004/female 797,004)
    15-24 years: 11.36% (male 653,672/female 577,800)
    25-54 years: 41.72% (male 2,298,920/female 2,223,184)
    55-64 years: 12.18% (male 617,036/female 702,992)
    65 years and over: 19.4% (male 861,270/female 1,241,632) (2017 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total dependency ratio: 53.4
    youth dependency ratio: 21.6
    elderly dependency ratio: 31.8
    potential support ratio: 3.1 (2015 est.)
    total: 41.8 years
    male: 39.8 years
    female: 44 years (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 32
    0% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 196
    9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 207
    11.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 29
    2.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    concentrations are primarily along or near the Atlantic coast; both Lisbon and the second largest city, Porto, are coastal cities
    urban population: 64.6% of total population (2017)
    rate of urbanization: 0.76% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    LISBON (capital) 2.884 million; Porto 1.299 million (2015)
    at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
    30.2 years (2015 est.)
    10 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 162
    total: 4.4 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    total population: 79.3 years
    male: 76.1 years
    female: 82.8 years (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 49
    1.53 children born/woman (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    73.9% (2014)
    9.5% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 31
    4.43 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
    3.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
    improved:
    urban: 100% of population
    rural: 100% of population
    total: 100% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 0% of population
    rural: 0% of population
    total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
    improved:
    urban: 99.6% of population
    rural: 99.8% of population
    total: 99.7% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 0.4% of population
    rural: 0.2% of population
    total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)
    NA
    NA
    NA
    22.1% (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 69
    5.3% of GDP (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 55
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 95.7%
    male: 97.1%
    female: 94.4% (2015 est.)
    total: 17 years
    male: 17 years
    female: 17 years (2014)
    total: 28%
    male: 27.2%
    female: 28.8% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 16
  • Government :: PORTUGAL

  • conventional long form: Portuguese Republic
    conventional short form: Portugal
    local long form: Republica Portuguesa
    local short form: Portugal
    etymology: name derives from the Roman designation "Portus Cale" meaning "Port of Cale"; Cale was an ancient Celtic town and port in present-day northern Portugal
    semi-presidential republic
    name: Lisbon
    geographic coordinates: 38 43 N, 9 08 W
    time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    18 districts (distritos, singular - distrito) and 2 autonomous regions* (regioes autonomas, singular - regiao autonoma); Aveiro, Acores (Azores)*, Beja, Braga, Braganca, Castelo Branco, Coimbra, Evora, Faro, Guarda, Leiria, Lisboa (Lisbon), Madeira*, Portalegre, Porto, Santarem, Setubal, Viana do Castelo, Vila Real, Viseu
    1143 (Kingdom of Portugal recognized); 5 October 1910 (republic proclaimed)
    Portugal Day (Dia de Portugal), 10 June (1580); note - also called Camoes Day, the day that revered national poet Luis de Camoes (1524-80) died
    history: several previous; latest adopted 2 April 1976, effective 25 April 1976
    amendments: proposed by the Assembly of the Republic; adoption requires two-thirds majority vote of Assembly members; amended several times, last in 2005 (2016)
    civil law system; Constitutional Court review of legislative acts
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Portugal
    dual citizenship recognized: yes
    residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years; 6 years if from a Portuguese-speaking country
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: President Marcelo REBELO DE SOUSA (since 9 March 2016)
    head of government: Prime Minister Antonio Luis Santos da COSTA (since 24 November 2015)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
    elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 24 January 2016 (next to be held in January 2021); following legislative elections last held in October 2015, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition was appointed prime minister by the president
    election results: Marcelo REBELO DE SOUSA elected president; percent of vote - Marcelo REBELO DE SOUSA (PSD) 52%, Antonio Sampaio da NOVA (independent) 22.9%, Marisa MATISA (BE) 10.1%, Maria de BELEM (independent) 4.2%, other 10.8%
    note: there is also a Council of State that acts as a consultative body to the president
    description: unicameral Assembly of the Republic or Assembleia da Republica (230 seats; 226 members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote and 4 members - 2 each in 2 constituencies representing Portuguese living abroad - directly elected by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms)
    elections: last held on 4 October 2015 (next to be held by October 2019)
    election results: percent of vote by party - PaF 36.9%, PS 32.3%, B.E. 10.2%, CDU 8.3%, PPD/PSD (Azores and Madeira) 1.5%, PAN 1.4%, other 9.4%; seats by party - PaF 102, PS 86, B.E. 19, CDU 17, PPD/PSD (Azores and Madeira) 5, PAN 1
    highest court(s): Supreme Court or Supremo Tribunal de Justica (consists of 12 justices); Constitutional Court or Tribunal Constitucional (consists of 13 judges)
    judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court justices nominated by the president and appointed by the Assembly of the Republic; judges appointed for life; Constitutional Court judges - 10 elected by the Assembly and 3 elected by the other Constitutional Court judges; judges elected for 6-year non-renewable terms
    subordinate courts: Supreme Administrative Court (Supremo Tribunal Administrativo); Audit Court (Tribunal de Contas); appellate, district, and municipal courts
    Democratic and Social Center/Popular Party or CDS-PP [Assuncao CRISTAS]
    Ecologist Party "The Greens" or PEV [Heloisa APOLONiA]
    People_Animals_Nature Party or PAN [Andre SILVA]
    Portuguese Communist Party or PCP [Jeronimo DE SOUSA]
    Social Democratic Party or PPD/PSD [Pedro Passos COELHO]
    Socialist Party or PS [Antonio COSTA]
    The Left Bloc or BE or o Bloco [Catarina MARTINS]
    Unitary Democratic Coalition or CDU [Jeronimo DE SOUSA] (includes PCP and PEV)
    Armed Forces Officers' Association or AOFA [Lieutenant Colonel Antonio SILVA]
    General Workers Union or General Confederation of Portuguese Workers or UGT [Carlos SILVA]
    Portuguese National Workers' Conference or CGTP [Armenio CARLOS]
    TugaLeaks (a website that has become a mouthpiece for publicizing diverse protest action)
    other: the media; labor unions
    ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Australia Group, BIS, CD, CE, CERN, CPLP, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINUSMA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Pacific Alliance (observer), Paris Club (associate), PCA, Schengen Convention, SELEC (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
    chief of mission: Ambassador Domingos T?eixeira de Abreu Fezas VITAL (since 28 January 2016)
    chancery: 2012 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036
    telephone: [1] (202) 328-8610
    FAX: [1] (202) 462-3726
    consulate(s) general: Boston, New York, San Francisco
    consulate(s): New Bedford (MA), Newark (NJ), Providence (RI)
    chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Herro MUSTAFA (since 20 January 2017)
    embassy: Avenida das Forcas Armadas, 1600-081 Lisbon
    mailing address: Apartado 43033, 1601-301 Lisboa; PSC 83, APO AE 09726
    telephone: [351] (21) 727-3300
    FAX: [351] (21) 726-9109
    consulate(s): Ponta Delgada (Azores)
    two vertical bands of green (hoist side, two-fifths) and red (three-fifths) with the national coat of arms (armillary sphere and Portuguese shield) centered on the dividing line; explanations for the color meanings are ambiguous, but a popular interpretation has green symbolizing hope and red the blood of those defending the nation
    armillary sphere (a spherical astrolabe modeling objects in the sky and representing the Republic); national colors: red, green
    name: "A Portugesa" (The Song of the Portuguese)
    lyrics/music: Henrique LOPES DE MENDOCA/Alfredo KEIL
    note: adopted 1910; "A Portuguesa" was originally written to protest the Portuguese monarchy's acquiescence to the 1890 British ultimatum forcing Portugal to give up areas of Africa; the lyrics refer to the "insult" that resulted from the event
  • Economy :: PORTUGAL

  • Portugal has become a diversified and increasingly service-based economy since joining the European Community - the EU's predecessor - in 1986. Over the following two decades, successive governments privatized many state-controlled firms and liberalized key areas of the economy, including the financial and telecommunications sectors. The country joined the Economic and Monetary Union in 1999 and began circulating the euro on 1 January 2002 along with 11 other EU members.
    The economy grew by more than the EU average for much of the 1990s, but the rate of growth slowed in 2001-08. The economy contracted in 2009, and fell again from 2011 to 2013, as the government implemented spending cuts and tax increases to comply with conditions of an EU-IMF financial rescue package, signed in May 2011. Portugal successfully exited its EU-IMF program in May 2014. A modest recovery gathered steam in 2015 due to strong export performance and a rebound in private consumption. Growth slowed slightly in the first half of 2016, but rebounded in the last two quarters of the year to register at 1.4 percent for the year. Unemployment remains high, at 10.2%, at the end of 2016, but has improved steadily since peaking at 18% in 2013.
    The center-left minority Socialist government has unwound some unpopular austerity measures while managing to remain within most EU fiscal targets. The budget deficit fell from 11.2% of GDP in 2010 to 2.0% in 2016, the country’s lowest since democracy was restored in 1974, and surpassing the EU and IMF projections of 3%. Portugal is expected to exit the EU’s excessive deficit procedure by mid-2017.
    $298.7 billion (2016 est.)
    $294.5 billion (2015 est.)
    $289.9 billion (2014 est.)
    note: data are in 2016 dollars
    country comparison to the world: 57
    $204.8 billion (2016 est.)
    1.4% (2016 est.)
    1.6% (2015 est.)
    0.9% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 159
    $28,900 (2016 est.)
    $28,400 (2015 est.)
    $27,900 (2014 est.)
    note: data are in 2016 dollars
    country comparison to the world: 66
    15.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
    15.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
    15.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 118
    household consumption: 66.3%
    government consumption: 18.1%
    investment in fixed capital: 14.7%
    investment in inventories: -0.1%
    exports of goods and services: 39.9%
    imports of goods and services: -38.9% (2016 est.)
    agriculture: 2.4%
    industry: 21.9%
    services: 75.9% (2016 est.)
    grain, potatoes, tomatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, dairy products; fish
    textiles, clothing, footwear, wood and cork, paper and pulp, chemicals, fuels and lubricants, automobiles and auto parts, base metals, minerals, porcelain and ceramics, glassware, technology, telecommunications; dairy products, wine, other foodstuffs; ship construction and refurbishment; tourism, plastics, financial services, optics
    0.9% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 147
    5.167 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 78
    agriculture: 8.6%
    industry: 23.9%
    services: 67.5% (2014 est.)
    10.2% (2016 est.)
    12.4% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 127
    19% (2015 est.)
    lowest 10%: 2.6%
    highest 10%: 25.9% (2015 est.)
    33.9 (2015 est.)
    34 (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 102
    revenues: $87.26 billion
    expenditures: $92.25 billion (2016 est.)
    42.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 34
    -2.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 85
    126.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
    129% of GDP (2015 est.)
    note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
    country comparison to the world: 7
    calendar year
    0.6% (2016 est.)
    0.5% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
    0% (2016)
    0.05% (2015)
    note: this is the European Central Bank's rate on the marginal lending facility, which offers overnight credit to banks in the euro area
    country comparison to the world: 157
    4.1% (31 December 2016 est.)
    4.49% (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 153
    $87.6 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $72.29 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    note: see entry for the European Union for money supply for the entire euro area; the European Central Bank (ECB) controls monetary policy for the 18 members of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU); individual members of the EMU do not control the quantity of money circulating within their own borders
    country comparison to the world: 40
    $296.1 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $316.2 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 35
    $321.8 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $326.2 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 35
    $59.84 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    $57.77 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $79.18 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 46
    $1.722 billion (2016 est.)
    $138 million (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    $52.2 billion (2016 est.)
    $54.33 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 46
    agricultural products, foodstuffs, wine, oil products, chemical products, plastics and rubber, hides, leather, wood and cork, wood pulp and paper, textile materials, clothing, footwear, machinery and tools, base metals
    Spain 26.2%, France 12.6%, Germany 11.7%, UK 7%, US 4.9% (2016)
    $61.7 billion (2016 est.)
    $64.49 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 42
    agricultural products, chemical products, vehicles and other transport material, optical and precision instruments, computer accessories and parts, semiconductors and related devices, oil products, base metals, food products, textile materials
    Spain 32.8%, Germany 13.5%, France 7.8%, Italy 5.5%, Netherlands 5.1% (2016)
    $19.4 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    $19.62 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 59
    $449 billion (31 March 2016 est.)
    $447 billion (31 March 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 28
    $138.2 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $138.1 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 39
    $88.27 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $87.44 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 37
    euros (EUR) per US dollar -
    0.92 (2016 est.)
    0.89 (2015 est.)
    0.75 (2014 est.)
    0.76 (2013 est.)
    0.78 (2012 est.)
  • Energy :: PORTUGAL

  • electrification - total population: 100% (2016)
    50 billion kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    46 billion kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    6.3 billion kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 30
    7.2 billion kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 31
    19 million kW (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 44
    38.7% of total installed capacity (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 164
    0% of total installed capacity (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 166
    30% of total installed capacity (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 79
    30.7% of total installed capacity (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 4
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 184
    912.3 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    308,000 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 26
    0 bbl (1 January 2016 es)
    country comparison to the world: 183
    320,200 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 42
    244,500 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 50
    138,400 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 41
    60,010 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 72
    0 cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 183
    4.079 billion cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
    0 cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 167
    4.07 billion cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 36
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 es)
    country comparison to the world: 121
    43.98 million Mt (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
  • Communications :: PORTUGAL

  • total subscriptions: 4,787,677
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 44 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 34
    total: 11,572,085
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 107 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 76
    general assessment: Portugal's telephone system has a state-of-the-art network with broadband, high-speed capabilities
    domestic: integrated network of coaxial cables, open-wire, microwave radio relay, and domestic satellite earth stations
    international: country code - 351; a combination of submarine cables provide connectivity to Europe, North and East Africa, South Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and the US; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean), NA Eutelsat; tropospheric scatter to Azores (2015)
    Radio e Televisao de Portugal (RTP), the publicly owned TV broadcaster, operates 4 domestic channels and external service channels to Africa; overall, roughly 40 domestic TV stations; viewers have widespread access to international broadcasters with more than half of all households connected to multi-channel cable or satellite TV systems; publicly owned radio operates 3 national networks and provides regional and external services; several privately owned national radio stations and some 300 regional and local commercial radio stations (2014)
    .pt
    total: 7,629,560
    percent of population: 70.4% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
  • Transportation :: PORTUGAL

  • number of registered air carriers: 12
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 122
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 12,635,233
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 343,971,094 mt-km (2015)
    CR, CS (2016)
    64 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    total: 43
    over 3,047 m: 5
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 7
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 8
    914 to 1,523 m: 15
    under 914 m: 8 (2017)
    total: 21
    914 to 1,523 m: 1
    under 914 m: 20 (2013)
    gas 1,344 km; oil 11 km; refined products 188 km (2013)
    total: 3,075.1 km
    broad gauge: 2,439 km 1.668-m gauge (1,633.4 km electrified)
    narrow gauge: 108.1 km 1.000-m gauge
    other: 528 km (gauge unspecified) (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 58
    total: 82,900 km
    paved: 71,294 km (includes 2,613 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 11,606 km (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 59
    210 km (on Douro River from Porto) (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 95
    total: 109
    by type: bulk carrier 8, cargo 35, carrier 1, chemical tanker 21, container 7, liquefied gas 6, passenger 13, passenger/cargo 5, petroleum tanker 3, roll on/roll off 1, vehicle carrier 9
    foreign-owned: 81 (Belgium 8, Colombia 1, Denmark 4, Germany 14, Greece 2, Italy 12, Japan 9, Mexico 1, Norway 2, Spain 18, Sweden 3, Switzerland 3, US 4)
    registered in other countries: 15 (Cyprus 2, Malta 3, Panama 10) (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 48
    major seaport(s): Leixoes, Lisbon, Setubal, Sines
    LNG terminal(s) (import): Sines
  • Military and Security :: PORTUGAL

  • 1.84% of GDP (2016)
    1.79% of GDP (2015)
    1.79% of GDP (2014)
    2.09% of GDP (2013)
    1.91% of GDP (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    Portuguese Army (Exercito Portuguesa), Portuguese Navy (Marinha Portuguesa; includes Marine Corps), Portuguese Air Force (Forca Aerea Portuguesa, FAP) (2013)
    18-30 years of age for voluntary military service; no compulsory military service, but conscription possible if insufficient volunteers available; women serve in the armed forces, on naval ships since 1993, but are prohibited from serving in some combatant specialties; reserve obligation to age 35 (2012)
  • Transnational Issues :: PORTUGAL

  • Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over the territory of Olivenza based on a difference of interpretation of the 1815 Congress of Vienna and the 1801 Treaty of Badajoz
    stateless persons: 14 (2016)
    seizing record amounts of Latin American cocaine destined for Europe; a European gateway for Southwest Asian heroin; transshipment point for hashish from North Africa to Europe; consumer of Southwest Asian heroin