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Africa :: Comoros Print
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COMOROS
  • Introduction :: Comoros
  • Background field listing
    The archipelago of the Comoros in the Indian Ocean, composed of the islands of Mayotte, Anjouan, Moheli, and Grand Comore declared independence from France on 6 July 1975. France did not recognize the independence of Mayotte, which remains under French administration. Since independence, Comoros has endured political instability through realized and attempted coups. In 1997, the islands of Anjouan and Moheli declared independence from Comoros. In 1999, military chief Col. AZALI Assoumani seized power of the entire government in a bloodless coup; he initiated the 2000 Fomboni Accords, a power-sharing agreement in which the federal presidency rotates among the three islands, and each island maintains its local government. AZALI won the 2002 federal presidential election as president of the Union of the Comoros from Grand Comore Island, which held the first four-year term. AZALI stepped down in 2006 and President Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed SAMBI was elected to office as president from Anjouan. In 2007, Mohamed BACAR effected Anjouan's de-facto secession from the Union of the Comoros, refusing to step down when Comoros' other islands held legitimate elections in July. The African Union (AU) initially attempted to resolve the political crisis by applying sanctions and a naval blockade to Anjouan, but in March 2008 the AU and Comoran soldiers seized the island. The island's inhabitants generally welcomed the move. In 2009, the Comorian population approved a constitutional referendum extending the term of the president from four years to five years. In May 2011, Ikililou DHOININE won the presidency in peaceful elections widely deemed to be free and fair. In closely contested elections in 2016, former President AZALI Assoumani won a second term, when the rotating presidency returned to Grande Comore.
  • Geography :: Comoros
  • Location field listing
    Southern Africa, group of islands at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique
    Geographic coordinates field listing
    12 10 S, 44 15 E
    Map references field listing
    Africa
    Area field listing
    total: 2,235 sq km
    land: 2,235 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 180
    Area - comparative field listing
    slightly more than 12 times the size of Washington, DC
    Land boundaries field listing
    0 km
    Coastline field listing
    340 km
    Maritime claims field listing
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    Climate field listing
    tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)
    Terrain field listing
    volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills
    Elevation field listing
    0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
    2360 highest point: Karthala
    Natural resources field listing
    fish
    Land use field listing
    agricultural land: 84.4% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 46.7% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 29.6% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 8.1% (2011 est.)
    forest: 1.4% (2011 est.)
    other: 14.2% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land field listing
    1.3 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution field listing
    the capital city of Maroni, located on the western side of the island of Grande Comore, is the country's largest city; however, of the three islands that comprise Comoros, it is Anjouan that is the most densely populated
    Natural hazards field listing

    cyclones possible during rainy season (December to April); volcanic activity on Grand Comore

    volcanism: Karthala (2,361 m) on Grand Comore Island last erupted in 2007; a 2005 eruption forced thousands of people to be evacuated and produced a large ash cloud

    Environment - current issues field listing
    deforestation; soil degradation and erosion results from crop cultivation on slopes without proper terracing; marine biodiversity affected as soil erosion leads to the silting of coral reefs
    Environment - international agreements field listing
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Geography - note field listing
    important location at northern end of Mozambique Channel
  • People and Society :: Comoros
  • Population field listing
    821,164 (July 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 163
    Nationality field listing
    noun: Comoran(s)
    adjective: Comoran
    Ethnic groups field listing
    Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava
    Languages field listing
    Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (official; a blend of Swahili and Arabic) (Comorian)
    Religions field listing
    Sunni Muslim 98%, other (including Shia Muslim, Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Protestant) 2%

    note: Islam is the state religion

    Demographic profile field listing

    Comoros’ population is a melange of Arabs, Persians, Indonesians, Africans, and Indians, and the much smaller number of Europeans that settled on the islands between the 8th and 19th centuries, when they served as a regional trade hub. The Arab and Persian influence is most evident in the islands’ overwhelmingly Muslim majority – about 98% of Comorans are Sunni Muslims. The country is densely populated, averaging nearly 350 people per square mile, although this varies widely among the islands, with Anjouan being the most densely populated.

    Given the large share of land dedicated to agriculture and Comoros’ growing population, habitable land is becoming increasingly crowded. The combination of increasing population pressure on limited land and resources, widespread poverty, and poor job prospects motivates thousands of Comorans each year to attempt to illegally migrate using small fishing boats to the neighboring island of Mayotte, which is a French territory. The majority of legal Comoran migration to France came after Comoros’ independence from France in 1975, with the flow peaking in the mid-1980s.

    At least 150,000 to 200,000 people of Comoran citizenship or descent live abroad, mainly in France, where they have gone seeking a better quality of life, job opportunities, higher education (Comoros has no universities), advanced health care, and to finance elaborate traditional wedding ceremonies (aada). Remittances from the diaspora are an economic mainstay, in 2013 representing approximately 25% of Comoros’ GDP and significantly more than the value of its exports of goods and services (only 15% of GDP). Grand Comore, Comoros’ most populous island, is both the primary source of emigrants and the main recipient of remittances. Most remittances are spent on private consumption, but this often goes toward luxury goods and the aada and does not contribute to economic development or poverty reduction. Although the majority of the diaspora is now French-born with more distant ties to Comoros, it is unclear whether they will sustain the current level of remittances.

    Age structure field listing
    0-14 years: 38.54% (male 157,764 /female 158,676)
    15-24 years: 19.89% (male 79,133 /female 84,181)
    25-54 years: 33.25% (male 129,645 /female 143,408)
    55-64 years: 4.34% (male 15,957 /female 19,690)
    65 years and over: 3.98% (male 14,881 /female 17,829) (2018 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Dependency ratios field listing
    total dependency ratio: 75.5 (2015 est.)
    youth dependency ratio: 70.5 (2015 est.)
    elderly dependency ratio: 5.1 (2015 est.)
    potential support ratio: 19.7 (2015 est.)
    Median age field listing
    total: 20.2 years
    male: 19.5 years
    female: 20.8 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 188
    Population growth rate field listing
    1.57% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    Birth rate field listing
    25.3 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 49
    Death rate field listing
    7.1 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 125
    Net migration rate field listing
    -2.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 168
    Population distribution field listing
    the capital city of Maroni, located on the western side of the island of Grande Comore, is the country's largest city; however, of the three islands that comprise Comoros, it is Anjouan that is the most densely populated
    Urbanization field listing
    urban population: 29% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: 2.87% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population field listing
    62,000 MORONI (capital) (2018)
    Sex ratio field listing
    at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    0-14 years: 0.99 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    15-24 years: 0.94 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    25-54 years: 0.9 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    55-64 years: 0.8 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    Mother's mean age at first birth field listing
    24.6 years (2012 est.)

    note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

    Maternal mortality rate field listing
    335 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    Infant mortality rate field listing
    total: 58.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    male: 68.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    female: 47.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 17
    Life expectancy at birth field listing
    total population: 64.9 years (2018 est.)
    male: 62.6 years (2018 est.)
    female: 67.4 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    Total fertility rate field listing
    3.21 children born/woman (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 46
    Contraceptive prevalence rate field listing
    19.4% (2012)
    Health expenditures field listing
    6.7% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 88
    Hospital bed density field listing
    2.2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
    Drinking water source field listing
    improved: urban: 92.6% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 89.1% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 90.1% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 7.4% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 10.9% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 9.9% of population (2015 est.)
    Sanitation facility access field listing
    improved: urban: 48.3% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 30.9% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 35.8% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 51.7% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 69.1% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 64.2% of population (2015 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate field listing
    <.1% (2017 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS field listing
    <200 (2017 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - deaths field listing
    <100 (2017 est.)
    Obesity - adult prevalence rate field listing
    7.8% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 157
    Children under the age of 5 years underweight field listing
    16.9% (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 35
    Education expenditures field listing
    4.3% of GDP (2015)
    country comparison to the world: 102
    Literacy field listing
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)
    total population: 77.8% (2015 est.)
    male: 81.8% (2015 est.)
    female: 73.7% (2015 est.)
    School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) field listing
    total: 11 years (2014)
    male: 11 years (2014)
    female: 11 years (2014)
  • Government :: Comoros
  • Country name field listing
    conventional long form: Union of the Comoros
    conventional short form: Comoros
    local long form: Udzima wa Komori (Comorian)
    local short form: Komori (Comorian)
    etymology: name derives from the Arabic designation "Juzur al Qamar" meaning "Islands of the Moon"
    Union des Comores (French) Jumhuriyat al Qamar al Muttahidah (Arabic) Comores (French) Juzur al Qamar (Arabic)
    Government type field listing
    federal presidential republic
    Capital field listing
    name: Moroni
    geographic coordinates: 11 42 S, 43 14 E
    time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    Administrative divisions field listing
    3 islands and 4 municipalities*; Anjouan (Ndzuwani), Domoni*, Fomboni*, Grande Comore (N'gazidja), Moheli (Mwali), Moroni*, Moutsamoudou*
    Independence field listing
    6 July 1975 (from France)
    National holiday field listing
    Independence Day, 6 July (1975)
    Constitution field listing
    history: previous 1996; latest ratified 23 December 2001 (2018)
    amendments: proposed by the president of the union or supported by at least one-third of the Assembly of the Union membership; passage requires approval by at least two-thirds majority of the total Assembly membership and approval by at least two-thirds of the membership of the Island Councils, or approval in a referendum; amended 2009, 2014, 2018 (2018)
    International law organization participation field listing
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    Citizenship field listing
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of the Comoros
    dual citizenship recognized: no
    residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years
    Suffrage field listing
    18 years of age; universal
    Executive branch field listing
    chief of state: President AZALI Assoumani(since 26 May 2016); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government; Abdallah Said SAROUMA (since 26 May 2016), is vice president of Transportation, Posts, Telecommunication, etc.; Djaffer Ahmed SAID (since 26 May 2016), is vice president of Economy, Planning, Industry Crafts,etc.; Moustadroine ABDOU (since 26 May 2016), is vice president of Agriculture, Fishing, and the Environment
    head of government: President AZALI Assoumani (since 26 May 2016); Vice Presidents: Abdallah Said SAROUMA, (since 26 May 2016), Djaffer Ahmed SAID (since 26 May 2016), and Moustadroine ABDOU (since 26 May 2016)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
    elections/appointments: president directly elected by simple majority popular vote in 2 rounds for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 21 February 2016 and second round held 10 April 2016 (next originally scheduled for 2021 but rescheduled for 2019)
    election results: AZALI Assoumani (CRC) elected president in the second round; percent of vote in first round - Mohamed Ali SOILIHI (UPDC)17.6%, Mouigni BARAKA (RDC) 15.1%, AZALI Assoumani (CRC) 15.%, Fahmi Said IBRAHIM (PEC) 14.5%; percent of vote in second round - AZALI Assoumani (CRC) 41.%, Mohamed Ali SOILIHI (UPDC) 39.9%; Mouigni BARAKA (RDC)19.1%

    note: a referendum held on 30 July 2018 overwhelmingly approved a constitutional amendment that extends the term limits of the president and ends the rotation of the Union presidents among the three main islands

    Legislative branch field listing
    description: unicameral Assembly of the Union (33 seats; 24 members directly elected by absolute majority vote in 2 rounds if needed and 9 members indirectly elected by the 3 island assemblies; members serve 5-year terms) (2017)
    elections: last held on 25 January 2015 with a runoff on 22 February 2015 (next to be held in 2020) (2017)
    election results: percent of vote by party - UPDC 29.1%, PJ 20.5%, RDC 21.3%, other 29.1%; seats by party - UPDC 8, PJ 7, RDC 2, CRC 2, RADHI 1, PEC 1, independent 3; note - in addition 9 seats will be filled by nominations from the 3 island assemblies
    Judicial branch field listing
    highest courts: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (consists of 7 judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 8 members)
    judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges - 2 selected by the president of the Union, 2 by the Assembly of the Union, and 1 each by the 3 island councils; judges appointed for life; Constitutional Court members appointed - 1 by the president, 1 each by the 3 vice presidents, 1 by the Assembly, and 1 each by the island executives; all members serve 6-year renewable terms
    subordinate courts: Court of Appeals (in Moroni); Tribunal de premiere instance; island village (community) courts; religious courts
    Political parties and leaders field listing
    Convention for the Renewal of the Comoros or CRC [AZALI Assoumani]
    Democratic Rally of the Comoros or RDC [Mouigni BARAKA]
    Juwa Party or PJ [Ahmed Abdallah SAMBI]
    Party for the Comorian Agreement (Partie Pour l'Entente Commorienne) or PEC [Fahmi Said IBRAHIM]
    Rally for an Alternative of Harmonious and Integrated Development or RADHI [Abdou SOEFO]
    Rally with a Development Initiative for Enlightened Youth or RIDJA [Said LARIFOU]
    Union for the Development of the Comoros or UPDC [Mohamed HALIFA]
    International organization participation field listing
    ACP, AfDB, AMF, AOSIS, AU, CAEU (candidates), COMESA, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAS, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
    Diplomatic representation in the US field listing
    chief of mission: Ambassador Soilihi Mohamed SOILIHI (since 18 November 2014)
    chancery: Mission to the US, 866 United Nations Plaza, Suite 418, New York, NY 10017
    telephone: [1] (212) 750-1637
    FAX: [1] (212) 750-1657
    Diplomatic representation from the US field listing
    the US does not have an embassy in Comoros; the US Ambassador to Madagascar is accredited to Comoros
    Flag description field listing
    four equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), white, red, and blue, with a green isosceles triangle based on the hoist; centered within the triangle is a white crescent with the convex side facing the hoist and four white, five-pointed stars placed vertically in a line between the points of the crescent; the horizontal bands and the four stars represent the four main islands of the archipelago - Mwali, N'gazidja, Ndzuwani, and Mahore (Mayotte - department of France, but claimed by Comoros)

    note: the crescent, stars, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam

    National symbol(s) field listing
    four stars and crescent; national colors: green, white
    National anthem field listing
    name: "Udzima wa ya Masiwa" (The Union of the Great Islands)
    lyrics/music: Said Hachim SIDI ABDEREMANE/Said Hachim SIDI ABDEREMANE and Kamildine ABDALLAH

    note: adopted 1978

  • Economy :: Comoros
  • Economy - overview field listing

    One of the world's poorest and smallest economies, the Comoros is made up of three islands that are hampered by inadequate transportation links, a young and rapidly increasing population, and few natural resources. The low educational level of the labor force contributes to a subsistence level of economic activity and a heavy dependence on foreign grants and technical assistance. Agriculture, including fishing, hunting, and forestry, accounts for about 50% of GDP, employs a majority of the labor force, and provides most of the exports. Export income is heavily reliant on the three main crops of vanilla, cloves, and ylang ylang (perfume essence); and the Comoros' export earnings are easily disrupted by disasters such as fires and extreme weather. Despite agriculture’s importance to the economy, the country imports roughly 70% of its food; rice, the main staple, and other dried vegetables account for more than 25% of imports. Remittances from about 300,000 Comorans contribute about 25% of the country’s GDP. France, Comoros’s colonial power, remains a key trading partner and bilateral donor.

    Comoros faces an education system in need of upgrades, limited opportunities for private commercial and industrial enterprises, poor health services, limited exports, and a high population growth rate. Recurring political instability, sometimes initiated from outside the country, and an ongoing electricity crisis have inhibited growth. The government, elected in mid-2016, has moved to improve revenue mobilization, reduce expenditures, and improve electricity access, although the public sector wage bill remains one of the highest in sub-Saharan Africa. In mid-2017, Comoros joined the Southern African Development Community with 15 other regional member states.

    GDP (purchasing power parity) field listing
    $1.319 billion (2017 est.)
    $1.284 billion (2016 est.)
    $1.257 billion (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 201
    GDP (official exchange rate) field listing
    $652 million (2017 est.) (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate field listing
    2.7% (2017 est.)
    2.2% (2016 est.)
    1% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 125
    GDP - per capita (PPP) field listing
    $1,600 (2017 est.)
    $1,600 (2016 est.)
    $1,600 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 216
    Gross national saving field listing
    17.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
    13.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
    18% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 117
    GDP - composition, by end use field listing
    household consumption: 92.6% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 20.4% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 20% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: -3.1% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 17.2% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -47.1% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin field listing
    agriculture: 47.7% (2017 est.)
    industry: 11.8% (2017 est.)
    services: 40.5% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products field listing
    vanilla, cloves, ylang-ylang (perfume essence), coconuts, bananas, cassava (manioc)
    Industries field listing
    fishing, tourism, perfume distillation
    Industrial production growth rate field listing
    1% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 154
    Labor force field listing
    278,500 (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 166
    Labor force - by occupation field listing
    agriculture: 20% (1996 est.)
    industry and services: 20% (1996 est.)
    Unemployment rate field listing
    6.5% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    Population below poverty line field listing
    44.8% (2004 est.)
    Household income or consumption by percentage share field listing
    lowest 10%: 55.2% (2004)
    highest 10%: 55.2% (2004)
    Distribution of family income - Gini index field listing
    55.9 (2004 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 8
    Budget field listing
    revenues: 165.2 million (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 207.3 million (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues field listing
    25.3% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 117
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) field listing
    -6.5% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 188
    Public debt field listing
    32.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
    27.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 160
    Fiscal year field listing
    calendar year
    Inflation rate (consumer prices) field listing
    1% (2017 est.)
    1.8% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 50
    Central bank discount rate field listing
    1.93% (31 December 2010)
    2.21% (31 December 2009)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    Commercial bank prime lending rate field listing
    10.5% (31 December 2017 est.)
    10.5% (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 81
    Stock of narrow money field listing
    $200.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $180.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 183
    Stock of broad money field listing
    $200.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $180.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 186
    Stock of domestic credit field listing
    $208.5 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $183.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 184
    Current account balance field listing
    -$27 million (2017 est.)
    -$45 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 74
    Exports field listing
    $18.9 million (2017 est.)
    $17.9 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 212
    Exports - commodities field listing
    vanilla, ylang-ylang (perfume essence), cloves
    Exports - partners field listing
    France 36.5%, India 12.2%, Germany 8.2%, Pakistan 6.3%, Switzerland 5.8%, South Korea 4.7%, Russia 4.3% (2017)
    Imports field listing
    $207.8 million (2017 est.)
    $189 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 207
    Imports - commodities field listing
    rice and other foodstuffs, consumer goods, petroleum products, cement and construction materials, transport equipment
    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold field listing
    $208 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $159.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    Imports - partners field listing
    UAE 32.8%, France 17.3%, China 13.2%, Madagascar 6.1%, Pakistan 4.5%, India 4.3% (2017)
    Debt - external field listing
    $199.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $132 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    Exchange rates field listing
    Comoran francs (KMF) per US dollar -
    458.2 (2017 est.)
    444.76 (2016 est.)
    444.76 (2015 est.)
    443.6 (2014 est.)
    370.81 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: Comoros
  • Electricity access field listing
    population without electricity: 200,000 (2013)
    electrification - total population: 69% (2013)
    electrification - urban areas: 89% (2013)
    electrification - rural areas: 62% (2013)
    Electricity - production field listing
    54 million kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 204
    Electricity - consumption field listing
    50.22 million kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 203
    Electricity - exports field listing
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 121
    Electricity - imports field listing
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 133
    Electricity - installed generating capacity field listing
    26,000 kW (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 203
    Electricity - from fossil fuels field listing
    96.2% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 46
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 69
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants field listing
    3.8% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 130
    Electricity - from other renewable sources field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 176
    Crude oil - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 119
    Crude oil - exports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 106
    Crude oil - imports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
    Crude oil - proved reserves field listing
    0 bbl (1 January 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 121
    Refined petroleum products - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 130
    Refined petroleum products - consumption field listing
    1,300 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 200
    Refined petroleum products - exports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 143
    Refined petroleum products - imports field listing
    1,350 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 195
    Natural gas - production field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 121
    Natural gas - consumption field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 135
    Natural gas - exports field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 84
    Natural gas - imports field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 109
    Natural gas - proved reserves field listing
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 127
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy field listing
    200,000 Mt (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 198
  • Communications :: Comoros
  • Telephones - fixed lines field listing
    total subscriptions: 17,212 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 2 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 183
    Telephones - mobile cellular field listing
    total subscriptions: 446,868 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 55 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    Telephone system field listing
    general assessment: sparse system of microwave radio relay and HF radiotelephone communication stations; telephone service limited to the islands' few towns (2017)
    domestic: fixed-line connections only about 2 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular usage over 55 per 100 persons; two companies, Comoros Telecom and Telma, provide domestic and international mobile service and wireless data. (2017)
    international: country code - 269; landing point for the EASSy fiber-optic submarine cable system connecting East Africa with Europe and North America; HF radiotelephone communications to Madagascar and Reunion (2018)
    Broadcast media field listing
    national state-owned TV station and a TV station run by Anjouan regional government; national state-owned radio; regional governments on the islands of Grande Comore and Anjouan each operate a radio station; a few independent and small community radio stations operate on the islands of Grande Comore and Moheli, and these two islands have access to Mayotte Radio and French TV (2007)
    Internet country code field listing
    .km
    Internet users field listing
    total: 63,084 (July 2016 est.)
    percent of population: 7.9% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions field listing
    total: 1,644 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: less than 1 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
  • Transportation :: Comoros
  • National air transport system field listing
    number of registered air carriers: 2 (2015)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 9 (2015)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix field listing
    D6 (2016)
    Airports field listing
    4 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 186
    Airports - with paved runways field listing
    total: 4 (2017)
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2017)
    914 to 1,523 m: 3 (2017)
    Roadways field listing
    total: 880 km (2002)
    paved: 673 km (2002)
    unpaved: 207 km (2002)
    country comparison to the world: 188
    Merchant marine field listing
    total: 203 (2017)
    by type: bulk carrier 4, container ship 1, general cargo 86, oil tanker 26, other 86 (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 65
    Ports and terminals field listing
    major seaport(s): Moroni, Moutsamoudou
  • Military and Security :: Comoros
  • Military branches field listing
    National Army for Development (l'Armee Nationale de Developpement, AND): Comoran Security Force (also called Comoran Defense Force (Force Comorienne de Defense, FCD), includes Gendarmerie), Comoran Coast Guard, Comoran Federal Police (2015)
    Military service age and obligation field listing
    18 years of age for 2-year voluntary male and female military service; no conscription (2015)
  • Transnational Issues :: Comoros
  • Disputes - international field listing
    claims French-administered Mayotte and challenges France's and Madagascar's claims to Banc du Geyser, a drying reef in the Mozambique Channel
    Trafficking in persons field listing
    current situation: Comoros is a source country for children subjected to forced labor and, reportedly, sex trafficking domestically, and women and children are subjected to forced labor in Mayotte; it is possibly a transit and destination country for Malagasy women and girls and a transit country for East African women and girls exploited in domestic service in the Middle East; Comoran children are forced to labor in domestic service, roadside and street vending, baking, fishing, and agriculture; some Comoran students at Koranic schools are exploited for forced agricultural or domestic labor, sometimes being subjected to physical and sexual abuse; Comoros may be particularly vulnerable to transnational trafficking because of inadequate border controls, government corruption, and the presence of international criminal networks
    tier rating: Tier 3 – Comoros does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and was placed on Tier 3 after being on the Tier 2 Watch List for two consecutive years without making progress; Parliament passed revisions to the penal code in 2014, including anti-trafficking provisions and enforcement guidelines, but these amendments have not yet been passed approved by the President and put into effect; a new child labor law was passed in 2015 prohibiting child trafficking, but existing laws do not criminalize the forced prostitution of adults; authorities did not investigate, prosecute, or convict alleged trafficking offenders, including complicit officials; the government lacked victim identification and care referral procedures, did not assist any victims during 2014, and provided minimal support to NGOs offering victims psychosocial services (2015)