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Field Listing :: Elevation
This entry includes both the mean elevation and the elevation extremes.
By Country Listing of the values for the Elevation field
Country Elevation
Afghanistan
mean elevation: 1,884 m
elevation extremes: 258 m lowest point: Amu Darya
7492 highest point: Noshak
Albania
mean elevation: 708 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Adriatic Sea
2764 highest point: Maja e Korabit (Golem Korab)
Algeria
mean elevation: 800 m
elevation extremes: -40 m lowest point: Chott Melrhir
2908 highest point: Tahat
American Samoa
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
964 highest point: Lata Mountain
Andorra
mean elevation: 1,996 m
elevation extremes: 840 m lowest point: Riu Runer
2946 highest point: Pic de Coma Pedrosa
Angola
mean elevation: 1,112 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
2620 highest point: Moca
Anguilla
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
73 highest point: Crocus Hill
Antarctica
mean elevation: 2,300 m
elevation extremes: -2,540 m lowest point: Bentley Subglacial Trench
4892 highest point: Vinson Massif

note: the lowest known land point in Antarctica is hidden in the Bentley Subglacial Trench; at its surface is the deepest ice yet discovered and the world's lowest elevation not under seawater

Antigua and Barbuda
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
402 highest point: Mount Obama
Arctic Ocean
elevation extremes: -5,607 m lowest point: Molloy Deep
mean depth: -1,205 m
0 highest point: sea level
Argentina
mean elevation: 595 m
elevation extremes: -105 m lowest point: Laguna del Carbon (located between Puerto San Julian and Comandante Luis Piedra Buena in the province of Santa Cruz)
6962 highest point: Cerro Aconcagua (located in the northwestern corner of the province of Mendoza; highest point in South America)
Armenia
mean elevation: 1,792 m
elevation extremes: 400 m lowest point: Debed River
4090 highest point: Aragats Lerrnagagat'
Aruba
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
188 highest point: Ceru Jamanota
Ashmore and Cartier Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
5 highest point: Cartier Island
Atlantic Ocean
elevation extremes: -8,605 m lowest point: Milwaukee Deep in the Puerto Rico Trench
mean depth: -3,646 m
0 highest point: sea level
Australia
mean elevation: 330 m
elevation extremes: -15 m lowest point: Lake Eyre
2228 highest point: Mount Kosciuszko
Austria
mean elevation: 910 m
elevation extremes: 115 m lowest point: Neusiedler See
3798 highest point: Grossglockner
Azerbaijan
mean elevation: 384 m
elevation extremes: -28 m lowest point: Caspian Sea
4466 highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi
Bahamas, The
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
64 highest point: Mount Alvernia on Cat Island
Bahrain
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Persian Gulf
135 highest point: Jabal ad Dukhan
Bangladesh
mean elevation: 85 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
1230 highest point: Keokradong
Barbados
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
336 highest point: Mount Hillaby
Belarus
mean elevation: 160 m
elevation extremes: 90 m lowest point: Nyoman River
346 highest point: Dzyarzhynskaya Hara
Belgium
mean elevation: 181 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: North Sea
694 highest point: Botrange
Belize
mean elevation: 173 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
1124 highest point: Doyle's Delight
Benin
mean elevation: 273 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
658 highest point: Mont Sokbaro
Bermuda
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
79 highest point: Town Hill
Bhutan
mean elevation: 2,220 m
elevation extremes: 97 m lowest point: Drangeme Chhu
7570 highest point: Gangkar Puensum
Bolivia
mean elevation: 1,192 m
elevation extremes: 90 m lowest point: Rio Paraguay
6542 highest point: Nevado Sajama
Bosnia and Herzegovina
mean elevation: 500 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Adriatic Sea
2386 highest point: Maglic
Botswana
mean elevation: 1,013 m
elevation extremes: 513 m lowest point: junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers
1489 highest point: Tsodilo Hills
Bouvet Island
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: South Atlantic Ocean
780 highest point: Olavtoppen (Olav Peak)
Brazil
mean elevation: 320 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
2994 highest point: Pico da Neblina
British Indian Ocean Territory
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
9 highest point: ocean-side dunes on Diego Garcia
British Virgin Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
521 highest point: Mount Sage
Brunei
mean elevation: 478 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: South China Sea
1850 highest point: Bukit Pagon
Bulgaria
mean elevation: 472 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Black Sea
2925 highest point: Musala
Burkina Faso
mean elevation: 297 m
elevation extremes: 200 m lowest point: Mouhoun (Black Volta) River
749 highest point: Tena Kourou
Burma
mean elevation: 702 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Andaman Sea/Bay of Bengal
5870 highest point: Gamlang Razi
Burundi
mean elevation: 1,504 m
elevation extremes: 772 m lowest point: Lake Tanganyika
2670 highest point: Heha
Cabo Verde
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
2829 highest point: Mt. Fogo (a volcano on Fogo Island)
Cambodia
mean elevation: 126 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Gulf of Thailand
1810 highest point: Phnum Aoral
Cameroon
mean elevation: 667 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
4045 highest point: Fako on Mont Cameroun
Canada
mean elevation: 487 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
5959 highest point: Mount Logan
Cayman Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
50 highest point: 1 km SW of The Bluff on Cayman Brac
Central African Republic
mean elevation: 635 m
elevation extremes: 335 m lowest point: Oubangui River
1410 highest point: Mont Ngaoui
Chad
mean elevation: 543 m
elevation extremes: 160 m lowest point: Djourab
3445 highest point: Emi Koussi
Chile
mean elevation: 1,871 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
6880 highest point: Nevado Ojos del Salado
China
mean elevation: 1,840 m
elevation extremes: -154 m lowest point: Turpan Pendi
8848 highest point: Mount Everest (highest peak in Asia and highest point on earth above sea level)
Christmas Island
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
361 highest point: Murray Hill
Clipperton Island
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
29 highest point: Rocher Clipperton
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
9 highest point: South Point on South Island
Colombia
mean elevation: 593 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
5730 highest point: Pico Cristobal Colon

note: nearby Pico Simon Bolivar also has the same elevation

Comoros
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
2360 highest point: Karthala
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
mean elevation: 726 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
5110 highest point: Pic Marguerite on Mont Ngaliema (Mount Stanley)
Congo, Republic of the
mean elevation: 430 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
903 highest point: Mount Berongou
Cook Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
652 highest point: Te Manga
Coral Sea Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
9 highest point: unnamed location on Cato Island
Costa Rica
mean elevation: 746 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
3819 highest point: Cerro Chirripo
Cote d'Ivoire
mean elevation: 250 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Gulf of Guinea
1752 highest point: Monts Nimba
Croatia
mean elevation: 331 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Adriatic Sea
1831 highest point: Dinara
Cuba
mean elevation: 108 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
1974 highest point: Pico Turquino
Curacao
mean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
372 m highest point: Mt. Christoffel
Cyprus
mean elevation: 91 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Mediterranean Sea
1951 highest point: Mount Olympus
Czechia
mean elevation: 433 m
elevation extremes: 115 m lowest point: Labe (Elbe) River
1602 highest point: Snezka
Denmark
mean elevation: 34 m
elevation extremes: -7 m lowest point: Lammefjord
171 highest point: Mollehoj/Ejer Bavnehoj
Djibouti
mean elevation: 430 m
elevation extremes: -155 m lowest point: Lac Assal
2021 highest point: Moussa Ali
Dominica
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
1447 highest point: Morne Diablotins
Dominican Republic
mean elevation: 424 m
elevation extremes: -46 m lowest point: Lago Enriquillo
3098 highest point: Pico Duarte
Ecuador
mean elevation: 1,117 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
6267 highest point: Chimborazo

note: because the earth is not a perfect sphere and has an equatorial bulge, the highest point on the planet farthest from its center is Mount Chimborazo not Mount Everest, which is merely the highest peak above sea level

Egypt
mean elevation: 321 m
elevation extremes: -133 m lowest point: Qattara Depression
2629 highest point: Mount Catherine
El Salvador
mean elevation: 442 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
2730 highest point: Cerro El Pital
Equatorial Guinea
mean elevation: 577 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
3008 highest point: Pico Basile
Eritrea
mean elevation: 853 m
elevation extremes: -75 m lowest point: near Kulul within the Danakil Depression
3018 highest point: Soira
Estonia
mean elevation: 61 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Baltic Sea
318 highest point: Suur Munamagi
Eswatini
mean elevation: 305 m
elevation extremes: 21 m lowest point: Great Usutu River
1,862 m highest point: Emlembe
Ethiopia
mean elevation: 1,330 m
elevation extremes: -125 m lowest point: Danakil Depression
4550 highest point: Ras Dejen
European Union
elevation extremes: -7 m lowest point: Lammefjord, Denmark
-7 Zuidplaspolder, Netherlands 4810 highest point: Mont Blanc
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
705 highest point: Mount Usborne
Faroe Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
882 highest point: Slaettaratindur
Fiji
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
1324 highest point: Tomanivi
Finland
mean elevation: 164 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Baltic Sea
1328 highest point: Halti (alternatively Haltia, Haltitunturi, Haltiatunturi)
France
mean elevation: 375 m
elevation extremes: -2 m lowest point: Rhone River delta
4810 highest point: Mont Blanc

note: to assess the possible effects of climate change on the ice and snow cap of Mont Blanc, its surface and peak have been extensively measured in recent years; these new peak measurements have exceeded the traditional height of 4,807 m and have varied between 4,808 m and 4,811 m; the actual rock summit is 4,792 m and is 40 m away from the ice-covered summit

French Polynesia
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
2241 highest point: Mont Orohena
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
867 highest point: Mont de la Dives on Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul) 272 unnamed location on Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul) 1090 Pic Marion-Dufresne in Iles Crozet 1850 Mont Ross in Iles Kerguelen 2.4 unnamed location on Bassas de India (Iles Eparses) 24 unnamed location on Europa Island (Iles Eparses) 12 unnamed location on Glorioso Islands (Iles Eparses) 10 unnamed location on Juan de Nova Island (Iles Eparses) 7 unnamed location on Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses)
Gabon
mean elevation: 377 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
1575 highest point: Mont Iboundji
Gambia, The
mean elevation: 34 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
53 highest point: unnamed elevation
Gaza Strip
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Mediterranean Sea
105 highest point: Abu 'Awdah (Joz Abu 'Awdah)
Georgia
mean elevation: 1,432 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Black Sea
5193 highest point: Mt'a Shkhara
Germany
mean elevation: 263 m
elevation extremes: -3.5 m lowest point: Neuendorf bei Wilster
2963 highest point: Zugspitze
Ghana
mean elevation: 190 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
885 highest point: Mount Afadjato
Gibraltar
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Mediterranean Sea
426 highest point: Rock of Gibraltar
Greece
mean elevation: 498 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Mediterranean Sea
2917 highest point: Mount Olympus

note: Mount Olympus actually has 52 peaks but its highest point, Mytikas (meaning "nose"), rises to 2,917 meters; in Greek mythology, Olympus' Mytikas peak was the home of the Greek gods

Greenland
mean elevation: 1,792 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
3694 highest point: Gunnbjorn Fjeld
Grenada
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
840 highest point: Mount Saint Catherine
Guam
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
406 highest point: Mount Lamlam
Guatemala
mean elevation: 759 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
4220 highest point: Volcan Tajumulco (highest point in Central America)
Guernsey
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: English Channel
114 highest point: Le Moulin on Sark
Guinea
mean elevation: 472 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
1752 highest point: Mont Nimba
Guinea-Bissau
mean elevation: 70 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
300 highest point: unnamed elevation in the eastern part of the country
Guyana
mean elevation: 207 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
2775 highest point: Laberintos del Norte on Mount Roraima
Haiti
mean elevation: 470 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
2680 highest point: Chaine de la Selle
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
2745 highest point: Mawson Peak on Big Ben volcano
Holy See (Vatican City)
elevation extremes: 19 m lowest point: Saint Peter's Square
78 highest point: Vatican Gardens (Vatican Hill)
Honduras
mean elevation: 684 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
2870 highest point: Cerro Las Minas
Hong Kong
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: South China Sea
958 highest point: Tai Mo Shan
Hungary
mean elevation: 143 m
elevation extremes: 78 m lowest point: Tisza River
1014 highest point: Kekes
Iceland
mean elevation: 557 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
2110 highest point: Hvannadalshnukur (at Vatnajokull Glacier)
India
mean elevation: 160 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
8586 highest point: Kanchenjunga
Indian Ocean
elevation extremes: -7,258 m lowest point: Java Trench
mean depth: -3,741 m
0 highest point: sea level
Indonesia
mean elevation: 367 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
4884 highest point: Puncak Jaya
Iran
mean elevation: 1,305 m
elevation extremes: -28 m lowest point: Caspian Sea
5625 highest point: Kuh-e Damavand
Iraq
mean elevation: 312 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Persian Gulf
3611 highest point: Cheekha Dar (Kurdish for "Black Tent")
Ireland
mean elevation: 118 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
1041 highest point: Carrauntoohil
Isle of Man
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Irish Sea
621 highest point: Snaefell
Israel
mean elevation: 508 m
elevation extremes: -431 m lowest point: Dead Sea
1208 highest point: Har Meron
Italy
mean elevation: 538 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Mediterranean Sea
4748 highest point: Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco) de Courmayeur (a secondary peak of Mont Blanc)
Jamaica
mean elevation: 18 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
2256 highest point: Blue Mountain Peak
Jan Mayen
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Norwegian Sea
2277 highest point: Haakon VII Toppen on Beerenberg

note: Beerenberg volcano has numerous peaks; the highest point on the volcano rim is named Haakon VII Toppen, after Norway's first king following the reestablishment of Norwegian independence in 1905

Japan
mean elevation: 438 m
elevation extremes: -4 m lowest point: Hachiro-gata
3776 highest point: Mount Fuji
Jersey
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: English Channel
136 highest point: Les Platons
Jordan
mean elevation: 812 m
elevation extremes: -431 m lowest point: Dead Sea
1854 highest point: Jabal Umm ad Dami
Kazakhstan
mean elevation: 387 m
elevation extremes: -132 m lowest point: Vpadina Kaundy
6995 highest point: Khan Tangiri Shyngy (Pik Khan-Tengri)
Kenya
mean elevation: 762 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
5199 highest point: Mount Kenya
Kiribati
mean elevation: 2 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
81 m highest point: unnamed elevation on Banaba
Korea, North
mean elevation: 600 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Sea of Japan
2744 highest point: Paektu-san
Korea, South
mean elevation: 282 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Sea of Japan
1950 highest point: Halla-san
Kosovo
mean elevation: 450 m
elevation extremes: 297 m lowest point: Drini i Bardhe/Beli Drim (located on the border with Albania)
2656 highest point: Gjeravica/Deravica
Kuwait
mean elevation: 108 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Persian Gulf
300 highest point: 3.6 km W. of Al-Salmi Border Post
Kyrgyzstan
mean elevation: 2,988 m
elevation extremes: 132 m lowest point: Kara-Daryya (Karadar'ya)
7439 highest point: Jengish Chokusu (Pik Pobedy)
Laos
mean elevation: 710 m
elevation extremes: 70 m lowest point: Mekong River
2817 highest point: Phu Bia
Latvia
mean elevation: 87 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Baltic Sea
312 highest point: Gaizina Kalns
Lebanon
mean elevation: 1,250 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Mediterranean Sea
3088 highest point: Qornet es Saouda
Lesotho
mean elevation: 2,161 m
elevation extremes: 1,400 m lowest point: junction of the Orange and Makhaleng Rivers
3482 highest point: Thabana Ntlenyana
Liberia
mean elevation: 243 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
1447 highest point: Mount Wuteve
Libya
mean elevation: 423 m
elevation extremes: -47 m lowest point: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil
2267 highest point: Bikku Bitti
Liechtenstein
elevation extremes: 430 m lowest point: Ruggeller Riet
2599 highest point: Vorder-Grauspitz
Lithuania
mean elevation: 110 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Baltic Sea
294 highest point: Aukstojas
Luxembourg
mean elevation: 325 m
elevation extremes: 133 m lowest point: Moselle River
559 highest point: Buurgplaatz
Macau
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: South China Sea
172 highest point: Alto Coloane
Macedonia
mean elevation: 741 m
elevation extremes: 50 m lowest point: Vardar River
2764 highest point: Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit)
Madagascar
mean elevation: 615 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
2876 highest point: Maromokotro
Malawi
mean elevation: 779 m
elevation extremes: 37 m lowest point: junction of the Shire River and international boundary with Mozambique
3002 highest point: Sapitwa (Mount Mlanje)
Malaysia
mean elevation: 419 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
4095 highest point: Gunung Kinabalu
Maldives
mean elevation: 1.8 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
5 highest point: 8th tee, golf course, Villingi Island
Mali
mean elevation: 343 m
elevation extremes: 23 m lowest point: Senegal River
1155 highest point: Hombori Tondo
Malta
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Mediterranean Sea
253 highest point: Ta'Dmejrek on Dingli Cliffs
Marshall Islands
mean elevation: 2 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
14 highest point: East-central Airik Island, Maloelap Atoll
Mauritania
mean elevation: 276 m
elevation extremes: -5 m lowest point: Sebkhet Te-n-Dghamcha
915 highest point: Kediet Ijill
Mauritius
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
828 highest point: Mont Piton
Mexico
mean elevation: 1,111 m
elevation extremes: -10 m lowest point: Laguna Salada
5636 highest point: Volcan Pico de Orizaba
Micronesia, Federated States of
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
782 highest point: Nanlaud on Pohnpei
Midway Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
15 highest point: water tower hill on Sand Island
Moldova
mean elevation: 139 m
elevation extremes: 2 m lowest point: Dniester (Nistru)
430 highest point: Dealul Balanesti
Monaco
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Mediterranean Sea
162 highest point: Chemin des Révoires on Mont Agel
Mongolia
mean elevation: 1,528 m
elevation extremes: 560 m lowest point: Hoh Nuur
4374 highest point: Nayramadlin Orgil (Khuiten Peak)
Montenegro
mean elevation: 1,086 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Adriatic Sea
2522 highest point: Bobotov Kuk
Montserrat
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
highest point: Soufriere Hills volcano pre-eruption height was 915 m; current lava dome is subject to periodic build up and collapse; estimated dome height was 1050 m in 2015
Morocco
mean elevation: 909 m
elevation extremes: -59 m lowest point: Sebkha Tah
4165 highest point: Jebel Toubkal
Mozambique
mean elevation: 345 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
2436 highest point: Monte Binga
Namibia
mean elevation: 1,141 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
2573 highest point: Konigstein on Brandberg
Nauru
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
70 highest point: Command Ridge
Navassa Island
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
85 highest point: 200 m NNW of lighthouse
Nepal
mean elevation: 2,565 m
elevation extremes: 70 m lowest point: Kanchan Kalan
8848 highest point: Mount Everest (highest peak in Asia and highest point on earth above sea level)
Netherlands
mean elevation: 30 m
elevation extremes: -7 m lowest point: Zuidplaspolder
862 highest point: Mount Scenery (on the island of Saba in the Caribbean, now considered an integral part of the Netherlands following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles)

note: the highest point on continental Netherlands is Vaalserberg at 322 m

New Caledonia
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
1628 highest point: Mont Panie
New Zealand
mean elevation: 388 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
3724 highest point: Aoraki-Mount Cook
Nicaragua
mean elevation: 298 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
2085 highest point: Mogoton
Niger
mean elevation: 474 m
elevation extremes: 200 m lowest point: Niger River
2022 highest point: Idoukal-n-Taghes
Nigeria
mean elevation: 380 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
2419 highest point: Chappal Waddi
Niue
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
80 highest point: unnamed elevation 1.4 km east of Hikutavake
Norfolk Island
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
319 highest point: Mount Bates
Northern Mariana Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
965 highest point: unnamed elevation on Agrihan
Norway
mean elevation: 460 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Norwegian Sea
2469 highest point: Galdhopiggen
Oman
mean elevation: 310 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Arabian Sea
3004 highest point: Jabal Shams
Pacific Ocean
elevation extremes: -10,924 m lowest point: Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench
mean depth: -3,970 m
0 highest point: sea level
Pakistan
mean elevation: 900 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Arabian Sea
8611 highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen)
Palau
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
242 highest point: Mount Ngerchelchuus
Palmyra Atoll
mean elevation: 2 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
10 highest point: unnamed location on Sand Island
Panama
mean elevation: 360 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
3475 highest point: Volcan Baru
Papua New Guinea
mean elevation: 667 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
4509 highest point: Mount Wilhelm
Paracel Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: South China Sea
14 highest point: unnamed location on Rocky Island
Paraguay
mean elevation: 178 m
elevation extremes: 46 m lowest point: junction of Rio Paraguay and Rio Parana
842 highest point: Cerro Pero
Peru
mean elevation: 1,555 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
6746 highest point: Nevado Huascaran
Philippines
mean elevation: 442 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Philippine Sea
2954 highest point: Mount Apo
Pitcairn Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
347 highest point: Palwala Valley Point on Big Ridge
Poland
mean elevation: 173 m
elevation extremes: -2 m lowest point: near Raczki Elblaskie
2499 highest point: Rysy
Portugal
mean elevation: 372 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
2351 highest point: Ponta do Pico (Pico or Pico Alto) on Ilha do Pico in the Azores
Puerto Rico
mean elevation: 261 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
1338 highest point: Cerro de Punta
Qatar
mean elevation: 28 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Persian Gulf
103 highest point: Tuwayyir al Hamir
Romania
mean elevation: 414 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Black Sea
2544 highest point: Moldoveanu
Russia
mean elevation: 600 m
elevation extremes: -28 m lowest point: Caspian Sea
5642 highest point: Gora El'brus (highest point in Europe)
Rwanda
mean elevation: 1,598 m
elevation extremes: 950 m lowest point: Rusizi River
4519 highest point: Volcan Karisimbi
Saint Barthelemy
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Ocean
286 highest point: Morne du Vitet
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
2060 highest point: Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha 859 Green Mountain on Ascension Island 818 Mount Actaeon on Saint Helena Island
Saint Kitts and Nevis
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
1156 highest point: Mount Liamuiga
Saint Lucia
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
948 highest point: Mount Gimie
Saint Martin
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Ocean
424 highest point: Pic du Paradis
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
240 highest point: Morne de la Grande Montagne
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
1234 highest point: La Soufriere
Samoa
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
1857 highest point: Mount Silisili
San Marino
elevation extremes: 55 m lowest point: Torrente Ausa
739 highest point: Monte Titano
Sao Tome and Principe
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
2024 highest point: Pico de Sao Tome
Saudi Arabia
mean elevation: 665 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Persian Gulf
3133 highest point: Jabal Sawda'
Senegal
mean elevation: 69 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
648 highest point: unnamed elevation 2.8 km southeast of Nepen Diaka
Serbia
mean elevation: 442 m
elevation extremes: 35 m lowest point: Danube and Timok Rivers
2169 highest point: Midzor
Seychelles
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
905 highest point: Morne Seychellois
Sierra Leone
mean elevation: 279 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
1948 highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani)
Singapore
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Singapore Strait
166 highest point: Bukit Timah
Sint Maarten
mean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
383 highest point: Mount Flagstaff
Slovakia
mean elevation: 458 m
elevation extremes: 94 m lowest point: Bodrok River
2655 highest point: Gerlachovsky Stit
Slovenia
mean elevation: 492 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Adriatic Sea
2864 highest point: Triglav
Solomon Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
2335 highest point: Mount Popomanaseu
Somalia
mean elevation: 410 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
2416 highest point: Shimbiris
South Africa
mean elevation: 1,034 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
3408 highest point: Njesuthi
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
2934 highest point: Mount Paget (South Georgia)
South Sudan
elevation extremes: 381 m lowest point: White Nile
3187 highest point: Kinyeti
Southern Ocean
elevation extremes: -7,235 m lowest point: southern end of the South Sandwich Trench
mean depth: -3,270 m
0 highest point: sea level
Spain
mean elevation: 660 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
3718 highest point: Pico de Teide (Tenerife) on Canary Islands
Spratly Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: South China Sea
6 highest point: unnamed location on Southwest Cay
Sri Lanka
mean elevation: 228 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
2524 highest point: Pidurutalagala
Sudan
mean elevation: 568 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Red Sea
3042 highest point: Jabal Marrah
Suriname
mean elevation: 246 m
elevation extremes: -2 m lowest point: unnamed location in the coastal plain
1230 highest point: Juliana Top
Svalbard
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Arctic Ocean
1717 highest point: Newtontoppen
Sweden
mean elevation: 320 m
elevation extremes: -2.4 m lowest point: reclaimed bay of Lake Hammarsjon, near Kristianstad
2111 highest point: Kebnekaise
Switzerland
mean elevation: 1,350 m
elevation extremes: 195 m lowest point: Lake Maggiore
4634 highest point: Dufourspitze
Syria
mean elevation: 514 m
elevation extremes: -208 m lowest point: unnamed location near Lake Tiberias
2814 highest point: Mount Hermon (Jabal a-Shayk)
Taiwan
mean elevation: 1,150 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: South China Sea
3952 highest point: Yu Shan
Tajikistan
mean elevation: 3,186 m
elevation extremes: 300 m lowest point: Syr Darya (Sirdaryo)
7495 highest point: Qullai Ismoili Somoni
Tanzania
mean elevation: 1,018 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
5895 highest point: Kilimanjaro (highest point in Africa)
Thailand
mean elevation: 287 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Gulf of Thailand
2565 highest point: Doi Inthanon
Timor-Leste
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Timor Sea, Savu Sea, and Banda Sea
2963 highest point: Foho Tatamailau
Togo
mean elevation: 236 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
986 highest point: Mont Agou
Tokelau
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
5 highest point: unnamed location
Tonga
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
1046 highest point: Kao Volcano on Kao Island
Trinidad and Tobago
mean elevation: 83 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
940 highest point: El Cerro del Aripo
Tunisia
mean elevation: 246 m
elevation extremes: -17 m lowest point: Shatt al Gharsah
1544 highest point: Jebel ech Chambi
Turkey
mean elevation: 1,132 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Mediterranean Sea
5137 highest point: Mount Ararat
Turkmenistan
mean elevation: 230 m
elevation extremes: -81 m lowest point: Vpadina Akchanaya (Sarygamysh Koli is a lake in northern Turkmenistan with a water level that fluctuates above and below the elevation of Vpadina Akchanaya, the lake has dropped as low as -110 m)
3139 highest point: Gora Ayribaba
Turks and Caicos Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
48 highest point: Blue Hill on Providenciales and Flamingo Hill on East Caicos
Tuvalu
mean elevation: 2 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
5 highest point: unnamed location
Uganda
elevation extremes: 614 m lowest point: Albert Nile
5110 highest point: Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley
Ukraine
mean elevation: 175 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Black Sea
2061 highest point: Hora Hoverla
United Arab Emirates
mean elevation: 149 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Persian Gulf
1527 highest point: Jabal Yibir
United Kingdom
mean elevation: 162 m
elevation extremes: -4 m lowest point: The Fens
1345 highest point: Ben Nevis
United States
mean elevation: 760 m
elevation extremes: -86 m lowest point: Death Valley (lowest point in North America)
6,190 highest point: Denali (Mount McKinley) (highest point in North America)

note:
the peak of Mauna Kea (4,207 m above sea level) on the island of Hawaii rises about 10,200 m above the Pacific Ocean floor; by this measurement, it is the world's tallest mountain - higher than Mount Everest (8,850 m), which is recognized as the tallest mountain above sea level
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
8 highest point: Baker Island, unnamed location - 3 Howland Island, unnamed location - 7 Jarvis Island, unnamed location - 10 Johnston Atoll, Sand Island - 2 Kingman Reef, unnamed location - less than 13 Midway Islands, unnamed location - 3 Palmyra Atoll, unnamed location -
Uruguay
mean elevation: 109 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
514 highest point: Cerro Catedral
Uzbekistan
elevation extremes: -12 m lowest point: Sariqamish Kuli
4301 highest point: Adelunga Toghi
Vanuatu
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
1877 highest point: Tabwemasana
Venezuela
mean elevation: 450 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
4978 highest point: Pico Bolivar
Vietnam
mean elevation: 398 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: South China Sea
3144 highest point: Fan Si Pan
Virgin Islands
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
474 highest point: Crown Mountain
Wake Island
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
8 highest point: unnamed location
Wallis and Futuna
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
522 highest point: Mont Singavi (on Futuna)
West Bank
elevation extremes: -431 m lowest point: Dead Sea
1020 highest point: Khallat al Batrakh
Western Sahara
mean elevation: 256 m
elevation extremes: -55 m lowest point: Sebjet Tah
805 highest point: unnamed elevation
World
mean elevation: 840 m
elevation extremes: -2,555 m lowest point: Bentley Subglacial Trench (Antarctica) (in the oceanic realm, Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench is the lowest point, lying -10,924 m below the surface of the Pacific Ocean)
highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m

top ten highest mountains (measured from sea level):
Mount Everest (China-Nepal) 8,850 m; K2 (Pakistan) 8,611 m; Kanchenjunga (India-Nepal) 8,598 m; Lhotse (Nepal) 8,516 m; Makalu (China-Nepal) 8,463 m; Cho Oyu (China-Nepal) 8,201 m; Dhaulagiri (Nepal) 8,167 m; Manaslu (Nepal) 8,163 m; Nanga Parbat (Pakistan) 8,125 m; Anapurna (Nepal) 8,091 m

note: Mauna Kea (United States) is the world's tallest mountain as measured from base to summit; the peak of this volcanic colossus lies on the island of Hawaii, but its base begins more than 70 km offshore and at a depth of about 6,000 m; total height estimates range from 9,966 m to 10,203 m

top ten highest island peaks: Puncak Jaya (New Guinea) 4,884 m (Indonesia)*; Mauna Kea (Hawaii) 4,207 m (United States); Gunung Kinabalu (Borneo) 4,095 m (Malaysia)*; Yu Shan (Taiwan) 3,952 (Taiwan)*; Mount Kerinci (Sumatra) 3,805 m (Indonesia); Mount Erebus (Ross Island) 3,794 (Antarctica); Mount Fuji (Honshu) 3,776 m (Japan)*; Mount Rinjani (Lombok) 3,726 m (Indonesia); Aoraki-Mount Cook (South Island) 3,724 m (New Zealand)*; Pico de Teide (Tenerife) 3,718 m (Spain)*; note - * indicates the highest peak for that Factbook entry

highest point on each continent: Asia - Mount Everest (China-Nepal) 8,850 m; South America - Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 6,960 m; North America - Denali (Mount McKinley) (United States) 6,190 m; Africa - Kilimanjaro (Tanzania) 5,895 m; Europe - El'brus (Russia) 5,633 m; Antarctica - Vinson Massif 4,897 m; Australia - Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m

highest capital on each continent: South America - La Paz (Bolivia) 3,640 m; Africa - Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) 2,355 m; Asia - Thimphu (Bhutan) 2,334 m; North America - Mexico City (Mexico) 2,240 m; Europe - Andorra la Vella (Andorra) 1,023 m; Australia - Canberra (Australia) 605 m

lowest point on each continent: Antarctica - Bentley Subglacial Trench -2,540 m; Asia - Dead Sea (Israel-Jordan) -431 m; Africa - Lac Assal (Djibouti) -155 m; South America - Laguna del Carbon (Argentina) -105 m; North America - Death Valley (United States) -86 m; Europe - Caspian Sea (Azerbaijan-Kazakhstan-Russia) -28 m; Australia - Lake Eyre -15 m

lowest capital on each continent: Asia - Baku (Azerbaijan) -28 m; Europe - Amsterdam (Netherlands) -2 m; Africa - Banjul (Gambia); Bissau (Guinea-Bissau), Conakry (Guinea), Djibouti (Djibouti), Libreville (Gabon), Male (Maldives), Monrovia (Liberia), Tunis (Tunisia), Victoria (Seychelles) 0 m; North America - Basseterre (Saint Kitts and Nevis), Kingstown (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines), Panama City (Panama), Port of Spain (Trinidad and Tobago), Roseau (Dominica), Saint John's (Antigua and Barbuda), Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) 0 m; South America - Georgetown (Guyana) 0 m; Australia - Canberra (Australia) 605 m

Yemen
mean elevation: 999 m
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Arabian Sea
3666 highest point: Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb
Zambia
mean elevation: 1,138 m
elevation extremes: 329 m lowest point: Zambezi river
2301 highest point: unnamed elevation in Mafinga Hills
Zimbabwe
mean elevation: 961 m
elevation extremes: 162 m lowest point: junction of the Runde and Save Rivers
2592 highest point: Inyangani