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Central America :: Honduras Print
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HONDURAS
  • Introduction :: Honduras
  • Background field listing
    Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage. Since then, the economy has slowly rebounded.
    HONDURAS SUMMARY: PDF
  • Geography :: Honduras
  • Location field listing
    Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua
    Geographic coordinates field listing
    15 00 N, 86 30 W
    Map references field listing
    Central America and the Caribbean
    Area field listing
    total: 112,090 sq km
    land: 111,890 sq km
    water: 200 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 104
    Area - comparative field listing
    slightly larger than Tennessee
    Area comparison map: Area comparison map
    Land boundaries field listing
    total: 1,575 km
    border countries (3): Guatemala 244 km, El Salvador 391 km, Nicaragua 940 km
    Coastline field listing
    823 km (Caribbean Sea 669 km, Gulf of Fonseca 163 km)
    Maritime claims field listing
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: natural extension of territory or to 200 nm
    Climate field listing
    subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains
    Terrain field listing
    mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains
    Elevation field listing
    mean elevation: 684 m
    elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
    2870 highest point: Cerro Las Minas
    Natural resources field listing
    timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower
    Land use field listing
    agricultural land: 28.8% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 9.1% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 4% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 15.7% (2011 est.)
    forest: 45.3% (2011 est.)
    other: 25.9% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land field listing
    900 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution field listing
    most residents live in the mountainous western half of the country; unlike other Central American nations, Honduras is the only one with an urban population that is distributed between two large centers - the capital of Tegucigalpa and the city of San Pedro Sula; the Rio Ulua valley in the north is the only densely populated lowland area
    Natural hazards field listing
    frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast
    Environment - current issues field listing
    urban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of fresh water), as well as several rivers and streams, with heavy metals
    Environment - international agreements field listing
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Geography - note field listing
    has only a short Pacific coast but a long Caribbean shoreline, including the virtually uninhabited eastern Mosquito Coast
  • People and Society :: Honduras
  • Population field listing
    9,182,766 (July 2018 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

    country comparison to the world: 95
    Nationality field listing
    noun: Honduran(s)
    adjective: Honduran
    Ethnic groups field listing
    mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
    Languages field listing
    Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects
    Religions field listing
    Roman Catholic 46%, Protestant 41%, atheist 1%, other 2%, none 9% (2014 est.)
    Demographic profile field listing

    Honduras is one of the poorest countries in Latin America and has one of the world's highest murder rates. More than half of the population lives in poverty and per capita income is one of the lowest in the region. Poverty rates are higher among rural and indigenous people and in the south, west, and along the eastern border than in the north and central areas where most of Honduras' industries and infrastructure are concentrated. The increased productivity needed to break Honduras' persistent high poverty rate depends, in part, on further improvements in educational attainment. Although primary-school enrollment is near 100%, educational quality is poor, the drop-out rate and grade repetition remain high, and teacher and school accountability is low.

    Honduras' population growth rate has slowed since the 1990s, but it remains high at nearly 2% annually because the birth rate averages approximately three children per woman and more among rural, indigenous, and poor women. Consequently, Honduras' young adult population - ages 15 to 29 - is projected to continue growing rapidly for the next three decades and then stabilize or slowly shrink. Population growth and limited job prospects outside of agriculture will continue to drive emigration. Remittances represent about a fifth of GDP.

    Age structure field listing
    0-14 years: 32.37% (male 1,518,526 /female 1,453,891)
    15-24 years: 20.88% (male 977,899 /female 939,490)
    25-54 years: 37.07% (male 1,724,257 /female 1,679,694)
    55-64 years: 5.27% (male 229,066 /female 255,169)
    65 years and over: 4.41% (male 174,771 /female 230,003) (2018 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Dependency ratios field listing
    total dependency ratio: 59.8 (2015 est.)
    youth dependency ratio: 52.7 (2015 est.)
    elderly dependency ratio: 7.1 (2015 est.)
    potential support ratio: 14.2 (2015 est.)
    Median age field listing
    total: 23.3 years
    male: 23 years
    female: 23.7 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    Population growth rate field listing
    1.56% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 68
    Birth rate field listing
    22 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 68
    Death rate field listing
    5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    Net migration rate field listing
    -1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 138
    Population distribution field listing
    most residents live in the mountainous western half of the country; unlike other Central American nations, Honduras is the only one with an urban population that is distributed between two large centers - the capital of Tegucigalpa and the city of San Pedro Sula; the Rio Ulua valley in the north is the only densely populated lowland area
    Urbanization field listing
    urban population: 57.1% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: 2.75% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population field listing
    1.363 million TEGUCIGALPA (capital), 851,000 San Pedro Sula (2018)
    Sex ratio field listing
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    Mother's mean age at first birth field listing
    20.4 years (2011/12 est.)

    note: median age a first birth among women 25-29

    Maternal mortality rate field listing
    129 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    Infant mortality rate field listing
    total: 16.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    male: 18.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    female: 14.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 93
    Life expectancy at birth field listing
    total population: 71.3 years (2018 est.)
    male: 69.6 years (2018 est.)
    female: 73 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 152
    Total fertility rate field listing
    2.61 children born/woman (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
    Contraceptive prevalence rate field listing
    73.2% (2011/12)
    Health expenditures field listing
    8.7% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 45
    Hospital bed density field listing
    0.7 beds/1,000 population (2014)
    Drinking water source field listing
    improved: urban: 97.4% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 83.8% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 91.2% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 2.6% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 16.2% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 8.8% of population (2015 est.)
    Sanitation facility access field listing
    improved: urban: 86.7% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 77.7% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 82.6% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 13.3% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 22.3% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 17.4% of population (2015 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate field listing
    0.3% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS field listing
    22,000 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    HIV/AIDS - deaths field listing
    1,000 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
    Major infectious diseases field listing
    degree of risk: high (2016)
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
    vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

    note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

    Obesity - adult prevalence rate field listing
    21.4% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 89
    Children under the age of 5 years underweight field listing
    7.1% (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 71
    Education expenditures field listing
    5.9% of GDP (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 39
    Literacy field listing
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)
    total population: 89% (2015 est.)
    male: 89% (2015 est.)
    female: 88.9% (2015 est.)
    School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) field listing
    total: 11 years (2014)
    male: 11 years (2014)
    female: 12 years (2014)
    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 field listing
    total: 8.5% (2016 est.)
    male: 6.1% (2016 est.)
    female: 13.1% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 135
  • Government :: Honduras
  • Country name field listing
    conventional long form: Republic of Honduras
    conventional short form: Honduras
    local long form: Republica de Honduras
    local short form: Honduras
    etymology: the name means "depths" in Spanish and refers to the deep anchorage in the northern Bay of Trujillo
    Government type field listing
    presidential republic
    Capital field listing
    name: Tegucigalpa
    geographic coordinates: 14 06 N, 87 13 W
    time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    Administrative divisions field listing
    18 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahia, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara, Valle, Yoro
    Independence field listing
    15 September 1821 (from Spain)
    National holiday field listing
    Independence Day, 15 September (1821)
    Constitution field listing
    history: several previous; latest approved 11 January 1982, effective 20 January 1982 (2018)
    amendments: proposed by the National Congress with at least two-thirds majority vote of the membership; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote of Congress in its next annual session; constitutional articles such as the form of government, national sovereignty, the presidential term, and the procedure for amending the constitution cannot be amended; amended many times, last in 2015; note - the 2015 amendment struck down several constitutional articles on presidential term limits (2018)
    International law organization participation field listing
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    Citizenship field listing
    citizenship by birth: yes
    citizenship by descent only: yes
    dual citizenship recognized: yes
    residency requirement for naturalization: 1 to 3 years
    Suffrage field listing
    18 years of age; universal and compulsory
    Executive branch field listing
    chief of state: President Juan Orlando HERNANDEZ Alvarado (since 27 January 2014); Vice Presidents Ricardo ALVAREZ, Maria RIVERA, and Olga ALVARADO (since 26 January 2018); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Juan Orlando HERNANDEZ Alvarado (since 27 January 2014); Vice Presidents Ricardo ALVAREZ, Rossana GUEVARA, and Lorena HERRERA (since 27 January 2014)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by president
    elections/appointments: president directly elected by simple majority popular vote for a 4-year term; election last held on 26 November 2017 (next to be held in November 2021); note - in 2015, the Constitutional Chamber of the Honduran Supreme Court struck down the constitutional provisions on presidential term limits
    election results: Juan Orlando HERNANDEZ Alvarado reelected president; percent of vote Juan Orlando HERNANDEZ Alvarado (PNH) 43%, Salvador NASRALLA (Alianza Opositora) 41.4%, Luis Orlando ZELAYA Medrano (PL) 14.7%, other .9%
    Legislative branch field listing
    description: unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (128 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by closed, pary-list proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms)
    elections: last held on 27 November 2017 (next to be held on 28 November 2021)
    election results: percent of vote by party - PNH 47.7%, LIBRE 23.4%, PL 20.3%, AP 3.1%, PINU 3.1%, DC 0.8%, PAC 0.8%, UD 0.8%; seats by party - PNH 61, LIBRE 30, PL 26, AP 4, PINU 4, DC 1, PAC 1, UD 1
    Judicial branch field listing
    highest courts: Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (15 principal judges - including the court president - and 7 alternates; court organized into civil, criminal, constitutional, and labor chambers); note - the court has both judicial and constitutional jurisdiction
    judge selection and term of office: court president elected by his peers; judges elected by the National Congress from candidates proposed by the Nominating Board, a diverse 7-member group of judicial officials, and other government and non-government officials selected by each of their organizations; judges elected by Congress for renewable, 7-year terms
    subordinate courts: courts of appeal; courts of first instance; peace courts
    Political parties and leaders field listing
    Alliance against the Dictatorship or Alianza Opositora [Salvador NASRALLA] (electoral coalition) Anti-Corruption Party or PAC [Marlene ALVARENGA] Christian Democratic Party or DC [Felicito AVILA Ordonez] Democratic Unification Party or UD [Cesar HAM] Freedom and Refoundation Party or LIBRE [Jose Manuel ZELAYA Rosales] Honduran Patriotic Alliance or AP [Romeo VASQUEZ Velasquez] Liberal Party or PL [Luis Orlando ZELAYA Medrano] National Party of Honduras or PNH [Reinaldo SANCHEZ Rivera] Innovation and Unity Party or PINU [Guillermo VALLE]
    International organization participation field listing
    BCIE, CACM, CD, CELAC, EITI (candidate country), FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC (suspended), IOM, IPU, ISO (subscriber), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAES, LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, Pacific Alliance (observer), PCA, Petrocaribe, SICA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCO (suspended), WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
    Diplomatic representation in the US field listing
    chief of mission: Ambassador Marlon Ramsses TABORA Munoz (since 24 April 2017)
    chancery: Suite 4-M, 3007 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 966-2604
    FAX: [1] (202) 966-9751
    consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, San Francisco
    consulate(s): Dallas, McAllen (TX)
    Diplomatic representation from the US field listing
    chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Heide B. FULTON (since June 2017)
    embassy: Avenida La Paz, Apartado Postal No. 3453, Tegucigalpa
    mailing address: American Embassy, APO AA 34022, Tegucigalpa
    telephone: [504] 2236-9320, 2238-5114
    FAX: [504] 2236-9037
    Flag description field listing
    three equal horizontal bands of cerulean blue (top), white, and cerulean blue, with five cerulean, five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band; the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water and the peace and prosperity of its people

    note: similar to the flag of El Salvador, which features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Nicaragua, which features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom, centered in the white band

    National symbol(s) field listing
    scarlet macaw, white-tailed deer; national colors: blue, white
    National anthem field listing
    name: "Himno Nacional de Honduras" (National Anthem of Honduras)
    lyrics/music: Augusto Constancio COELLO/Carlos HARTLING

    note: adopted 1915; the anthem's seven verses chronicle Honduran history; on official occasions, only the chorus and last verse are sung

  • Economy :: Honduras
  • Economy - overview field listing

    Honduras, the second poorest country in Central America, suffers from extraordinarily unequal distribution of income, as well as high underemployment. While historically dependent on the export of bananas and coffee, Honduras has diversified its export base to include apparel and automobile wire harnessing.

    Honduras’s economy depends heavily on US trade and remittances. The US-Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement came into force in 2006 and has helped foster foreign direct investment, but physical and political insecurity, as well as crime and perceptions of corruption, may deter potential investors; about 15% of foreign direct investment is from US firms.

    The economy registered modest economic growth of 3.1%-4.0% from 2010 to 2017, insufficient to improve living standards for the nearly 65% of the population in poverty. In 2017, Honduras faced rising public debt, but its economy has performed better than expected due to low oil prices and improved investor confidence. Honduras signed a three-year standby arrangement with the IMF in December 2014, aimed at easing Honduras’s poor fiscal position.

    GDP (purchasing power parity) field listing
    $46.3 billion (2017 est.)
    $44.18 billion (2016 est.)
    $42.58 billion (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 112
    GDP (official exchange rate) field listing
    $22.98 billion (2017 est.) (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate field listing
    4.8% (2017 est.)
    3.8% (2016 est.)
    3.8% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 56
    GDP - per capita (PPP) field listing
    $5,600 (2017 est.)
    $5,400 (2016 est.)
    $5,300 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 170
    Gross national saving field listing
    22.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
    20.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
    20.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 83
    GDP - composition, by end use field listing
    household consumption: 77.7% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 13.8% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 23.1% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: 0.7% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 43.6% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -58.9% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin field listing
    agriculture: 14.2% (2017 est.)
    industry: 28.8% (2017 est.)
    services: 57% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products field listing
    bananas, coffee, citrus, corn, African palm; beef; timber; shrimp, tilapia, lobster, sugar, oriental vegetables
    Industries field listing
    sugar processing, coffee, woven and knit apparel, wood products, cigars
    Industrial production growth rate field listing
    4.5% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
    Labor force field listing
    3.735 million (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    Labor force - by occupation field listing
    agriculture: 39.8% (2005 est.)
    industry: 20.9% (2005 est.)
    services: 39.8% (2005 est.)
    Unemployment rate field listing
    5.6% (2017 est.)
    6.3% (2016 est.)

    note: about one-third of the people are underemployed

    country comparison to the world: 82
    Population below poverty line field listing
    29.6% (2014)
    Household income or consumption by percentage share field listing
    lowest 10%: 38.4% (2014)
    highest 10%: 38.4% (2014)
    Distribution of family income - Gini index field listing
    47.1 (2014)
    45.7 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 26
    Budget field listing
    revenues: 4.658 billion (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 5.283 billion (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues field listing
    20.3% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 150
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) field listing
    -2.7% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    Public debt field listing
    39.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
    38.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 131
    Fiscal year field listing
    calendar year
    Inflation rate (consumer prices) field listing
    3.9% (2017 est.)
    2.7% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 152
    Central bank discount rate field listing
    6.25% (31 December 2010)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    Commercial bank prime lending rate field listing
    19.26% (31 December 2017 est.)
    19.33% (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 16
    Stock of narrow money field listing
    $2.827 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $2.455 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 123
    Stock of broad money field listing
    $2.827 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $2.455 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 130
    Stock of domestic credit field listing
    $13.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $12.67 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 103
    Market value of publicly traded shares field listing

    NA

    Current account balance field listing
    -$380 million (2017 est.)
    -$587 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
    Exports field listing
    $8.675 billion (2017 est.)
    $7.841 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    Exports - commodities field listing
    coffee, apparel, coffee, shrimp, automobile wire harnesses, cigars, bananas, gold, palm oil, fruit, lobster, lumber
    Exports - partners field listing
    US 34.5%, Germany 8.9%, Belgium 7.7%, El Salvador 7.3%, Netherlands 7.2%, Guatemala 5.2%, Nicaragua 4.8% (2017)
    Imports field listing
    $11.32 billion (2017 est.)
    $10.56 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    Imports - commodities field listing
    communications equipment, machinery and transport, industrial raw materials, chemical products, fuels, foodstuffs
    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold field listing
    $4.708 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $3.814 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    Imports - partners field listing
    US 40.3%, Guatemala 10.5%, China 8.5%, Mexico 6.2%, El Salvador 5.7%, Panama 4.4%, Costa Rica 4.2% (2017)
    Debt - external field listing
    $8.625 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $7.852 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 118
    Exchange rates field listing
    lempiras (HNL) per US dollar -
    23.74 (2017 est.)
    22.995 (2016 est.)
    22.995 (2015 est.)
    22.098 (2014 est.)
    21.137 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: Honduras
  • Electricity access field listing
    population without electricity: 900,000 (2013)
    electrification - total population: 82% (2013)
    electrification - urban areas: 97% (2013)
    electrification - rural areas: 66% (2013)
    Electricity - production field listing
    8.367 billion kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 108
    Electricity - consumption field listing
    7.215 billion kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 107
    Electricity - exports field listing
    536 million kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    Electricity - imports field listing
    679 million kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 76
    Electricity - installed generating capacity field listing
    2.499 million kW (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 105
    Electricity - from fossil fuels field listing
    45.6% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 156
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 108
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants field listing
    25.2% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    Electricity - from other renewable sources field listing
    32% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 11
    Crude oil - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 145
    Crude oil - exports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 135
    Crude oil - imports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 140
    Crude oil - proved reserves field listing
    0 bbl (1 January 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 147
    Refined petroleum products - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 157
    Refined petroleum products - consumption field listing
    52,000 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 104
    Refined petroleum products - exports field listing
    13,160 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    Refined petroleum products - imports field listing
    64,820 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 68
    Natural gas - production field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    Natural gas - consumption field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 160
    Natural gas - exports field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    Natural gas - imports field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 141
    Natural gas - proved reserves field listing
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 151
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy field listing
    10 million Mt (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 102
  • Communications :: Honduras
  • Telephones - fixed lines field listing
    total subscriptions: 491,107 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 5 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    Telephones - mobile cellular field listing
    total subscriptions: 8,233,499 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 91 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 98
    Telephone system field listing
    general assessment: fixed-line connections are increasing but still limited; competition among multiple providers of mobile-cellular services is contributing to a sharp increase in subscribership (2016)
    domestic: beginning in 2003, private sub-operators allowed to provide fixed lines in order to expand telephone coverage contributing to a small increase in fixed-line teledensity; mobile-cellular subscribership is roughly 90 per 100 persons (2016)
    international: country code - 504; landing point for both the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) and the MAYA-1 fiber-optic submarine cable system that together provide connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); connected to Central American Microwave System (2016)
    Broadcast media field listing
    multiple privately owned terrestrial TV networks, supplemented by multiple cable TV networks; Radio Honduras is the lone government-owned radio network; roughly 300 privately owned radio stations (2007)
    Internet country code field listing
    .hn
    Internet users field listing
    total: 2,667,978 (July 2016 est.)
    percent of population: 30% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 103
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions field listing
    total: 232,990 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 3 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 104
  • Transportation :: Honduras
  • National air transport system field listing
    number of registered air carriers: 5 (2015)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 10 (2015)
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 251,149 (2015)
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 502,372 mt-km (2015)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix field listing
    HR (2016)
    Airports field listing
    103 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 54
    Airports - with paved runways field listing
    total: 13 (2017)
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 3 (2017)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 3 (2017)
    914 to 1,523 m: 4 (2017)
    under 914 m: 3 (2017)
    Airports - with unpaved runways field listing
    total: 90 (2013)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
    914 to 1,523 m: 16 (2013)
    under 914 m: 73 (2013)
    Railways field listing
    total: 699 km (2014)
    narrow gauge: 164 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)
    115 1.057-m gauge 420 0.914-m gauge
    country comparison to the world: 101
    Roadways field listing
    total: 14,742 km (2012)
    paved: 3,367 km (2012)
    unpaved: 11,375 km (1,543 km summer only) (2012)

    note: an additional 8,951 km of non-official roads used by the coffee industry

    country comparison to the world: 126
    Waterways field listing
    465 km (most navigable only by small craft) (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 84
    Merchant marine field listing
    total: 552 (2017)
    by type: container ship 1, general cargo 250, oil tanker 90, other 211 (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    Ports and terminals field listing
    major seaport(s): La Ceiba, Puerto Cortes, San Lorenzo, Tela
  • Military and Security :: Honduras
  • Military expenditures field listing
    1.59% of GDP (2016)
    1.52% of GDP (2015)
    1.62% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 71
    Military branches field listing
    Honduran Armed Forces (Fuerzas Armadas de Honduras, FFAA): Army, Navy (includes Naval Infantry), Honduran Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Hondurena, FAH) (2018)
    Military service age and obligation field listing
    18 years of age for voluntary 2- to 3-year military service; no conscription (2018)
  • Transnational Issues :: Honduras
  • Disputes - international field listing
    International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" (disputed areas) along the El Salvador-Honduras border in 1992 with final settlement by the parties in 2006 after an Organization of American States survey and a further ICJ ruling in 2003the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca with consideration of Honduran access to the PacificEl Salvador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not mentioned in the ICJ ruling, off Honduras in the Gulf of FonsecaHonduras claims the Belizean-administered Sapodilla Cays off the coast of Belize in its constitution, but agreed to a joint ecological park around the cays should Guatemala consent to a maritime corridor in the Caribbean under the OAS-sponsored 2002 Belize-Guatemala Differendum
    Refugees and internally displaced persons field listing
    IDPs: 190,000 (violence, extortion, threats, forced recruitment by urban gangs) (2017)
    Illicit drugs field listing
    transshipment point for drugs and narcotics; illicit producer of cannabis, cultivated on small plots and used principally for local consumption; corruption is a major problem; some money-laundering activity