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FIELD LISTING :: DISTRIBUTION OF FAMILY INCOME - GINI INDEX Print
This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the richest. The index is the ratio of (a) the area between a country's Lorenz curve and the 45 degree helping line to (b) the entire triangular area under the 45 degree line. The more nearly equal a country's income distribution, the closer its Lorenz curve to the 45 degree line and the lower its Gini index, e.g., a Scandinavian country with an index of 25. The more unequal a country's income distribution, the farther its Lorenz curve from the 45 degree line and the higher its Gini index, e.g., a Sub-Saharan country with an index of 50. If income were distributed with perfect equality, the Lorenz curve would coincide with the 45 degree line and the index would be zero; if income were distributed with perfect inequality, the Lorenz curve would coincide with the horizontal axis and the right vertical axis and the index would be 100.


Country Comparison to the World

CountryDISTRIBUTION OF FAMILY INCOME - GINI INDEX
Albania 29 (2012 est.)
30 (2008 est.)
Algeria 35.3 (1995)
Angola 42.7 (2008 est.)
Argentina 41.7 (2017 est.)
45.8 (2009)
Armenia 31.5 (2014)
31.5 (2013 est.)
Australia 30.3 (2008)
35.2 (1994)
Austria 30.5 (2015)
30.5 (2014)
Azerbaijan 33.7 (2008)
36.5 (2001)
Bangladesh 32.1 (2010)
33.2 (2005)
Belarus 26.5 (2011)
21.7 (1998)
Belgium 25.9 (2013 est.)
28.7 (1996)
Benin 36.5 (2003)
Bhutan 38.8 (2012)
38.1 (2007)
Bolivia 47 (2016 est.)
57.9 (1999)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 33.8 (2011)
33.1 (2007)
Botswana 60.5 (2009)
63 (1993)
Brazil 49 (2014)
54 (2004)
Bulgaria 40.2 (2017)
38.3 (2016)
Burkina Faso 39.5 (2007)
48.2 (1994)
Burundi 42.4 (1998)
Cambodia 37.9 (2008 est.)
41.9 (2004 est.)
Cameroon 44.6 (2001)
46.5 (2014 est.)
Canada 32.1 (2005)
31.5 (1994)
Central African Republic 43.6 (2003 est.)
61.3 (1993)
Chad 43.3 (2011 est.)
Chile 50.5 (2013)
57.1 (2000)
China 46.5 (2016 est.)
46.2 (2015 est.)
Colombia 51.1 (2015)
53.5 (2014)
Comoros 55.9 (2004 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 42.1 (2012 est.)
Congo, Republic of the 48.9 (2011 est.)
Costa Rica 48.5 (2014)
49.2 (2013)
Cote d'Ivoire 41.5 (2008)
36.7 (1995)
Croatia 30.8 (2015 est.)
32.1 (2014 est.)
Cyprus 34.8 (2014 est.)
32.4 (2013 est.)
Czechia 25 (2015)
25.1 (2014)
Denmark 29 (2016 est.)
27.5 (2010 est.)
Djibouti 40.9 (2002)
Dominican Republic 47.1 (2013 est.)
45.7 (2012 est.)
Ecuador 45.9 (December 2017)
48.5 (December 2017)
note: data are for urban households only
Egypt 31.8 (2015)
29.8 (2012)
El Salvador 36 (2016 est.)
38 (2014)
Estonia 34.8 (2015)
35.6 (2014)
Eswatini 50.4 (2001)
Ethiopia 33 (2011)
30 (2000)
European Union 30.8 (2016 est.)
31 (2015 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) 36 (2015)
Faroe Islands 22.7 (2013 est.)
21.6 (2011 est.)
Finland 27.2 (2016)
22.2 (1995)
France 29.3 (2016)
29.2 (2015)
Gabon 42.2 (2005 est.)
Gambia, The 50.2 (1998)

Georgia 40.1 (2014)
46 (2011)
Germany 27 (2006)
30 (1994)
Ghana 42.3 (2012-13)
41.9 (2005-06)
Greece 36.7 (2012 est.)
35.7 (2011)
Greenland 33.9 (2015 est.)
34.3 (2014 est.)
Guatemala 53 (2014 est.)
56 (2011)
Guinea 39.4 (2007)
40.3 (1994)
Guyana 44.6 (2007)
43.2 (1999)
Haiti 60.8 (2012)
59.2 (2001)
Honduras 47.1 (2014)
45.7 (2009)
Hong Kong 53.9 (2016)
53.7 (2011)
Hungary 28.2 (2015 est.)
28.6 (2014)
Iceland 28 (2006)
25 (2005)
India 35.2 (2011)
37.8 (1997)
Indonesia 36.8 (2009)
39.4 (2005)
Iran 44.5 (2006)
Ireland 31.3 (2013 est.)
35.9 (1987 est.)
Israel 42.8 (2013)
39.2 (2008)
Italy 31.9 (2012 est.)
27.3 (1995)
Jamaica 35 (2016)
38 (2015)
Japan 37.9 (2011)
24.9 (1993)
Jersey 0.3 (2014 est.)
0.3 (2013 est.)
Jordan 39.7 (2007)
36.4 (1997)
Kazakhstan 26.3 (2013)
31.5 (2003)
Kenya 48.5 (2016 est.)
42.5 (2008 est.)
Korea, South 35.7 (2016 est.)
35.4 (2015 est.)
Kosovo 23.2 (2015 est.)
24.1 (2014 est.)
Kyrgyzstan 33.4 (2007)
29 (2001)
Laos 36.7 (2008)
34.6 (2002)
Latvia 34.5 (2015)
35.4 (2014)
Lesotho 63.2 (1995)
56 (1986-87)
Liberia 32 (2014)
38.2 (2007)
Lithuania 37.9 (2015)
35 (2014)
Luxembourg 30.4 (2013 est.)
26 (2005 est.)
Macau 35 (2013)
38 (2008)
Macedonia 33.7 (2015)
35.2 (2014)
Madagascar 41 (2012)
42.7 (2010)
Malawi 46.1 (2010)
39 (2004)
Malaysia 46.2 (2009)
49.2 (1997)
Maldives 38.4 (2009 est.)
37.4 (2004 est.)
Mali 40.1 (2001)
50.5 (1994)
Malta 28.1 (2015)
27.7 (2014)
Mauritania 37 (2014)
39 (2006 est.)
Mauritius 35.9 (2012 est.)
39 (2006 est.)
Mexico 48.2 (2014)
48.3 (2008)
Micronesia, Federated States of 61.1 (2013 est.)
Moldova 26.8 (2015 est.)
26.8 (2014 est.)
Mongolia 34 (2017)
36.5 (2008)
Montenegro 31.9 (2014 est.)
32.3 (2013 est.)
Morocco 40.9 (2007 est.)
39.5 (1999 est.)
Mozambique 45.6 (2008)
47.3 (2002)
Namibia 59.7 (2010)
70.7 (2003)
Nepal 32.8 (2010)
47.2 (2008 est.)
Netherlands 30.3 (2015 est.)
25.1 (2013 est.)
New Zealand 36.2 (1997)
Nicaragua 47.1 (2014)
45.8 (2009)
Niger 34 (2014)
50.5 (1995)
Nigeria 48.8 (2013)
50.6 (1997)
Norway 26.8 (2010)
25.8 (1995)
Pakistan 30.7 (FY2013)
30.9 (FY2011)
Panama 50.7 (2014 est.)
56.1 (2003)
Papua New Guinea 50.9 (1996)
Paraguay 51.7 (2014)
53.2 (2009)
Peru 45.3 (2012)
51 (2005)
Philippines 44.4 (2015 est.)
46 (2012 est.)
Poland 30.8 (2015)
33.7 (2008)
Portugal 33.9 (2015 est.)
34 (2014 est.)
Romania 27.3 (2012)
28.2 (2010)
Russia 41.2 (2015)
41.9 (2013)
Rwanda 50.4 (2013 est.)
51.3 (2010 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe 30.8 (2010 est.)
32.1 (2000 est.)
Saudi Arabia 45.9 (2013 est.)
Senegal 40.3 (2011)
Serbia 38.7 (2014 est.)
28.2 (2008 est.)
Sierra Leone 34 (2011)
62.9 (1989)
Singapore 45.9 (2017)
45.8 (2016)
Slovakia 23.7 (2015)
26.1 (2014)
Slovenia 24.4 (2016)
24.5 (2015)
South Africa 62.5 (2013 est.)
63.4 (2011 est.)
South Sudan 46 (2010 est.)
Spain 35.9 (2012)
32 (2005)
Sri Lanka 39.2 (2012 est.)
46 (1995)
Sweden 24.9 (2013)
25 (1992)
Switzerland 29.5 (2014 est.)
33.1 (1992)
Taiwan 33.6 (2014)
32.6 (2000)
Tajikistan 32.6 (2006)
34.7 (1998)
Tanzania 37.6 (2007)
34.6 (2000)
Thailand 44.5 (2015)
48.4 (2011)
Timor-Leste 31.9 (2007 est.)
38 (2002 est.)
Togo 46 (2011)
Tunisia 40 (2005 est.)
41.7 (1995 est.)
Turkey 40.2 (2010)
43.6 (2003)
Turkmenistan 40.8 (1998)
Uganda 39.5 (2013)
45.7 (2002)
Ukraine 25.5 (2015)
28.2 (2009)
United Kingdom 32.4 (2012)
33.4 (2010)
United States 45 (2007)
40.8 (1997)
Uruguay 41.6 (2014)
41.9 (2013)
Uzbekistan 36.8 (2003)
44.7 (1998)
Venezuela 39 (2011)
49.5 (1998)
Vietnam 34.8 (2014)
37.6 (2008)
West Bank 34.5 (2009 est.)
38.7 (2007 est.)
note: includes Gaza Strip
World 37.9 (2012 est.)
37.9 (2005 est.)
Yemen 37.9 (2009 est.)
37.3 (1999 est.)
Zambia 57.5 (2013)
50.8 (2004)
Zimbabwe 43.2 (2011 est.)
50.1 (2006)