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FIELD LISTING :: PUBLIC DEBT Print
This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.


Country Comparison to the World

CountryPUBLIC DEBT(% OF GDP)
Afghanistan 8.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
9.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Albania 72% of GDP (2016 est.)
72.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Algeria 18% of GDP (2016 est.)
8.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, as well as debt issued by subnational entities and intra-governmental debt
Andorra 41% of GDP (2014 est.)
41.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
Angola 77.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
64.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Anguilla 20.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
20.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda 92.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
99.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Argentina 54.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
54% of GDP (2015 est.)
Armenia 56.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
48.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Aruba 67% of GDP (2013)
55% of GDP (2012)
Australia 46.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
44.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Austria 84.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
85.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: this is general government gross debt, defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year; it covers the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; as a percentage of GDP, the GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product in current year prices
Azerbaijan 39.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
28.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bahamas, The 66.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
64.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bahrain 72% of GDP (2016 est.)
60.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bangladesh 26.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
26.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Barbados 107.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
105.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Belarus 47.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
48.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Belgium 106% of GDP (2016 est.)
106% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; general government debt is defined by the Maastricht definition and calculated by the National Bank of Belgium as consolidated gross debt; the debt is defined in European Regulation EC479/2009 concerning the implementation of the protocol on the excessive deficit procedure annexed to the Treaty on European Union (Treaty of Maastricht) of 7 February 1992; the sub-sectors of consolidated gross debt are: federal government, communities and regions, local government, and social security funds
Belize 91.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
81.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Benin 50.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
42.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bermuda 43% of GDP (FY14/15)
Bhutan 106.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
91.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bolivia 44.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
39.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Bosnia and Herzegovina 44.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
44.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions.
Botswana 18.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
19.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Brazil 69.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
65.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Brunei 3.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bulgaria 29.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
26% of GDP (2015 est.)
note:: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Burkina Faso 32.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
32.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Burundi 43.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
39.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Cabo Verde 123.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
120.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Cambodia 29.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
31.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Cameroon 30.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
28.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Canada 99.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
98.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: figures are for gross general government debt, as opposed to net federal debt; gross general government debt includes both intragovernmental debt and the debt of public entities at the sub-national level
Central African Republic 42.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
48.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Chad 59% of GDP (2016 est.)
49.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Chile 21.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
17.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
China 16.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
15.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: official data; data cover both central government debt and local government debt, including debt officially recognized by China's National Audit Office report in 2011; data exclude policy bank bonds, Ministry of Railway debt, and China Asset Management Company debt
Colombia 52% of GDP (2016 est.)
50.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Comoros 26.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
25.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 17.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
17.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Congo, Republic of the 83.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
72.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Costa Rica 62.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
57.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 47.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
47.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Croatia 83.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
86.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Cuba 32.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
38.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Curacao 33.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
40.6% of GDP (2011 est.)
Cyprus 107.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
107.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment
Czechia 36.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
39.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Denmark 37.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
39.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Djibouti 31.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
33.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Dominica 81% of GDP (2016 est.)
83% of GDP (2015 est.)
Dominican Republic 47.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
44.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Ecuador 36.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
30.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Egypt 111.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
97.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover central government debt and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
El Salvador 65.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
63.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: El Salvador's total public debt includes non-financial public sector debt, financial public sector debt, and central bank debt
Equatorial Guinea 23.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
15.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Eritrea 120.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
121.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Estonia 9.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
10.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Ethiopia 54.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
58% of GDP (2015 est.)
European Union 86.8% of GDP (2014)
85.5% of GDP (2013)
Faroe Islands 35% of GDP (2014 est.)
Fiji 49.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
48.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Finland 63.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
63.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
France 96.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
95.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Gabon 42.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
38.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Gambia, The 116.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
110.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Georgia 44.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
41.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities; Georgia does not maintain intra-governmental debt or social funds
Germany 68.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
71.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; the series are presented as a percentage of GDP and in millions of euro; GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product at current market prices; data expressed in national currency are converted into euro using end-of-year exchange rates provided by the European Central Bank
Ghana 78.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
75.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Gibraltar 7.5% of GDP (2008 est.)
8.4% of GDP (2006 est.)
Greece 179.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
177.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Greenland 13% of GDP (2015 est.)
Grenada 84.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
91.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Guam 32.1% of GDP (2013)
35.8% of GDP (2012)
Guatemala 29.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
29.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Guinea-Bissau 46.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
46.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Guinea 56% of GDP (2016 est.)
54.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Guyana 46.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
48.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Haiti 33.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
30.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Honduras 47.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
45.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Hong Kong 0.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
0.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Hungary 74.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
74.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and government, state government, local government, and social security funds.
Iceland 54.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
68.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
India 50.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
51.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Indonesia 31.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
29.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Iran 13.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
12.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: includes publicly guaranteed debt
Iraq 63.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
55% of GDP (2015 est.)
Ireland 72.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
77.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Israel 60.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
62.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Italy 132.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
132.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: Italy reports its data on public debt according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty; general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year, in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the central government, state government, local government and social security funds
Jamaica 127.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
122.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Japan 222.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
219.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Jordan 87.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
85.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Kazakhstan 26.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
23.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Kenya 53.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
50.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Kiribati 26.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
23.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Korea, South 45.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
45.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Kosovo 20.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
18.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Kuwait 17.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
9.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Kyrgyzstan 58.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
64.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Laos 67.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
65.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Latvia 40.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
36.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Lebanon 146.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
140.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment
Lesotho 47.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
49.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Liberia 42.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
39.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Libya 7.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
7.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Lithuania 40.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
42.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Luxembourg 20% of GDP (2016 est.)
21.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Macau 0% of GDP (2016 est.)
0% of GDP (2015 est.)
Macedonia 47.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
46.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: official data from Ministry of Finance; data cover central government debt; this data excludes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; includes treasury debt held by foreign entitites; excludes debt issued by sub-national entities; there are no debt instruments sold for social funds
Madagascar 42.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
35.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Malawi 56.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
40.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Malaysia 52.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
54.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: this figure is based on the amount of federal government debt, RM501.6 billion ($167.2 billion) in 2012; this includes Malaysian Treasury bills and other government securities, as well as loans raised externally and bonds and notes issued overseas; this figure excludes debt issued by non-financial public enterprises and guaranteed by the federal government, which was an additional $47.7 billion in 2012
Maldives 81.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
72% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mali 29.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
29.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Malta 56% of GDP (2016 est.)
60.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: Malta reports public debt at nominal value outstanding at the end of the year, according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty for general government gross debt; the data include the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); general government comprises the central government, state government, local government and social security funds
Marshall Islands 32.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
34.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mauritania 99.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
98.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mauritius 65% of GDP (2016 est.)
62.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mexico 50.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
47.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of 24.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
25.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Moldova 43.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
44.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mongolia 90% of GDP (2016 est.)
77.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Montenegro 71.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
69.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Morocco 77.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
75.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mozambique 121.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
72.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Namibia 40.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
39.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Nauru 65% of GDP (2016 est.)
77.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Nepal 27.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
25.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Netherlands 61.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
64.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
New Caledonia 6.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
6.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
New Zealand 33.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
34.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Nicaragua 45.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
45.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; Nicaragua rebased its GDP figures in 2012, which reduced the figures for debt as a percentage of GDP
Nigeria 14.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
11.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Niger 45.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
41.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Norway 35.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
32% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Oman 31.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
12.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Pakistan 59.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
57.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Palau 24.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
21.6% of GDP (2015)
Panama 38.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
39% of GDP (2015 est.)
Papua New Guinea 39% of GDP (2016 est.)
34.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Paraguay 22.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
21.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Peru 23.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
23.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Philippines 42.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
44.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Poland 48.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
44.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, the data include subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Portugal 130.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
129% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Puerto Rico 91.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
95.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Qatar 55.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
42.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Romania 37.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
38% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Russia 10% of GDP (2016 est.)
9.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Rwanda 43.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
36.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis 65.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
70.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Saint Lucia 82.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
77.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 79.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
81.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Samoa 52.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
57.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
San Marino 21.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
19.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe 58.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
56.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Saudi Arabia 22.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
14.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Senegal 58.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
58.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Serbia 74% of GDP (2016 est.)
75.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Seychelles 57.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
62.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Sierra Leone 54.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
45.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Singapore 112.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
103.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: Singapore's public debt consists largely of Singapore Government Securities (SGS) issued to assist the Central Provident Fund (CPF), which administers Singapore's defined contribution pension fund; special issues of SGS are held by the CPF, and are non-tradable; the government has not borrowed to finance deficit expenditures since the 1980s; Singapore has no external public debt
Slovakia 51.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
52.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general Government Gross Debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Slovenia 79.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
83.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Solomon Islands 9% of GDP (2016 est.)
10.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
South Africa 50.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
49% of GDP (2015 est.)
South Sudan 33% of GDP (2016 est.)
65.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Spain 99.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
99.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Sri Lanka 79.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
77.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: covers central government debt, and excludes debt instruments directly owned by government entities other than the treasury (e.g. commercial bank borrowings of a government corporation); the data includes treasury debt held by foreign entities as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement; sub-national entities are usually not permitted to sell debt instruments
Sudan 65.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
59.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Suriname 64.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
45.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Swaziland 27.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
18.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Sweden 41.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
43.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Switzerland 32.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
33.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: general government gross debt; gross debt consists of all liabilities that require payment or payments of interest and/or principal by the debtor to the creditor at a date or dates in the future; includes debt liabilities in the form of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), currency and deposits, debt securities, loans, insurance, pensions and standardized guarantee schemes, and other accounts payable; all liabilities in the GFSM 2001 system are debt, except for equity and investment fund shares and financial derivatives and employee stock options
Syria 55.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
48.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Taiwan 31.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
31.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data for central government
Tajikistan 43.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
Tanzania 34% of GDP (2016 est.)
34.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Thailand 41.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
43.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Timor-Leste 0% of GDP (2016)
0% of GDP (2015)
Togo 71.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
74% of GDP (2015 est.)
Tonga 45.1% of GDP (2013)
46.5% of GDP (2012)
Trinidad and Tobago 62.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
51.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Tunisia 62.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
54.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Turkey 29.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
29.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Turkmenistan 23.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
19.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Tuvalu 53.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
58.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Uganda 37.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
30.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Ukraine 81% of GDP (2016 est.)
79.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: the total public debt of $64.5 billion consists of: domestic public debt ($23.8 billion); external public debt ($26.1 billion); and sovereign guarantees ($14.6 billion)
United Arab Emirates 62.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
53.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
United Kingdom 89.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
89% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
United States 76.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
72.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover only what the United States Treasury denotes as "Debt Held by the Public," which includes all debt instruments issued by the Treasury that are owned by non-US Government entities; the data include Treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by individual US states, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of Treasury borrowings from surpluses in the trusts for Federal Social Security, Federal Employees, Hospital and Supplemental Medical Insurance (Medicare), Disability and Unemployment, and several other smaller trusts; if data for intra-government debt were added, "gross debt" would increase by about one-third of GDP
Uruguay 62.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
64.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions.
Uzbekistan 15.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
13.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Vanuatu 31.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
25.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Venezuela 39.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
50.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, as well as the debt of state-owned oil company PDVSA; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include some debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; some debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Vietnam 61.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
60.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Virgin Islands 45.9% of GDP (2014)
Wallis and Futuna 5.6% of GDP (2004 est.)
note: offical data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
West Bank 24.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
23.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
World 59.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
58.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Yemen 119.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
85.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Zambia 58.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
60.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Zimbabwe 69.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
59.4% of GDP (2015 est.)