Library

 
Europe :: CZECHIA
Page last updated on October 19, 2017
View 20 photos of
CZECHIA
  • Introduction :: CZECHIA

  • At the close of World War I, the Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, having rejected a federal system, the new country's predominantly Czech leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the increasingly strident demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Slovaks, the Sudeten Germans, and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). On the eve of World War II, Nazi Germany occupied the territory that today comprises Czechia, and Slovakia became an independent state allied with Germany. After the war, a reunited but truncated Czechoslovakia (less Ruthenia) fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize communist rule and create "socialism with a human face," ushering in a period of repression known as "normalization." The peaceful "Velvet Revolution" swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. The country changed its short-form name to Czechia in 2016.
  • Geography :: CZECHIA

  • Central Europe, between Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria
    49 45 N, 15 30 E
    Europe
    total: 78,867 sq km
    land: 77,247 sq km
    water: 1,620 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 117
    about two-thirds the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than South Carolina
    total: 2,143 km
    border countries (4): Austria 402 km, Germany 704 km, Poland 796 km, Slovakia 241 km
    0 km (landlocked)
    none (landlocked)
    temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
    Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country
    mean elevation: 433 m
    elevation extremes: lowest point: Labe (Elbe) River 115 m
    highest point: Snezka 1,602 m
    hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber, arable land
    agricultural land: 54.8%
    arable land 41%; permanent crops 1%; permanent pasture 12.8%
    forest: 34.4%
    other: 10.8% (2011 est.)
    320 sq km (2012)
    a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, but the northern and eastern regions tend to have larger urban concentrations
    flooding
    air and water pollution in areas of northwest Bohemia and in northern Moravia around Ostrava present health risks; acid rain damaging forests; efforts to bring industry up to EU code should improve domestic pollution
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    landlocked; strategically located astride some of oldest and most significant land routes in Europe; Moravian Gate is a traditional military corridor between the North European Plain and the Danube in central Europe
  • People and Society :: CZECHIA

  • 10,674,723 (July 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 87
    noun: Czech(s)
    adjective: Czech
    Czech 64.3%, Moravian 5%, Slovak 1.4%, other 1.8%, unspecified 27.5% (2011 est.)
    Czech (official) 95.4%, Slovak 1.6%, other 3% (2011 census)
    Roman Catholic 10.4%, Protestant (includes Czech Brethren and Hussite) 1.1%, other and unspecified 54%, none 34.5% (2011 est.)
    0-14 years: 15.16% (male 831,150/female 786,984)
    15-24 years: 9.59% (male 527,232/female 496,530)
    25-54 years: 43.84% (male 2,403,333/female 2,276,261)
    55-64 years: 12.44% (male 646,106/female 681,541)
    65 years and over: 18.98% (male 842,384/female 1,183,202) (2017 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total dependency ratio: 49.5
    youth dependency ratio: 22.6
    elderly dependency ratio: 26.9
    potential support ratio: 3.7 (2015 est.)
    total: 41.7 years
    male: 40.4 years
    female: 43 years (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 33
    0.1% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    9.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 203
    10.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 31
    2.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 41
    a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, but the northern and eastern regions tend to have larger urban concentrations
    urban population: 73% of total population (2017)
    rate of urbanization: 0.3% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    PRAGUE (capital) 1.314 million (2015)
    at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
    28.1 years (2014 est.)
    4 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    total: 2.6 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 2.8 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 2.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 217
    total population: 78.6 years
    male: 75.7 years
    female: 81.8 years (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 56
    1.45 children born/woman (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 204
    86.3%
    note: percent of women aged 18-44 (2008)
    7.4% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 71
    3.68 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
    6.8 beds/1,000 population (2011)
    improved:
    urban: 100% of population
    rural: 100% of population
    total: 100% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 0% of population
    rural: 0% of population
    total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
    improved:
    urban: 99.1% of population
    rural: 99.2% of population
    total: 99.1% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 0.9% of population
    rural: 0.8% of population
    total: 0.9% of population (2015 est.)
    <.1% (2016 est.)
    3,400 (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
    <100 (2016 est.)
    29.1% (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 21
    4.1% of GDP (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 106
    definition: NA
    total population: 99%
    male: 99%
    female: 99% (2011 est.)
    total: 17 years
    male: 16 years
    female: 18 years (2014)
    total: 12.6%
    male: 11.3%
    female: 14.4% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
  • Government :: CZECHIA

  • conventional long form: Czech Republic
    conventional short form: Czechia
    local long form: Ceska republika
    local short form: Cesko
    etymology: name derives from the Czechs, a West Slavic tribe who rose to prominence in the late 9th century A.D.
    parliamentary republic
    name: Prague
    geographic coordinates: 50 05 N, 14 28 E
    time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    13 regions (kraje, singular - kraj) and 1 capital city* (hlavni mesto); Jihocesky (South Bohemia), Jihomoravsky (South Moravia), Karlovarsky (Karlovy Vary), Kralovehradecky (Hradec Kralove), Liberecky (Liberec), Moravskoslezsky (Moravia-Silesia), Olomoucky (Olomouc), Pardubicky (Pardubice), Plzensky (Pilsen), Praha (Prague)*, Stredocesky (Central Bohemia), Ustecky (Usti), Vysocina (Highlands), Zlinsky (Zlin)
    1 January 1993 (Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia); note - although 1 January is the day the Czech Republic came into being, the Czechs commemorate 28 October 1918, the day the former Czechoslovakia declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, as their independence day
    Czechoslovak Founding Day, 28 October (1918)
    history: previous 1960; latest ratified 16 December 1992, effective 1 January 1993
    amendments: passage requires at least three-fifths concurrence by members present in both houses of Parliament; amended several times, last in 2013 (2016)
    new civil code enacted in 2014, replacing civil code of 1964 - based on former Austro-Hungarian civil codes and socialist theory - and reintroducing former Czech legal terminology
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Czechia
    dual citizenship recognized: no
    residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: President Milos ZEMAN (since 8 March 2013)
    head of government: Prime Minister Bohuslav SOBOTKA (since 17 January 2014); First Deputy Prime Minister Richard BRABEC (since 24 May 2017) and Deputy Prime Minister Pavel BELOBRADEK (since 29 January 2014)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
    elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (limited to 2 consecutive terms); elections last held on 11-12 January 2013 with a runoff on 25-26 January 2013 (next to be held in January 2018); prime minister appointed by the president for a 4-year term
    election results: Milos ZEMAN elected president; percent of popular vote - Milos ZEMAN (SPO) 54.8%, Karel SCHWARZENBERG (TOP 09) 45.2%
    description: bicameral Parliament or Parlament consists of the Senate or Senat (81 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote in 2 rounds if needed; members serve 6-year terms with one-third of the membership renewed every 2 years) and the Chamber of Deputies or Poslanecka Snemovna (200 seats; members directly elected in 14 multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote with a 5% threshold required to fill a seat; members serve 4-year terms)
    elections: Senate - last held in 2 rounds on 7-8 and 14-15 October 2016 (next to be held in October 2018); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 25-26 October 2013 (next to be held on 20-21 October 2017)
    election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; CSSD 25, KDU-CSL 14, ODS 9, ANO 7, STAN 5, SZ 4, TOP 09 2, SLK 2, SZ 2, SPO 1, Movement for Prague 1, S.cz. 1, KSCM 1, other 5, independent 2; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - CSSD 25%, ANO 23.5%, KSCM 16.5%, TOP 09 12.5%, ODS 8%, KDU-CSL 7%, Usvit 3.5%, other 4%; seats by party - CSSD 50, ANO 47, KSCM 33, TOP 09 + STAN 25, ODS 16, KDU-CSL 14, Usvit 7, independent 8
    note: Senate seats by party as of 20 May 2017 - CSSD 25, KDU-CSL 16, STAN and TOP 09 11, ODS 10, ANO 7, SPO 2, SZ 2, S.cz. 1, KSCM 1, Movement for Prague 1, independent 5
    highest court(s): Supreme Court (organized into Civil Law and Commercial Division, and Criminal Division each with a court chief justice, vice justice, and several judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 15 justices); Supreme Administrative Court (consists of 28 judges)
    judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges proposed by the Chamber of Deputies and appointed by the president; judges appointed for life; Constitutional Court judges appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate; judges appointed for 10-year, renewable terms; Supreme Administrative Court judges selected by the president of the Court; unlimited terms
    subordinate courts: High Court; superior, regional, and district courts
    ANO [Andrej BABIS]
    Christian Democratic Union-Czechoslovak People's Party or KDU-CSL [Pavel BELOBRADEK]
    Civic Democratic Party or ODS [Petr FIALA]
    Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia or KSCM [Vojtech FILIP]
    Czech Social Democratic Party or CSSD [Bohuslav SOBOTKA]
    Dawn - National Coalition or Usvit-NK [Miroslav LIDINSKY]
    Free Citizens Party or Svobodni [Petr MACH]
    Freedom and Direct Democracy or SPD [Tomio OKAMURA]
    Green Party or SZ [Matej STROPNICKY]
    Mayors and Independents or STAN [Petr GAZDIK]
    Movement for Prague
    Nestranici (Non-Partisans) or NK [Vera RYBOVA]
    North Bohemians or S.cz [Bronislav SCHWARZ]
    Party of Civic Rights or SPO [Jan VELEBA]
    Tradition Responsibility Prosperity 09 or TOP 09 [Miroslav KALOUSEK]
    Czech-Moravian Confederation of Trade Unions or CMKOS [Josef STREDULA]
    Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CD, CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, ESA, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MONUSCO, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, Schengen Convention, SELEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
    chief of mission: Ambassador Hynek KMONICEK (since 24 April 2017)
    chancery: 3900 Spring of Freedom Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 274-9100
    FAX: [1] (202) 966-8540
    consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York
    chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Kelly ADAMS-SMITH (since 20 January 2017)
    embassy: Trziste 15, 118 01 Prague 1 - Mala Strana
    mailing address: use embassy street address
    telephone: [420] 257 022 000
    FAX: [420] 257 022 809
    two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side
    note: combines the white and red colors of Bohemia with blue from the arms of Moravia; is identical to the flag of the former Czechoslovakia
    silver (or white), double-tailed, rampant lion; national colors: white, red, blue
    name: "Kde domov muj?" (Where is My Home?)
    lyrics/music: Josef Kajetan TYL/Frantisek Jan SKROUP
    note: adopted 1993; the anthem was originally written as incidental music to the play "Fidlovacka" (1834), it soon became very popular as an unofficial anthem of the Czech nation; its first verse served as the official Czechoslovak anthem beginning in 1918, while the second verse (Slovak) was dropped after the split of Czechoslovakia in 1993
  • Economy :: CZECHIA

  • Czechia is a prosperous market economy that boasts one of the highest GDP growth rates and lowest unemployment levels in the EU, but its dependence on exports makes economic growth vulnerable to contractions in external demand. Czechia’s exports comprise some 80% of GDP and largely consist of automobiles, the country’s single largest industry. Czechia acceded to the EU in 2004 but has yet to join the euro-zone. While the flexible koruna helps Czechia weather external shocks, its central bank (Czech National Bank - CNB) has since November 2013 intervened in the foreign exchange markets to cap the value of the koruna at 27/Euro, with a 2% inflation target. This intervention has also helped to keep exports competitively priced. After inflation exceeded the bank's 2% target in early 2017, the CNB indicated it expects to end its intervention in the first half of 2017, though it will continue to intervene as necessary to maintain stability of the currency.
    After slowly recovering from a steep recession in 2009, the Czech economy again fell into recession in 2012 and 2013 because of a slump in demand within the EU and government austerity measures. Inflows of EU development funds underpinned a rebound in 2014-15. Real GDP growth reached 4.5% in 2015, in part due to last-minute spending of EU funds, and fell to 2.5% in 2016, still one of the highest rates in the EU. The Czech unemployment rate was 5.2% in 2016, one of the lowest rates in the EU.
    Since coming to power in 2014, the new government has undertaken some reforms to try to reduce corruption, attract investment, and improve social welfare programs, which could help increase the government’s revenues and improve living conditions for Czechs. The government introduced in December 2016 an online tax reporting system intended to reduce tax evasion and increase revenues. The government also plans to remove labor market rigidities to improve the business climate, bring procurement procedures in line with EU best practices, and boost wages. The country's low unemployment rate has led to steady increases in salaries – 4-5% in each of the past two years, and the government is facing pressure from businesses to allow greater migration of qualified workers, at least from Ukraine and neighboring Central European countries.
    Long-term challenges include dealing with a rapidly aging population, a shortage of skilled workers, a lagging education system, funding an unsustainable pension and health care system, and diversifying away from manufacturing and toward a more high-tech, services-based, knowledge economy.
    $350.7 billion (2016 est.)
    $342.5 billion (2015 est.)
    $327.6 billion (2014 est.)
    note: data are in 2016 dollars
    country comparison to the world: 51
    $193 billion (2016 est.)
    2.4% (2016 est.)
    4.5% (2015 est.)
    2.7% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 118
    $33,200 (2016 est.)
    $32,500 (2015 est.)
    $31,200 (2014 est.)
    note: data are in 2016 dollars
    country comparison to the world: 57
    27.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
    28.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
    26% of GDP (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 39
    household consumption: 47%
    government consumption: 19.2%
    investment in fixed capital: 25%
    investment in inventories: 1.3%
    exports of goods and services: 79.5%
    imports of goods and services: -72% (2016 est.)
    agriculture: 2.5%
    industry: 37.5%
    services: 60% (2016 est.)
    wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, hops, fruit; pigs, poultry
    motor vehicles, metallurgy, machinery and equipment, glass, armaments
    3.5% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    5.35 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 76
    agriculture: 2.8%
    industry: 38%
    services: 59.2% (2015)
    4% (2016 est.)
    5.1% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 45
    9.7% (2015 est.)
    lowest 10%: 4.1%
    highest 10%: 21.7% (2015 est.)
    25 (2015)
    25.1 (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 144
    revenues: $78.09 billion
    expenditures: $76.96 billion (2016 est.)
    40.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    0.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 32
    36.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
    39.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 142
    calendar year
    0.7% (2016 est.)
    0.3% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 75
    0.05% (31 December 2016)
    0.05% (31 December 2015)
    note: this is the two-week repo, the main rate CNB uses
    country comparison to the world: 146
    3.91% (31 December 2016 est.)
    4.28% (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 159
    $133.5 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $124.9 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 29
    $148.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $144.1 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 46
    $124.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $127.5 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    $44.5 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $39.91 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    $45.63 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 55
    $2.139 billion (2016 est.)
    $461 million (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 34
    $131.1 billion (2016 est.)
    $128.2 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 34
    machinery and transport equipment, raw materials, fuel, chemicals
    Germany 32.4%, Slovakia 8.4%, Poland 5.8%, UK 5.2%, France 5.2%, Italy 4.3%, Austria 4.2% (2016)
    $120.8 billion (2016 est.)
    $120.5 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 33
    machinery and transport equipment, raw materials and fuels, chemicals
    Germany 30.6%, Poland 9.6%, China 7.5%, Slovakia 6.3%, Netherlands 5.3%, Italy 4.1% (2016)
    $85.73 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $64.49 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 27
    $138 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $129.2 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 43
    $139.6 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $140.3 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 37
    $43.09 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $42.26 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 45
    koruny (CZK) per US dollar -
    24.44 (2016 est.)
    24.44 (2015 est.)
    24.599 (2014 est.)
    20.758 (2013 est.)
    19.59 (2012 est.)
  • Energy :: CZECHIA

  • electrification - total population: 100% (2016)
    80 billion kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    60 billion kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 43
    28 billion kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 6
    12 billion kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 17
    22 million kW (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 41
    55.6% of total installed capacity (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 140
    18.8% of total installed capacity (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 10
    10% of total installed capacity (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 118
    14.6% of total installed capacity (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 24
    2,836 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 88
    520.1 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 83
    142,500 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    15 million bbl (1 January 2016 es)
    country comparison to the world: 87
    164,800 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    193,400 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 56
    53,720 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    82,060 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 59
    259 million cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 76
    7.522 billion cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 54
    1 million cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 54
    7.249 billion cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 28
    3.964 billion cu m (1 January 2016 es)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    103 million Mt (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 39
  • Communications :: CZECHIA

  • total subscriptions: 1,682,194
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 16 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 60
    total: 12,484,885
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 117 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
    general assessment: good telephone and Internet service; there are three major mobile phone providers, though the government is facing criticism for failing to promote sufficient competition, with critics complaining that Czech mobile phone and data prices are among the highest in the EU
    domestic: access to the fixed-line telephone network expanded throughout the 1990s, but the number of fixed-line connections has been dropping since then; mobile telephone usage increased sharply beginning in the mid-1990s, and the number of cellular telephone subscriptions now greatly exceeds the population
    international: country code - 420; satellite earth stations - 6 (2 Intersputnik - Atlantic and Indian Ocean regions, 1 Intelsat, 1 Eutelsat, 1 Inmarsat, 1 Globalstar) (2017)
    roughly 130 TV broadcasters operating some 350 channels with 4 publicly operated and the remainder in private hands; 16 TV stations have national coverage with 4 being publicly operated; cable and satellite TV subscription services are available; 63 radio broadcasters are registered operating roughly 80 radio stations with 15 stations publicly operated; 10 radio stations provide national coverage with the remainder local or regional (2008)
    .cz
    total: 8,141,303
    percent of population: 76.5% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 49
  • Transportation :: CZECHIA

  • number of registered air carriers: 4
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 48
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 4,971,616
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 26,619,650 mt-km (2015)
    OK (2016)
    128 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 46
    total: 41
    over 3,047 m: 2
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 9
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 12
    914 to 1,523 m: 2
    under 914 m: 16 (2017)
    total: 87
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
    914 to 1,523 m: 25
    under 914 m: 61 (2013)
    1 (2013)
    gas 7,160 km; oil 536 km; refined products 94 km (2013)
    total: 9,621.5 km
    standard gauge: 9,519.5 km 1.435-m gauge (3,240.5 km electrified)
    narrow gauge: 102 km 0.760-m gauge (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 24
    total: 130,661 km (includes urban roads)
    paved: 130,661 km (includes 730 km of expressways) (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 40
    664 km (principally on Elbe, Vltava, Oder, and other navigable rivers, lakes, and canals) (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 76
    registered in other countries: 1 (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1) (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 151
    river port(s): Prague (Vltava); Decin, Usti nad Labem (Elbe)
  • Military and Security :: CZECHIA

  • 0.98% of GDP (2016)
    0.96% of GDP (2015)
    0.97% of GDP (2014)
    0.99% of GDP (2013)
    1.03% of GDP (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 94
    Army of the Czech Republic (Armada Ceske Republiky): General Staff (Generalni Stab, includes Land Forces (Pozemni Sily) and Air Forces (Vzdusne Sily)) (2015)
    18-28 years of age for male and female voluntary military service; no conscription (2012)
  • Transnational Issues :: CZECHIA

  • none
    stateless persons: 1,502 (2016)
    transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin and minor transit point for Latin American cocaine to Western Europe; producer of synthetic drugs for local and regional markets; susceptible to money laundering related to drug trafficking, organized crime; significant consumer of ecstasy