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the World Factbook- Appendix A :: Abbreviations
appendix a :: abbreviations
    Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa
  • ACP Group
    African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
  • ADB
    Asian Development Bank
  • AfDB
    African Development Bank
    Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
  • AG
    Australia Group
  • Air Pollution
    Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
  • Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides
    Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides or Their Transboundary Fluxes
  • Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
    Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Persistent Organic Pollutants
  • Air Pollution-Sulphur 85
    Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or Their Transboundary Fluxes by at Least 30%
  • Air Pollution-Sulphur 94
    Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Further Reduction of Sulphur Emissions
  • Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
    Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds or Their Transboundary Fluxes
  • AMF
    Arab Monetary Fund
  • AMU
    Arab Maghreb Union
  • Antarctic Marine Living Resources
    Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
  • Antarctic Seals
    Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals
  • Antarctic-Environmental Protocol
    Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty
    Australia-New Zealand-United States Security Treaty
    Alliance of Small Island States
  • APEC
    Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
  • Arabsat
    Arab Satellite Communications Organization
  • ARF
    ASEAN Regional Forum
    Association of Southeast Asian Nations
  • AU
    African Union
  • Autodin
    Automatic Digital Network
  • BA
    Baltic Assembly
  • bbl/day
    barrels per day
  • BCIE
    Central American Bank for Economic Integration
    Central African States Development Bank
  • Benelux
    Benelux Union
  • BGN
    United States Board on Geographic Names
    Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation
  • Biodiversity
    Convention on Biological Diversity
  • BIS
    Bank for International Settlements
    (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa)
  • BSEC
    Black Sea Economic Cooperation Zone
  • C
  • CD
    Community of Democracies
  • c.i.f.
    cost, insurance, and freight
  • CACM
    Central American Common Market
  • CAEU
    Council of Arab Economic Unity
  • CAN
    Andean Community
  • Caricom
    Caribbean Community and Common Market
  • CB
    citizen's band mobile radio communications
  • CBSS
    Council of the Baltic Sea States
  • CCC
    Customs Cooperation Council
  • CDB
    Caribbean Development Bank
  • CE
    Council of Europe
  • CEI
    Central European Initiative
    Community of Latin America and Caribbean States
  • CEMA
    Council for Mutual Economic Assistance
    Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa
    Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries
  • CERN
    European Organization for Nuclear Research
  • CIA
    Central Intelligence Agency
  • CICA
    Conference of Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia
  • CIS
    Commonwealth of Independent States
    see Endangered Species
  • Climate Change
    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
    Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
    Coordinating Committee on Export Controls
    Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
  • Comsat
    Communications Satellite Corporation
  • CP
    Colombo Plan
  • CPLP
    Comunidade dos Paises de Lingua Portuguesa
  • CSN
    South American Community of Nations became UNASUL - Union of South American Nations
  • CSTO
    Collective Security Treaty Organization
    Preparatory Commission for the Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
  • CY
    calendar year
  • D-8
    Developing Eight
  • DC
    developed country
  • DDT
  • Desertification
    United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa
  • DIA
    United States Defense Intelligence Agency
  • DSN
    Defense Switched Network
  • DST
    daylight savings time
  • DWT
    deadweight ton
  • EAC
    East African Community
  • EADB
    East African Development Bank
  • EAEC
    Eurasian Economic Community
  • EAPC
    Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
  • EAS
    East Asia Summit
  • EBRD
    European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
  • EC
    European Community or European Commission
  • ECA
    Economic Commission for Africa
  • ECB
    European Central Bank
  • ECE
    Economic Commission for Europe
    Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
  • ECO
    Economic Cooperation Organization
    Economic and Social Council
    Economic Community of West African States
  • ECSC
    European Coal and Steel Community
  • EE
    Eastern Europe
  • EEC
    European Economic Community
  • EEZ
    exclusive economic zone
  • EFTA
    European Free Trade Association
  • EIB
    European Investment Bank
  • EITI
    Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative
  • EMU
    European Monetary Union
  • Endangered Species
    Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES)
  • Entente
    Council of the Entente
  • Environmental Modification
    Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques
  • ESA
    European Space Agency
    Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
    Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
  • est.
  • EU
    European Union
  • Euratom
    European Atomic Energy Community
  • Eutelsat
    European Telecommunications Satellite Organization
  • Ex-Im
    Export-Import Bank of the United States
  • f.o.b.
    free on board
  • FAO
    Food and Agriculture Organization
  • FATF
    Financial Action Task Force
  • FAX
  • FLS
    Front Line States
  • FOC
    flags of convenience
  • FSU
    former Soviet Union
  • FY
    fiscal year
  • FZ
    Franc Zone
  • G-3
    Group of 3
  • G-5
    Group of 5
  • G-6
    Group of 6
  • G-7
    Group of 7
  • G-8
    Group of 8
  • G-9
    Group of 9
  • G-10
    Group of 10
  • G-15
    Group of 15
  • G-11
    Group of 11
  • G-20
    Group of 20
  • G-24
    Group of 24
  • G-77
    Group of 77
  • GATT
    General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; now WTO
  • GCC
    Gulf Cooperation Council
  • GCN
    Global Caribbean Network
  • GCTU
    General Confederation of Trade Unions
  • GDP
    gross domestic product
  • GMT
    Greenwich Mean Time
  • GNP
    gross national product
  • GRT
    gross register ton
  • GSM
    global system for mobile cellular communications
  • GUAM
    Organization for Democracy and Economic Development; acronym for member states - Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Moldova
  • GWP
    gross world product
  • Hazardous Wastes
    Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
  • HF
    human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  • IADB
    Inter-American Development Bank
  • IAEA
    International Atomic Energy Agency
  • IANA
    Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
  • IBRD
    International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)
  • ICAO
    International Civil Aviation Organization
  • ICC
    International Chamber of Commerce
  • ICCt
    International Criminal Court
  • ICJ
    International Court of Justice (World Court)
  • ICRC
    International Committee of the Red Cross
  • ICRM
    International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
    International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes
  • ICTR
    International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
  • ICTY
    International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
  • IDA
    International Development Association
  • IDB
    Islamic Development Bank
  • IDP
    Internally Displaced Person
  • IEA
    International Energy Agency
  • IFAD
    International Fund for Agricultural Development
  • IFC
    International Finance Corporation
    International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
  • IGAD
    Inter-Governmental Authority on Development
  • IHO
    International Hydrographic Organization
  • ILO
    International Labor Organization
  • IMF
    International Monetary Fund
  • IMO
    International Maritime Organization
  • IMSO
    International Mobile Satellite Organization
  • Inmarsat
    International Maritime Satellite Organization
  • InOC
    Indian Ocean Commission
  • Intelsat
    International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
  • Interpol
    International Criminal Police Organization
  • Intersputnik
    International Organization of Space Communications
  • IOC
    International Olympic Committee
  • IOM
    International Organization for Migration
  • IPU
    Inter-Parliamentary Union
  • ISO
    International Organization for Standardization
  • ISP
    Internet Service Provider
  • ITC
    International Trade Center
  • ITSO
    International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
  • ITU
    International Telecommunication Union
  • ITUC
    International Trade Union Confederation, the successor to ICFTU (International Confederation of Free Trade Unions) and the WCL (World Confederation of Labor)
  • kHz
  • km
  • kW
  • kWh
  • LAES
    Latin American and Caribbean Economic System
  • LAIA
    Latin American Integration Association
  • LAS
    League of Arab States
  • Law of the Sea
    United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOS)
  • LDC
    less developed country
  • LLDC
    least developed country
  • London Convention
    see Marine Dumping
  • LOS
    see Law of the Sea
  • m
  • Marecs
    Maritime European Communications Satellite
  • Marine Dumping
    Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping Wastes and Other Matter
  • Marine Life Conservation
    Convention on Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources of the High Seas
    see Ship Pollution
  • Medarabtel
    Middle East Telecommunications Project of the International Telecommunications Union
  • Mercosur
    Southern Cone Common Market
  • MHz
    International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti
  • MIGA
    Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
    United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad
    United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara
    United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti
    United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • NA
    not available
    North American Free Trade Agreement
  • NAM
    Nonaligned Movement
  • NATO
    North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • NC
    Nordic Council
  • NEA
    Nuclear Energy Agency
  • NEGL
  • NGA
    National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  • NGO
    nongovernmental organization
  • NIB
    Nordic Investment Bank
  • NIC
    newly industrializing country
  • NIE
    newly industrializing economy
  • NIS
    new independent states
  • nm
    nautical mile
  • NMT
    Nordic Mobile Telephone
  • NSG
    Nuclear Suppliers Group
  • Nuclear Test Ban
    Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space, and Under Water
  • NZ
    New Zealand
    Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries
  • OAS
    Organization of American States
  • OAU
    Organization of African Unity; see African Union
  • ODA
    official development assistance
  • OECD
    Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
  • OECS
    Organization of Eastern Caribbean States
    Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
  • OIC
    Organization of the Islamic Conference
  • OIF
    International Organization of the French-speaking World
  • OOF
    other official flows
    Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean
  • OPCW
    Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
  • OPEC
    Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
  • OSCE
    Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
  • Ozone Layer Protection
    Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer
  • PCA
    Permanent Court of Arbitration
  • PFP
    Partnership for Peace
  • PIF
    Pacific Islands Forum
  • PPP
    purchasing power parity
  • Ramsar
    see Wetlands
  • RG
    Rio Group
    South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
    South Asia Co-operative Environment Program
  • SACU
    Southern African Customs Union
  • SADC
    Southern African Development Community
  • SAFE
    South African Far East Cable
  • SCO
    Shanghai Cooperation Organization
  • SECI
    Southeast European Cooperative Initiative
    Convention of the Southeast European Law Enforcement Centers (successor to SECI)
  • SHF
  • Ship Pollution
    Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships, 1973 (MARPOL)
  • SICA
    Central American Integration System
  • Sparteca
    South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement
  • SPC
    Secretariat of the Pacific Communities
  • SPF
    South Pacific Forum
  • sq km
    square kilometer
  • sq mi
    square mile
  • TAT
    Trans-Atlantic Telephone
  • TEU
    Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit, a unit of measure for containerized cargo capacity
  • Tropical Timber 83
    International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1983
  • Tropical Timber 94
    International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994
  • UAE
    United Arab Emirates
    Central African Customs and Economic Union
  • UHF
  • UK
    United Kingdom
  • UN
    United Nations
    Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS
    United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan
    African Union/United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur
    Union of South American Nations
    United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, also known as LOS
    United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
    United Nations Drug Control Program
    United Nations Democracy Fund
    United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
  • UNDP
    United Nations Development Program
  • UNEP
    United Nations Environment Program
    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
    United Nations Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus
    United Nations Population Fund
  • UN-Habitat
    United Nations Center for Human Settlements
    United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
    United Nations Children's Fund
    United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute
    United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research
    United Nations Industrial Development Organization
    United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
    United Nations Interim Force for Abyei
    United Nations Institute for Training and Research
    United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo
    United Nations Mission in Liberia
    United Nations Mission in the Sudan
    United Nations Mission in South Sudan
    United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste
    United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan
    United Nations Operation in Cote d'Ivoire
    United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime
    United Nations Office of Project Services
    United Nations Research Institute for Social Development
    United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
  • UNSC
    United Nations Security Council
    United Nations System Staff College
    United Nations Truce Supervision Organization
  • UNU
    United Nations University
    World Tourism Organization
  • UPU
    Universal Postal Union
  • US
    United States
  • USSR
    Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union); used for information dated before 25 December 1991
  • UTC
    Coordinated Universal Time
  • UV
  • VHF
  • VSAT
    very small aperture terminal
  • WADB
    West African Development Bank
    West African Economic and Monetary Union
  • WCL
    World Confederation of Labor
  • WCO
    World Customs Organization
  • Wetlands
    Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially As Waterfowl Habitat
  • WEU
    Western European Union
  • WFP
    World Food Program
  • WFTU
    World Federation of Trade Unions
  • Whaling
    International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling
  • WHO
    World Health Organization
  • WIPO
    World Intellectual Property Organization
  • WMO
    World Meteorological Organization
  • WP
    Warsaw Pact
  • WTO
    World Trade Organization
  • ZC
    Zangger Committee
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