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FIELD LISTING :: DISTRIBUTION OF FAMILY INCOME - GINI INDEX Print
This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the richest. The index is the ratio of (a) the area between a country's Lorenz curve and the 45 degree helping line to (b) the entire triangular area under the 45 degree line. The more nearly equal a country's income distribution, the closer its Lorenz curve to the 45 degree line and the lower its Gini index, e.g., a Scandinavian country with an index of 25. The more unequal a country's income distribution, the farther its Lorenz curve from the 45 degree line and the higher its Gini index, e.g., a Sub-Saharan country with an index of 50. If income were distributed with perfect equality, the Lorenz curve would coincide with the 45 degree line and the index would be zero; if income were distributed with perfect inequality, the Lorenz curve would coincide with the horizontal axis and the right vertical axis and the index would be 100.


Country Comparison to the World

CountryDISTRIBUTION OF FAMILY INCOME - GINI INDEX
Albania 29 (2012 est.)
30 (2008 est.)
Algeria 35.3 (1995 est.)
Angola 42.7 (2008 est.)
Argentina 42.7 (2014 est.)
45.8 (2009 est.)
Armenia 31.5 (2014 est.)
31.5 (2013 est.)
Australia 30.3 (2008 est.)
35.2 (1994 est.)
Austria 29.2 (2013 est.)
26.3 (2007 est.)
Azerbaijan 33.7 (2008 est.)
36.5 (2001 est.)
Bangladesh 32.1 (2010 est.)
33.6 (2005 est.)
Belarus 26.5 (2011 est.)
21.7 (1998 est.)
Belgium 25.9 (2013 est.)
28.7 (1996 est.)
Benin 36.5 (2003 est.)
Bhutan 38.8 (2012 est.)
38.1 (2007 est.)
Bolivia 47 (2016 est.)
57.9 (1999 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 33.8 (2011 est.)
33.1 (2007 est.)
Botswana 60.5 (2009 est.)
63 (1993 est.)
Brazil 49.7 (2014 est.)
55.3 (2001 est.)
Bulgaria 37 (2015 est.)
35.4 (2014 est.)
Burkina Faso 39.5 (2007 est.)
48.2 (1994 est.)
Burundi 42.4 (1998 est.)
Cambodia 37.9 (2008 est.)
41.9 (2004 est.)
Cameroon 44.6 (2001 est.)
46.5 (2014 est.)
Canada 32.1 (2005 est.)
31.5 (1994 est.)
Central African Republic 43.6 (2003 est.)
61.3 (1993 est.)
Chad 43.3 (2011 est.)
Chile 50.5 (2013 est.)
57.1 (2000 est.)
China 46.5 (2016 est.)
46.2 (2015 est.)
Colombia 53.5 (2015 est.)
56.9 (2014 est.)
Comoros 55.9 (2004 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 42.1 (2012 est.)
Congo, Republic of the 48.9 (2011 est.)
Costa Rica 48.5 (2014 est.)
49.2 (2013 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 41.5 (2008 est.)
36.7 (1995 est.)
Croatia 32 (2014 est.)
29 (2013 est.)
Cyprus 34.8 (2014 est.)
32.4 (2013 est.)
Czechia 25 (2015 est.)
25.1 (2014 est.)
Denmark 28.8 (2015 est.)
25.7 (2005 est.)
Djibouti 40.9 (2002 est.)
Dominican Republic 47.1 (2013 est.)
45.7 (2012 est.)
Ecuador 48.5 (December 2013 est.)
50.5 (December 2010 est.)
note: data are for urban households
Egypt 30.8 (2015 est.)
32.1 (2012 est.)
El Salvador 37 (2015 est.)
38 (2014 est.)
Estonia 34.8 (2015 est.)
35.6 (2014 est.)
Ethiopia 33 (2011 est.)
30 (2000 est.)
European Union 31 (2016 est.)
30.9 (2015 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) 36 (2015 est.)
Faroe Islands 22.7 (2013 est.)
21.6 (2011 est.)
Finland 21.5 (2015 est.)
26.8 (2008 est.)
France 29.2 (2015 est.)
30.5 (2012 est.)
Gabon 42.2 (2005 est.)
Gambia, The 50.2 (1998 est.)

Georgia 40.1 (2014 est.)
46 (2011 est.)
Germany 27 (2006 est.)
30 (1994 est.)
Ghana 42.3 (2012-13 est.)
41.9 (2005-06 est.)
Greece 36.7 (2012 est.)
35.7 (2011 est.)
Greenland 33.9 (2015 est.)
34.3 (2014 est.)
Guatemala 53 (2014 est.)
56 (2011 est.)
Guinea 39.4 (2007 est.)
40.3 (1994 est.)
Guyana 44.6 (2007 est.)
43.2 (1999 est.)
Haiti 60.8 (2012 est.)
59.2 (2001 est.)
Honduras 47.1 (2014 est.)
45.7 (2009 est.)
Hong Kong 53.7 (2011 est.)
53.3 (2007 est.)
Hungary 28.2 (2015 est.)
28.6 (2014 est.)
Iceland 28 (2006 est.)
25 (2005 est.)
India 35.2 (2011 est.)
37.8 (1997 est.)
Indonesia 36.8 (2009 est.)
39.4 (2005 est.)
Iran 44.5 (2006 est.)
Ireland 31.3 (2013 est.)
35.9 (1987 est.)
Israel 42.8 (2013 est.)
39.2 (2008 est.)
Italy 31.9 (2012 est.)
27.3 (1995 est.)
Jamaica 45.5 (2004 est.)
37.9 (2000 est.)
Japan 37.9 (2011 est.)
24.9 (1993 est.)
Jordan 39.7 (2007 est.)
36.4 (1997 est.)
Kazakhstan 26.3 (2013 est.)
31.5 (2003 est.)
Kenya 42.5 (2008 est.)
44.9 (1997 est.)
Korea, South 34.1 (2015 est.)
34.1 (2014 est.)
Kosovo 26.7 (2013 est.)
29.4 (2012 est.)
Kyrgyzstan 33.4 (2007 est.)
29 (2001 est.)
Laos 36.7 (2008 est.)
34.6 (2002 est.)
Latvia 34.5 (2015 est.)
35.4 (2014 est.)
Lesotho 63.2 (1995 est.)
56 (1986-87 est.)
Liberia 32 (2014 est.)
38.2 (2007 est.)
Lithuania 37.9 (2015 est.)
35 (2014 est.)
Luxembourg 30.4 (2013 est.)
26 (2005 est.)
Macau 35 (2013 est.)
38 (2008 est.)
Macedonia 33.7 (2015 est.)
35.2 (2014 est.)
Madagascar 41 (2012 est.)
46.9 (2001 est.)
Malawi 46.1 (2010 est.)
39.9 (2004 est.)
Malaysia 46.2 (2009 est.)
49.2 (1997 est.)
Maldives 38.4 (2009 est.)
37.4 (2004 est.)
Mali 40.1 (2001 est.)
50.5 (1994 est.)
Malta 28.1 (2015 est.)
27.7 (2014 est.)
Mauritania 37 (2014 est.)
39 (2006 est.)
Mauritius 35.9 (2012 est.)
39 (2006 est.)
Mexico 48.2 (2014 est.)
48.3 (2008 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of 61.1 (2013 est.)
Moldova 26.8 (2015 est.)
26.8 (2014 est.)
Mongolia 36.5 (2008 est.)
32.8 (2002 est.)
Montenegro 26.2 (2013 est.)
24.3 (2010 est.)
Morocco 40.9 (2007 est.)
39.5 (1999 est.)
Mozambique 45.6 (2008 est.)
47.3 (2002 est.)
Namibia 59.7 (2010 est.)
70.7 (2003 est.)
Nepal 32.8 (2010 est.)
47.2 (2008 est.)
Netherlands 30.3 (2015 est.)
25.1 (2013 est.)
New Zealand 36.2 (1997 est.)
Nicaragua 47.1 (2014 est.)
45.8 (2009 est.)
Niger 34 (2007 est.)
50.5 (1995 est.)
Nigeria 48.8 (2013 est.)
50.6 (1997 est.)
Norway 26.8 (2010 est.)
25.8 (1995 est.)
Pakistan 30.7 (FY2013 est.)
30.9 (FY2011 est.)
Panama 50.7 (2014 est.)
56.1 (2003 est.)
Papua New Guinea 50.9 (1996 est.)
Paraguay 51.7 (2014 est.)
53.2 (2009 est.)
Peru 45.3 (2012 est.)
51 (2005 est.)
Philippines 44.4 (2015 est.)
46 (2012 est.)
Poland 30.8 (2015 est.)
33.7 (2008 est.)
Portugal 33.9 (2015 est.)
34 (2014 est.)
Romania 27.3 (2012 est.)
28.2 (2010 est.)
Russia 41.2 (2015 est.)
41.9 (2013 est.)
Rwanda 46.8 (2013 est.)
28.9 (2010 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe 30.8 (2010 est.)
32.1 (2000 est.)
Saudi Arabia 45.9 (2013 est.)
Senegal 40.3 (2011 est.)
Serbia 38.7 (2014 est.)
28.2 (2008 est.)
Sierra Leone 34 (2011 est.)
62.9 (1989 est.)
Singapore 45.8 (2016 est.)
46.3 (2015 est.)
Slovakia 23.7 (2015 est.)
26.1 (2014 est.)
Slovenia 24.5 (2015 est.)
25 (2014 est.)
South Africa 62.5 (2013 est.)
63.4 (2011 est.)
South Sudan 46 (2010 est.)
Spain 35.9 (2012 est.)
32 (2005 est.)
Sri Lanka 49 (2012 est.)
46 (1995 est.)
Swaziland 50.4 (2001 est.)
Sweden 24.9 (2013 est.)
25 (1992 est.)
Switzerland 29.5 (2014 est.)
33.1 (1992 est.)
Taiwan 33.6 (2014 est.)
32.6 (2000 est.)
Tajikistan 32.6 (2006 est.)
34.7 (1998 est.)
Tanzania 37.6 (2007 est.)
34.6 (2000 est.)
Thailand 44.5 (2015 est.)
48.4 (2011 est.)
Timor-Leste 31.9 (2007 est.)
38 (2002 est.)
Togo 46 (2011 est.)
Tunisia 40 (2005 est.)
41.7 (1995 est.)
Turkey 40.2 (2010 est.)
43.6 (2003 est.)
Turkmenistan 40.8 (1998 est.)
Uganda 39.5 (2013 est.)
45.7 (2002 est.)
Ukraine 24.6 (2013 est.)
28.2 (2009 est.)
United Kingdom 32.4 (2012 est.)
33.4 (2010 est.)
United States 45 (2007 est.)
40.8 (1997 est.)
Uruguay 41.6 (2014 est.)
41.9 (2013 est.)
Uzbekistan 36.8 (2003 est.)
44.7 (1998 est.)
Venezuela 39 (2011 est.)
49.5 (1998 est.)
Vietnam 37.6 (2008 est.)
36.1 (1998 est.)
West Bank 34.5 (2009 est.)
38.7 (2007 est.)
note: includes Gaza Strip
World 37.9 (2012 est.)
37.9 (2005 est.)
Yemen 37.9 (2009 est.)
37.3 (1999 est.)
Zambia 57.5 (2013 est.)
50.8 (2004 est.)
Zimbabwe 50.1 (2011 est.)
50.1 (2006 est.)