FIELD LISTING :: POPULATION BELOW POVERTY LINE
National estimates of the percentage of the population falling below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations.


Country Comparison to the World

CountryPOPULATION BELOW POVERTY LINE(%)
Afghanistan 36% (FY08/09)
Albania 14.3% (2012 est.)
Algeria 23% (2006 est.)
American Samoa NA%
Andorra NA%
Angola 40.5% (2006 est.)
Anguilla 23% (2002)
Antigua and Barbuda NA%
Argentina 30%
note: data are based on private estimates (2010)
Armenia 32% (2013 est.)
Aruba NA%
Australia NA%
Austria 4.2% (2013 est.)
Azerbaijan 6% (2012 est.)
Bahamas, The 9.3% (2010 est.)
Bahrain NA%
Bangladesh 31.5% (2010 est.)
Barbados NA%
Belarus 6.3% (2012 est.)
Belgium 15.1% (2013 est.)
Belize 41% (2013 est.)
Benin 37.4% (2007 est.)
Bermuda 11% (2008 est.)
Bhutan 12% (2012)
Bolivia 45%
note: based on percent of population living on less than the international standard of $2/day (2011 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.2% (2011 est.)
Botswana 30.3% (2003)
Brazil 21.4%
note: approximately 4% of the population are below the "extreme" poverty line (2009 est.)
British Virgin Islands NA%
Brunei NA%
Bulgaria 21% (2012)
Burkina Faso 46.7% (2009 est.)
Burma 32.7% (2007 est.)
Burundi 68% (2002 est.)
Cabo Verde 30% (2000)
Cambodia 17.7% (2012 est.)
Cameroon 48% (2000 est.)
Canada 9.4%
note: this figure is the Low Income Cut-Off (LICO), a calculation that results in higher figures than found in many comparable economies; Canada does not have an official poverty line (2008)
Cayman Islands NA%
Central African Republic NA%
Chad 46.7% (2011 est.)
Chile 15.1% (2009 est.)
China 6.1%
note: in 2011, China set a new poverty line at RMB 2300 (approximately US $400)
(2013)
Colombia 32.7% (2012 est.)
Comoros 60% (2002 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 63% (2012 est.)
Congo, Republic of the 46.5% (2011 est.)
Cook Islands NA%
Costa Rica 24.8% (2011 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 42% (2006 est.)
Croatia 19.5% (2014 est.)
Cuba NA%
Cyprus NA%
Czech Republic 8.6% (2012 est.)
Denmark 13.4% (2011)
Djibouti 18.8%
note: percent of population below $1.25 per day at purchasing power parity (2012 est.)
Dominica 29% (2009 est.)
Dominican Republic 41.1% (2013 est.)
Ecuador 25.6% (December 2013 est.)
Egypt 25.2% (2011 est.)
El Salvador 36.5% (2010 est.)
Equatorial Guinea NA%
Eritrea 50% (2004 est.)
Estonia 22.1% (2013 est.)
Ethiopia 39% (2012 est.)
European Union note - see individual country entries of member states
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) NA%
Faroe Islands NA%
Fiji 31% (2009 est.)
Finland NA%
France 8.1% (2012)
French Polynesia 19.7% (2009)
Gabon NA%
Gambia, The 48.4% (2010 est.)
Gaza Strip 39%
note: data exclude West Bank (2011 est.)
Georgia 9.2% (2010)
Germany 15.5% (2010 est.)
Ghana 24.2% (2013 est.)
Gibraltar NA%
Greece 44% (2013 est.)
Greenland 9.2% (2007 est.)
Grenada 38% (2008)
Guam 23% (2001 est.)
Guatemala 54% (2011 est.)
Guernsey NA%
Guinea-Bissau NA%
Guinea 47% (2006 est.)
Guyana 35% (2006)
Haiti 58.5% (2012 est.)
Holy See (Vatican City) NA%
Honduras 60% (2010 est.)
Hong Kong 19.6% (2012)
Hungary 14% (2012)
Iceland NA%
note: 332,100 families (2011 est.)
India 29.8% (2010 est.)
Indonesia 11.3% (2014 est.)
Iran 18.7% (2007 est.)
Iraq 25% (2008 est.)
Ireland 5.5% (2009)
Isle of Man NA%
Israel 21%
note: Israel's poverty line is $7.30 per person per day (2012)
Italy 29.9% (2012)
Jamaica 16.5% (2009 est.)
Japan 16.1% (2013)
Jersey NA%
Jordan 14.2% (2002)
Kazakhstan 5.3% (2011 est.)
Kenya 43.4% (2012 est.)
Kiribati NA%
Korea, North NA%
Korea, South 14.6% (2013 est.)
Kosovo 30% (2013 est.)
Kuwait NA%
Kyrgyzstan 33.7% (2011 est.)
Laos 22% (2013 est.)
Latvia NA%
Lebanon 28.6% (2004 est.)
Lesotho 49% (1999)
Liberia 63.8% (2007 est.)
Libya NA%
note: about one-third of Libyans live at or below the national poverty line
Liechtenstein NA%
Lithuania 4% (2008)
Luxembourg NA%
Macau NA%
Macedonia 30.4% (2011)
Madagascar 50% (2004 est.)
Malawi 53% (2004)
Malaysia 3.8% (2009 est.)
Maldives 16% (2008)
Mali 36.1% (2005 est.)
Malta 15.7% (2013)
Marshall Islands NA%
Mauritania 40% (2004 est.)
Mauritius 8% (2006 est.)
Mexico 52.3%
note: based on food-based definition of poverty; asset-based poverty amounted to more than 47% (2012 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of 26.7% (2000)
Moldova 21.9% (2010 est.)
Monaco NA%
Mongolia 29.8% (2011 est.)
Montenegro 8.6% (2013 est.)
Montserrat NA%
Morocco 15% (2007 est.)
Mozambique 52% (2009 est.)
Namibia 28.7% (2010 est.)
Nauru NA%
Nepal 25.2% (2011 est.)
Netherlands 9.1% (2013 est.)
New Caledonia NA%
New Zealand NA%
Nicaragua 42.5% (2009)
Nigeria 70% (2010 est.)
Niger 63% (1993 est.)
Niue NA%
Northern Mariana Islands NA%
Norway NA%
Oman NA%
Pakistan 12.4% (2014 est.)
Palau NA%
Panama 26% (2012 est.)
Papua New Guinea 37% (2002 est.)
Paraguay 34.7% (2010 est.)
Peru 25.8% (2012 est.)
Philippines 25.2% (2012 est.)
Poland 10.6% (2008 est.)
Portugal 18.7% (2012)
Puerto Rico NA%
Qatar NA%
Romania 22.6% (2011 est.)
Russia 11% (2013 est.)
Rwanda 44.9% (2011 est.)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha NA%
Saint Kitts and Nevis NA%
Saint Lucia NA%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon NA%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines NA%
Samoa NA%
San Marino NA%
Sao Tome and Principe 66.2% (2009 est.)
Saudi Arabia NA%
Senegal 46.7% (2011 est.)
Serbia 9.2% (2013 est.)
Seychelles NA%
Sierra Leone 70.2% (2004)
Singapore NA%
Slovakia 20.5% (2012)
Slovenia 13.5% (2012)
Solomon Islands NA%
Somalia NA%
South Africa 35.9% (2012 est.)
South Sudan 50.6% (2009 est.)
Spain 21.1% (2012)
Sri Lanka 8.9% (2010 est.)
Sudan 46.5% (2009 est.)
Suriname 70% (2002 est.)
Swaziland 69% (2006)
Sweden 14% (2011)
Switzerland 7.6% (2011)
Syria 11.9% (2006 est.)
Taiwan 1.5% (2012 est.)
Tajikistan 35.6% (2013 est.)
Tanzania 67.9% (2011 est.)
Thailand 12.6% (2012 est.)
Timor-Leste 37% (2011 est.)
Togo 32% (1989 est.)
Tokelau NA%
Tonga 24% (FY03/04)
Trinidad and Tobago 17% (2007 est.)
Tunisia 3.8% (2005 est.)
Turkey 16.9% (2010)
Turkmenistan 0.2% (2012 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands NA%
Tuvalu 26.3% (2010 est.)
Uganda 19.7% (2013 est.)
Ukraine 24.1% (2010)
United Arab Emirates 19.5% (2003)
United Kingdom 15% (2013 est.)
United States 15.1% (2010 est.)
Uruguay 18.6% (2010 est.)
Uzbekistan 17% (2011 est.)
Vanuatu NA%
Venezuela 31.6% (2011 est.)
Vietnam 11.3% (2012 est.)
Virgin Islands 28.9% (2002)
Wallis and Futuna NA%
West Bank 18% (2011 est.)
Western Sahara NA%
Yemen 54% (2014 est.)
Zambia 60.5% (2010)
Zimbabwe 72.3% (2012)