Europe :: GUERNSEY
  • Introduction :: GUERNSEY

  • Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. The Bailiwick of Guernsey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the EU. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation. The Bailiwick of Guernsey consists of the main island of Guernsey and a number of smaller islands including Alderney, Sark, Herm, Jethou, Brecqhou, and Lihou.
  • Geography :: GUERNSEY

  • Western Europe, islands in the English Channel, northwest of France
    49 28 N, 2 35 W
    total: 78 sq km
    land: 78 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    note: includes Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and some other smaller islands
    country comparison to the world: 228
    about one-half the size of Washington, DC
    0 km
    50 km
    territorial sea: 3 nm
    exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
    temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast
    mostly flat with low hills in southwest
    mean elevation: NA
    elevation extremes: lowest point: English Channel 0 m
    highest point: Le Moulin on Sark 114 m
    very large tidal variation and fast currents can make local waters dangerous
    coastal erosion, coastal flooding; declining biodiversity due to land abandonment and succession to scrub or woodland
    large, deepwater harbor at Saint Peter Port
  • People and Society :: GUERNSEY

  • 66,502 (July 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 204
    noun: Channel Islander(s)
    adjective: Channel Islander
    Guernsey 52%, UK and Ireland 23.7%, Portugal 2.1%, Latvia 1.5%, other 6.7%, unspecified 14.1%
    note: data represent country of birth data; the native population is of British and Norman-French descent (2017 est.)
    English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts
    Protestant (Anglican, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist), Roman Catholic
    0-14 years: 14.51% (male 4,984/female 4,665)
    15-24 years: 11.13% (male 3,780/female 3,620)
    25-54 years: 41.67% (male 13,995/female 13,719)
    55-64 years: 13.11% (male 4,332/female 4,387)
    65 years and over: 19.58% (male 5,929/female 7,091) (2017 est.)
    total dependency ratio: 47.1
    youth dependency ratio: 21.6
    elderly dependency ratio: 25.4
    potential support ratio: 3.9
    note: data represent the Guernsey and Jersey (2015 est.)
    total: 43.8 years
    male: 42.5 years
    female: 45.1 years (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 14
    0.3% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 172
    9.8 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 196
    9 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
    2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 45
    urban population: 30.9% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: 0.46% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    note: data represent Guernsey and Jersey
    SAINT PETER PORT (capital) 16,000 (2018)
    at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    total: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 3.7 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 3.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 206
    total population: 82.6 years
    male: 79.9 years
    female: 85.4 years (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 9
    1.56 children born/woman (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 188
  • Government :: GUERNSEY

  • conventional long form: Bailiwick of Guernsey
    conventional short form: Guernsey
    former: Norman Isles
    etymology: the name is of Old Norse origin, but the meaning of the root "Guern(s)" is uncertain; the "-ey" ending means "island"
    British crown dependency
    parliamentary democracy (States of Deliberation); a Crown dependency of the UK
    name: Saint Peter Port
    geographic coordinates: 49 27 N, 2 32 W
    time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 10 parishes: Castel, Forest, Saint Andrew, Saint Martin, Saint Peter Port, Saint Pierre du Bois, Saint Sampson, Saint Saviour, Torteval, Vale
    note: two additional parishes for Guernsey are sometimes listed - the parish of Saint Anne on the island of Alderney and the parish of Saint Peter on the island of Sark - but they are generally not included in the enumeration of parishes
    none (British crown dependency)
    Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
    history: unwritten; includes royal charters, statutes, and common law and practice
    amendments: new laws or changes to existing laws are initiated by the States of Deliberation; passage requires majority vote (2016)
    customary legal system based on Norman customary law, and includes elements of the French civil code and English common law
    see United Kingdom
    16 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Vice Admiral Ian CORDER (since 14 March 2016)
    head of government: Chief Minister Gavin ST PIER (since 6 May 2016); Bailiff Sir Richard COLLAS (since 23 March 2012); note - the chief minister is the president of the Policy and Resources Committee and is the de facto head of government; the Policy and Resources Committee, elected by the States of Deliberation, functions as the executive; the 5 members all have equal voting rights
    cabinet: none
    elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch; chief minister, who is the president of the Policy and Resources Committee indirectly elected by the States of Deliberation for a 4-year term; last held on 6 May 2016 (next to be held in 2020)
    election results: Gavin ST PIER (independent) elected president of the Policy and Resources Committee and chief minister
    description: unicameral States of Deliberation (40 seats; 38 People's Deputies and 2 representatives of the States of Alderney; members directly elected by majority vote to serve 4-year terms); note - non-voting members include the bailiff (presiding officer), attorney-general, and solicitor-general
    elections: last held on 27 April 2016 (next to be held in 2020)
    election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independent 38; composition - men 27, women 13, percent of women 32.5%
    highest resident court(s): Guernsey Court of Appeal (consists of the Bailiff of Guernsey, who is the ex-officio president of the Guernsey Court of Appeal, and at least 12 judges); Royal Court (organized into 3 divisions - Full Court sits with 1 judge and 7 to 12 jurats acting as judges of fact, Ordinary Court sits with 1 judge and normally 3 jurats, and Matrimonial Causes Division sits with 1 judge and 4 jurats); note - appeals beyond Guernsey courts are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)
    judge selection and term of office: Royal Court Bailiff, Deputy Bailiff, and Court of Appeal justices appointed by the British Crown and hold office at Her Majesty's pleasure; jurats elected by the States of Election, a body chaired by the Bailiff and a number of jurats
    subordinate courts: Court of Alderney; Court of the Seneschal of Sark; Magistrate's Court (includes Juvenile Court); Contracts Court; Ecclesiastical Court; Court of Chief Pleas
    none; all independents
    none (British crown dependency)
    none (British crown dependency)
    white with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) extending to the edges of the flag and a yellow equal-armed cross of William the Conqueror superimposed on the Saint George cross; the red cross represents the old ties with England and the fact that Guernsey is a British Crown dependency; the gold cross is a replica of the one used by Duke William of Normandy at the Battle of Hastings in 1066
    Guernsey cow, donkey; national colors: red, white, yellow
    name: "Sarnia Cherie" (Guernsey Dear)
    lyrics/music: George DEIGHTON/Domencio SANTANGELO
    note: adopted 1911; serves as a local anthem; as a British crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)
  • Economy :: GUERNSEY

  • Financial services accounted for about 21% of employment and about 32% of total income in 2016 in this tiny, prosperous Channel Island economy. Construction, manufacturing, and horticulture, mainly tomatoes and cut flowers, have been declining. Financial services, professional services, tourism, retail, and the public sector have been growing. Light tax and death duties make Guernsey a popular offshore financial center.
    $3.465 billion (2015 est.)
    $3.451 billion (2014 est.)
    $3.42 billion (2013 est.)
    note: data are in 2015 dollars
    country comparison to the world: 184
    $2.742 billion (2005 est.)
    0.4% (2015 est.)
    1.2% (2014 est.)
    4.2% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    $52,500 (2014 est.)
    $52,500 (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 24
    agriculture: 3%
    industry: 10%
    services: 87% (2000)
    tomatoes, greenhouse flowers, sweet peppers, eggplant, fruit; Guernsey cattle
    tourism, banking
    31,470 (March 2006)
    country comparison to the world: 204
    1.2% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 11
    lowest 10%: NA%
    highest 10%: NA%
    revenues: $563.6 million
    expenditures: $530.9 million (2005)
    20.6% of GDP (2005)
    country comparison to the world: 151
    1.2% of GDP (2005)
    country comparison to the world: 15
    calendar year
    3.4% (June 2006 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 142
    tomatoes, flowers and ferns, sweet peppers, eggplant, other vegetables
    coal, gasoline, oil, machinery, and equipment
    Guernsey pound per US dollar
    0.78 (2017 est.)
    0.74 (2016 est.)
    0.74 (2015)
    0.65 (2014)
    0.61 (2013)
  • Energy :: GUERNSEY

  • electrification - total population: 100% (2016)
  • Communications :: GUERNSEY

  • total subscriptions: 36,547
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 60 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 164
    total subscriptions: 71,249
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 113 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 197
    domestic: fixed-line and mobile-cellular services widely available
    international: country code - 44; 1 submarine cable (2015)
    multiple UK terrestrial TV broadcasts are received via a transmitter in Jersey with relays in Jersey, Guernsey, and Alderney; satellite packages are available; BBC Radio Guernsey and 1 other radio station operating (2009)
    total: 55,050
    percent of population: 83.3% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 192
  • Transportation :: GUERNSEY

  • number of registered air carriers: 2 (registered in UK)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 11 (registered in UK) (2015)
    2 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 200
    total: 2
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
    under 914 m: 1 (2017)
    major seaport(s): Braye Bay, Saint Peter Port
  • Military and Security :: GUERNSEY

  • defense is the responsibility of the UK
  • Transnational Issues :: GUERNSEY

  • none