Field Listing :: Labor force - by occupation
This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete and may range from 99-101 percent due to rounding.
Country
Labor force - by occupation(%)
Afghanistan agriculture: 78.6%
industry: 5.7%
services: 15.7% (FY08/09 est.)
Albania agriculture: 47.8%
industry: 23%
services: 29.2%
(September 2010 es)
Algeria agriculture: 14%
industry: 13.4%
construction and public works: 10%
trade: 14.6%
government: 32%
other: 16% (2003 est.)
Andorra agriculture: 0.4%
industry: 4.7%
services: 94.9% (2010)
Angola agriculture: 85%
industry and services: 15% (2003 est.)
Anguilla agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining: 4%
manufacturing: 3%
construction: 18%
transportation and utilities: 10%
commerce: 36%
services: 29% (2000 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda agriculture: 7%
industry: 11%
services: 82% (1983)
Argentina agriculture: 5%
industry: 23%
services: 72% (2009 est.)
Armenia agriculture: 44.2%
industry: 16.8%
services: 39% (2008 est.)
Aruba agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
note: most employment is in wholesale and retail trade and repair, followed by hotels and restaurants
Australia agriculture: 3.6%
industry: 21.1%
services: 75% (2009 est.)
Austria agriculture: 5.5%
industry: 26%
services: 68.5% (2012 est.)
Azerbaijan agriculture: 38.3%
industry: 12.1%
services: 49.6% (2008)
Bahamas, The agriculture: 5%
industry: 5%
tourism: 50%
other services: 40% (2005 est.)
Bahrain agriculture: 1%
industry: 79%
services: 20% (1997 est.)
Bangladesh agriculture: 47%
industry: 13%
services: 40% (2010 est.)
Barbados agriculture: 10%
industry: 15%
services: 75% (1996 est.)
Belarus agriculture: 9.4%
industry: 45.9%
services: 44.7% (2005 est.)
Belgium agriculture: 2%
industry: 25%
services: 73% (2007 est.)
Belize agriculture: 10.2%
industry: 18.1%
services: 71.7% (2007)
Bermuda agriculture and fishing: 3%
laborers: 17%
clerical: 19%
professional and technical: 21%
administrative and managerial: 15%
sales: 7%
services: 19% (2004 est.)
Bhutan agriculture: 62%
industry: 19%
services: 19% (2012 est.)
Bolivia agriculture: 32%
industry: 20%
services: 48% (2010 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina agriculture: 18.9%
industry: 29.8%
services: 51.3% (2013)
Botswana agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Brazil agriculture: 15.7%
industry: 13.3%
services: 71%
(2011 est.)
British Virgin Islands agriculture: 0.6%
industry: 40%
services: 59.4% (2005)
Brunei agriculture: 4.2%
industry: 62.8%
services: 33% (2008 est.)
Bulgaria agriculture: 7.1%
industry: 35.2%
services: 57.7% (2009)
Burkina Faso agriculture: 90%
industry and services: 10% (2000 est.)
Burma agriculture: 70%
industry: 7%
services: 23% (2001)
Burundi agriculture: 93.6%
industry: 2.3%
services: 4.1% (2002 est.)
Cambodia agriculture: 55.8%
industry: 16.9%
services: 27.3% (2010 est.)
Cameroon agriculture: 70%
industry: 13%
services: 17% (2001 est.)
Canada agriculture: 2%
manufacturing: 13%
construction: 6%
services: 76%
other: 3% (2006 est.)
Cayman Islands agriculture: 1.9%
industry: 19.1%
services: 79% (2008 est.)
Chad agriculture: 80% (2006 est.)
industry and services: 20% (2006 est.)
Chile agriculture: 13.2%
industry: 23%
services: 63.9% (2005)
China agriculture: 34.8%
industry: 29.5%
services: 35.7%
(2011 est.)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands note: the Cocos Islands Cooperative Society Ltd. employs construction workers, stevedores, and lighterage workers; tourism is the other main source of employment
Colombia agriculture: 17%
industry: 21%
services: 62% (2011 est.)
Comoros agriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (1996 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Cook Islands agriculture: 29%
industry: 15%
services: 56% (1995)
Costa Rica agriculture: 14%
industry: 22%
services: 64% (2006 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire agriculture: 68%
industry and services: NA% (2007 est.)
Croatia agriculture: 2.1%
industry: 29%
services: 69% (2012)
Cuba agriculture: 19.7%
industry: 17.1%
services: 63.2% (2011)
Curacao agriculture: 1.2%
industry: 16.9%
services: 81.8% (2008 est.)
Cyprus agriculture: 8.5%
industry: 20.5%
services: 71% (2006 est.)
Czech Republic agriculture: 2.6%
industry: 37.4%
services: 60% (2012)
Denmark agriculture: 2.6%
industry: 20.3%
services: 77.1% (2011 est.)
Djibouti agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Dominica agriculture: 40%
industry: 32%
services: 28% (2002 est.)
Dominican Republic agriculture: 14.6%
industry: 22.3%
services: 63.1% (2005)
Ecuador agriculture: 27.8%
industry: 17.8%
services: 54.4% (2012)
Egypt agriculture: 29%
industry: 24%
services: 47% (2011 est.)
El Salvador agriculture: 21%
industry: 20%
services: 58% (2011 est.)
Eritrea agriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (2004 est.)
Estonia agriculture: 4.2%
industry: 20.2%
services: 75.6% (2010)
Ethiopia agriculture: 85%
industry: 5%
services: 10% (2009 est.)
European Union agriculture: 5.2%
industry: 22.7%
services: 72.2% (2012 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) agriculture: 95% (mostly sheepherding and fishing)
industry and services: 5% (1996)
Faroe Islands agriculture: 10.7%
industry: 18.9%
services: 70.3% (November 2010)
Fiji agriculture: 70%
industry and services: 30% (2001 est.)
Finland agriculture and forestry: 4.4%
industry: 15.5%
construction: 7.1%
commerce: 21.3%
finance, insurance, and business services: 13.3%
transport and communications: 9.9%
public services: 28.5% (2011)
France agriculture: 3.8%
industry: 24.3%
services: 71.8% (2005)
French Polynesia agriculture: 13%
industry: 19%
services: 68% (2002)
Gabon agriculture: 60%
industry: 15%
services: 25% (2000 est.)
Gambia, The agriculture: 75%
industry: 19%
services: 6% (1996)
Gaza Strip agriculture: 5.1%
industry: 15.6%
services: 79.3% (2010 est.)
Georgia agriculture: 55.6%
industry: 8.9%
services: 35.5% (2006 est.)
Germany agriculture: 1.6%
industry: 24.6%
services: 73.8%
(2011)
Ghana agriculture: 56%
industry: 15%
services: 29% (2005 est.)
Gibraltar agriculture: negligible
industry: 40%
services: 60% (2001)
Greece agriculture: 12.4%
industry: 22.4%
services: 65.1% (2005 est.)
Greenland agriculture: 4%
industry: 29%
services: 67% (2009 est.)
Grenada agriculture: 11%
industry: 20%
services: 69% (2008 est.)
Guam agriculture: 0.3%
industry: (2004 est.)
services: NA% (2004 est.)
Guatemala agriculture: 38%
industry: 14%
services: 48% (2011 est.)
Guinea agriculture: 76%
industry and services: 24% (2006 est.)
Guinea-Bissau agriculture: 82%
industry and services: 18% (2000 est.)
Guyana agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Haiti agriculture: 38.1%
industry: 11.5%
services: 50.4% (2010)
Holy See (Vatican City) note: essentially services with a small amount of industry; nearly all dignitaries, priests, nuns, guards, and the approximately 3,000 lay workers live outside the Vatican
Honduras agriculture: 39.2%
industry: 20.9%
services: 39.8% (2005 est.)
Hong Kong manufacturing: 4%
construction: 2.7%
wholesale and retail trade, restaurants, and hotels: 40.9%
financing, insurance, and real estate: 12.5%
transport and communications: 9.9%
community and social services: 16.9%
note: above data exclude public sector (2012 est.)
Hungary agriculture: 7.1%
industry: 29.7%
services: 63.2% (2011)
Iceland agriculture: 4.8%
industry: 22.2%
services: 73% (2008)
India agriculture: 49%
industry: 20%
services: 31% (2012 est.)
Indonesia agriculture: 38.9%
industry: 22.2%
services: 47.9% (2012 est.)
Iran agriculture: 16.9%
industry: 34.4%
services: 48.7% (2012 est.)
Iraq agriculture: 21.6%
industry: 18.7%
services: 59.8% (2008 est.)
Ireland agriculture: 5%
industry: 19%
services: 76% (2011 est.)
Isle of Man agriculture, forestry, and fishing: 2%
manufacturing: 5%
construction: 8%
gas, electricity, and water: 1%
transport and communication: 9%
wholesale and retail distribution: 11%
professional and scientific services: 20%
public administration: 7%
banking and finance: 23%
tourism: 1%
entertainment and catering: 5%
miscellaneous services: 8% (2006)
Israel agriculture: 2%
industry: 16%
services: 82% (September 2008)
Italy agriculture: 3.9%
industry: 28.3%
services: 67.8% (2011)
Jamaica agriculture: 17%
industry: 19%
services: 64% (2006)
Japan agriculture: 3.9%
industry: 26.2%
services: 69.8% (2010 est.)
Jordan agriculture: 2.7%
industry: 20%
services: 77.4% (2007 est.)
Kazakhstan agriculture: 25.8%
industry: 11.9%
services: 62.3% (2012)
Kenya agriculture: 75%
industry and services: 25% (2007 est.)
Kiribati agriculture: 2.7%
industry: 32%
services: 65.3% (2000)
Korea, North agriculture: 35%
industry and services: 65% (2008 est.)
Korea, South agriculture: 6.9%
industry: 23.6%
services: 69.4% (October 2013 est.)
Kosovo agriculture: 23.6%
industry: NA%
services: NA% (2010)
Kuwait agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Kyrgyzstan agriculture: 48%
industry: 12.5%
services: 39.5% (2005 est.)
Laos agriculture: 75.1%
industry and services: NA (2010 est.)
Latvia agriculture: 8.8%
industry: 24%
services: 67.2% (2010 est.)
Lebanon agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Lesotho agriculture: 86%
industry and services: 14%
note: most of resident population engaged in subsistence agriculture; roughly 35% of the active male wage earners work in South Africa (2002 est.)
Liberia agriculture: 70%
industry: 8%
services: 22% (2000 est.)
Libya agriculture: 17%
industry: 23%
services: 59% (2004 est.)
Liechtenstein agriculture: 0.8%
industry: 39.4%
services: 59.9% (2010)
Lithuania agriculture: 7.9%
industry: 19.6%
services: 72.5% (2012 est.)
Luxembourg agriculture: 2.2%
industry: 17.2%
services: 80.6% (2007 est.)
Macau manufacturing: 3%
construction: 6.6%
transport and communications: 4.3%
wholesale and retail trade: 12.7%
restaurants and hotels: 15.5%
gambling: 15.1%
public sector: 7.1%
financial services: 2.2%
other services: 33.5% (2012 est.)
Macedonia agriculture: 18.8%
industry: 27.5%
services: 53.7% (31 September 2013)
Malawi agriculture: 90%
industry and services: 10% (2003 est.)
Malaysia agriculture: 11.1%
industry: 36%
services: 53.5% (2012 est.)
Maldives agriculture: 15%
industry: 15%
services: 70% (2010 est.)
Mali agriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (2005 est.)
Malta agriculture: 1%
industry: 23%
services: 76% (2012)
Marshall Islands agriculture: 11%
industry: 16.3%
services: 72.7% (2011 est.)
Mauritania agriculture: 50%
industry: 10%
services: 40% (2001 est.)
Mauritius agriculture and fishing: 9%
construction and industry: 30%
transportation and communication: 7%
trade, restaurants, hotels: 22%
finance: 6%
other services: 25% (2007)
Mexico agriculture: 13.4%
industry: 24.1%
services: 61.9% (2011)
Micronesia, Federated States of agriculture: 0.9%
industry: 20.6%
services: 78.5%
note: two-thirds of the labor force are government employees (2011 est.)
Moldova agriculture: 26.4%
industry: 13.2%
services: 60.4% (2012 est.)
Mongolia agriculture: 33%
industry: 10.6%
services: 56.4% (2011)
Montenegro agriculture: 6.3%
industry: 20.9%
services: 72.8% (2011 est.)
Morocco agriculture: 44.6%
industry: 19.8%
services: 35.5% (2006 est.)
Mozambique agriculture: 81%
industry: 6%
services: 13% (1997 est.)
Namibia agriculture: 16.3%
industry: 22.4%
services: 61.3%
note: about half of Namibia's people are unemployed while about two-thirds live in rural areas; roughly two-thirds of rural dwellers rely on subsistence agriculture (2008 est.)
Nauru note: employed in mining phosphates, public administration, education, and transportation
Nepal agriculture: 75%
industry: 7%
services: 18% (2010 est.)
Netherlands agriculture: 2%
industry: 18%
services: 80% (2005 est.)
New Caledonia agriculture: 20%
industry: 20%
services: 60% (2002)
New Zealand agriculture: 7%
industry: 19%
services: 74% (2006 est.)
Nicaragua agriculture: 28%
industry: 19%
services: 53% (2010 est.)
Niger agriculture: 90%
industry: 6%
services: 4% (1995)
Nigeria agriculture: 70%
industry: 10%
services: 20% (1999 est.)
Niue note: most work on family plantations; paid work exists only in government service, small industry, and the Niue Development Board
Norfolk Island agriculture: 6%
industry: 14%
services: 80% (2006 est.)
Northern Mariana Islands agriculture: 1.9%
industry: 10%
services: 88.1% (2010 est.)
Norway agriculture: 2.2%
industry: 20.2%
services: 77.6% (2012)
Oman agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Pakistan agriculture: 45.1%
industry: 20.7%
services: 34.2% (2010 est.)
Palau agriculture: 20%
industry: NA%
services: NA% (1990)
Panama agriculture: 17%
industry: 18.6%
services: 64.4% (2009 est.)
Papua New Guinea agriculture: 85%
industry: NA%
services: NA% (2005 est.)
Paraguay agriculture: 26.5%
industry: 18.5%
services: 55% (2008)
Peru agriculture: 25.8%
industry: 17.4%
services: 56.8% (2011)
Philippines agriculture: 32%
industry: 15%
services: 53% (2012 est.)
Pitcairn Islands note: no business community in the usual sense; some public works; subsistence farming and fishing
Poland agriculture: 12.9%
industry: 30.2%
services: 57% (2010)
Portugal agriculture: 11.7%
industry: 28.5%
services: 59.8% (2009 est.)
Puerto Rico agriculture: 2.1%
industry: 19%
services: 79% (2005)
Romania agriculture: 31.6%
industry: 21.1%
services: 47.3% (2010)
Russia agriculture: 9.7%
industry: 27.8%
services: 62.5% (2012)
Rwanda agriculture: 90%
industry and services: 10% (2000)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha agriculture: 6%
industry: 48%
services: 46% (1987 est.)
Saint Lucia agriculture: 21.7%
industry: 24.7%
services: 53.6% (2002 est.)
Saint Martin 85% directly or indirectly employed in tourist industry
Saint Pierre and Miquelon agriculture: 18%
industry: 41%
services: 41% (1996)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines agriculture: 26%
industry: 17%
services: 57% (1980 est.)
Samoa agriculture: 65%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
San Marino agriculture: 0.2%
industry: 33.5%
services: 66.3% (September 2013 es)
Sao Tome and Principe note: population mainly engaged in subsistence agriculture and fishing; shortages of skilled workers
Saudi Arabia agriculture: 6.7%
industry: 21.4%
services: 71.9% (2005 est.)
Senegal agriculture: 77.5%
industry and services: 22.5% (2007 est.)
Serbia agriculture: 23.9%
industry: 16.5%
services: 59.6% (2013 est.)
Seychelles agriculture: 3%
industry: 23%
services: 74% (2006)
Sierra Leone agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Singapore agriculture: 0.1%
industry: 19.6%
services: 80.3%
note: excludes non-residents (2011)
Sint Maarten agriculture: 1.1%
industry: 15.2%
services: 83.7% (2008 est.)
Slovakia agriculture: 3.5%
industry: 27%
services: 69.4% (December 2009)
Slovenia agriculture: 2.2%
industry: 35%
services: 62.8% (2009)
Solomon Islands agriculture: 75%
industry: 5%
services: 20% (2000 est.)
Somalia agriculture: 71%
industry and services: 29% (1975)
South Africa agriculture: 9%
industry: 26%
services: 65% (2007 est.)
Spain agriculture: 4.2%
industry: 24%
services: 71.7% (2009 est.)
Sri Lanka agriculture: 31.8%
industry: 25.8%
services: 42.4% (June 2012)
Sudan agriculture: 80%
industry: 7%
services: 13% (1998 est.)
Suriname agriculture: 8%
industry: 14%
services: 78% (2004)
Swaziland agriculture: 70%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Sweden agriculture: 1.1%
industry: 28.2%
services: 70.7% (2008 est.)
Switzerland agriculture: 3.4%
industry: 23.4%
services: 73.2% (2010)
Syria agriculture: 17%
industry: 16%
services: 67% (2008 est.)
Taiwan agriculture: 5%
industry: 36.2%
services: 58.8% (2012 est.)
Tajikistan agriculture: 46.5%
industry: 10.7%
services: 42.8% (2013 est.)
Tanzania agriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (2002 est.)
Thailand agriculture: 38.2%
industry: 13.6%
services: 48.2% (2011 est.)
Timor-Leste agriculture: 64%
industry: 10%
services: 26% (2010)
Togo agriculture: 65%
industry: 5%
services: 30% (1998 est.)
Tonga agriculture: 31.8%
industry: 30.6%
services: 2,003% (2003 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago agriculture: 3.8%
manufacturing, mining, and quarrying: 12.8%
construction and utilities: 20.4%
services: 62.9% (2007 est.)
Tunisia agriculture: 18.3%
industry: 31.9%
services: 49.8% (2009 est.)
Turkey agriculture: 25.5%
industry: 26.2%
services: 48.4% (2010)
Turkmenistan agriculture: 48.2%
industry: 14%
services: 37.8% (2004 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands note: about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism, financial, and other services
Tuvalu note: people make a living mainly through exploitation of the sea, reefs, and atolls and from wages sent home by those abroad (mostly workers in the phosphate industry and sailors)
Uganda agriculture: 82%
industry: 5%
services: 13% (1999 est.)
Ukraine agriculture: 5.6%
industry: 26%
services: 68.4%
(2012)
United Arab Emirates agriculture: 7%
industry: 15%
services: 78% (2000 est.)
United Kingdom agriculture: 1.4%
industry: 18.2%
services: 80.4% (2006 est.)
United States farming, forestry, and fishing: 0.7%
manufacturing, extraction, transportation, and crafts: 20.3%
managerial, professional, and technical: 37.3%
sales and office: 24.2%
other services: 17.6%
note: figures exclude the unemployed
(2009)
Uruguay agriculture: 13%
industry: 14%
services: 73% (2010 est.)
Uzbekistan agriculture: 25.9%
industry: 13.2%
services: 60.9% (2012 est.)
Vanuatu agriculture: 65%
industry: 5%
services: 30% (2000 est.)
Venezuela agriculture: 7.3%
industry: 21.8%
services: 70.9% (4th quarter, 2011)
Vietnam agriculture: 48%
industry: 21%
services: 31% (2012)
Virgin Islands agriculture: 1%
industry: 19%
services: 80% (2003 est.)
Wallis and Futuna agriculture: 80%
industry: 4%
services: 16% (2001 est.)
West Bank agriculture: 16.1%
industry: 28.4%
services: 55.5%
note: includes Gaza Strip (2010 est.)
Western Sahara agriculture: 50%
industry and services: 50% (2005 est.)
World agriculture: 35.4%
industry: 22.8%
services: 41.8% (2008)
Yemen note: most people are employed in agriculture and herding; services, construction, industry, and commerce account for less than one-fourth of the labor force
Zambia agriculture: 85%
industry: 6%
services: 9% (2004)
Zimbabwe agriculture: 66%
industry: 10%
services: 24% (1996)