Africa :: NIGERIA
  • Introduction :: NIGERIA

  • British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy. After independence in 1960, politics were marked by coups and mostly military rule, until the death of a military head of state in 1998 allowed for a political transition. In 1999, a new constitution was adopted and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of institutionalizing democracy and reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country's history and the elections of 2011 were generally regarded as credible. The 2015 election is considered the most well run in Nigeria since the return to civilian rule, with the umbrella opposition party, the All Progressives Congress, defeating the long-ruling People's Democratic Party that had governed since 1999.
  • Geography :: NIGERIA

  • Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon
    10 00 N, 8 00 E
    Africa
    total: 923,768 sq km
    land: 910,768 sq km
    water: 13,000 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 33
    about six times the size of Georgia; slightly more than twice the size of California
    total: 4,477 km
    border countries (4): Benin 809 km, Cameroon 1,975 km, Chad 85 km, Niger 1,608 km
    853 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north
    southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north
    mean elevation: 380 m
    elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m
    natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land
    agricultural land: 78%
    arable land 37.3%; permanent crops 7.4%; permanent pasture 33.3%
    forest: 9.5%
    other: 12.5% (2011 est.)
    2,930 sq km (2012)
    largest population of any African nation; significant population clusters are scattered throughout the country, with the highest density areas being in the south and southwest
    periodic droughts; flooding
    soil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution - water, air, and soil; has suffered serious damage from oil spills; loss of arable land; rapid urbanization
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    the Niger River enters the country in the northwest and flows southward through tropical rain forests and swamps to its delta in the Gulf of Guinea
  • People and Society :: NIGERIA

  • 190,632,261
    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 7
    noun: Nigerian(s)
    adjective: Nigerian
    Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the most populous and politically influential are: Hausa and the Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
    English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages
    Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%
    Nigeria’s population is projected to grow from more than 186 million people in 2016 to 392 million in 2050, becoming the world’s fourth most populous country. Nigeria’s sustained high population growth rate will continue for the foreseeable future because of population momentum and its high birth rate. Abuja has not successfully implemented family planning programs to reduce and space births because of a lack of political will, government financing, and the availability and affordability of services and products, as well as a cultural preference for large families. Increased educational attainment, especially among women, and improvements in health care are needed to encourage and to better enable parents to opt for smaller families.
    Nigeria needs to harness the potential of its burgeoning youth population in order to boost economic development, reduce widespread poverty, and channel large numbers of unemployed youth into productive activities and away from ongoing religious and ethnic violence. While most movement of Nigerians is internal, significant emigration regionally and to the West provides an outlet for Nigerians looking for economic opportunities, seeking asylum, and increasingly pursuing higher education. Immigration largely of West Africans continues to be insufficient to offset emigration and the loss of highly skilled workers. Nigeria also is a major source, transit, and destination country for forced labor and sex trafficking.
    0-14 years: 42.54% (male 41,506,288/female 39,595,720)
    15-24 years: 19.61% (male 19,094,899/female 18,289,513)
    25-54 years: 30.74% (male 30,066,196/female 28,537,846)
    55-64 years: 3.97% (male 3,699,947/female 3,870,080)
    65 years and over: 3.13% (male 2,825,134/female 3,146,638) (2017 est.)
    total dependency ratio: 88.2
    youth dependency ratio: 83
    elderly dependency ratio: 5.1
    potential support ratio: 19.4 (2015 est.)
    total: 18.3 years
    male: 18.2 years
    female: 18.4 years (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 212
    2.4% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 31
    36.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 13
    12.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 19
    -0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 107
    largest population of any African nation; significant population clusters are scattered throughout the country, with the highest density areas being in the south and southwest
    urban population: 49.4% of total population (2017)
    rate of urbanization: 4.3% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Lagos 13.123 million; Kano 3.587 million; Ibadan 3.16 million; ABUJA (capital) 2.44 million; Port Harcourt 2.343 million; Benin City 1.496 million (2015)
    at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
    20.3 years
    note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2013 est.)
    814 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 11
    total: 71.2 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 76 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 66.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 10
    total population: 53.4 years
    male: 52.4 years
    female: 54.5 years (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 214
    5.07 children born/woman (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 13
    15.1% (2013)
    3.7% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 167
    0.38 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
    improved:
    urban: 80.8% of population
    rural: 57.3% of population
    total: 68.5% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 19.2% of population
    rural: 42.7% of population
    total: 31.5% of population (2015 est.)
    improved:
    urban: 32.8% of population
    rural: 25.4% of population
    total: 29% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 67.2% of population
    rural: 74.6% of population
    total: 71% of population (2015 est.)
    2.9% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 21
    3.2 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 2
    160,000 (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 1
    degree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
    water contact diseases: leptospirosis and schistosomiasis
    respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
    aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever
    animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
    9.7% (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 146
    19.8% (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 12
    NA
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 59.6%
    male: 69.2%
    female: 49.7% (2015 est.)
    total: 9 years
    male: 9 years
    female: 8 years (2011)
    total number: 11,396,823
    percentage: 29% (2007 est.)
    total: 7.7%
    male: NA
    female: NA (2015 est.)
  • Government :: NIGERIA

  • conventional long form: Federal Republic of Nigeria
    conventional short form: Nigeria
    etymology: named for the Niger River that flows through the west of the country to the Atlantic Ocean; from a native term "Ni Gir" meaning "River Gir"
    federal presidential republic
    name: Abuja
    geographic coordinates: 9 05 N, 7 32 E
    time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    36 states and 1 territory*; Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Federal Capital Territory*, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nasarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara
    1 October 1960 (from the UK)
    Independence Day (National Day), 1 October (1960)
    history: several previous; latest adopted 5 May 1999, effective 29 May 1999
    amendments: proposed by the National Assembly; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote of both houses and approval by the Houses of Assembly of at least two-thirds of the states; amendments to constitutional articles on the creation of a new state, fundamental constitutional rights, or constitution-amending procedures requires at least four-fifths majority vote by both houses of the National Assembly and approval by the Houses of Assembly in at least two-thirds of the states; passage of amendments limited to the creation of a new state require at least two-thirds majority by the proposing National Assembly house and approval by the Houses of Assembly in two-thirds of the states; amended several times, last in 2012 (2017)
    mixed legal system of English common law, Islamic law (in 12 northern states), and traditional law
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Nigeria
    dual citizenship recognized: yes
    residency requirement for naturalization: 15 years
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: President Maj. Gen. (ret.) Muhammadu BUHARI (since 29 May 2015); Vice President Oluyemi "Yemi" OSINBAJO (since 29 May 2015); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Maj.Gen. (ret.) Muhammadu BUHARI (since 29 May 2015); Vice President Oluyemi "Yemi" OSINBAJO (since 29 May 2015)
    cabinet: Federal Executive Council appointed by the president
    elections/appointments: president directly elected by 'qualified' majority popular vote and at least 25% of the votes cast in 24 of Nigeria's 36 states; president elected for a 4-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 28-29 March 2015 (next to be held on 19 February 2019)
    election results: Muhammadu BUHARI elected president; percent of vote - Muhammadu BUHARI (APC) 54%, Goodluck JONATHAN (PDP) 45%, other 1%
    description: bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (109 seats - 3 each for the 36 states and 1 for Abuja; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 4-year terms) and the House of Representatives (360 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 4-year terms)
    elections: Senate - last held on 28-29 March 2015 (next to be held in February 2019); House of Representatives - last held on 28-29 March 2015 (next to be held in 2019)
    election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - APC 60, PDP 49; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - APC 225, PDP 125, other 10
    note: Senate - seats by party as of April 2017 - APC 66, PDP 43 (with continuing defections to the APC)
    highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and 15 justices)
    judge selection and term of office: judges appointed by the president on the recommendation of the National Judicial Council, a 23-member independent body of federal and state judicial officials; judge appointments confirmed by the Senate; judges serve until age 70
    subordinate courts: Court of Appeal; Federal High Court; High Court of the Federal Capital Territory; Sharia Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory; Customary Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory; state court system similar in structure to federal system
    Accord Party or ACC [Mohammad Lawal MALADO]
    All Progressives Congress or APC [John Odigie OYEGUN]
    All Progressives Grand Alliance or APGA [Victor C. UMEH]
    Democratic Peoples Party or DPP [Biodun OGUNBIYI]
    Labor Party or LP [Alhai Abdulkadir ABDULSALAM]
    Peoples Democratic Party or PDP [Ali Modu SHERIFF]
    Academic Staff Union for Universities or ASUU
    Campaign for Democracy or CD
    Civil Liberties Organization or CLO
    Committee for the Defense of Human Rights or CDHR
    Constitutional Right Project or CRP
    Human Right Africa
    National Association of Democratic Lawyers or NADL
    National Association of Nigerian Students or NANS
    Nigerian Bar Association or NBA
    Nigerian Labor Congress or NLC
    Nigerian Medical Association or NMA
    Universal Defenders of Democracy or UDD
    other: the press
    ACP, AfDB, AU, C, CD, D-8, ECOWAS, EITI (compliant country), FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSMA, MONUSCO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNISFA, UNITAR, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
    chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Hakeem Toyin BALOGUN (since 27 August 2015)
    chancery: 3519 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 986-8400
    FAX: [1] (202) 362-6541
    consulate(s) general: Atlanta, New York
    chief of mission: Ambassador Stuart SYMINGTON (since 1 December 2016)
    embassy: Plot 1075 Diplomatic Drive, Central District Area, Abuja
    mailing address: P. O. Box 5760, Garki, Abuja
    telephone: [234] (9) 461-4000
    FAX: [234] (9) 461-4036
    consulate(s): Lagos
    three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green; the color green represents the forests and abundant natural wealth of the country, white stands for peace and unity
    eagle; national colors: green, white
    name: "Arise Oh Compatriots, Nigeria's Call Obey"
    lyrics/music: John A. ILECHUKWU, Eme Etim AKPAN, B. A. OGUNNAIKE, Sotu OMOIGUI and P. O. ADERIBIGBE/Benedict Elide ODIASE
    note: adopted 1978; lyrics are a mixture of the five top entries in a national contest
  • Economy :: NIGERIA

  • Nigeria is one of Sub Saharan Africa’s largest economies and relies heavily on oil as its main source of foreign exchange earnings and government revenues. Following the 2008-09 global financial crises, the banking sector was effectively recapitalized and regulation enhanced. Since then, Nigeria’s economic growth has been driven by growth in agriculture, telecommunications, and services. Economic diversification and strong growth have not translated into a significant decline in poverty levels; however, over 62% of Nigeria's 170 million people still live in extreme poverty.
    Despite its strong fundamentals, oil-rich Nigeria has been hobbled by inadequate power supply, lack of infrastructure, delays in the passage of legislative reforms, an inefficient property registration system, restrictive trade policies, an inconsistent regulatory environment, a slow and ineffective judicial system, unreliable dispute resolution mechanisms, insecurity, and pervasive corruption. Regulatory constraints and security risks have limited new investment in oil and natural gas, and Nigeria's oil production has contracted every year since 2012.
    President BUHARI, elected in March 2015, has established a cabinet of economic ministers that includes several technocrats, and he has announced plans to increase transparency, diversify the economy away from oil, and improve fiscal management, but his reliance on the Central Bank governor has led to overwhelmingly protectionist policies aimed at defending the naira from further devaluation. President BUHARI ran on an anti-corruption platform, and has made some headway in alleviating corruption, such as an implementation of a Treasury Single Account that allows the government to better manage its resources. The government also is working to develop stronger public-private partnerships for roads, agriculture, and power.
    Partly because of lower oil prices, Nigeria entered a recession in 2016. However, the medium-term outlook for Nigeria is positive, assuming oil output stabilizes and oil prices recover.
    $1.091 trillion (2016 est.)
    $1.108 trillion (2015 est.)
    $1.08 trillion (2014 est.)
    note: data are in 2016 dollars
    country comparison to the world: 24
    $406 billion (2016 est.)
    -1.5% (2016 est.)
    2.7% (2015 est.)
    6.3% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 201
    $5,900 (2016 est.)
    $6,200 (2015 est.)
    $6,200 (2014 est.)
    note: data are in 2016 dollars
    country comparison to the world: 162
    16.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
    12.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
    16% of GDP (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 118
    household consumption: 80.8%
    government consumption: 6.6%
    investment in fixed capital: 14.8%
    investment in inventories: 0%
    exports of goods and services: 9.9%
    imports of goods and services: -12.1% (2016 est.)
    agriculture: 21.2%
    industry: 18.4%
    services: 60.4% (2016 est.)
    cocoa, peanuts, cotton, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava (manioc, tapioca), yams, rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; timber; fish
    crude oil, coal, tin, columbite; rubber products, wood; hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel
    -8.9% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 197
    58.81 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 11
    agriculture: 70%
    industry: 10%
    services: 20% (1999 est.)
    13.9% (2016 est.)
    23.9% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 165
    70% (2010 est.)
    lowest 10%: 1.8%
    highest 10%: 38.2% (2010 est.)
    48.8 (2013)
    50.6 (1997)
    country comparison to the world: 21
    revenues: $12.07 billion
    expenditures: $23.22 billion (2016 est.)
    3% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 218
    -2.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
    14.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
    11.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 192
    calendar year
    15.7% (2016 est.)
    9% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 215
    4.25% (31 December 2010)
    6% (31 December 2009)
    country comparison to the world: 95
    16.87% (31 December 2016 est.)
    16.85% (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 27
    $37.45 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $43.62 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    $77.91 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $101.9 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 58
    $89.18 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $110 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    $53.07 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $63.47 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $80.61 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 50
    $2.722 billion (2016 est.)
    -$15.44 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 31
    $34.7 billion (2016 est.)
    $45.89 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 53
    petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa, rubber (2012 est.)
    India 34%, US 9%, Spain 5.9%, France 5.8%, South Africa 5.5%, Canada 5.1% (2016)
    $35.24 billion (2016 est.)
    $52.33 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 58
    machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food and live animals
    China 20.3%, US 8.3%, Belgium 7.6%, UK 4.4%, Netherlands 4.1% (2016)
    $25.84 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $29.07 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 51
    $31.41 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $29.03 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    $113.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $91.49 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 44
    $15.65 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $11.92 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 58
    nairas (NGN) per US dollar -
    253 (2016 est.)
    253 (2015 est.)
    192.73 (2014 est.)
    158.55 (2013 est.)
    156.81 (2012 est.)
  • Energy :: NIGERIA

  • population without electricity: 95,500,000
    electrification - total population: 45%
    electrification - urban areas: 55%
    electrification - rural areas: 37% (2013)
    29 billion kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 63
    24 billion kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 68
    0 kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 113
    0 kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 219
    12.52 million kW (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 56
    83.5% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 90
    0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 156
    15% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 103
    1.5% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 90
    2.317 million bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 12
    2.231 million bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 6
    0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 174
    37 billion bbl (1 January 2016 es)
    country comparison to the world: 10
    110,200 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 69
    277,000 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 46
    22,480 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 68
    187,400 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 32
    43.84 billion cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 20
    18.84 billion cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 39
    25 billion cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 13
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 165
    5.111 trillion cu m (1 January 2016 es)
    country comparison to the world: 9
    97 million Mt (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 40
  • Communications :: NIGERIA

  • total subscriptions: 154,513
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: less than 1 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 130
    total: 154,342,168
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 83 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 9
    general assessment: further expansion and modernization of the fixed-line telephone network is needed; network quality remains a problem
    domestic: fixed-line subscribership remains less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular services growing rapidly, in part responding to the shortcomings of the fixed-line network; multiple cellular providers operate nationally with subscribership base over 80 per 100 persons
    international: country code - 234; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) (2016)
    nearly 70 federal government-controlled national and regional TV stations; all 36 states operate TV stations; several private TV stations operational; cable and satellite TV subscription services are available; network of federal government-controlled national, regional, and state radio stations; roughly 40 state government-owned radio stations typically carry their own programs except for news broadcasts; about 20 private radio stations; transmissions of international broadcasters are available (2007)
    .ng
    total: 47,759,904
    percent of population: 25.7% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 9
  • Transportation :: NIGERIA

  • number of registered air carriers: 16
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 73
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 3,223,459
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 22,400,657 mt-km (2015)
    5N (2016)
    54 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 88
    total: 40
    over 3,047 m: 10
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 12
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 9
    914 to 1,523 m: 6
    under 914 m: 3 (2017)
    total: 14
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
    914 to 1,523 m: 9
    under 914 m: 3 (2013)
    5 (2013)
    condensate 124 km; gas 4,045 km; liquid petroleum gas 164 km; oil 4,441 km; refined products 3,940 km (2013)
    total: 3,798 km
    standard gauge: 293 km 1.435-m gauge
    narrow gauge: 3,505 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 47
    total: 193,200 km
    paved: 28,980 km
    unpaved: 164,220 km (2004)
    country comparison to the world: 29
    8,600 km (Niger and Benue Rivers and smaller rivers and creeks) (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 15
    total: 89
    by type: cargo 2, chemical tanker 28, liquefied gas 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 56, specialized tanker 1
    foreign-owned: 3 (India 1, UK 2)
    registered in other countries: 33 (Bahamas 2, Bermuda 11, Comoros 1, Italy 1, Liberia 4, North Korea 1, Panama 6, Seychelles 1, unknown 6) (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 55
    major seaport(s): Bonny Inshore Terminal, Calabar, Lagos
    LNG terminal(s) (export): Bonny Island
  • Military and Security :: NIGERIA

  • 0.43% of GDP (2016)
    0.42% of GDP (2015)
    0.41% of GDP (2014)
    0.47% of GDP (2013)
    0.5% of GDP (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 108
    Nigerian Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force (2013)
    18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2012)
    the International Maritime Bureau reports the territorial and offshore waters in the Niger Delta and Gulf of Guinea as high risk for piracy and armed robbery of ships; in 2016, 36 commercial vessels were boarded or attacked compared with 14 attacks in 2015; in the first half of 2017, 31 crew members were abducted in five reported incidents; half of all reports of vessels being fired upon occur in Nigerian waters; Nigerian pirates have extended the range of their attacks to as far away as Cote d'Ivoire and as far as 100 nm offshore
  • Transnational Issues :: NIGERIA

  • Joint Border Commission with Cameroon reviewed 2002 ICJ ruling on the entire boundary and bilaterally resolved differences, including June 2006 Greentree Agreement that immediately cedes sovereignty of the Bakassi Peninsula to Cameroon with a phaseout of Nigerian control within two years while resolving patriation issues; the ICJ ruled on an equidistance settlement of Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea-Nigeria maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea, but imprecisely defined coordinates in the ICJ decision and a sovereignty dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River all contribute to the delay in implementation; only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty which also includes the Chad-Niger and Niger-Nigeria boundaries; location of Benin-Niger-Nigeria tripoint is unresolved
    IDPs: 1,757,288 (Boko Haram attacks and counterinsurgency efforts in northern Nigeria; communal violence between Christians and Muslims in the middle belt region, political violence; flooding; forced evictions; cattle rustling; competition for resources) (2017)
    a transit point for heroin and cocaine intended for European, East Asian, and North American markets; consumer of amphetamines; safe haven for Nigerian narcotraffickers operating worldwide; major money-laundering center; massive corruption and criminal activity; Nigeria has improved some anti-money-laundering controls, resulting in its removal from the Financial Action Task Force's (FATF's) Noncooperative Countries and Territories List in June 2006; Nigeria's anti-money-laundering regime continues to be monitored by FATF