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Field Listing :: Military deployments

This entry lists military forces deployed to other countries or territories abroad. The World Factbook defines deployed as a permanently-stationed force or a temporary deployment of greater than six months.  Deployments smaller than 100 personnel or paramilitaries, police, contractors, mercenaries, or proxy forces are not included. Numbers provided are estimates only and should be considered paper strengths, not necessarily the current number of troops on the ground.  In addition, some estimates, such as those by the US military, are significantly influenced by deployment policies, contingencies, or world events and may change suddenly. Where available, the organization or mission that at least some of the forces are deployed under is listed. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: 

AMISOM - Africa Union (AU) Mission in Somalia; UN-supported, AU-operated peacekeeping mission

BATUS - British Army Training Unit Suffield, Canada

BATUK - British Army Training Unit, Kenya

CSTO - Collective Security Treaty Organization

ECOMIG - ECOWUS Mission in The Gambia; Africa Union-European Union peacekeeping, stabilization, and training mission in Gambia

EUTM - European Union Training Mission

EUFOR - European Union Force Bosnia and Herzegovina (also known as Operation Althea)

EuroCorps - European multi-national corps headquartered in Strasbourg, France, consisting of troops from Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, and Spain; Greece, Italy, Poland, Romania and Turkey are Associated Nations of EuroCorps

G5 Joint Force - G5 Sahel Cross-Border Joint Force comprised of troops from Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger

KFOR - the Kosovo Force; a NATO-led international peacekeeping force in Kosovo

MFO - Multinational Force & Observers Sinai, headquartered in Rome

MINOSCO - United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

MINUSCA - United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic

MINUSMA - United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali

MNJTF - Multinational Joint Task Force Against Boko Haram comprised of troops from Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria with the mission of fighting Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Basin

NATO - North American Treaty Organization, headquartered in Brussels, Belgium

Operation Barkhane - French-led counterinsurgency and counter-terrorism mission in the Sahel alongside the G5 Joint Force; headquartered in N’Djamena, Chad and supported by Canada, Denmark, Estonia, the European Union, Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States

Operation Inherent Resolve - US-led coalition to counter the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria and provide assistance and training to Iraqi security forces

UNAFIL - United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon

UNAMID - African Union - United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur, Sudan

UNDOF - United Nations Disengagement Observer Force, Golan (Israel-Syria border)

UNFICYP - United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus

UNISFA - United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (Sudan-South Sudan border)

UNMISS - United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan

UNSOM - United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia

By Country Listing of the values for the Military deployments field
Country Military deployments
Albania
130 Afghanistan (NATO) (2019 est.)
Argentina
240 Cyprus (UNFICYP) (2019 est.)
Armenia
120 Afghanistan (NATO); contributes about 2,000 personnel to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (2019 est.)
Australia
300 Afghanistan (NATO); 900 Middle East (Operation Inherent Resolve); 120 Malaysia (2019 est.)
Austria
350 Bosnia-Herzegovina (EUFOR); 460 Kosovo (NATO); 160 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (2019 est.)
Azerbaijan
120 Afghanistan (NATO) (2019 est.)
Bangladesh
1,050 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 1,740 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 115 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 1,440 Mali (MINUSMA); 1,600 South Sudan (UNMISS); 350 Sudan (UNAMID) (2019 est.)
Belarus
contributes about 2,000 personnel to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (2019 est.)
Belgium
120 France (Eurocorps); 150 Mali (EUTM/MINUSMA); 260 Lithuania (NATO) (2019 est.)
Benin
260 Mali (MINUSMA) (2019 est.)
Brazil
220 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (2019 est.)
Bulgaria
160 Afghanistan (NATO) (2019 est.)
Burkina Faso
1,260 Mali (MINUSMA); G5 Joint Force (550 troops and 100 gendarmes committed) (2019 est.)
Burundi
750 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 5,430 Somalia (AMISOM) (2019 est.)
Cambodia
200 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 185 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 290 Mali (MINUSMA) (2019 est.)
Cameroon
750 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); MNJTF (approximately 2,000 committed) (2019 est.)
Canada
540 Latvia (NATO); 140 Romania (NATO); 200 Ukraine; 850 Middle East (NATO/Operation Inherent Resolve) (2019 est.)
Chad
1,400 Mali (MINUSMA); G5 Sahel Joint Force (550 troops and 100 gendarmes committed) (2019 est.)
Chad also participates in the Multinational Joint Force (MNJTF) against Boko Haram, but current troop commitments are unclear; in January 2020, Chad withdrew a force of 1,200 troops fighting Boko Haram in Nigeria; in May, Chad's foreign ministry said Chadian troops would no longer conduct unilateral operations outside its borders in the Lake Chad Basin
China
420 Mali (MINUSMA); 220 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 370 Sudan (UNAMID); 420 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 1,050 South Sudan (UNMISS); est. 250 Djibouti (2019 est.)
Colombia
275 Egypt (MFO) (2019 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire
150 Mali (MINUSMA) (2019 est.)
Croatia
110 Afghanistan (NATO) (2019 est.)
Czechia
340 Afghanistan (NATO) (2019 est.)
Denmark
150 Afghanistan (NATO); 140 Middle East (NATO/Operation Inherent Resolve) (2019 est.)
Djibouti
960 Somalia (AMISOM) (2019 est.)
Egypt
990 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 1,040 Mali (MINUSMA); 150 Sudan (UNAMID) (2019 est.)
El Salvador
210 Mali (MINUSMA) (2019 est.)
Ethiopia
4,400 Somalia (AMISOM); 820 Sudan (UNAMID); 3,950 Sudan (UNISFA); 2,120 South Sudan (UNMISS) (2019 est.)
Fiji
170 Egypt (MFO); 190 Golan Heights (UNDOF) (2019 est.)
Finland
190 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (2019 est.)
France
5,100 Burkina Faso/Chad/Mali/Niger (Operation Barkhane); 950 Cote D'Ivoire; 1,450 Djibouti; 330 Estonia (NATO); 2,100 French Guiana; 1,180 French Polynesia; 1,000 French West Indies; 350 Gabon; 2,000 Germany (EuroCorps); 500 Middle East (NATO); 670 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 1,660 New Caledonia; 1,600 Reunion Island; 350 Senegal; 650 United Arab Emirates (2019 est.)
Gabon
450 Central African Republic (MINUSCA) (2019 est.)
Gambia, The
130 Sudan (UNAMID) (2019 est.)
Georgia
870 Afghanistan (NATO) (2019 est.)
Germany
1,300 Afghanistan (NATO); 400 France (EuroCorps), 400 Middle East (NATO); 180 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 560 Lithuania (NATO); 440 Kosovo (NATO); 370 Mali (MINUSMA); 180 Mali (EUTM); 100 Poland (NATO) (2019 est.)
Ghana
150 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 460 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 870 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 150 Mali (MINUSMA) (2019 est.)
Greece
est. 1,000 Cyprus; 110 Kosovo (NATO); 145 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (2019 est.)
Guatemala
150 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (2019 est.)
Guinea
850 Mali (MINUSMA) (2019 est.)
Hungary
160 Bosnia-Herzegovina (EUFOR); 390 Kosovo (NATO) (2019 est.)
India
2,600 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 175 Golan Heights (UNDOF); 780 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 2,230 South Sudan (UNMISS) (2019 est.)
Indonesia
200 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 1,025 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO; 1,300 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (2019 est.)
Iran
est. 2,000-3000 Syria (2019 est.)
Ireland
120 Golan Heights (UNDOF); 460 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (2019 est.)
Italy
800 Afghanistan (NATO); 100 Djibouti; 1,100 Middle East (NATO); 540 Kosovo (NATO); 160 Latvia (NATO); 1,200 Lebanon (UNIFIL); est. 400 Libya; est. 290 Niger; est. 120 Somalia; est. 120 United Arab Emirates (2019 est.)
Japan
170 Djibouti (2019 est.)
Kazakhstan
120 Lebanon (UNIFIL); contributes approximately 4,000 personnel to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (2019 est.)
Kenya
3,360 Somalia (AMISOM) (2019 est.)
Korea, South
330 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 270 South Sudan (UNMISS), 130 United Arab Emirates; note - since 2009, the ROK has kept a naval flotilla with approximately 300 personnel in the waters of the Middle East (2019 est.)
Kyrgyzstan
contributes approximately 2,000 personnel to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (2019 est.)
Liberia
120 Mali (MINUSMA) (2019 est.)
Malawi
860 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (2019 est.)
Malaysia
810 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (2019 est.)
Mali
G5 Sahel Joint Force (1,100 troops and 200 gendarmes committed) (2019 est.)
Mauritania
450 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); G5 Joint Force (550 troops and 100 gendarmes committed) (2019 est.)
Mongolia
850 South Sudan (UNMISS); 230 Afghanistan (NATO) (2019 est.)
Morocco
750 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 1,360 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (2019 est.)
Nepal
730 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 880 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 350 Golan Heights (UNDOF); 870 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 230 Liberia (UNSMIL); 150 Mali (MINUSMA); 1,700 South Sudan (UNMISS) (2019 est.)
Netherlands
160 Afghanistan (NATO); 150 Middle East (NATO); 270 Lithuania (NATO) (2019 est.)
New Zealand
200 Antarctica (summer season only); 100-150 Iraq (Operation Inherent Resolve) (2019 est.)
Niger
850 Mali (MINUSMA); G5 Joint Force (1,100 troops and 200 gendarmes committed); MNJTF (approximately 1,000 troops committed) (2019 est.)
Nigeria
200 Ghana (ECOMIG); MNJTF (approximately 3,250 troops committed) (2019 est.)
Norway
120 Lithuania (NATO) (2019 est.)
Pakistan
1,240 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 2,700 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 890 Sudan (UNAMID) (2019 est.)
Peru
210 Central African Republic (MINUSCA) (2019 est.)
Poland
330 Afghanistan (NATO); up to 350 Middle East (NATO); 250 Kosovo (NATO); 200 Latvia (NATO); 220 Romania (NATO) (2019 est.)
Portugal
210 Afghanistan (NATO); 220 Central African Republic (MINUSCA/EUTM) (2019 est.)
Romania
760 Afghanistan (NATO); 125 Mali (MINUSMA); 120 Poland (NATO) (2019 est.)
Russia
est. 3,000-5,000 Armenia (CSTO); est. 7,000-10,000 Georgia; est. 500 Kyrgyzstan (CSTO); est. 1,500 Moldova; est. 4,000-5,000 Syria; est. 5,000-7,000 Tajikistan (CSTO); est. 25,000-30,000 Ukraine; contributes approximately 8,000 personnel to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (2019 est.)
Rwanda
1,360 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 1,120 Sudan (UNAMID); 2,720 South Sudan (UNMISS) (2019 est.)
Saudi Arabia
est. 1,500 Yemen (2019 est.)
Senegal
100 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 250 Gambia (ECOMIG); 1,050 Mali (MINUSMA) (2019 est.)
Serbia
175 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (2019 est.)
Singapore
maintains permanent training bases and troop detachments in Australia, Brunei, France, Taiwan, Thailand, and the US (2019 est.)
Slovakia
240 Cyprus (UNFICYP); 150 Latvia (NATO) (2019 est.)
Slovenia
240 Kosovo (NATO) (2019 est.)
South Africa
1,130 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (2019 est.)
Spain
350 Latvia (NATO); 630 Lebanon (UNIFIL); est. 500 Middle East (NATO); 290 Mali (EUTM and MINUSMA); 150 Turkey (NATO) (2019 est.)
Sri Lanka
110 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 150 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 200 Mali (MINUSMA); 170 South Sudan (UNMISS) (2019 est.)
Sudan
est. 1,000 Libya; est. 3-5,000 Yemen (2019 est.)
Sweden
250 Mali (MINUSMA and EUTM) (2019 est.)
Switzerland
190 Kosovo (NATO) (2019 est.)
Tajikistan
contributes approximately 2,000 personnel to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (2019 est.)
Tanzania
440 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 960 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 150 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 660 Sudan (UNAMID) (2019 est.)
Thailand
270 South Sudan (UNMISS) (2019 est.)
Togo
930 Mali (MINUSMA) (2019 est.)
Turkey
590 Afghanistan (NATO); 250 Bosnia-Herzegovina (EUFOR); est. 25-30,000 Cyprus; 250 Kosovo (NATO); est. 200 Qatar; est. 200 Somalia; est. 15-20,000 Syria (2019 est.)
note: Turkey has deployed troops into northern Iraq on numerous occasions to combat the Kurdistan Worker's Party (PKK), including large-scale operations involving thousands of troops in 2007, 2011, and 2018; its most recent incursion was in June 2020; in addition, Turkey in 2020 deployed approximately 1,500 troops to Libya to support the Libyan Government of National Accord (GNA)
Uganda
6,220 Somalia (AMISOM); 630 Somalia (UNSOM) (2019 est.)
Ukraine
250 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (2019 est.)
United Arab Emirates
est. 1,000 Eritrea; est. 3-4,000 Yemen (2019 est.)
United Kingdom
1,000 Afghanistan (NATO); 1,000 Brunei; 370 Canada (BATUS); 2,260 Cyprus; 250 Cyprus (UNFICYP); 800 Estonia (NATO); 1,200 Falkland Islands; est. 2,500 Germany (note - the UK has pledged to remove all but 200 troops by 2020); 570 Gibraltar; 900 Middle East; 350 Kenya (BATUK); 100 Mali (EUTM, MINUSMA, and Operation Barkhane; note - the UK has pledged to send an additional 250 troops to the MINUSMA mission for three years beginning in 2020); 300 South Sudan (UNMISS); 140 Poland (NATO) (2019 est.)
United States
8,500 Afghanistan (NATO; note - the US has pledged to reduce the number of troops in Afghanistan in 2020); 6,000 Africa (Djibouti/Kenya/Niger/Somalia); 300 Australia; 1,150 Belgium; 150 Bulgaria; 250 Diego Garcia; 150 Canada; 800 Cuba; 290 Egypt (MFO); 35,000 Germany (note - in June 2020, the US pledged to reduce the number of troops in Germany to 25,000); 400 Greece; 150 Greenland; 5,600 Guam; 380 Honduras; 12,300 Italy; 55,200 Japan; 660 Kosovo (KFOR); approximately 10-15,000 assigned with an additional estimated 20-30,000 deployed Middle East (Bahrain/Iraq/Israel/Jordan/Kuwait/Oman/Qatar/Saudi Arabia/Syria/United Arab Emirates); 400 Netherlands; 670 Norway; 200 Philippines; 2,900 Poland (NATO Forward Deployment); 250 Portugal; 26,500 Republic of Korea; 1,100 Romania; 200 Singapore; 3,200 Spain; 100 Thailand; 1,700 Turkey; 9,400 United Kingdom (2020 est.)

US military rotational policies affect deployed numbers; for example, the US deploys ground and air units to select countries for 6-12 month rotational assignments on a continuous basis; in South Korea, for example, the US continuously rotates combat brigades (3,000-4,000 personnel) for 9 months at a time; contingencies also affect US troop deployments; for example, since May 2019, the US has deployed more than 15,000 additional military personnel to the Middle East for an undetermined period of time; in addition, some overseas US naval bases, such as the headquarters of US Naval Forces Central Command (USNAVCENT) in Manama, Bahrain, are frequented by the crews of US ships on 6-9 month deployments; a US carrier strike group with an air wing and supporting ships typically includes over 6,000 personnel (2020)

Uruguay
930 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MINUSCO); 170 Golan Heights (UNDOF) (2019 est.)
Zambia
920 Central African Republic (MINUSCA) (2019 est.)