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FIELD LISTING :: PUBLIC DEBT Print
This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.


Country Comparison to the World

CountryPUBLIC DEBT(% OF GDP)
Albania 71% of GDP (2016 est.)
71.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Algeria 13% of GDP (2016 est.)
9.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, as well as debt issued by subnational entities and intra-governmental debt
Andorra 41% of GDP (2014 est.)
41.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
Angola 57.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
57.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Anguilla 20.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
20.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda 89% of GDP (2012 est.)
130% of GDP (2010 est.)
Argentina 53.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
50.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Armenia 53.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
48.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Aruba 67% of GDP (2013)
55% of GDP (2012)
Australia 46.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
44.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Austria 83.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
86.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: this is general government gross debt, defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year; it covers the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; as a percentage of GDP, the GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product in current year prices
Azerbaijan 20.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
19.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bahamas, The 64.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
64.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bahrain 72% of GDP (2016 est.)
58.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bangladesh 25.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
26.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Barbados 108.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
106.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Belarus 60.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
48.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Belgium 106.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
106.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; general government debt is defined by the Maastricht definition and calculated by the National Bank of Belgium as consolidated gross debt; the debt is defined in European Regulation EC479/2009 concerning the implementation of the protocol on the excessive deficit procedure annexed to the Treaty on European Union (Treaty of Maastricht) of 7 February 1992; the sub-sectors of consolidated gross debt are: federal government, communities and regions, local government, and social security funds
Belize 86.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
82.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Benin 40.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
37.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bermuda 43% of GDP (FY14/15)
Bhutan 30% of GDP (2016 est.)
27.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bolivia 34% of GDP (2016 est.)
33.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Bosnia and Herzegovina 46.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
46.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions.
Botswana 21% of GDP (2016 est.)
19.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Brazil 73.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
66.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Bulgaria 26.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
26.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note:: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Burundi 43.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
39.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Cabo Verde 128.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
127.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Cambodia 33.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
33.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
Cameroon 31.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
28.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Canada 98.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
98.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: figures are for gross general government debt, as opposed to net federal debt; gross general government debt includes both intragovernmental debt and the debt of public entities at the sub-national level
Chad 35.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
33.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Chile 18.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
16.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
China 16.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
15.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: official data; data cover both central government debt and local government debt, including debt officially recognized by China's National Audit Office report in 2011; data exclude policy bank bonds, Ministry of Railway debt, and China Asset Management Company debt
Colombia 44.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
41.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Comoros 28.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
24.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 18.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
17.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Congo, Republic of the 70% of GDP (2016 est.)
48% of GDP (2015 est.)
Costa Rica 62.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
60.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 50.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
49.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Croatia 88.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
86.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Cuba 32.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
34.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Curacao 33.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
40.6% of GDP (2011 est.)
Cyprus 104.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
108.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment
Czechia 40.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
41.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Denmark 34.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
33.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Djibouti 60.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
38.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
Dominica 70% of GDP (2012 est.)
78% of GDP (2009 est.)
Dominican Republic 44% of GDP (2016 est.)
44.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Ecuador 33% of GDP (2016 est.)
30.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Egypt 92.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
90.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover central government debt and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
El Salvador 64.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
65.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: El Salvador's total public debt includes non-financial public sector debt, financial public sector debt, and central bank debt
Equatorial Guinea 24.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
16.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Eritrea 119.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
121.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Estonia 9.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
10.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Ethiopia 54.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
49.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
European Union 86.8% of GDP (2014)
85.5% of GDP (2013)
Faroe Islands 35% of GDP (2014 est.)
Fiji 50.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
48.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Finland 63.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
63.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
France 96% of GDP (2016 est.)
95.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Gabon 43.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
39.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Georgia 42.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
41.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities; Georgia does not maintain intra-governmental debt or social funds
Germany 68.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
71.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; the series are presented as a percentage of GDP and in millions of euro; GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product at current market prices; data expressed in national currency are converted into euro using end-of-year exchange rates provided by the European Central Bank
Ghana 73.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
71.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Gibraltar 7.5% of GDP (2008 est.)
8.4% of GDP (2006 est.)
Greece 181.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
177.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Greenland 13% of GDP (2015 est.)
Grenada 110% of GDP (2012 est.)
Guam 32.1% of GDP (2013)
35.8% of GDP (2012)
Guatemala 27.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
28.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Guyana 53.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
48.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Haiti 26.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
26.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
Honduras 47.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
45.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Hong Kong 38.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
37% of GDP (2015 est.)
Hungary 75.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
75.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and government, state government, local government, and social security funds.
Iceland 56.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
67.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
India 52.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
52.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Indonesia 32.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
28.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Iran 11.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
11.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: includes publicly guaranteed debt
Iraq 79% of GDP (2016 est.)
63.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Ireland 77.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
78.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Israel 63.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
63.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Italy 132.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
132.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: Italy reports its data on public debt according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty; general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year, in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the central government, state government, local government and social security funds
Jamaica 130.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
126.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Japan 234.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
230% of GDP (2015 est.)
Jordan 90.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
85.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Kazakhstan 25.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
22.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Kenya 50.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
48% of GDP (2015 est.)
Kiribati 8.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Korea, South 36.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
35.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Kosovo 10.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
9.1% of GDP (2013)
Kuwait 23.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
11.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Kyrgyzstan 69.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
68.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Laos 61.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
61.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Latvia 38.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
36.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Lebanon 161.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
147.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment
Lesotho 53.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
47.8% of GDP (2014)
Liberia 36.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
32.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Libya 10% of GDP (2016 est.)
8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Lithuania 41.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
45.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Luxembourg 21.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
21.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Macedonia 47.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
46.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: official data from Ministry of Finance; data cover central government debt; this data excludes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; includes treasury debt held by foreign entitites; excludes debt issued by sub-national entities; there are no debt instruments sold for social funds
Madagascar 34.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
37.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Malawi 61.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
54.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Malaysia 55.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
54.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: this figure is based on the amount of federal government debt, RM501.6 billion ($167.2 billion) in 2012; this includes Malaysian Treasury bills and other government securities, as well as loans raised externally and bonds and notes issued overseas; this figure excludes debt issued by non-financial public enterprises and guaranteed by the federal government, which was an additional $47.7 billion in 2012
Maldives 72.8% of GDP (2014)
66.7% of GDP (2013)
Mali 27.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
25.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Malta 62.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
64% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: Malta reports public debt at nominal value outstanding at the end of the year, according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty for general government gross debt; the data include the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); general government comprises the central government, state government, local government and social security funds
Marshall Islands 51.3% of GDP (2013)
Mauritius 66% of GDP (2016 est.)
63.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mexico 56.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
54.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of 28% of GDP (2013)
27% of GDP (2012)
Moldova 51.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
41.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mongolia 60% of GDP (2016 est.)
Montenegro 70.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
61.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Morocco 77% of GDP (2016 est.)
75.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mozambique 100.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
75.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Namibia 43.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
39.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Nepal 27.6% of GDP (FY 2016 est.)
25.7% of GDP (FY 2015 est.)
Netherlands 61.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
65.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
New Caledonia 6.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
6.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
New Zealand 34% of GDP (2016 est.)
35% of GDP (2015 est.)
Nicaragua 45% of GDP (2016 est.)
45.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; Nicaragua rebased its GDP figures in 2012, which reduced the figures for debt as a percentage of GDP
Nigeria 13.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
11.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
Niger 48.9% of GDP (2016)
45.1% of GDP (2015)
Norway 32.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
31.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Oman 18.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
8.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Pakistan 69.8% of GDP (30 September 2016 est.)
69.9% of GDP (30 September 2015 est.)
Palau 24.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
21.6% of GDP (2015)
Panama 39.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
38.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Papua New Guinea 39.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
36.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Paraguay 25.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
24.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Peru 26.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
23.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Philippines 42.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
44.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Poland 44.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
45% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, the data include subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Portugal 126.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
129% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Puerto Rico 92.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
96.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Qatar 55.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
41.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Romania 39.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
38.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Russia 13.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
9.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Rwanda 36.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
33.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis 83% of GDP (2013 est.)
144% of GDP (2012 est.)
Saint Lucia 77% of GDP (2012 est.)
77% of GDP (2010 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 67% of GDP (2013 est.)
68% of GDP (2011 est.)
San Marino 25.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
20.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe 89.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
81.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
Saudi Arabia 31% of GDP (2016 est.)
15% of GDP (2015 est.)
Senegal 55.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
54.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Serbia 72.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
74.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Seychelles 59.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
63.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Sierra Leone 43.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
41.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Singapore 110.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
104.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: Singapore's public debt consists largely of Singapore Government Securities (SGS) issued to assist the Central Provident Fund (CPF), which administers Singapore's defined contribution pension fund; special issues of SGS are held by the CPF, and are non-tradable; the government has not borrowed to finance deficit expenditures since the 1980s; Singapore has no external public debt
Slovakia 52.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
52.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general Government Gross Debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Slovenia 81.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
83.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
South Africa 43.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
44.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
Spain 99.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
99.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
Sri Lanka 77.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
76% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: covers central government debt, and excludes debt instruments directly owned by government entities other than the treasury (e.g. commercial bank borrowings of a government corporation); the data includes treasury debt held by foreign entities as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement; sub-national entities are usually not permitted to sell debt instruments
Sudan 68.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
68.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Suriname 67.8% of GDP (31 December 2016 est.)
Swaziland 8.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
9% of GDP (2017 est.)
Sweden 31% of GDP (2016 est.)
33.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Switzerland 34.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
34.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: general government gross debt; gross debt consists of all liabilities that require payment or payments of interest and/or principal by the debtor to the creditor at a date or dates in the future; includes debt liabilities in the form of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), currency and deposits, debt securities, loans, insurance, pensions and standardized guarantee schemes, and other accounts payable; all liabilities in the GFSM 2001 system are debt, except for equity and investment fund shares and financial derivatives and employee stock options
Syria 57.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
52% of GDP (2015 est.)
Taiwan 33.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
32.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data for central government
Tajikistan 6.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
Tanzania 36.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
34.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Thailand 50.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
46% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Timor-Leste 0% of GDP (2016)
0% of GDP (2015)
Togo 63.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
67.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Tonga 45.1% of GDP (2013)
46.5% of GDP (2012)
Trinidad and Tobago 51.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
49.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
Tunisia 59% of GDP (2016 est.)
56% of GDP (2015 est.)
Turkey 29.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
34.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Tuvalu 41.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
43.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
Uganda 36.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
29.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Ukraine 78.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
79.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: the total public debt of $64.5 billion consists of: domestic public debt ($23.8 billion); external public debt ($26.1 billion); and sovereign guarantees ($14.6 billion)
United Arab Emirates 60.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
51.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
United Kingdom 92.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
89% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
United States 73.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
73.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover only what the United States Treasury denotes as "Debt Held by the Public," which includes all debt instruments issued by the Treasury that are owned by non-US Government entities; the data include Treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by individual US states, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of Treasury borrowings from surpluses in the trusts for Federal Social Security, Federal Employees, Hospital and Supplemental Medical Insurance (Medicare), Disability and Unemployment, and several other smaller trusts; if data for intra-government debt were added, "gross debt" would increase by about one-third of GDP
Uruguay 62.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
66.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions.
Uzbekistan 11% of GDP (2015 est.)
8.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
Venezuela 36.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
49.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, as well as the debt of state-owned oil company PDVSA; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include some debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; some debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Vietnam 54.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
54.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Virgin Islands 45.9% of GDP (2014)
Wallis and Futuna 5.6% of GDP (2004 est.)
note: offical data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
West Bank 24.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
23.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
World 59.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
58.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
Yemen 92.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
86.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
Zambia 57.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
58.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
Zimbabwe 45.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
44.7% of GDP (2015 est.)