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FIELD LISTING :: PUBLIC DEBT Print
This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.


Country Comparison to the World

CountryPUBLIC DEBT(% OF GDP)
Albania 72% of GDP (2014 est.)
70.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
Algeria 7.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
7% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover central government debt as well as debt issued by subnational entities and intra-governmental debt
Andorra 41.1% of GDP (2012)
37.7% of GDP (2011)
Angola 34.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
31.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
Anguilla 20.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
21.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda 89% of GDP (2012 est.)
130% of GDP (2010 est.)
Argentina 42.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
38.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
Armenia 43.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
39.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
Aruba 67% of GDP (2013)
55% of GDP (2012)
Australia 42.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
38.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
Austria 84.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
80.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: this is general government gross debt, defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year; it covers the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; as a percentage of GDP, the GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product in current year prices
Azerbaijan 8.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
8.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
Bahamas, The 57.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
56.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
Bahrain 42.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
41.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
Bangladesh 24% of GDP (2014 est.)
27.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
Barbados 99.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
96.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
Belarus 34.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
31.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
Belgium 106.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
104.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; general government debt is defined by the Maastricht definition and calculated by the National Bank of Belgium as consolidated gross debt; the debt is defined in European Regulation EC479/2009 concerning the implementation of the protocol on the excessive deficit procedure annexed to the Treaty on European Union (Treaty of Maastricht) of 7 February 1992; the sub-sectors of consolidated gross debt are: federal government, communities and regions, local government, and social security funds
Belize 77.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
78.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
Benin 33.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
29.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
Bermuda 43% of GDP (FY14/15)
Bhutan 91.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
97% of GDP (2013 est.)
Bolivia 35.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
35.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Bosnia and Herzegovina 44.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
41.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions.
Botswana 15.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
16.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
Brazil 58.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
53.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
Bulgaria 25.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
25.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
note:: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Burundi 36.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
36.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
Cabo Verde 113.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
100.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
Cambodia 33.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
33.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
Cameroon 23.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
21.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
Canada 94.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
92.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: figures are for gross general government debt, as opposed to net federal debt; gross general government debt includes both intragovernmental debt and the debt of public entities at the sub-national level
Chad 30.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
30.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
Chile 15.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
12.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
China 14.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
14.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: official data; data cover both central government debt and local government debt, which China's National Audit Office estimated at RMB 10.72 trillion (approximately US$1.66 trillion) in 2011; data exclude policy bank bonds, Ministry of Railway debt, China Asset Management Company debt, and non-performing loans
Colombia 46% of GDP (2014 est.)
43.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 21.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
21.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
Congo, Republic of the 36.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
32.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
Costa Rica 56.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
55.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 45% of GDP (2014 est.)
43.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
Croatia 85.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
80.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
Cuba 32.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
32% of GDP (2013 est.)
Curacao 33.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
40.6% of GDP (2011 est.)
Cyprus 107.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
102.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment
Czech Republic 42.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
45% of GDP (2013 est.)
Denmark 45.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
45% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Djibouti 38.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
Dominica 70% of GDP (2012 est.)
78% of GDP (2009 est.)
Dominican Republic 45.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
45.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
Ecuador 27.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
23% of GDP (2013 est.)
Egypt 93.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
91.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover central government debt and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
El Salvador 62.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
61.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: El Salvador's total public debt includes non-financial public sector debt, financial public sector debt, and central bank debt
Equatorial Guinea 13% of GDP (2014 est.)
8.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
Eritrea 125.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
126% of GDP (2013 est.)
Estonia 10.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
10.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Ethiopia 47.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
45.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: official data cover central government debt, including debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury and treasury debt owned by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Fiji 49.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
51.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
Finland 59.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
55.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
France 95.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
92.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Gabon 28.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
26.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
Georgia 35.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
33.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities; Georgia does not maintain intra-governmental debt or social funds
Germany 74.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
76.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; the series are presented as a percentage of GDP and in millions of euro; GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product at current market prices; data expressed in national currency are converted into euro using end-of-year exchange rates provided by the European Central Bank
Ghana 70.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
56.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
Gibraltar 7.5% of GDP (2008 est.)
9.3% of GDP (2006 est.)
Greece 177.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
175% of GDP (2013 est.)
Grenada 110% of GDP (2012 est.)
Guam 32.1% of GDP (2013)
35.8% of GDP (2012)
Guatemala 30% of GDP (2014 est.)
31% of GDP (2013 est.)
Guyana 63.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
57.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
Honduras 43.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
44.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
Hong Kong 39.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
41.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
Hungary 76.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
76.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and government, state government, local government, and social security funds.
Iceland 85.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
87.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
India 51.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
51.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Indonesia 25.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
22.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
Iran 10.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
10.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: includes publicly guaranteed debt
Ireland 107.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
117.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Israel 65.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
66% of GDP (2013 est.)
Italy 132% of GDP (2014 est.)
128.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: Italy reports its data on public debt according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty; general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year, in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the central government, state government, local government and social security funds
Jamaica 132.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
133% of GDP (2013 est.)
Japan 231.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
227.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
Jordan 90% of GDP (2014 est.)
86.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Kazakhstan 15.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
13.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
Kenya 46.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
44.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
Kiribati 8.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Korea, South 34.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
34.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
Kosovo 10.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
9.1% of GDP (2013)
Kuwait 6.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
6.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
Laos 47.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
45.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
Latvia 40% of GDP (2014 est.)
38.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Lebanon 134.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
132.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment
Lesotho NA
Liberia 0.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
0.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
Libya 6.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
3.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
Lithuania 39.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
38.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Luxembourg 22.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
23.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Macedonia 45.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
40.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: official data from Ministry of Finance; data cover central government debt; this data excludes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; includes treasury debt held by foreign entitites; excludes debt issued by sub-national entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; there are no debt instruments sold for social funds
Malawi 60.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
54.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
Malaysia 52.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
53% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: this figure is based on the amount of federal government debt, RM501.6 billion ($167.2 billion) in 2012; this includes Malaysian Treasury bills and other government securities, as well as loans raised externally and bonds and notes issued overseas; this figure excludes debt issued by non-financial public enterprises and guaranteed by the federal government, which was an additional $47.7 billion in 2012
Mali 33.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
30.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
Malta 68.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
69.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: Malta reports public debt at nominal value outstanding at the end of the year, according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty for general government gross debt; the data include the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); general government comprises the central government, state government, local government and social security funds
Marshall Islands 51.3% of GDP (2013)
Mauritius 61% of GDP (2014 est.)
60% of GDP (2013 est.)
Mexico 42.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
38% of GDP (2013 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of 28% of GDP (2013)
27% of GDP (2012)
Moldova 17.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
19.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
Montenegro 59.5% of GDP (31 December 2014 est.)
57.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Morocco 73.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
70.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
Mozambique 59.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
51.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
Namibia 24% of GDP (2014 est.)
23.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
Nepal 30% of GDP (FY 2012/13 est.)
32% of GDP (2013 est.) (FY11/12)
Netherlands 69% of GDP (2014 est.)
68.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
New Zealand 34.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
34.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
Nicaragua 49.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
53.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: official data; data cover general Government Debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; Nicaragua rebased its GDP figures in 2012, which reduced the figures for debt as a percentage of GDP
Nigeria 10.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
10.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
Norway 38.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
40.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Oman 4.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
4.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
Pakistan 64.3% of GDP (FY2014 est.)
64.8% of GDP (FY2013 est.)
Panama 37.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
35.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
Papua New Guinea 41.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
33.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
Paraguay 17.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
15.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
Peru 20.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
19.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Philippines 45.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
49.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover debt issued by the national government, and excludes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by social security institutions, government-owned and controlled corporations, the Central Bank, and local government units
Poland 43.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
48.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, the data include subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Portugal 130.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
129.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Puerto Rico 97.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
94.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
Qatar 31.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
32.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
Romania 39.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
38% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Russia 13.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
9.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Rwanda 30.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
28.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis 83% of GDP (2013 est.)
144% of GDP (2012 est.)
Saint Lucia 77% of GDP (2012 est.)
77% of GDP (2010 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 67% of GDP (2013 est.)
68% of GDP (2011 est.)
San Marino 25.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
20.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe 69.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
69.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
Saudi Arabia 1.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
2.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
Senegal 53.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
45.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
Serbia 70% of GDP (2014 est.)
63.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued or owned by government entities other than the treasury (for which the Government of Singapore issued guarantees); the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities (for which the GOS also issued guarantees), as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Seychelles 65.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
64.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
Sierra Leone 39.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
34.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
Singapore 103.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
99.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: Singapore's public debt consists largely of Singapore Government Securities (SGS) issued to assist the Central Provident Fund (CPF), which administers Singapore's defined contribution pension fund; special issues of SGS are held by the CPF, and are non-tradable; the government has not borrowed to finance deficit expenditures since the 1980s; Singapore has no external public debt
Slovakia 53.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
54.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general Government Gross Debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds.
Slovenia 60.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
61.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
South Africa 44.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
44.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
Spain 97.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
92.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
Sri Lanka 71.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
70.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: covers central government debt, and excludes debt instruments directly owned by government entities other than the treasury (e.g. commercial bank borrowings of a government corporation); the data includes treasury debt held by foreign entities as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement; sub-national entities are usually not permitted to sell debt instruments
Sudan 73.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
78.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
Sweden 43.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
38.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Switzerland 34.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
33.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: general government gross debt; gross debt consists of all liabilities that require payment or payments of interest and/or principal by the debtor to the creditor at a date or dates in the future; includes debt liabilities in the form of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), currency and deposits, debt securities, loans, insurance, pensions and standardized guarantee schemes, and other accounts payable; all liabilities in the GFSM 2001 system are debt, except for equity and investment fund shares and financial derivatives and employee stock options
Syria 51.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
47.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
Taiwan 33.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
33.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data for central government
Tajikistan 6.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
NA%
Tanzania 31.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
30.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
Thailand 46.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
42.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Togo 47.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
46.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
Tonga 45.1% of GDP (2013)
46.5% of GDP (2012)
Trinidad and Tobago 39.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
39.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
Tunisia 50.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
46.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
Turkey 35% of GDP (2014 est.)
37.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and excludes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Tuvalu 41.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
43.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
Uganda 30.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
29% of GDP (2013 est.)
Ukraine 70.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
39.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: the total public debt of $64.5 billion consists of: domestic public debt ($23.8 billion); external public debt ($26.1 billion); and sovereign guarantees ($14.6 billion)
United Arab Emirates 45.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
44.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
United Kingdom 88.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
86.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
United States 74.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
72.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover only what the United States Treasury denotes as "Debt Held by the Public," which includes all debt instruments issued by the Treasury that are owned by non-US Government entities; the data include Treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by individual US states, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of Treasury borrowings from surpluses in the trusts for Federal Social Security, Federal Employees, Hospital Insurance (Medicare and Medicaid), Disability and Unemployment, and several other smaller trusts; if data for intra-government debt were added, "Gross Debt" would increase by about one-third of GDP
Uruguay 62.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
62% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions.
Uzbekistan 7.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
7.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
Venezuela 52.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
50.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, as well as the debt of state-owned oil company PDVSA; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include some debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; some debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Vietnam 52.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
53.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Virgin Islands 45.9% of GDP (2014)
Wallis and Futuna 5.6% of GDP (2004 est.)
note: offical data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
West Bank 41% of GDP (2013 est.)
39% of GDP (2012 est.)
World 57.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
57.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
Yemen 57.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
57% of GDP (2013 est.)
Zambia 37.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
32.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
Zimbabwe 184.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
162.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
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