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FIELD LISTING :: GDP - COMPOSITION, BY END USE Print
This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
imports of goods and services consist of purchases, barter, or receipts of gifts, or grants of goods and services by residents from nonresidents. Exports are treated as a positive item, while imports are treated as a negative item. In a purely accounting sense, imports have no direct impact on GDP, which only measures output of the domestic economy. Imports are entered as a negative item to offset the fact that the expenditure figures for consumption, investment, government, and exports also include expenditures on imports. These imports contribute directly to foreign GDP but only indirectly to domestic GDP. Because of this negative offset for imports of goods and services, the sum of the other five items, excluding imports, will always total more than 100 percent of GDP. A surplus of exports of goods and services over imports indicates an economy is investing abroad, while a deficit indicates an economy is borrowing from abroad.


Country Comparison to the World

CountryGDP - COMPOSITION, BY END USE(%)
Afghanistan household consumption: 96.5%
government consumption: 23.3%
investment in fixed capital: 25.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 18.1%
imports of goods and services: -63.4%
(2011 est.)
Albania household consumption: 78.3%
government consumption: 10.9%
investment in fixed capital: 25.9%
investment in inventories: 2.6%
exports of goods and services: 35.1%
imports of goods and services: -52.9%
(2013 est.)
Algeria household consumption: 35.8%
government consumption: 19.3%
investment in fixed capital: 34.5%
investment in inventories: 9.4%
exports of goods and services: 30.1%
imports of goods and services: -29.1%
(2014 est.)
American Samoa household consumption: 54.6%
government consumption: 52.8%
investment if fixed capital: 2.7%
investment in inventories: 2.3%
exports of goods and services: 54.4%
imports of goods and services: -66.8% (2013)
Angola household consumption: 49.7%
government consumption: 20.6%
investment in fixed capital: 11.9%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 59.5%
imports of goods and services: -41.7%
(2014 est.)
Anguilla household consumption: 76.8%
government consumption: 19.2%
investment in fixed capital: 20.9%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 41.4%
imports of goods and services: -58.3%
(2014 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda household consumption: 49.7%
government consumption: 13.3%
investment in fixed capital: 26.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 52%
imports of goods and services: -41.4%
(2014 est.)
Argentina household consumption: 66.9%
government consumption: 16.3%
investment in fixed capital: 15.9%
investment in inventories: 1.4%
exports of goods and services: 16%
imports of goods and services: -16.6% (2014 est.)
Armenia household consumption: 87.7%
government consumption: 14.8%
investment in fixed capital: 20.5%
investment in inventories: -3.3%
exports of goods and services: 27.2%
imports of goods and services: -46.9%
(2014 est.)
Aruba household consumption: 62.9%
government consumption: 26%
investment in fixed capital: NA%
investment in inventories: NA%
exports of goods and services: NA%
imports of goods and services: -87.6%
(2011 est.)
Australia household consumption: 55.7%
government consumption: 18.1%
investment in fixed capital: 26.7%
investment in inventories: -0.1%
exports of goods and services: 21.3%
imports of goods and services: -21.8%
(2014 est.)
Austria household consumption: 55%
government consumption: 19.5%
investment in fixed capital: 21.1%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 56.4%
imports of goods and services: -52.1%
(2014 est.)
Azerbaijan household consumption: 43.3%
government consumption: 11.1%
investment in fixed capital: 26.3%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 46%
imports of goods and services: -26.7%
(2014 est.)
Bahamas, The household consumption: 69.7%
government consumption: 16.5%
investment in fixed capital: 27%
investment in inventories: 1.3%
exports of goods and services: 42.5%
imports of goods and services: -57%
(2014 est.)
Bahrain household consumption: 41.8%
government consumption: 16.4%
investment in fixed capital: 21.7%
investment in inventories: 0.8%
exports of goods and services: 76.6%
imports of goods and services: -57.3%
(2014 est.)
Bangladesh household consumption: 74.1%
government consumption: 5.5%
investment in fixed capital: 26.3%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 22.6%
imports of goods and services: -28.9%
(2014 est.)
Barbados household consumption: 80.9%
government consumption: 14.5%
investment in fixed capital: 14.1%
investment in inventories: 2%
exports of goods and services: 39.2%
imports of goods and services: -50.7%
(2014 est.)
Belarus household consumption: 50.9%
government consumption: 15.2%
investment in fixed capital: 33.8%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 57.4%
imports of goods and services: -57.9%
(2014 est.)
Belgium household consumption: 53.7%
government consumption: 25.5%
investment in fixed capital: 20.6%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 85.9%
imports of goods and services: -86%
(2014 est.)
Belize household consumption: 79.3%
government consumption: 16.8%
investment in fixed capital: 31.2%
investment in inventories: 1.2%
exports of goods and services: 62.1%
imports of goods and services: -90.6%
(2013 est.)
Benin household consumption: 76.8%
government consumption: 11.7%
investment in fixed capital: 17.4%
investment in inventories: 6.8%
exports of goods and services: 12.5%
imports of goods and services: -25.2%
(2014 est.)
Bermuda household consumption: 52.4%
government consumption: 17.3%
investment in fixed capital: 11.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 49.9%
imports of goods and services: -30.9%
(2014 est.)
Bhutan household consumption: 39%
government consumption: 20.6%
investment in fixed capital: 71.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 36.4%
imports of goods and services: -67.5%
(2014 est.)
Bolivia household consumption: 58.8%
government consumption: 13.9%
investment in fixed capital: 20.3%
investment in inventories: 0.7%
exports of goods and services: 46%
imports of goods and services: -39.7%
(2014 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina household consumption: 82.1%
government consumption: 22.1%
investment in fixed capital: 17.7%
investment in inventories: 1.5%
exports of goods and services: 29%
imports of goods and services: -52.4%
(2012 est.)
Botswana household consumption: 49.8%
government consumption: 18.9%
investment in fixed capital: 32.2%
investment in inventories: 1.7%
exports of goods and services: 51.3%
imports of goods and services: -53.9%
(2014 est.)
Brazil household consumption: 63.5%
government consumption: 22.4%
investment in fixed capital: 16.7%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 12.9%
imports of goods and services: -15.5%
(2014 est.)
British Virgin Islands household consumption: 32%
government consumption: 8.6%
investment in fixed capital: 24.5%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 109.6%
imports of goods and services: -74.7%
(2014 est.)
Brunei household consumption: 20.6%
government consumption: 19.9%
investment in fixed capital: 16.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 78.2%
imports of goods and services: -35.5%
(2014 est.)
Bulgaria household consumption: 63.7%
government consumption: 17.1%
investment in fixed capital: 21.2%
investment in inventories: -0.9%
exports of goods and services: 71.4%
imports of goods and services: -72.5%
(2014 est.)
Burkina Faso household consumption: 63.2%
government consumption: 19.4%
investment in fixed capital: 23%
investment in inventories: 1.6%
exports of goods and services: 28.3%
imports of goods and services: -35.4%
(2014 est.)
Burma household consumption: 82%
government consumption: 3.8%
investment in fixed capital: 19.3%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 23.7%
imports of goods and services: -29.1%
(2014 est.)
Burundi household consumption: 74.6%
government consumption: 21.9%
investment in fixed capital: 27.9%
investment in inventories: -1.7%
exports of goods and services: 7.1%
imports of goods and services: -29.6%
(2014 est.)
Cabo Verde household consumption: 57%
government consumption: 17.7%
investment in fixed capital: 33.6%
investment in inventories: 0.8%
exports of goods and services: 36.9%
imports of goods and services: -46%
(2014 est.)
Cambodia household consumption: 77%
government consumption: 7.3%
investment in fixed capital: 18.4%
investment in inventories: 1.5%
exports of goods and services: 60.8%
imports of goods and services: -65%
(2014 est.)
Cameroon household consumption: 68.9%
government consumption: 14%
investment in fixed capital: 21%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 28.6%
imports of goods and services: -32.5%
(2014 est.)
Canada household consumption: 56.2%
government consumption: 21.4%
investment in fixed capital: 24.1%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 30.9%
imports of goods and services: -33%
(2014 est.)
Cayman Islands household consumption: 62.7%
government consumption: 14.9%
investment in fixed capital: 22.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 57%
imports of goods and services: -56.9% (2014 est.)
Central African Republic household consumption: 95.4%
government consumption: 5.6%
investment in fixed capital: 8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 10.2%
imports of goods and services: -19.1%
(2014 est.)
Chad household consumption: 76.1%
government consumption: 6.3%
investment in fixed capital: 29.3%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 27.1%
imports of goods and services: -39%
(2014 est.)
Chile household consumption: 65.4%
government consumption: 13.1%
investment in fixed capital: 22.1%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 34.1%
imports of goods and services: -35%
(2014 est.)
China household consumption: 36.8%
government consumption: 14%
investment in fixed capital: 46%
investment in inventories: 1.1%
exports of goods and services: 23.9%
imports of goods and services: -21.7%
(2014 est.)
Colombia household consumption: 59.8%
government consumption: 17%
investment in fixed capital: 25.5%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 18.5%
imports of goods and services: -20.8%
(2014 est.)
Comoros household consumption: 99%
government consumption: 17.3%
investment in fixed capital: 18.5%
investment in inventories: 6.3%
exports of goods and services: 14.5%
imports of goods and services: -55.6%
(2014 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the household consumption: 60.6%
government consumption: 12%
investment in fixed capital: 26.1%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 58%
imports of goods and services: -56.8%
(2014 est.)
Congo, Republic of the household consumption: 25.3%
government consumption: 14%
investment in fixed capital: 54%
investment in inventories: 7.1%
exports of goods and services: 81.1%
imports of goods and services: -81.5%
(2014 est.)
Costa Rica household consumption: 64.9%
government consumption: 18.1%
investment in fixed capital: 22%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 36.2%
imports of goods and services: -41.8%
(2014 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire household consumption: 65.5%
government consumption: 12.4%
investment in fixed capital: 18.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 49.6%
imports of goods and services: -45.6%
(2014 est.)
Croatia household consumption: 60.2%
government consumption: 19.6%
investment in fixed capital: 18.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 46.5%
imports of goods and services: -44.4%
(2014 est.)
Cuba household consumption: 52.9%
government consumption: 24.9%
investment in fixed capital: 14.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 28%
imports of goods and services: -20%
(2013 est.)
Cyprus household consumption: 71.5%
government consumption: 18.2%
investment in fixed capital: 10.6%
investment in inventories: -0.5%
exports of goods and services: 46.8%
imports of goods and services: -46.5%
(2014 est.)
Czech Republic household consumption: 48.2%
government consumption: 19.2%
investment in fixed capital: 25%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 84.5%
imports of goods and services: -77.2%
(2014 est.)
Denmark household consumption: 49.3%
government consumption: 26.9%
investment in fixed capital: 18.9%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 53.7%
imports of goods and services: -48.9%
(2014 est.)
Djibouti household consumption: 56.5%
government consumption: 25.7%
investment in fixed capital: 35.5%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 32.9%
imports of goods and services: -51%
(2014 est.)
Dominica household consumption: 57.4%
government consumption: 20.4%
investment in fixed capital: 28.5%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 59.3%
imports of goods and services: -65.6%
(2014 est.)
Dominican Republic household consumption: 72%
government consumption: 10.2%
investment in fixed capital: 21.4%
investment in inventories: 0.8%
exports of goods and services: 26.1%
imports of goods and services: -30.6%
(2014 est.)
Ecuador household consumption: 60.2%
government consumption: 14.1%
investment in fixed capital: 27.4%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 29.9%
imports of goods and services: -31.6%
(2014 est.)
Egypt household consumption: 80.3%
government consumption: 12%
investment in fixed capital: 13%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 15%
imports of goods and services: -20.7%
(2014 est.)
El Salvador household consumption: 92.8%
government consumption: 12.1%
investment in fixed capital: 15.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 26.6%
imports of goods and services: -46.9%
(2014 est.)
Equatorial Guinea household consumption: 15.5%
government consumption: 6.4%
investment in fixed capital: 57.6%
investment in inventories: 1.3%
exports of goods and services: 77.4%
imports of goods and services: -58.4%
(2014 est.)
Eritrea household consumption: 77.8%
government consumption: 18.5%
investment in fixed capital: 14.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 9.7%
imports of goods and services: -20.2%
(2014 est.)
Estonia household consumption: 50.5%
government consumption: 20.1%
investment in fixed capital: 28.2%
investment in inventories: -0.3%
exports of goods and services: 87.1%
imports of goods and services: -85.6%
(2014 est.)
Ethiopia household consumption: 83.7%
government consumption: 8%
investment in fixed capital: 36.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 12.8%
imports of goods and services: -41.3%
(2014 est.)
European Union household consumption: 56.9%
government consumption: 21.6%
investment in fixed capital: 17.9%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 44.9%
imports of goods and services: -42.9%
(2012 est.)
Fiji household consumption: 81.2%
government consumption: 14.9%
investment in fixed capital: 21.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 51.6%
imports of goods and services: -69.1%
(2014 est.)
Finland household consumption: 55.1%
government consumption: 24.9%
investment in fixed capital: 20.9%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 36.9%
imports of goods and services: -38.4%
(2014 est.)
France household consumption: 55.1%
government consumption: 24.3%
investment in fixed capital: 21.6%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 28.3%
imports of goods and services: -29.3%
(2014 est.)
Gabon household consumption: 30.3%
government consumption: 9.9%
investment in fixed capital: 35.1%
investment in inventories: 7.8%
exports of goods and services: 50.5%
imports of goods and services: -33.6%
(2014 est.)
Gambia, The household consumption: 92.4%
government consumption: 8.6%
investment in fixed capital: 23.8%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 28%
imports of goods and services: -53.1%
(2014 est.)
Gaza Strip data exclude West Bank (2014 est.)
Georgia household consumption: 72.3%
government consumption: 17.5%
investment in fixed capital: 22.4%
investment in inventories: 3.6%
exports of goods and services: 46.3%
imports of goods and services: -62.1%
(2014 est.)
Germany household consumption: 56.1%
government consumption: 19.2%
investment in fixed capital: 20.2%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 45.7%
imports of goods and services: -41.3%
(2014 est.)
Ghana household consumption: 61.3%
government consumption: 17.7%
investment in fixed capital: 23.6%
investment in inventories: 1.4%
exports of goods and services: 42.1%
imports of goods and services: -46.2%
(2014 est.)
Greece household consumption: 72%
government consumption: 16.8%
investment in fixed capital: 12.9%
investment in inventories: 2.2%
exports of goods and services: 30.6%
imports of goods and services: -34.4%
(2014 est.)
Grenada household consumption: 91.8%
government consumption: 15.9%
investment in fixed capital: 16.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 22%
imports of goods and services: -46.5%
(2014 est.)
Guam household consumption: 63.7%
government consumption: 64.9%
investment in fixed assets: 5.8%
exports of goods and services: 17%
imports of goods and services: -51.2% (2013)
Guatemala household consumption: 85.8%
government consumption: 10.6%
investment in fixed capital: 14.3%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 23.6%
imports of goods and services: -34.9%
(2014 est.)
Guinea-Bissau household consumption: 87.4%
government consumption: 11.3%
investment in fixed capital: 12.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 20.8%
imports of goods and services: -31.9%
(2014 est.)
Guinea household consumption: 101.3%
government consumption: 12.4%
investment in fixed capital: 14.5%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 26%
imports of goods and services: -54.1%
(2014 est.)
Guyana household consumption: 89.2%
government consumption: 11.3%
investment in fixed capital: 24.6%
investment in inventories: -12.3%
exports of goods and services: 52%
imports of goods and services: -64.8%
(2014 est.)
Haiti household consumption: 104.3%
government consumption: 0%
investment in fixed capital: 30.9%
investment in inventories: -0.9%
exports of goods and services: 18.4%
imports of goods and services: -52.7%
(2014 est.)
Honduras household consumption: 80.8%
government consumption: 16.1%
investment in fixed capital: 25.2%
investment in inventories: 0.7%
exports of goods and services: 48.2%
imports of goods and services: -71.1%
(2014 est.)
Hong Kong household consumption: 66.1%
government consumption: 9.5%
investment in fixed capital: 22.2%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 226.1%
imports of goods and services: -224.4%
(2014 est.)
Hungary household consumption: 54.5%
government consumption: 19.5%
investment in fixed capital: 22%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 90.1%
imports of goods and services: -86.8%
(2014 est.)
Iceland household consumption: 52.6%
government consumption: 24.6%
investment in fixed capital: 13.9%
investment in inventories: 1%
exports of goods and services: 54.9%
imports of goods and services: -47%
(2014 est.)
India household consumption: 57%
government consumption: 12%
investment in fixed capital: 27.4%
investment in inventories: 6.6%
exports of goods and services: 26.1%
imports of goods and services: -29.1%
(2014 est.)
Indonesia household consumption: 56.2%
government consumption: 9%
investment in fixed capital: 33.6%
investment in inventories: 1.9%
exports of goods and services: 23.5%
imports of goods and services: -24.4%
(2014 est.)
Iran household consumption: 52.9%
government consumption: 11.2%
investment in fixed capital: 28.1%
investment in inventories: 1.1%
exports of goods and services: 23.8%
imports of goods and services: -17.1%
(2014 est.)
Ireland household consumption: 46.5%
government consumption: 14.4%
investment in fixed capital: 15.3%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 106.6%
imports of goods and services: -83.1%
(2014 est.)
Israel household consumption: 57%
government consumption: 22.6%
investment in fixed capital: 18.9%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 31.8%
imports of goods and services: -30.7%
(2014 est.)
Italy household consumption: 60.2%
government consumption: 20%
investment in fixed capital: 16.9%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 30.1%
imports of goods and services: -27.2%
(2014 est.)
Jamaica household consumption: 85.6%
government consumption: 15.3%
investment in fixed capital: 20.9%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 29.2%
imports of goods and services: -51.4%
(2014 est.)
Japan household consumption: 60.8%
government consumption: 20.6%
investment in fixed capital: 22.2%
investment in inventories: -0.5%
exports of goods and services: 17.3%
imports of goods and services: -20.4%
(2014 est.)
Jordan household consumption: 81.5%
government consumption: 23.6%
investment in fixed capital: 28.5%
investment in inventories: 1.8%
exports of goods and services: 41.6%
imports of goods and services: -77%
(2014 est.)
Kazakhstan household consumption: 47.7%
government consumption: 10.5%
investment in fixed capital: 24.3%
investment in inventories: 3.7%
exports of goods and services: 40.8%
imports of goods and services: -27%
(2014 est.)
Kenya household consumption: 81.1%
government consumption: 14%
investment in fixed capital: 20.5%
investment in inventories: -0.5%
exports of goods and services: 16.9%
imports of goods and services: -32.1%
(2014 est.)
Korea, South household consumption: 50.4%
government consumption: 15.1%
investment in fixed capital: 29.1%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 50.6%
imports of goods and services: -45.3%
(2014 est.)
Kosovo household consumption: 90.5%
government consumption: 16%
investment in fixed capital: 28.2%
investment in inventories: 3%
exports of goods and services: 5.8%
imports of goods and services: -43.5%
(2014 est.)
Kuwait household consumption: 26.1%
government consumption: 18%
investment in fixed capital: 14.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 69.2%
imports of goods and services: -27.7%
(2014 est.)
Kyrgyzstan household consumption: 103.2%
government consumption: 16.6%
investment in fixed capital: 29.1%
investment in inventories: 1.8%
exports of goods and services: 48.1%
imports of goods and services: -98.8%
(2014 est.)
Laos household consumption: 69.6%
government consumption: 13.9%
investment in fixed capital: 39.1%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 37.3%
imports of goods and services: -59.9%
(2014 est.)
Latvia household consumption: 61.1%
government consumption: 16.2%
investment in fixed capital: 20.9%
investment in inventories: 1.6%
exports of goods and services: 58.9%
imports of goods and services: -58.7%
(2014 est.)
Lebanon household consumption: 82.2%
government consumption: 14.8%
investment in fixed capital: 30.4%
investment in inventories: 1%
exports of goods and services: 15.5%
imports of goods and services: -43.9%
(2014 est.)
Lesotho household consumption: 84.4%
government consumption: 38.7%
investment in fixed capital: 38%
investment in inventories: -0.7%
exports of goods and services: 49.9%
imports of goods and services: -110.3%
(2014 est.)
Liberia household consumption: 116.3%
government consumption: 18.4%
investment in fixed capital: 25.4%
investment in inventories: -1.6%
exports of goods and services: 32.4%
imports of goods and services: -89.5%
(2012 est.)
Libya household consumption: 58%
government consumption: 16.8%
investment in fixed capital: 5.4%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 40.9%
imports of goods and services: -21.6%
(2014 est.)
Lithuania household consumption: 63.9%
government consumption: 16.7%
investment in fixed capital: 18.9%
investment in inventories: 3.2%
exports of goods and services: 82.5%
imports of goods and services: -85.2%
(2014 est.)
Luxembourg household consumption: 31.3%
government consumption: 17.1%
investment in fixed capital: 18.6%
investment in inventories: 1.6%
exports of goods and services: 174.5%
imports of goods and services: -143.1%
(2014 est.)
Macau household consumption: 18.5%
government consumption: 6.5%
investment in fixed capital: 16.7%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 101.7%
imports of goods and services: -43.4%
(2014 est.)
Macedonia household consumption: 69.8%
government consumption: 16.8%
investment in fixed capital: 29%
investment in inventories: 1.6%
exports of goods and services: 47.9%
imports of goods and services: -65.1%
(2014 est.)
Madagascar household consumption: 84.1%
government consumption: 13.3%
investment in fixed capital: 15.9%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 30.1%
imports of goods and services: -43.3%
(2014 est.)
Malawi household consumption: 95%
government consumption: 11%
investment in fixed capital: 16.5%
investment in inventories: 6.6%
exports of goods and services: 28.1%
imports of goods and services: -57.1%
(2014 est.)
Malaysia household consumption: 51.5%
government consumption: 13.7%
investment in fixed capital: 25.5%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 83%
imports of goods and services: -73.7%
(2014 est.)
Mali household consumption: 78.4%
government consumption: 16.6%
investment in fixed capital: 14.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 26.5%
imports of goods and services: -36.2%
(2014 est.)
Malta household consumption: 53.8%
government consumption: 20.2%
investment in fixed capital: 18.8%
investment in inventories: -0.4%
exports of goods and services: 147%
imports of goods and services: -139.5%
(2014 est.)
Mauritania household consumption: 50.9%
government consumption: 29.5%
investment in fixed capital: 60.6%
investment in inventories: 5.2%
exports of goods and services: 35.2%
imports of goods and services: -81.4%
(2014 est.)
Mauritius household consumption: 73.4%
government consumption: 14.4%
investment in fixed capital: 21.2%
investment in inventories: 2.8%
exports of goods and services: 55.4%
imports of goods and services: -67.2%
(2014 est.)
Mexico household consumption: 68.5%
government consumption: 12.2%
investment in fixed capital: 20.7%
investment in inventories: -1%
exports of goods and services: 33.2%
imports of goods and services: -33.6%
(2014 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of household consumption: 83.5%
government consumption: 41.8%
investment in fixed assets: 24.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 26.6%
imports of goods and services: -76.2% (2013 est.)
Moldova household consumption: 93.3%
government consumption: 20.2%
investment in fixed capital: 22.8%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 45.7%
imports of goods and services: -82.5%
(2014 est.)
Mongolia household consumption: 54.4%
government consumption: 12%
investment in fixed capital: 46.1%
investment in inventories: 10.3%
exports of goods and services: 43.7%
imports of goods and services: -66.5%
(2013 est.)
Montenegro household consumption: 81.8%
government consumption: 21.2%
investment in fixed capital: 19.5%
investment in inventories: -0.1%
exports of goods and services: 42.1%
imports of goods and services: -64.5%
(2013 est.)
Montserrat household consumption: 89.3%
government consumption: 42%
investment in fixed capital: 24.1%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 18.5%
imports of goods and services: -74%
(2014 est.)
Morocco household consumption: 60.6%
government consumption: 19%
investment in fixed capital: 30%
investment in inventories: 4%
exports of goods and services: 33.7%
imports of goods and services: -47.3%
(2014 est.)
Mozambique household consumption: 74.2%
government consumption: 17.9%
investment in fixed capital: 50.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 31.8%
imports of goods and services: -74.3%
(2014 est.)
Namibia household consumption: 64.7%
government consumption: 29%
investment in fixed capital: 27.5%
investment in inventories: -2%
exports of goods and services: 43.5%
imports of goods and services: -62.7%
(2014 est.)
Nepal household consumption: 78.1%
government consumption: 11.2%
investment in fixed capital: 23.1%
investment in inventories: 13.9%
exports of goods and services: 13.9%
imports of goods and services: -40.3%
(2014 est.)
Netherlands household consumption: 44.7%
government consumption: 26.2%
investment in fixed capital: 18.8%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 83.6%
imports of goods and services: -73.4%
(2014 est.)
New Caledonia household consumption: 55.4%
government consumption: 22.7%
investment in fixed capital: 38.7%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 12.5%
imports of goods and services: -29.4%
(2014 est.)
New Zealand household consumption: 58.8%
government consumption: 18.7%
investment in fixed capital: 21.2%
investment in inventories: 0.7%
exports of goods and services: 28.4%
imports of goods and services: -27.8%
(2014 est.)
Nicaragua household consumption: 84.4%
government consumption: 5.6%
investment in fixed capital: 21%
investment in inventories: -0.1%
exports of goods and services: 41%
imports of goods and services: -51.9%
(2014 est.)
Nigeria household consumption: 72.5%
government consumption: 8.4%
investment in fixed capital: 16.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 14.9%
imports of goods and services: -12.1%
(2014 est.)
Niger household consumption: 71%
government consumption: 10.9%
investment in fixed capital: 29.7%
investment in inventories: 6.3%
exports of goods and services: 22.7%
imports of goods and services: -40.6%
(2014 est.)
Northern Mariana Islands household consumption: 91.3%
government consumption: 51.5%
investment in fixed assets: 3.8%
exports of goods and services: 42.2%
imports of goods and services: -88.9% (2013)
Norway household consumption: 41.1%
government consumption: 21.3%
investment in fixed capital: 22.3%
investment in inventories: 3.8%
exports of goods and services: 39%
imports of goods and services: -27.6%
(2014 est.)
Oman household consumption: 33.1%
government consumption: 21.3%
investment in fixed capital: 26.1%
investment in inventories: 5.9%
exports of goods and services: 62.1%
imports of goods and services: -48.5%
(2014 est.)
Pakistan household consumption: 80.5%
government consumption: 12%
investment in fixed capital: 12.4%
investment in inventories: 1.6%
exports of goods and services: 12.3%
imports of goods and services: -18.8%
(2014 est.)
Panama household consumption: 52.9%
government consumption: 11.3%
investment in fixed capital: 28.7%
investment in inventories: 5.8%
exports of goods and services: 75.3%
imports of goods and services: -74%
(2014 est.)
Papua New Guinea household consumption: 58.6%
government consumption: 10.6%
investment in fixed capital: 14%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 68.5%
imports of goods and services: -52.2%
(2014 est.)
Paraguay household consumption: 65.8%
government consumption: 11.6%
investment in fixed capital: 15.2%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 51%
imports of goods and services: -44.1%
(2014 est.)
Peru household consumption: 64%
government consumption: 11.2%
investment in fixed capital: 26.2%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 21.8%
imports of goods and services: -23.5%
(2014 est.)
Philippines household consumption: 72.5%
government consumption: 10.7%
investment in fixed capital: 20.5%
investment in inventories: -0.8%
exports of goods and services: 29.1%
imports of goods and services: -32%
(2014 est.)
Poland household consumption: 61.1%
government consumption: 17.9%
investment in fixed capital: 18.7%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 49.2%
imports of goods and services: -47.5%
(2014 est.)
Portugal household consumption: 64.6%
government consumption: 19.1%
investment in fixed capital: 15%
investment in inventories: -0.1%
exports of goods and services: 39.6%
imports of goods and services: -38.2%
(2014 est.)
Puerto Rico household consumption: 89.4%
government consumption: 14.7%
investment in fixed capital: 13.4%
investment in inventories: 1%
exports of goods and services: 108.7%
imports of goods and services: -127.2%
(2014 est.)
Qatar household consumption: 13.3%
government consumption: 12.9%
investment in fixed capital: 34.5%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 86.1%
imports of goods and services: -47.3%
(2014 est.)
Romania household consumption: 69.3%
government consumption: 7.6%
investment in fixed capital: 23%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 41.1%
imports of goods and services: -40.9%
(2014 est.)
Russia household consumption: 51.4%
government consumption: 19.7%
investment in fixed capital: 19.6%
investment in inventories: 2.2%
exports of goods and services: 29.7%
imports of goods and services: -22.6%
(2014 est.)
Rwanda household consumption: 82.6%
government consumption: 9.6%
investment in fixed capital: 24.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 17%
imports of goods and services: -33.5%
(2014 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis household consumption: 71.8%
government consumption: 11%
investment in fixed capital: 29.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 30.2%
imports of goods and services: -42.7%
(2014 est.)
Saint Lucia household consumption: 54.6%
government consumption: 20.4%
investment in fixed capital: 34.2%
investment in inventories: -0.2%
exports of goods and services: 54%
imports of goods and services: -63%
(2014 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines household consumption: 95.7%
government consumption: 17%
investment in fixed capital: 24%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 18.5%
imports of goods and services: -55.2%
(2014 est.)
San Marino exports of goods and services: 176.6%
imports of goods and services: -153.3% (2011)
Sao Tome and Principe household consumption: 79.1%
government consumption: 13.9%
investment in fixed capital: 40.7%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 10.1%
imports of goods and services: -43.8%
(2014 est.)
Saudi Arabia household consumption: 31.1%
government consumption: 23.5%
investment in fixed capital: 24.9%
investment in inventories: 3.8%
exports of goods and services: 48.6%
imports of goods and services: -31.9%
(2014 est.)
Senegal household consumption: 73.1%
government consumption: 16.6%
investment in fixed capital: 23.5%
investment in inventories: 4.2%
exports of goods and services: 21.1%
imports of goods and services: -38.5%
(2014 est.)
Serbia household consumption: 73.7%
government consumption: 19.3%
investment in fixed capital: 20.2%
investment in inventories: -1.9%
exports of goods and services: 45.8%
imports of goods and services: -57.1%
(2014 est.)
Seychelles household consumption: 101%
government consumption: 10.2%
investment in fixed capital: 31.4%
investment in inventories: -5.1%
exports of goods and services: 42.1%
imports of goods and services: -79.6%
(2014 est.)
Sierra Leone household consumption: 88.9%
government consumption: 7.4%
investment in fixed capital: 41.9%
investment in inventories: 0.8%
exports of goods and services: 8.8%
imports of goods and services: -47.8%
(2014 est.)
Singapore household consumption: 36.8%
government consumption: 10%
investment in fixed capital: 25.4%
investment in inventories: 2.3%
exports of goods and services: 187.6%
imports of goods and services: -162.2%
(2014 est.)
Slovakia household consumption: 56.7%
government consumption: 18.5%
investment in fixed capital: 21.1%
investment in inventories: -0.4%
exports of goods and services: 91.9%
imports of goods and services: -87.8%
(2014 est.)
Slovenia household consumption: 55.1%
government consumption: 19.5%
investment in fixed capital: 18.1%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 79.3%
imports of goods and services: -72%
(2014 est.)
Somalia household consumption: 72.6%
government consumption: 8.7%
investment in fixed capital: 20%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 0.3%
imports of goods and services: -1.7%
(2011 est.)
South Africa household consumption: 61.9%
government consumption: 22.8%
investment in fixed capital: 21.7%
investment in inventories: -0.3%
exports of goods and services: 34%
imports of goods and services: -40.1%
(2014 est.)
South Sudan household consumption: 34.9%
government consumption: 17.1%
investment in fixed capital: 10.4%
exports of goods and services: 64.9%
imports of goods and services: -27.2%
(2011 est.)
Spain household consumption: 59.1%
government consumption: 19.4%
investment in fixed capital: 18%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 31.8%
imports of goods and services: -28.7%
(2014 est.)
Sri Lanka household consumption: 66.1%
government consumption: 12.8%
investment in fixed capital: 29.6%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 22.5%
imports of goods and services: -31.4%
(2014 est.)
Sudan household consumption: 81.1%
government consumption: 11.7%
investment in fixed capital: 21.3%
investment in inventories: 2%
exports of goods and services: 5.4%
imports of goods and services: -21.6%
(2014 est.)
Suriname household consumption: 55.5%
government consumption: 11.4%
investment in fixed capital: 12.1%
investment in inventories: 23%
exports of goods and services: 29.3%
imports of goods and services: -31.3%
(2014 est.)
Swaziland household consumption: 80.5%
government consumption: 25.3%
investment in fixed capital: 13.5%
investment in inventories: -0.1%
exports of goods and services: 51%
imports of goods and services: -70.2%
(2014 est.)
Sweden household consumption: 46.5%
government consumption: 26.4%
investment in fixed capital: 22.6%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 44.4%
imports of goods and services: -39.9%
(2014 est.)
Switzerland household consumption: 57.2%
government consumption: 11.4%
investment in fixed capital: 21.5%
investment in inventories: -0.5%
exports of goods and services: 51.9%
imports of goods and services: -41.5%
(2014 est.)
Syria household consumption: 67.8%
government consumption: 19.4%
investment in fixed capital: 18.2%
investment in inventories: 9.5%
exports of goods and services: 7.5%
imports of goods and services: -22.4%
(2014 est.)
Taiwan household consumption: 53.2%
government consumption: 14.5%
investment in fixed capital: 21.6%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 70%
imports of goods and services: -59.5%
(2014 est.)
Tajikistan household consumption: 107.3%
government consumption: 12%
investment in fixed capital: 12.8%
investment in inventories: 9.4%
exports of goods and services: 15.1%
imports of goods and services: -56.6%
(2014 est.)
Tanzania household consumption: 66%
government consumption: 19.8%
investment in fixed capital: 33.2%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 20.6%
imports of goods and services: -40.3%
(2014 est.)
Thailand household consumption: 54.7%
government consumption: 14.2%
investment in fixed capital: 25.9%
investment in inventories: -0.3%
exports of goods and services: 75%
imports of goods and services: -69.5%
(2014 est.)
Timor-Leste household consumption: 21.9%
government consumption: 21.3%
investment in fixed capital: 21.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 81.9%
imports of goods and services: -46.8%
(2014 est.)
Togo household consumption: 87.3%
government consumption: 10.3%
investment in fixed capital: 18.7%
investment in inventories: 1.8%
exports of goods and services: 37.3%
imports of goods and services: -55.4%
(2014 est.)
Tonga household consumption: 94.9%
government consumption: 19.4%
investment in fixed capital: 34.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 20%
imports of goods and services: -68.7%
(2014 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago household consumption: 40.6%
government consumption: 12.1%
investment in fixed capital: 9.4%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 66.9%
imports of goods and services: -29.6%
(2014 est.)
Tunisia household consumption: 64.8%
government consumption: 18.5%
investment in fixed capital: 22.2%
investment in inventories: 3.5%
exports of goods and services: 45.6%
imports of goods and services: -55.6%
(2014 est.)
Turkey household consumption: 71.4%
government consumption: 15.7%
investment in fixed capital: 19.7%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 27.7%
imports of goods and services: -34.6%
(2014 est.)
Turkmenistan household consumption: 50%
government consumption: 12.9%
investment in fixed capital: 44.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 45.5%
imports of goods and services: -38.2%
(2014 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands household consumption: 23.4%
government consumption: 18.9%
investment in fixed capital: 57.6%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 76.2%
imports of goods and services: -76.1%
(2014 est.)
Uganda household consumption: 78.9%
government consumption: 8.8%
investment in fixed capital: 24.2%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 21%
imports of goods and services: -33.2%
(2014 est.)
Ukraine household consumption: 81.8%
government consumption: 21.1%
investment in fixed capital: 15.6%
investment in inventories: -0.3%
exports of goods and services: 51.4%
imports of goods and services: -69.6%
(2014 est.)
United Arab Emirates household consumption: 52.4%
government consumption: 6.9%
investment in fixed capital: 22.9%
investment in inventories: 0.7%
exports of goods and services: 99.9%
imports of goods and services: -82.8%
(2014 est.)
United Kingdom household consumption: 64.8%
government consumption: 19.5%
investment in fixed capital: 17.1%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 28.4%
imports of goods and services: -30.3%
(2014 est.)
United States household consumption: 68.7%
government consumption: 18.1%
investment in fixed capital: 15.9%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 13.4%
imports of goods and services: -16.4%
(2014 est.)
Uruguay household consumption: 66.1%
government consumption: 14%
investment in fixed capital: 22.9%
investment in inventories: 0.7%
exports of goods and services: 24.2%
imports of goods and services: -28%
(2014 est.)
Uzbekistan household consumption: 55.6%
government consumption: 22.7%
investment in fixed capital: 24.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 26.9%
imports of goods and services: -29.6%
(2014 est.)
Vanuatu household consumption: 61.1%
government consumption: 17.1%
investment in fixed capital: 28.1%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 44.8%
imports of goods and services: -51%
(2014 est.)
Venezuela household consumption: 65.4%
government consumption: 16.3%
investment in fixed capital: 13.1%
investment in inventories: 5.4%
exports of goods and services: 16.7%
imports of goods and services: -16.8%
(2014 est.)
Vietnam household consumption: 66.3%
government consumption: 6.3%
investment in fixed capital: 23.7%
investment in inventories: 2%
exports of goods and services: 85.1%
imports of goods and services: -83.4%
(2014 est.)
Virgin Islands household consumption: 63.6%
government consumption: 28%
investment in fixed assets: 6.1%
exports of goods and services: 69.3%
imports of goods and services: -66.9% (2013)
West Bank household consumption: 86.6%
government consumption: 26.6%
investment in fixed capital: 25.3%
investment in inventories: 1.8%
exports of goods and services: 20.4%
imports of goods and services: -60.7%
(2014 est.)
World household consumption: 62%
government consumption: 18.5%
investment in fixed capital: 19.4%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 29.3%
imports of goods and services: -29.7%
(2011 est.)
Yemen household consumption: 70.6%
government consumption: 15.7%
investment in fixed capital: 19.6%
investment in inventories: 4%
exports of goods and services: 18.5%
imports of goods and services: -28.5%
(2014 est.)
Zambia household consumption: 51.7%
government consumption: 21.2%
investment in fixed capital: 26.1%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 44.3%
imports of goods and services: -43.6%
(2014 est.)
Zimbabwe household consumption: 68.7%
government consumption: 31.4%
investment in fixed capital: 22.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 68.5%
imports of goods and services: -90.9%
(2014 est.)
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