Main Content

Field Listing :: Elevation
This entry includes the mean elevation and elevation extremes, lowest point and highest point.
By Country Listing of the values for the Elevation field
Country Elevation
Afghanistan
mean elevation: 1,884 m
lowest point: Amu Darya 258 m
highest point: Noshak 7,492 m
Albania
mean elevation: 708 m
lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Maja e Korabit (Golem Korab) 2,764 m
Algeria
mean elevation: 800 m
lowest point: Chott Melrhir -40 m
highest point: Tahat 2,908 m
American Samoa
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Lata Mountain 964 m
Andorra
mean elevation: 1,996 m
lowest point: Riu Runer 840 m
highest point: Pic de Coma Pedrosa 2,946 m
Angola
mean elevation: 1,112 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Moca 2,620 m
Anguilla
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Crocus Hill 73 m
Antarctica
mean elevation: 2,300 m
lowest point: Bentley Subglacial Trench -2,540 m
highest point: Vinson Massif 4,892
note: the lowest known land point in Antarctica is hidden in the Bentley Subglacial Trench; at its surface is the deepest ice yet discovered and the world's lowest elevation not under seawater
Antigua and Barbuda
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Obama 402 m
Arctic Ocean
mean depth: -1,205 m
lowest point: Molloy Deep -5,607 m
highest point: sea level
Argentina
mean elevation: 595 m
lowest point: Laguna del Carbon (located between Puerto San Julian and Comandante Luis Piedra Buena in the province of Santa Cruz) -105 m
highest point: Cerro Aconcagua (located in the northwestern corner of the province of Mendoza; highest point in South America) 6,962 m
Armenia
mean elevation: 1,792 m
lowest point: Debed River 400 m
highest point: Aragats Lerrnagagat' 4,090 m
Aruba
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Ceru Jamanota 188 m
Ashmore and Cartier Islands
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Cartier Island 5 m
Atlantic Ocean
mean depth: -3,646 m
lowest point: Milwaukee Deep in the Puerto Rico Trench -8,605 m
highest point: sea level
Australia
mean elevation: 330 m
lowest point: Lake Eyre -15 m
highest point: Mount Kosciuszko 2,228 m
Austria
mean elevation: 910 m
lowest point: Neusiedler See 115 m
highest point: Grossglockner 3,798 m
Azerbaijan
mean elevation: 384 m
lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,466 m
Bahamas, The
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Alvernia on Cat Island 64 m
Bahrain
lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: Jabal ad Dukhan 135 m
Bangladesh
mean elevation: 85 m
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Keokradong 1,230 m
Barbados
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Hillaby 336 m
Belarus
mean elevation: 160 m
lowest point: Nyoman River 90 m
highest point: Dzyarzhynskaya Hara 346 m
Belgium
mean elevation: 181 m
lowest point: North Sea 0 m
highest point: Botrange 694 m
Belize
mean elevation: 173 m
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Doyle's Delight 1,124 m
Benin
mean elevation: 273 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Sokbaro 658 m
Bermuda
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Town Hill 79 m
Bhutan
mean elevation: 2,220 m
lowest point: Drangeme Chhu 97 m
highest point: Gangkar Puensum 7,570 m
Bolivia
mean elevation: 1,192 m
lowest point: Rio Paraguay 90 m
highest point: Nevado Sajama 6,542 m
Bosnia and Herzegovina
mean elevation: 500 m
lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Maglic 2,386 m
Botswana
mean elevation: 1,013 m
lowest point: junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers 513 m
highest point: Tsodilo Hills 1,489 m
Bouvet Island
lowest point: South Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Olavtoppen (Olav Peak) 780 m
Brazil
mean elevation: 320 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pico da Neblina 2,994 m
British Indian Ocean Territory
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: ocean-side dunes on Diego Garcia 9 m
British Virgin Islands
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Sage 521 m
Brunei
mean elevation: 478 m
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Bukit Pagon 1,850 m
Bulgaria
mean elevation: 472 m
lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Musala 2,925 m
Burkina Faso
mean elevation: 297 m
lowest point: Mouhoun (Black Volta) River 200 m
highest point: Tena Kourou 749 m
Burma
mean elevation: 702 m
lowest point: Andaman Sea/Bay of Bengal 0 m
highest point: Gamlang Razi 5,870 m
Burundi
mean elevation: 1,504 m
lowest point: Lake Tanganyika 772 m
highest point: Heha 2,670 m
Cabo Verde
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mt. Fogo (a volcano on Fogo Island) 2,829 m
Cambodia
mean elevation: 126 m
lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
highest point: Phnum Aoral 1,810 m
Cameroon
mean elevation: 667 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Fako on Mont Cameroun 4,045 m
Canada
mean elevation: 487 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Logan 5,959 m
Cayman Islands
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: 1 km SW of The Bluff on Cayman Brac 50 m
Central African Republic
mean elevation: 635 m
lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m
highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,410 m
Chad
mean elevation: 543 m
lowest point: Djourab 160 m
highest point: Emi Koussi 3,445 m
Chile
mean elevation: 1,871 m
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Nevado Ojos del Salado 6,880 m
China
mean elevation: 1,840 m
lowest point: Turpan Pendi -154 m
highest point: Mount Everest (highest peak in Asia and highest point on earth above sea level) 8,848 m
Christmas Island
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Murray Hill 361 m
Clipperton Island
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Rocher Clipperton 29 m
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: South Point on South Island 9 m
Colombia
mean elevation: 593 m
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pico Cristobal Colon 5,730 m
Comoros
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Karthala 2,360 m
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
mean elevation: 726 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pic Marguerite on Mont Ngaliema (Mount Stanley) 5,110 m
Congo, Republic of the
mean elevation: 430 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Berongou 903 m
Cook Islands
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Te Manga 652 m
Coral Sea Islands
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Cato Island 9 m
Costa Rica
mean elevation: 746 m
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Cerro Chirripo 3,819 m
Cote d'Ivoire
mean elevation: 250 m
lowest point: Gulf of Guinea 0 m
highest point: Monts Nimba 1,752 m
Croatia
mean elevation: 331 m
lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Dinara 1,831 m
Cuba
mean elevation: 108 m
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Pico Turquino 1,974 m
Curacao
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mt. Christoffel 372 m
Cyprus
mean elevation: 91 m
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Olympus 1,951 m
Czechia
mean elevation: 433 m
lowest point: Labe (Elbe) River 115 m
highest point: Snezka 1,602 m
Denmark
mean elevation: 34 m
lowest point: Lammefjord -7 m
highest point: Mollehoj/Ejer Bavnehoj 171 m
Djibouti
mean elevation: 430 m
lowest point: Lac Assal -155 m
highest point: Moussa Ali 2,021 m
Dominica
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Morne Diablotins 1,447 m
Dominican Republic
mean elevation: 424 m
lowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m
highest point: Pico Duarte 3,098 m
Ecuador
mean elevation: 1,117 m
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Chimborazo 6,267
note: because the earth is not a perfect sphere and has an equatorial bulge, the highest point on the planet farthest from its center is Mount Chimborazo not Mount Everest, which is merely the highest peak above sea level
Egypt
mean elevation: 321 m
lowest point: Qattara Depression -133 m
highest point: Mount Catherine 2,629 m
El Salvador
mean elevation: 442 m
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Cerro El Pital 2,730 m
Equatorial Guinea
mean elevation: 577 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pico Basile 3,008 m
Eritrea
mean elevation: 853 m
lowest point: near Kulul within the Danakil Depression -75 m
highest point: Soira 3,018 m
Estonia
mean elevation: 61 m
lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
highest point: Suur Munamagi 318 m
Eswatini
mean elevation: 305 m
lowest point: Great Usutu River 21 m
highest point: Emlembe 1,862 m
Ethiopia
mean elevation: 1,330 m
lowest point: Danakil Depression -125 m
highest point: Ras Dejen 4,550 m
European Union
lowest point: Zuidplaspolder, Netherlands -7 m
highest point: Mont Blanc, France 4,810 m
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Usborne 705 m
Faroe Islands
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Slaettaratindur 882 m
Fiji
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m
Finland
mean elevation: 164 m
lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
highest point: Halti (alternatively Haltia, Haltitunturi, Haltiatunturi) 1,328 m
France
mean elevation: 375 m
lowest point: Rhone River delta -2 m
highest point: Mont Blanc 4,810
note: to assess the possible effects of climate change on the ice and snow cap of Mont Blanc, its surface and peak have been extensively measured in recent years; these new peak measurements have exceeded the traditional height of 4,807 m and have varied between 4,808 m and 4,811 m; the actual rock summit is 4,792 m and is 40 m away from the ice-covered summit
French Polynesia
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Orohena 2,241 m
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont de la Dives on Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul) 867 m
highest points throughout the French Southern and Antarctic Lands: unnamed location on Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul) 272 m; Pic Marion-Dufresne in Iles Crozet 1090 m; Mont Ross in Iles Kerguelen 1850 m; unnamed location on Bassas de India (Iles Eparses) 2.4 m;24 unnamed location on Europa Island (Iles Eparses) 24 m; unnamed location on Glorioso Islands (Iles Eparses) 12 m; unnamed location on Juan de Nova Island (Iles Eparses) 10 m; unnamed location on Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses) 7 m
Gabon
mean elevation: 377 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Iboundji 1,575 m
Gambia, The
mean elevation: 34 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation 53 m
Gaza Strip
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Abu 'Awdah (Joz Abu 'Awdah) 105 m
Georgia
mean elevation: 1,432 m
lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Mt'a Shkhara 5,193 m
Germany
mean elevation: 263 m
lowest point: Neuendorf bei Wilster -3.5 m
highest point: Zugspitze 2,963 m
Ghana
mean elevation: 190 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Afadjato 885 m
Gibraltar
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Rock of Gibraltar 426 m
Greece
mean elevation: 498 m
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Olympus 2,917
note: Mount Olympus actually has 52 peaks but its highest point, Mytikas (meaning "nose"), rises to 2,917 meters; in Greek mythology, Olympus' Mytikas peak was the home of the Greek gods
Greenland
mean elevation: 1,792 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Gunnbjorn Fjeld 3,694 m
Grenada
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m
Guam
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Lamlam 406 m
Guatemala
mean elevation: 759 m
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Volcan Tajumulco (highest point in Central America) 4,220 m
Guernsey
lowest point: English Channel 0 m
highest point: Le Moulin on Sark 114 m
Guinea
mean elevation: 472 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Nimba 1,752 m
Guinea-Bissau
mean elevation: 70 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation in the eastern part of the country 300 m
Guyana
mean elevation: 207 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Laberintos del Norte on Mount Roraima 2,775 m
Haiti
mean elevation: 470 m
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mawson Peak on Big Ben volcano 2,745 m
Holy See (Vatican City)
lowest point: Saint Peter's Square 19 m
highest point: Vatican Gardens (Vatican Hill) 78 m
Honduras
mean elevation: 684 m
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Cerro Las Minas 2,870 m
Hong Kong
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Tai Mo Shan 958 m
Hungary
mean elevation: 143 m
lowest point: Tisza River 78 m
highest point: Kekes 1,014 m
Iceland
mean elevation: 557 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Hvannadalshnukur (at Vatnajokull Glacier) 2,110 m
India
mean elevation: 160 m
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,586 m
Indian Ocean
mean depth: -3,741 m
lowest point: Java Trench -7,258 m
highest point: sea level
Indonesia
mean elevation: 367 m
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Puncak Jaya 4,884 m
Iran
mean elevation: 1,305 m
lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
highest point: Kuh-e Damavand 5,625 m
Iraq
mean elevation: 312 m
lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: Cheekha Dar (Kurdish for "Black Tent") 3,611 m
Ireland
mean elevation: 118 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Carrauntoohil 1,041 m
Isle of Man
lowest point: Irish Sea 0 m
highest point: Snaefell 621 m
Israel
mean elevation: 508 m note - does not include elevation data from the Golan Heights
lowest point: Dead Sea -431 m
highest point: Mitspe Shlagim 2,224 m; note - this is the highest named point, the actual highest point is an unnamed dome slightly to the west of Mitspe Shlagim at 2,236 m; both points are on the northeastern border of Israel, along the southern end of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range
Italy
mean elevation: 538 m
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco) de Courmayeur (a secondary peak of Mont Blanc) 4,748 m
Jamaica
mean elevation: 18 m
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Blue Mountain Peak 2,256 m
Jan Mayen
lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m
highest point: Haakon VII Toppen on Beerenberg 2,277
note: Beerenberg volcano has numerous peaks; the highest point on the volcano rim is named Haakon VII Toppen, after Norway's first king following the reestablishment of Norwegian independence in 1905
Japan
mean elevation: 438 m
lowest point: Hachiro-gata -4 m
highest point: Mount Fuji 3,776 m
Jersey
lowest point: English Channel 0 m
highest point: Les Platons 136 m
Jordan
mean elevation: 812 m
lowest point: Dead Sea -431 m
highest point: Jabal Umm ad Dami 1,854 m
Kazakhstan
mean elevation: 387 m
lowest point: Vpadina Kaundy -132 m
highest point: Khan Tangiri Shyngy (Pik Khan-Tengri) 6,995 m
Kenya
mean elevation: 762 m
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Kenya 5,199 m
Kiribati
mean elevation: 2 m
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation on Banaba 81 m m
Korea, North
mean elevation: 600 m
lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m
highest point: Paektu-san 2,744 m
Korea, South
mean elevation: 282 m
lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m
highest point: Halla-san 1,950 m
Kosovo
mean elevation: 450 m
lowest point: Drini i Bardhe/Beli Drim (located on the border with Albania) 297 m
highest point: Gjeravica/Deravica 2,656 m
Kuwait
mean elevation: 108 m
lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: 3.6 km W. of Al-Salmi Border Post 300 m
Kyrgyzstan
mean elevation: 2,988 m
lowest point: Kara-Daryya (Karadar'ya) 132 m
highest point: Jengish Chokusu (Pik Pobedy) 7,439 m
Laos
mean elevation: 710 m
lowest point: Mekong River 70 m
highest point: Phu Bia 2,817 m
Latvia
mean elevation: 87 m
lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
highest point: Gaizina Kalns 312 m
Lebanon
mean elevation: 1,250 m
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Qornet es Saouda 3,088 m
Lesotho
mean elevation: 2,161 m
lowest point: junction of the Orange and Makhaleng Rivers 1,400 m
highest point: Thabana Ntlenyana 3,482 m
Liberia
mean elevation: 243 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Wuteve 1,447 m
Libya
mean elevation: 423 m
lowest point: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m
highest point: Bikku Bitti 2,267 m
Liechtenstein
lowest point: Ruggeller Riet 430 m
highest point: Vorder-Grauspitz 2,599 m
Lithuania
mean elevation: 110 m
lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
highest point: Aukstojas 294 m
Luxembourg
mean elevation: 325 m
lowest point: Moselle River 133 m
highest point: Buurgplaatz 559 m
Macau
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Alto Coloane 172 m
Madagascar
mean elevation: 615 m
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Maromokotro 2,876 m
Malawi
mean elevation: 779 m
lowest point: junction of the Shire River and international boundary with Mozambique 37 m
highest point: Sapitwa (Mount Mlanje) 3,002 m
Malaysia
mean elevation: 419 m
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Gunung Kinabalu 4,095 m
Maldives
mean elevation: 2 m
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: 8th tee, golf course, Villingi Island 5 m
Mali
mean elevation: 343 m
lowest point: Senegal River 23 m
highest point: Hombori Tondo 1,155 m
Malta
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Ta'Dmejrek on Dingli Cliffs 253 m
Marshall Islands
mean elevation: 2 m
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: East-central Airik Island, Maloelap Atoll 14 m
Mauritania
mean elevation: 276 m
lowest point: Sebkhet Te-n-Dghamcha -5 m
highest point: Kediet Ijill 915 m
Mauritius
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Piton 828 m
Mexico
mean elevation: 1,111 m
lowest point: Laguna Salada -10 m
highest point: Volcan Pico de Orizaba 5,636 m
Micronesia, Federated States of
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Nanlaud on Pohnpei 782 m
Midway Islands
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: water tower hill on Sand Island 15 m
Moldova
mean elevation: 139 m
lowest point: Dniester (Nistru) 2 m
highest point: Dealul Balanesti 430 m
Monaco
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Chemin des Revoires on Mont Agel 162 m
Mongolia
mean elevation: 1,528 m
lowest point: Hoh Nuur 560 m
highest point: Nayramadlin Orgil (Khuiten Peak) 4,374 m
Montenegro
mean elevation: 1,086 m
lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Bobotov Kuk 2,522 m
Montserrat
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Soufriere Hills volcano pre-eruption height was 915 m; current lava dome is subject to periodic build up and collapse; estimated dome height was 1,050 m in 2015
Morocco
mean elevation: 909 m
lowest point: Sebkha Tah -59 m
highest point: Jebel Toubkal 4,165 m
Mozambique
mean elevation: 345 m
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Monte Binga 2,436 m
Namibia
mean elevation: 1,141 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Konigstein on Brandberg 2,573 m
Nauru
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Command Ridge 70 m
Navassa Island
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: 200 m NNW of lighthouse 85 m
Nepal
mean elevation: 2,565 m
lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m
highest point: Mount Everest (highest peak in Asia and highest point on earth above sea level) 8,848 m
Netherlands
mean elevation: 30 m
lowest point: Zuidplaspolder -7 m
highest point: Mount Scenery (on the island of Saba in the Caribbean, now considered an integral part of the Netherlands following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles) 862 m
note: the highest point on continental Netherlands is Vaalserberg at 322 m
New Caledonia
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m
New Zealand
mean elevation: 388 m
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Aoraki/Mount Cook 3,724 m; note - the mountain's height was 3,764 m until 14 December 1991 when it lost about 10 m in an avalanche of rock and ice; erosion of the ice cap since then has brought the height down another 30 m
Nicaragua
mean elevation: 298 m
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mogoton 2,085 m
Niger
mean elevation: 474 m
lowest point: Niger River 200 m
highest point: Idoukal-n-Taghes 2,022 m
Nigeria
mean elevation: 380 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m
Niue
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation 1.4 km east of Hikutavake 80 m
Norfolk Island
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Bates 319 m
North Macedonia
mean elevation: 741 m
lowest point: Vardar River 50 m
highest point: Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit) 2,764 m
Northern Mariana Islands
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation on Agrihan 965 m
Norway
mean elevation: 460 m
lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m
highest point: Galdhopiggen 2,469 m
Oman
mean elevation: 310 m
lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
highest point: Jabal Shams 3,004 m
Pacific Ocean
mean depth: -2,970 m
lowest point: Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench -10,924 m
highest point: sea level
Pakistan
mean elevation: 900 m
lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m
Palau
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Ngerchelchuus 242 m
Palmyra Atoll
mean elevation: 2 m
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Sand Island 10 m
Panama
mean elevation: 360 m
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Volcan Baru 3,475 m
Papua New Guinea
mean elevation: 667 m
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m
Paracel Islands
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Rocky Island 14 m
Paraguay
mean elevation: 178 m
lowest point: junction of Rio Paraguay and Rio Parana 46 m
highest point: Cerro Pero 842 m
Peru
mean elevation: 1,555 m
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Nevado Huascaran 6,746 m
Philippines
mean elevation: 442 m
lowest point: Philippine Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m
Pitcairn Islands
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Palwala Valley Point on Big Ridge 347 m
Poland
mean elevation: 173 m
lowest point: near Raczki Elblaskie -2 m
highest point: Rysy 2,499 m
Portugal
mean elevation: 372 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Ponta do Pico (Pico or Pico Alto) on Ilha do Pico in the Azores 2,351 m
Puerto Rico
mean elevation: 261 m
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Cerro de Punta 1,338 m
Qatar
mean elevation: 28 m
lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: Tuwayyir al Hamir 103 m
Romania
mean elevation: 414 m
lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 m
Russia
mean elevation: 600 m
lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
highest point: Gora El'brus (highest point in Europe) 5,642 m
Rwanda
mean elevation: 1,598 m
lowest point: Rusizi River 950 m
highest point: Volcan Karisimbi 4,519 m
Saint Barthelemy
lowest point: Caribbean Ocean 0 m
highest point: Morne du Vitet 286 m
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha 859 m; Green Mountain on Ascension Island 818 m; Mount Actaeon on Saint Helena Island 2,060 m
Saint Kitts and Nevis
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m
Saint Lucia
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Gimie 948 m
Saint Martin
lowest point: Caribbean Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pic du Paradis 424 m
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Morne de la Grande Montagne 240 m
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: La Soufriere 1,234 m
Samoa
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Silisili 1,857 m
San Marino
lowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m
highest point: Monte Titano 739 m
Sao Tome and Principe
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pico de Sao Tome 2,024 m
Saudi Arabia
mean elevation: 665 m
lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: Jabal Sawda' 3,133 m
Senegal
mean elevation: 69 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation 2.8 km southeast of Nepen Diaka 648 m
Serbia
mean elevation: 442 m
lowest point: Danube and Timok Rivers 35 m
highest point: Midzor 2,169 m
Seychelles
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Morne Seychellois 905 m
Sierra Leone
mean elevation: 279 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m
Singapore
lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 m
highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m
Sint Maarten
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Flagstaff 383 m
Slovakia
mean elevation: 458 m
lowest point: Bodrok River 94 m
highest point: Gerlachovsky Stit 2,655 m
Slovenia
mean elevation: 492 m
lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Triglav 2,864 m
Solomon Islands
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Popomanaseu 2,335 m
Somalia
mean elevation: 410 m
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Shimbiris 2,416 m
South Africa
mean elevation: 1,034 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Njesuthi 3,408 m
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Paget (South Georgia) 2,934 m
South Sudan
lowest point: White Nile 381 m
highest point: Kinyeti 3,187 m
Southern Ocean
mean depth: -3,270 m
lowest point: southern end of the South Sandwich Trench -7,235 m
highest point: sea level
Spain
mean elevation: 660 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pico de Teide (Tenerife) on Canary Islands 3,718 m
Spratly Islands
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Southwest Cay 6 m
Sri Lanka
mean elevation: 228 m
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pidurutalagala 2,524 m
Sudan
mean elevation: 568 m
lowest point: Red Sea 0 m
highest point: Jabal Marrah 3,042 m
Suriname
mean elevation: 246 m
lowest point: unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m
highest point: Juliana Top 1,230 m
Svalbard
lowest point: Arctic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Newtontoppen 1,717 m
Sweden
mean elevation: 320 m
lowest point: reclaimed bay of Lake Hammarsjon, near Kristianstad -2.4 m
highest point: Kebnekaise 2,111 m
Switzerland
mean elevation: 1,350 m
lowest point: Lake Maggiore 195 m
highest point: Dufourspitze 4,634 m
Syria
mean elevation: 514 m
lowest point: unnamed location near Lake Tiberias -208 m
highest point: Mount Hermon (Jabal a-Shayk) 2,814 m
Taiwan
mean elevation: 1,150 m
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Yu Shan 3,952 m
Tajikistan
mean elevation: 3,186 m
lowest point: Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) 300 m
highest point: Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m
Tanzania
mean elevation: 1,018 m
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Kilimanjaro (highest point in Africa) 5,895 m
Thailand
mean elevation: 287 m
lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,565 m
Timor-Leste
lowest point: Timor Sea, Savu Sea, and Banda Sea 0 m
highest point: Foho Tatamailau 2,963 m
Togo
mean elevation: 236 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Agou 986 m
Tokelau
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 5 m
Tonga
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Kao Volcano on Kao Island 1,046 m
Trinidad and Tobago
mean elevation: 83 m
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: El Cerro del Aripo 940 m
Tunisia
mean elevation: 246 m
lowest point: Shatt al Gharsah -17 m
highest point: Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m
Turkey
mean elevation: 1,132 m
lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Ararat 5,137 m
Turkmenistan
mean elevation: 230 m
lowest point: Vpadina Akchanaya (Sarygamysh Koli is a lake in northern Turkmenistan with a water level that fluctuates above and below the elevation of Vpadina Akchanaya, the lake has dropped as low as -110 m) -81 m
highest point: Gora Ayribaba 3,139 m
Turks and Caicos Islands
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Blue Hill on Providenciales and Flamingo Hill on East Caicos 48 m
Tuvalu
mean elevation: 2 m
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 5 m
Uganda
lowest point: Albert Nile 614 m
highest point: Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley 5,110 m
Ukraine
mean elevation: 175 m
lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Hora Hoverla 2,061 m
United Arab Emirates
mean elevation: 149 m
lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: Jabal Yibir 1,527 m
United Kingdom
mean elevation: 162 m
lowest point: The Fens -4 m
highest point: Ben Nevis 1,345 m
United States
mean elevation: 760 m
lowest point: Death Valley (lowest point in North America) -86 m
highest point: Denali 6,190 m (Mount McKinley) (highest point in North America)
note: the peak of Mauna Kea (4,207 m above sea level) on the island of Hawaii rises about 10,200 m above the Pacific Ocean floor; by this measurement, it is the world's tallest mountain - higher than Mount Everest (8,850 m), which is recognized as the tallest mountain above sea level
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Baker Island, unnamed location 8 m; Howland Island, unnamed location 3 m; Jarvis Island, unnamed location 7 m; Johnston Atoll, Sand Island 10 m; Kingman Reef, unnamed location 2 m; Midway Islands, unnamed location less than 13 m; Palmyra Atoll, unnamed location 3 m
Uruguay
mean elevation: 109 m
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Cerro Catedral 514 m
Uzbekistan
lowest point: Sariqamish Kuli -12 m
highest point: Adelunga Toghi 4,301 m
Vanuatu
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Tabwemasana 1,877 m
Venezuela
mean elevation: 450 m
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Pico Bolivar 4,978 m
Vietnam
mean elevation: 398 m
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Fan Si Pan 3,144 m
Virgin Islands
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Crown Mountain 474 m
Wake Island
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 8 m
Wallis and Futuna
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Singavi (on Futuna) 522 m
West Bank
lowest point: Dead Sea -431 m
highest point: Khallat al Batrakh 1,020 m
Western Sahara
mean elevation: 256 m
lowest point: Sebjet Tah -55 m
highest point: unnamed elevation 805 m
World
mean elevation: 840 m
lowest point: Bentley Subglacial Trench (Antarctica) -2,555 m (in the oceanic realm, Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench is the lowest point, lying -10,924 m below the surface of the Pacific Ocean)
highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m
top ten highest mountains (measured from sea level): Mount Everest (China-Nepal) 8,850 m; K2 (Pakistan) 8,611 m; Kanchenjunga (India-Nepal) 8,598 m; Lhotse (Nepal) 8,516 m; Makalu (China-Nepal) 8,463 m; Cho Oyu (China-Nepal) 8,201 m; Dhaulagiri (Nepal) 8,167 m; Manaslu (Nepal) 8,163 m; Nanga Parbat (Pakistan) 8,125 m; Anapurna (Nepal) 8,091 m; note - Mauna Kea (United States) is the world's tallest mountain as measured from base to summit; the peak of this volcanic colossus lies on the island of Hawaii, but its base begins more than 70 km offshore and at a depth of about 6,000 m; total height estimates range from 9,966 m to 10,203 m

top ten highest island peaks: Puncak Jaya (New Guinea) 4,884 m (Indonesia)*; Mauna Kea (Hawaii) 4,207 m (United States); Gunung Kinabalu (Borneo) 4,095 m (Malaysia)*; Yu Shan (Taiwan) 3,952 (Taiwan)*; Mount Kerinci (Sumatra) 3,805 m (Indonesia); Mount Erebus (Ross Island) 3,794 (Antarctica); Mount Fuji (Honshu) 3,776 m (Japan)*; Mount Rinjani (Lombok) 3,726 m (Indonesia); Aoraki-Mount Cook (South Island) 3,724 m (New Zealand)*; Pico de Teide (Tenerife) 3,718 m (Spain)*; note - * indicates the highest peak for that Factbook entry

highest point on each continent: Asia - Mount Everest (China-Nepal) 8,850 m; South America - Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 6,960 m; North America - Denali (Mount McKinley) (United States) 6,190 m; Africa - Kilimanjaro (Tanzania) 5,895 m; Europe - El'brus (Russia) 5,633 m; Antarctica - Vinson Massif 4,897 m; Australia - Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m

highest capital on each continent: South America - La Paz (Bolivia) 3,640 m; Africa - Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) 2,355 m; Asia - Thimphu (Bhutan) 2,334 m; North America - Mexico City (Mexico) 2,240 m; Europe - Andorra la Vella (Andorra) 1,023 m; Australia - Canberra (Australia) 605 m

lowest point on each continent: Antarctica - Bentley Subglacial Trench -2,540 m; Asia - Dead Sea (Israel-Jordan) -431 m; Africa - Lac Assal (Djibouti) -155 m; South America - Laguna del Carbon (Argentina) -105 m; North America - Death Valley (United States) -86 m; Europe - Caspian Sea (Azerbaijan-Kazakhstan-Russia) -28 m; Australia - Lake Eyre -15 m

lowest capital on each continent: Asia - Baku (Azerbaijan) -28 m; Europe - Amsterdam (Netherlands) -2 m; Africa - Banjul (Gambia); Bissau (Guinea-Bissau), Conakry (Guinea), Djibouti (Djibouti), Libreville (Gabon), Male (Maldives), Monrovia (Liberia), Tunis (Tunisia), Victoria (Seychelles) 0 m; North America - Basseterre (Saint Kitts and Nevis), Kingstown (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines), Panama City (Panama), Port of Spain (Trinidad and Tobago), Roseau (Dominica), Saint John's (Antigua and Barbuda), Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) 0 m; South America - Georgetown (Guyana) 0 m; Australia - Canberra (Australia) 605 m

Yemen
mean elevation: 999 m
lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
highest point: Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb 3,666 m
Zambia
mean elevation: 1,138 m
lowest point: Zambezi river 329 m
highest point: unnamed elevation in Mafinga Hills 2,301 m
Zimbabwe
mean elevation: 961 m
lowest point: junction of the Runde and Save Rivers 162 m
highest point: Inyangani 2,592 m