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Field Listing :: Public debt
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This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.
Country Comparison to the World
Country
Public debt(% of GDP)
Albania 61.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
58.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Algeria 13.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
8.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover central government debt; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt
Andorra 41.1% of GDP (2012)
37.7% of GDP (2011)
Angola 14.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
17.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
Anguilla 20% of GDP (2013 est.)
21.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda 89% of GDP (2012 est.)
130% of GDP (2010 est.)
Argentina 45.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
44.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Armenia 37.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
41.4% of GDP (2012 est.)
Aruba 67% of GDP (2013)
55% of GDP (2012)
Australia 32.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
32.4% of GDP (2012 est.)
Austria 75.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
74.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: this is general government gross debt, defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year; it covers the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; as a percentage of GDP, the GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product in current year prices
Azerbaijan 7.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
7.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Bahrain 61.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
54.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
Bangladesh 30.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
32.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
Barbados 90.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
85.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
Belarus 31.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
31.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
Belgium 102.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
99.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; general government debt is defined by the Maastricht definition and calculated by the National Bank of Belgium as consolidated gross debt; the debt is defined in European Regulation EC479/2009 concerning the implementation of the protocol on the excessive deficit procedure annexed to the Treaty on European Union (Treaty of Maastricht) of 7 February 1992; the sub-sectors of consolidated gross debt are: federal government, communities and regions, local government, and social security funds
Belize 75.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
84.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
Benin 29.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
31.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
Bhutan 38.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
44.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
Bolivia 33.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
34% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
42.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions.
Botswana 17.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
17.4% of GDP (2012 est.)
Brazil 59.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
58.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Bulgaria 18.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
16.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Burundi 47.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
50.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
Cabo Verde 86.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
78.1% of GDP (2011 est.)
Cambodia NA% of GDP
Cameroon 16.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
16.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
Canada 86.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
85.4% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: figures are for gross general government debt, as opposed to net federal debt; gross general government debt includes both intragovernmental debt and the debt of public entities at the sub-national level
Chad 30.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
31.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
Chile 13.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
11.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
China 31.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
38.5% of GDP (2011)
note: official data; data cover both central government debt and local government debt, which China's National Audit Office estimated at RMB 10.72 trillion (approximately US$1.66 trillion) in 2011; data exclude policy bank bonds, Ministry of Railway debt, China Asset Management Company debt, and non-performing loans
Colombia 39.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
40.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Congo, Republic of the 32.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
31.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Costa Rica 55% of GDP (2013 est.)
51.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 45.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
47.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Croatia 66.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
55.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
Cuba 35.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
35.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Cyprus 113.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
85.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment
Czech Republic 48.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
46.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
Denmark 47% of GDP (2013 est.)
45.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Djibouti 38.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
Dominica 70% of GDP (2012 est.)
78% of GDP (2009 est.)
Dominican Republic 47% of GDP (2013 est.)
41.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
Ecuador 23.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
21% of GDP (2012 est.)
Egypt 92.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
88% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
El Salvador 62% of GDP (2013 est.)
59.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: El Salvador's total public debt includes non-financial public sector debt, financial public sector debt, and central bank debt
Equatorial Guinea 11% of GDP (2013 est.)
9.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
Eritrea 104.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
125.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Estonia 6% of GDP (2013 est.)
5.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Ethiopia 50.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
39.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: official data cover central government debt, including debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury and treasury debt owned by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Fiji 56.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
53.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
Finland 56.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
53.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
France 93.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
90.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Gabon 23.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
22.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
Georgia 36.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
36.5% of GDP (2011 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities; Georgia does not maintain intra-governmental debt or social funds
Germany 79.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
81% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; the series are presented as a percentage of GDP and in millions of euro; GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product at current market prices; data expressed in national currency are converted into euro using end-of-year exchange rates provided by the European Central Bank
Ghana 53.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
50% of GDP (2012 est.)
Gibraltar 7.5% of GDP (2008 est.)
13.5% of GDP (2006 est.)
Greece 175% of GDP (2013 est.)
156.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
Grenada 110% of GDP (2012 est.)
Guatemala 31% of GDP (2013 est.)
29.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
Guyana 59.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
59.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
Honduras 40.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
35.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Hong Kong 35.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
37.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Hungary 79.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
79.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and government, state government, local government, and social security funds.
Iceland 130.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
131.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
India 51.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
51.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Indonesia 24.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
23% of GDP (2012 est.)
Iran 18.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
18.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: includes publicly guaranteed debt
Ireland 124.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
117.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Israel 67.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
66.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
Italy 133% of GDP (2013 est.)
126.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: Italy reports its data on public debt according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty; general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year, in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the central government, state government, local government and social security funds
Jamaica 123.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
132.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
Japan 226.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
219.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
Jordan 79.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
75.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Kazakhstan 15.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
13.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
Kenya 53.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
52.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
Korea, South 35.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
35.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
Kosovo 9.1% of GDP (2013)
8.4% of GDP (2012)
Kuwait 6.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
6.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
Laos 46.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
49.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
Latvia 39.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
40.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Lebanon 120% of GDP (2013 est.)
119.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and exclude debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment
Lesotho NA
Liberia 3.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
0.4% of GDP (2012 est.)
Libya 4.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
4.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
Lithuania 40.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
41% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Luxembourg 22.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
20.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Macedonia 34.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
34.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: official data from Ministry of Finance; data cover central government debt; this data excludes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; includes treasury debt held by foreign entitites; excludes debt issued by sub-national entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; there are no debt instruments sold for social funds
Malawi 50.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
62.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
Malaysia 54.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
53.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: this figure is based on the amount of federal government debt, RM501.6 billion ($167.2 billion) in 2012; this includes Malaysian Treasury bills and other government securities, as well as loans raised externally and bonds and notes issued overseas; this figure excludes debt issued by non-financial public enterprises and guaranteed by the federal government, which was an additional $47.7 billion in 2012
Mali 30.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
27.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
Malta 73.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
71.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: Malta reports public debt at nominal value outstanding at the end of the year, according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty for general government gross debt; the data include the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); general government comprises the central government, state government, local government and social security funds
Mauritius 58% of GDP (2013 est.)
57.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
Mexico 37.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
35.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Moldova 16.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
17.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Montenegro 52.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
45% of GDP (2011 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Morocco 76.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
71.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
Mozambique 46.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
42.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
Namibia 27.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
25.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Nepal 28% of GDP
Netherlands 73.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
71.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
New Zealand 38.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
38.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
Nicaragua 57.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
58.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: official data; data cover general Government Debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions; Nicaragua rebased its GDP figures in 2012, which reduced the figures for debt as a percentage of GDP
Nigeria 19.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
17.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
Norway 30.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
29.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Oman 4.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
4.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
Pakistan 54.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
52.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
Panama 39.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
39.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
Papua New Guinea 28.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
25.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
Paraguay 15.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
14.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
Peru 14.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
16.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities
Philippines 50.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
51.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover debt issued by the national government, and excludes debt instruments issued by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by social security institutions, government-owned and controlled corporations, the Central Bank, and local government units
Poland 48.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
48.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, the data include subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Portugal 127.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
123.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Puerto Rico 96.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
93.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
Qatar 30.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
32.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Romania 36.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
37.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
Russia 7.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
8% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Rwanda 23.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
21.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis 83% of GDP (2013 est.)
144% of GDP (2012 est.)
Saint Lucia 77% of GDP (2012 est.)
77% of GDP (2010 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 68% of GDP (2011 est.)
San Marino 25.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
20.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe 65.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
75.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
Saudi Arabia 12.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
11.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Senegal 38.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
38.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
Serbia 61.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
59.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued or owned by government entities other than the treasury (for which the GOS issued guarantees); the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities (for which the GOS issued guarantees), as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment, debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Seychelles 51.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
68.4% of GDP (2012 est.)
Sierra Leone 31.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
36.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
Singapore 113.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
111.4% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: for Singapore, public debt consists largely of Singapore Government Securities (SGS) issued to assist the Central Provident Fund (CPF), which administers Singapore's defined contribution pension fund; special issues of SGS are held by the CPF, and are non-tradable; the government has not borrowed to finance deficit expenditures since the 1980s; Singapore has no external public debt
Slovakia 55.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
52.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general Government Gross Debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by Government entities, including sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government, and social security funds.
Slovenia 58.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
47.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: defined by the EU's Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities: currency and deposits, securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives, and loans; general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government, and social security funds
South Africa 45.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
42.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
Spain 93.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
85.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
Sri Lanka 78.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
79.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: covers central government debt, and excludes debt instruments directly owned by government entities other than the treasury (e.g. commercial bank borrowings of a government corporation); the data includes treasury debt held by foreign entities as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement; sub-national entities are usually not permitted to sell debt instruments
Sudan 111% of GDP (2013 est.)
101.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
Sweden 41.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
38.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Switzerland 34.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
54.5% of GDP (2010)
note: general government gross debt; gross debt consists of all liabilities that require payment or payments of interest and/or principal by the debtor to the creditor at a date or dates in the future; includes debt liabilities in the form of SDRs, currency and deposits, debt securities, loans, insurance, pensions and standardized guarantee schemes, and other accounts payable; all liabilities in the GFSM 2001 system are debt, except for equity and investment fund shares and financial derivatives and employee stock options
Syria 58.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
52.4% of GDP (2012 est.)
Taiwan 38.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
35.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data for central government
Tajikistan 6.5% of GDP
NA%
Tanzania 42.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
41.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
Thailand 47.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
45.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Trinidad and Tobago 37.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
37.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
Tunisia 51.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
46.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
Turkey 36.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
37.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and excludes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Uganda 30.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
26.3% of GDP (2012 est.)
Ukraine 40.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
36.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: the total public debt of $64.5 billion consists of: domestic public debt ($23.8 billion); external public debt ($26.1 billion); and sovereign guarantees ($14.6 billion)
United Arab Emirates 41.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
42.6% of GDP (2012 est.)
United Kingdom 91.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
88.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
United States 71.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
70% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover only what the United States Treasury denotes as "Debt Held by the Public," which includes all debt instruments issued by the Treasury that are owned by non-US Government entities; the data include Treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by individual US states, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of Treasury borrowings from surpluses in the trusts for Federal Social Security, Federal Employees, Hospital Insurance (Medicare and Medicaid), Disability and Unemployment, and several other smaller trusts; if data for intra-government debt were added, "Gross Debt" would increase by about one-third of GDP
Uruguay 62.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
59.4% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover general government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions.
Uzbekistan 7.6% of GDP (2013 est.)
6.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
Venezuela 34.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
26.8% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, as well as the debt of state-owned oil company PDVSA; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include some debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; some debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
Vietnam 48.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
48.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
Wallis and Futuna 5.6% of GDP (2004 est.)
note: offical data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
World 64.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
64.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
Yemen 47.1% of GDP (2013 est.)
45.4% of GDP (2012 est.)
Zambia 31.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
29.5% of GDP (2012 est.)
Zimbabwe 202.4% of GDP (2013 est.)
244.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
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