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FIELD LISTING :: PUBLIC DEBT Print
This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.


Country Comparison to the World

CountryPUBLIC DEBT(% OF GDP)
Albania 73.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
72.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Algeria 9.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
7.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover central government debt as well as debt issued by subnational entities and intra-governmental debt
Andorra 41.1% of GDP (2012)
37.7% of GDP (2011)
Angola 56.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
34.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
Anguilla 20.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
20.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda 89% of GDP (2012 est.)
130% of GDP (2010 est.)
Argentina 45.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
42.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
Armenia 47.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
43.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Aruba 67% of GDP (2013)
55% of GDP (2012)
Australia 44.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
42.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
Austria 83.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
84.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: this is general government gross debt, defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year; it covers the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; as a percentage of GDP, the GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product in current year prices
Azerbaijan 11.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
8.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
Bahamas, The 57.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
56.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
Bahrain 66.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
43.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Bangladesh 31.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
28.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Barbados 101% of GDP (2015 est.)
99.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
Belarus 36.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
34.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
Belgium 107% of GDP (2015 est.)
106.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; general government debt is defined by the Maastricht definition and calculated by the National Bank of Belgium as consolidated gross debt; the debt is defined in European Regulation EC479/2009 concerning the implementation of the protocol on the excessive deficit procedure annexed to the Treaty on European Union (Treaty of Maastricht) of 7 February 1992; the sub-sectors of consolidated gross debt are: federal government, communities and regions, local government, and social security funds
Belize 81.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
77.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
Benin 35% of GDP (2015 est.)
33.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Bermuda 43% of GDP (FY14/15)
Bhutan 98.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
91.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
Bolivia 37.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
35.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Bosnia and Herzegovina 46.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
44.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Botswana 17% of GDP (2015 est.)
15.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Brazil 67.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
58.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
Bulgaria 26.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
26.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
note:: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Burundi 37.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
36.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Cabo Verde 116.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
113.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
Cambodia 33.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
33.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
Cameroon 31.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
23.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
Canada 95.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
94.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: figures are for gross general government debt, as opposed to net federal debt; gross general government debt includes both intragovernmental debt and the debt of public entities at the sub-national level
Chad 31.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
30.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Chile 17.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
15.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
China 16.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
14.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: official data; data cover both central government debt and local government debt, which China's National Audit Office estimated at RMB 10.72 trillion (approximately US$1.66 trillion) in 2011; data exclude policy bank bonds, Ministry of Railway debt, China Asset Management Company debt, and non-performing loans
Colombia 46.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
46% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 22.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
21.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Congo, Republic of the 47.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
36.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Costa Rica 59.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
56.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 52.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
45% of GDP (2014 est.)
Croatia 89.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
85.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
Cuba 31.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
32.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
Curacao 33.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
40.6% of GDP (2011 est.)
Cyprus 108.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
108.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment
Czechia 41.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
42.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
Denmark 47.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
45.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Djibouti 38.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
Dominica 70% of GDP (2012 est.)
78% of GDP (2009 est.)
Dominican Republic 44.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
45.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
Ecuador 32.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
27.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
Egypt 91.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
93.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover central government debt and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
El Salvador 64.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
62.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: El Salvador's total public debt includes non-financial public sector debt, financial public sector debt, and central bank debt
Equatorial Guinea 15.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
13% of GDP (2014 est.)
Eritrea 122.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
125.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
Estonia 10.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
10.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Ethiopia 45.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
47.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: official data cover central government debt, including debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury and treasury debt owned by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
European Union 86.8% of GDP (2014)
85.5% of GDP (2013)
Fiji 49.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
51.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Finland 61.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
59.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
France 98.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
95.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Gabon 44.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
28.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Georgia 38.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
35.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities; Georgia does not maintain intra-governmental debt or social funds
Germany 71.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
74.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; the series are presented as a percentage of GDP and in millions of euros; GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product at current market prices; data expressed in national currency are converted into euros using end-of-year exchange rates provided by the European Central Bank
Ghana 76% of GDP (2015 est.)
70.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
Gibraltar 7.5% of GDP (2008 est.)
9.3% of GDP (2006 est.)
Greece 171.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
178.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
Grenada 110% of GDP (2012 est.)
Guam 32.1% of GDP (2013)
35.8% of GDP (2012)
Guatemala 24.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
24.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
Guyana 67.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
63.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
Haiti 26.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
26.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
Honduras 47.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
43.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
Hong Kong 39.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
39.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Hungary 75.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
76.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Iceland 81.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
85.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
India 51.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
51.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Indonesia 27.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
25.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
Iran 13.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
10.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: includes publicly guaranteed debt
Ireland 101.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
107.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Israel 64.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
65.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
Italy 135.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
132% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: Italy reports its data on public debt according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty; general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year, in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the central government, state government, local government and social security funds
Jamaica 122.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
132.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Japan 227.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
226% of GDP (2014 est.)
Jordan 79.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
80.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Kazakhstan 17.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
15.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Kenya 48.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
58.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
Kiribati 8.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Korea, South 34.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
34.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Kosovo 10.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
9.1% of GDP (2013)
Kuwait 9.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
6.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Laos 48.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
47.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
Latvia 38.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
40% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Lebanon 138.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
135.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment
Lesotho 53.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
47.8% of GDP (2014)
Liberia 6.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
0.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Libya 6.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
6.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Lithuania 38.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
39.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Luxembourg 21.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
22.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Macedonia 40.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
31.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: official data from Ministry of Finance; data cover central government debt; this data excludes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; includes treasury debt held by foreign entitites; excludes debt issued by sub-national entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; there are no debt instruments sold for social funds
Malawi 61.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
60.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
Malaysia 53.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
52.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: this figure is based on the amount of federal government debt; this includes Malaysian Treasury bills and other government securities, as well as loans raised externally and bonds and notes issued overseas; this figure excludes debt issued by non-financial public enterprises and guaranteed by the federal government
Maldives 72.8% of GDP (2014)
66.7% of GDP (2013)
Mali 39% of GDP (2015 est.)
33.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Malta 60.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
58.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: Malta reports public debt at nominal value outstanding at the end of the year, according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty for general government gross debt; the data include the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); general government comprises the central government, state government, local government and social security funds
Marshall Islands 51.3% of GDP (2013)
Mauritius 61.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
61% of GDP (2014 est.)
Mexico 45.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
42.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of 28% of GDP (2013)
27% of GDP (2012)
Moldova 51.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
Mongolia 72% of GDP (31 September 2015 est.)
Montenegro 59.5% of GDP (31 December 2014 est.)
57.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Morocco 73.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
73.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Mozambique 58.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
59.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Namibia 28.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
24% of GDP (2014 est.)
Nepal 30% of GDP (FY 2012/13 est.)
32% of GDP (2013 est.) (FY11/12)
Netherlands 68.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
68.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
New Zealand 33.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
34.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
Nicaragua 42.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
40.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: official data; data cover general Government Debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; Nicaragua rebased its GDP figures in 2012, which reduced the figures for debt as a percentage of GDP
Nigeria 11.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
10.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Norway 39.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
38.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Oman 7% of GDP (2015 est.)
4.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
Pakistan 64.8% of GDP (FY2015 est.)
65.1% of GDP (FY2014 est.)
Panama 39.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
37.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
Papua New Guinea 48.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
41.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
Paraguay 19.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
17.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Peru 19.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
20.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Philippines 44.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
45.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover debt issued by the national government, and excludes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by social security institutions, government-owned and controlled corporations, the Central Bank, and local government units
Poland 43.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
43.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, the data include subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Portugal 129% of GDP (2015 est.)
130.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Puerto Rico 105.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
97.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
Qatar 39.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
31.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
Romania 39.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
39.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Russia 13.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
10.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Rwanda 33.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
30.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis 83% of GDP (2013 est.)
144% of GDP (2012 est.)
Saint Lucia 77% of GDP (2012 est.)
77% of GDP (2010 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 67% of GDP (2013 est.)
68% of GDP (2011 est.)
San Marino 25.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
20.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe 93.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
69.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
Saudi Arabia 7.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
9.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
Senegal 55.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
53.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
Serbia 75% of GDP (2015 est.)
70% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued or owned by government entities other than the treasury (for which the Government of Singapore issued guarantees); the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities (for which the GOS also issued guarantees), as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Seychelles 54.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
65.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
Sierra Leone 48.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
39.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
Singapore 105.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
99.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: Singapore's public debt consists largely of Singapore Government Securities (SGS) issued to assist the Central Provident Fund (CPF), which administers Singapore's defined contribution pension fund; special issues of SGS are held by the CPF, and are non-tradable; the government has not borrowed to finance deficit expenditures since the 1980s; Singapore has no external public debt
Slovakia 52.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
53.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general Government Gross Debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Slovenia 62.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
60.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
South Africa 45.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
44.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
Spain 101% of GDP (2015 est.)
97.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
Sri Lanka 74.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
71.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: covers central government debt, and excludes debt instruments directly owned by government entities other than the treasury (e.g. commercial bank borrowings of a government corporation); the data includes treasury debt held by foreign entities as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement; sub-national entities are usually not permitted to sell debt instruments
Sudan 72.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
73.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
Sweden 44% of GDP (2015 est.)
43.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Switzerland 34% of GDP (2015 est.)
34.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: general government gross debt; gross debt consists of all liabilities that require payment or payments of interest and/or principal by the debtor to the creditor at a date or dates in the future; includes debt liabilities in the form of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), currency and deposits, debt securities, loans, insurance, pensions and standardized guarantee schemes, and other accounts payable; all liabilities in the GFSM 2001 system are debt, except for equity and investment fund shares and financial derivatives and employee stock options
Syria 57.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
51.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
Taiwan 32.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
33.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data for central government
Tajikistan 6.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
NA%
Tanzania 36.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
31.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
Thailand 50.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
46.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Togo 48.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
47.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
Tonga 45.1% of GDP (2013)
46.5% of GDP (2012)
Trinidad and Tobago 42.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
39.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Tunisia 52.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
50.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Turkey 33.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
35% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and excludes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Tuvalu 41.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
43.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
Uganda 34.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
30.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
Ukraine 94.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
70.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: the total public debt of $64.5 billion consists of: domestic public debt ($23.8 billion); external public debt ($26.1 billion); and sovereign guarantees ($14.6 billion)
United Arab Emirates 52.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
45.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
United Kingdom 90.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
88.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
United States 73.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
74.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover only what the United States Treasury denotes as "Debt Held by the Public," which includes all debt instruments issued by the Treasury that are owned by non-US Government entities; the data include Treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by individual US states, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of Treasury borrowings from surpluses in the trusts for Federal Social Security, Federal Employees, Hospital Insurance (Medicare and Medicaid), Disability and Unemployment, and several other smaller trusts; if data for intra-government debt were added, "Gross Debt" would increase by about one-third of GDP
Uruguay 68.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
62.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Uzbekistan 8.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
7.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
Venezuela 51.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
52.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, as well as the debt of state-owned oil company PDVSA; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include some debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; some debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Vietnam 52.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
52.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Virgin Islands 45.9% of GDP (2014)
Wallis and Futuna 5.6% of GDP (2004 est.)
note: offical data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
West Bank 24.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
23.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
World 58.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
57.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
Yemen 93.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
57.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
Zambia 60.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
37.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
Zimbabwe 205.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
184.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
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