FIELD LISTING :: POPULATION
This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: Starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.


Country Comparison to the World

CountryPOPULATION
Afghanistan 33,332,025 (July 2016 est.)
Akrotiri approximately 15,700 on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK-based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Albania 3,038,594 (July 2016 est.)
Algeria 40,263,711 (July 2016 est.)
American Samoa 54,194 (July 2016 est.)
Andorra 85,660 (July 2016 est.)
Angola 20,172,332
note: results from Angola's 2014 national census estimate the country's population to be 25.8 million (July 2016 est.)
Anguilla 16,752 (July 2016 est.)
Antarctica no indigenous inhabitants, but there are both permanent and summer-only staffed research stations
note: 53 countries have signed the 1959 Antarctic Treaty; 30 of those operate through their National Antarctic Program a number of seasonal-only (summer) and year-round research stations on the continent and its nearby islands south of 60 degrees south latitude (the region covered by the Antarctic Treaty); the population engaging in and supporting science or managing and protecting the Antarctic region varies from approximately 4,400 in summer to 1,100 in winter; in addition, approximately 1,000 personnel, including ship's crew and scientists doing onboard research, are present in the waters of the treaty region
peak summer (December-February) population - 4,490 total; Argentina 667, Australia 200, Australia and Romania jointly 13, Belgium 20, Brazil 40, Bulgaria 18, Chile 359, China 90, Czech Republic 20, Ecuador 26, Finland 20, France 125, France and Italy jointly 60, Germany 90, India 65, Italy 102, Japan 125, South Korea 70, NZ 85, Norway 44, Peru 28, Poland 40, Russia 429, South Africa 80, Spain 50, Sweden 20, Ukraine 24, UK 217, US 1,293, Uruguay 70 (2008-09)
winter (June-August) station population - 1,106 total; Argentina 176, Australia 62, Brazil 12, Chile 114, China 29, France 26, France and Italy jointly 13, Germany 9, India 25, Japan 40, South Korea 18, NZ 10, Norway 7, Poland 12, Russia 148, South Africa 10, Ukraine 12, UK 37, US 337, Uruguay 9 (2009); research stations operated within the Antarctic Treaty area (south of 60 degrees south latitude) by National Antarctic Programs
year-round stations - approximately 40 total; Argentina 6, Australia 3, Brazil 1, Chile 6, China 2, France 1, France and Italy jointly 1, Germany 1, India 1, Japan 1, South Korea 1, NZ 1, Norway 1, Poland 1, Russia 5, South Africa 1, Ukraine 1, UK 2, US 3, Uruguay 1 (2009)
a range of seasonal-only (summer) stations, camps, and refuges - Argentina, Australia, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Brazil, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, UK, US, and Uruguay (2008-09)
in addition, during the austral summer some nations have numerous occupied locations such as tent camps, summer-long temporary facilities, and mobile traverses in support of research (May 2009 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda 93,581 (July 2016 est.)
Argentina 43,886,748 (July 2016 est.)
Armenia 3,051,250 (July 2016 est.)
Aruba 113,648 (July 2016 est.)
Ashmore and Cartier Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: Indonesian fishermen are allowed access to the lagoon and fresh water at Ashmore Reef's West Island; access to East and Middle Islands is by permit only
Australia 22,992,654 (July 2016 est.)
Austria 8,711,770 (July 2016 est.)
Azerbaijan 9,872,765 (July 2016 est.)
Bahamas, The 327,316
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Bahrain 1,378,904 (July 2016 est.)
note: immigrants make up approximately 50% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Bangladesh 156,186,882 (July 2016 est.)
Barbados 291,495 (July 2016 est.)
Belarus 9,570,376 (July 2016 est.)
Belgium 11,409,077 (July 2016 est.)
Belize 353,858 (July 2016 est.)
Benin 10,741,458
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Bermuda 70,537 (July 2016 est.)
Bhutan 750,125 (July 2016 est.)
Bolivia 10,969,649 (July 2016 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,861,912 (July 2016 est.)
Botswana 2,209,208
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Bouvet Island uninhabited
Brazil 205,823,665 (July 2016 est.)
British Indian Ocean Territory no indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 1,200 former agricultural workers resident in the Chagos Archipelago, often referred to as Chagossians or Ilois, were relocated to Mauritius and the Seychelles in the 1960s and 1970s; approximately 3,000 UK and US military personnel and civilian contractors were living on the island of Diego Garcia
British Virgin Islands 34,232 (July 2016 est.)
Brunei 436,620 (July 2016 est.)
Bulgaria 7,144,653 (July 2016 est.)
Burkina Faso 19,512,533
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Burma 56,890,418
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Burundi 11,099,298
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Cabo Verde 553,432 (July 2016 est.)
Cambodia 15,957,223
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Cameroon 24,360,803
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Canada 35,362,905 (July 2016 est.)
Cayman Islands 57,268 (July 2013 est.)
note: most of the population lives on Grand Cayman (July 2016 est.)
Central African Republic 5,507,257
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Chad 11,852,462 (July 2016 est.)
Chile 17,650,114 (July 2016 est.)
China 1,373,541,278 (July 2016 est.)
Christmas Island 2,205 (July 2016 est.)
Clipperton Island uninhabited
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 596 (July 2014 est.)
Colombia 47,220,856 (July 2016 est.)
Comoros 794,678 (July 2016 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 81,331,050
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Congo, Republic of the 4,852,412
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Cook Islands 9,556 (July 2016 est.)
note: the Cook Islands' Ministry of Finance & Economic Management estimated the resident population to have been 12,000 in December 2015
Coral Sea Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: there is a staff of three to four at the meteorological station on Willis Island (July 2007 est.)
Costa Rica 4,872,543 (July 2016 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 23,740,424
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Croatia 4,313,707 (July 2016 est.)
Cuba 11,179,995 (July 2016 est.)
Curacao 149,035 (July 2016 est.)
Cyprus 1,205,575 (July 2016 est.)
Czechia 10,644,842 (July 2016 est.)
Denmark 5,593,785 (July 2016 est.)
Dhekelia approximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 service and UK based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Djibouti 846,687 (July 2016 est.)
Dominica 73,757 (July 2016 est.)
Dominican Republic 10,606,865 (July 2016 est.)
Ecuador 16,080,778 (July 2016 est.)
Egypt 94,666,993 (July 2016 est.)
El Salvador 6,156,670 (July 2016 est.)
Equatorial Guinea 759,451 (July 2016 est.)
Eritrea 5,869,869 (July 2016 est.)
Estonia 1,258,545 (July 2016 est.)
Ethiopia 102,374,044
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
European Union 513,949,445 (July 2016 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) 2,931 (2014 est.)
Faroe Islands 50,456 (July 2016 est.)
Fiji 915,303 (July 2016 est.)
Finland 5,498,211 (July 2016 est.)
France 66,836,154
note: the above figure is for metropolitan France and five overseas regions; the metropolitan France population is 62,814,233 (July 2016 est.)
French Polynesia 285,321 (July 2016 est.)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands no indigenous inhabitants
Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): no permanent residents but has a meteorological station
Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): uninhabited but is frequently visited by fishermen and has a scientific research cabin for short stays
Iles Crozet: uninhabited except for 18 to 30 people staffing the Alfred Faure research station on Ile del la Possession
Iles Kerguelen: 50 to 100 scientists are located at the main base at Port-aux-Francais on Ile Kerguelen
Bassas da India (Iles Eparses): uninhabitable
Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island (Iles Eparses): a small French military garrison and a few meteorologists on each possession; visited by scientists
Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses): uninhabited, except for visits by scientists
Gabon 1,738,541
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Gambia, The 2,009,648 (July 2016 est.)
Gaza Strip 1,753,327 (July 2016 est.)
Georgia 4,928,052 (July 2016 est.)
Germany 80,722,792 (July 2016 est.)
Ghana 26,908,262
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Gibraltar 29,328 (July 2016 est.)
Greece 10,773,253 (July 2016 est.)
Greenland 57,728 (July 2016 est.)
Grenada 111,219 (July 2016 est.)
Guam 162,742 (July 2016 est.)
Guatemala 15,189,958 (July 2016 est.)
Guernsey 66,297 (July 2016 est.)
Guinea-Bissau 1,759,159 (July 2016 est.)
Guinea 12,093,349 (July 2016 est.)
Guyana 735,909
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Haiti 10,485,800
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Heard Island and McDonald Islands uninhabited
Holy See (Vatican City) 1,000 (2015 est.)
Honduras 8,893,259
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Hong Kong 7,167,403 (July 2016 est.)
Howland Island uninhabited
note: American civilians evacuated in 1942 after Japanese air and naval attacks during World War II; occupied by US military during World War II but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Hungary 9,874,784 (July 2016 est.)
Iceland 335,878 (July 2016 est.)
India 1,266,883,598 (July 2016 est.)
Indonesia 258,316,051 (July 2016 est.)
Iran 82,801,633 (July 2016 est.)
Iraq 38,146,025 (July 2016 est.)
Ireland 4,952,473 (July 2016 est.)
Isle of Man 88,195 (July 2016 est.)
Israel 8,174,527 (includes populations of the Golan Heights of Golan Sub-District and also East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after 1967) (July 2016 est.)
note: approximately 20,500 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights; approximately 211,640 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
Italy 62,007,540 (July 2016 est.)
Jamaica 2,970,340 (July 2016 est.)
Jan Mayen no indigenous inhabitants
note: personnel operate the Long Range Navigation (Loran-C) base and the weather and coastal services radio station
Japan 126,702,133 (July 2016 est.)
Jarvis Island uninhabited
note: Millersville settlement on western side of island occasionally used as a weather station from 1935 until World War II, when it was abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year by scientists who left in 1958; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Jersey 98,069 (July 2016 est.)
Johnston Atoll uninhabited
note: in previous years, there was an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel present; as of September 2001, population had decreased significantly when US Army Chemical Activity Pacific (USACAP) departed; as of May 2005 all US Government personnel had left the island
Jordan 8,185,384
note: increased estimate reflects revised assumptions about the net migration rate due to the increased flow of Syrian refugees (July 2016 est.)
Kazakhstan 18,360,353 (July 2016 est.)
Kenya 46,790,758
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Kingman Reef uninhabited
Kiribati 106,925 (July 2016 est.)
Korea, North 25,115,311 (July 2016 est.)
Korea, South 50,924,172 (July 2016 est.)
Kosovo 1,883,018 (July 2016 est.)
Kuwait 2,832,776 (July 2016 est.)
note: Kuwait's Public Authority for Civil Information estimates the country's total population to be 4,183,658 for 2015, with immigrants accounting more than 69%
Kyrgyzstan 5,727,553 (July 2016 est.)
Laos 7,019,073 (July 2016 est.)
Latvia 1,965,686 (July 2016 est.)
Lebanon 6,237,738 (July 2016 est.)
Lesotho 1,953,070
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Liberia 4,299,944 (July 2016 est.)
Libya 6,541,948 (July 2015 est.)
note: immigrants make up just over 12% of the total population, according to UN data (2015) (July 2016 est.)
Liechtenstein 37,937 (July 2016 est.)
Lithuania 2,854,235 (July 2016 est.)
Luxembourg 582,291 (July 2016 est.)
Macau 597,425
note: Macau's statistical agency estimated the total population to be approximately 646,800 as of 31 December 2015 (July 2016 est.)
Macedonia 2,100,025 (July 2016 est.)
Madagascar 24,430,325 (July 2016 est.)
Malawi 18,570,321
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Malaysia 30,949,962 (July 2016 est.)
Maldives 392,960 (July 2016 est.)
Mali 17,467,108 (July 2016 est.)
Malta 415,196 (July 2016 est.)
Marshall Islands 73,376 (July 2016 est.)
Mauritania 3,677,293 (July 2016 est.)
Mauritius 1,348,242 (July 2016 est.)
Mexico 123,166,749 (July 2016 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of 104,719 (July 2016 est.)
Midway Islands no indigenous inhabitants; approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services contractor living at the atoll (July 2014 est.)
Moldova 3,510,485 (July 2016 est.)
Monaco 30,581 (July 2016 est.)
note: immigrants make up more than 55% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Mongolia 3,031,330 (July 2016 est.)
Montenegro 644,578 (July 2016 est.)
Montserrat 5,267
note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned (July 2016 est.)
Morocco 33,655,786 (July 2016 est.)
Mozambique 25,930,150
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Namibia 2,436,469
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Nauru 9,591 (July 2016 est.)
Navassa Island uninhabited
note: transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island
Nepal 29,033,914 (July 2016 est.)
Netherlands 17,016,967 (July 2016 est.)
New Caledonia 275,355 (July 2016 est.)
New Zealand 4,474,549 (July 2016 est.)
Nicaragua 5,966,798 (July 2016 est.)
Nigeria 186,053,386
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Niger 18,638,600 (July 2016 est.)
Niue 1,190 (July 2014 est.)
Norfolk Island 2,210 (July 2014 est.)
Northern Mariana Islands 53,467 (July 2016 est.)
Norway 5,265,158 (July 2016 est.)
Oman 3,355,262 (July 2016 est.)
note: immigrants make up over 40% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Pakistan 201,995,540 (July 2016 est.)
Palau 21,347 (July 2016 est.)
Palmyra Atoll no indigenous inhabitants
note: variable temporary population of 4 to 20 staff and scientists of the Nature Conservancy and the US Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2014 est.)
Panama 3,705,246 (July 2016 est.)
Papua New Guinea 6,791,317 (July 2016 est.)
Paracel Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered Chinese garrisons
Paraguay 6,862,812 (July 2016 est.)
Peru 30,741,062 (July 2016 est.)
Philippines 102,624,209 (July 2016 est.)
Pitcairn Islands 54 (July 2016 est.)
Poland 38,523,261 (July 2016 est.)
Portugal 10,833,816 (July 2016 est.)
Puerto Rico 3,578,056 (July 2016 est.)
Qatar 2,258,283 (July 2016 est.)
Romania 21,599,736 (July 2016 est.)
Russia 142,355,415 (July 2016 est.)
Rwanda 12,988,423
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Saint Barthelemy 7,209 (July 2016 est.)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha 7,795
note: Saint Helena's statistical agency estimated the enumerated national population (including Ascension Island and Tristan da Cuhna) to be 5,901 in 2016, according to the 2016 census; only Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha islands are inhabited, none of the other nearby islands/islets (July 2016 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis 52,329 (July 2016 est.)
Saint Lucia 164,464 (July 2016 est.)
Saint Martin 31,949 (July 2016 est.)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 5,595 (July 2016 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 102,350 (July 2016 est.)
Samoa 198,926
note: prior estimates used official net migration data by sex, but a highly unusual pattern for 1993 lead to a significant imbalance in the sex ratios (more men and fewer women) and a seeming reduction in the female population; the revised total was calculated using a 1993 number that was an average of the 1992 and 1994 migration figures (July 2016 est.)
San Marino 33,285 (July 2016 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe 197,541 (July 2016 est.)
Saudi Arabia 28,160,273 (July 2016 est.)
note: immigrants make up more than 30% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Senegal 14,320,055 (July 2016 est.)
Serbia 7,143,921
note: does not include the population of Kosovo (July 2016 est.)
Seychelles 93,186 (July 2016 est.)
Sierra Leone 6,018,888 (July 2016 est.)
Singapore 5,781,728 (July 2016 est.)
Sint Maarten 41,486 (2015 est.)
Slovakia 5,445,802 (July 2016 est.)
Slovenia 1,978,029 (July 2016 est.)
Solomon Islands 635,027 (July 2016 est.)
Somalia 10,817,354
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2016 est.)
South Africa 54,300,704
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: the small military garrison on South Georgia withdrew in March 2001, replaced by a permanent group of scientists of the British Antarctic Survey, which also has a biological station on Bird Island; the South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited
South Sudan 12,530,717 (July 2016 est.)
Spain 48,563,476 (July 2016 est.)
Spratly Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered garrisons occupied by military personnel of several claimant states
Sri Lanka 22.235 million (July 2016 est.)
Sudan 36,729,501 (July 2016 est.)
Suriname 585,824 (July 2016 est.)
Svalbard 1,872 (July 2014 est.)
Swaziland 1,451,428
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Sweden 9,880,604 (July 2016 est.)
Switzerland 8,179,294 (July 2016 est.)
Syria 17,185,170 (July 2016 est.)
note: approximately 20,500 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2014)
Taiwan 23,464,787 (July 2016 est.)
Tajikistan 8,330,946 (July 2016 est.)
Tanzania 52,482,726
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Thailand 68,200,824
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Timor-Leste 1,261,072 (July 2016 est.)
Togo 7,756,937
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Tokelau 1,337 (July 2014 est.)
Tonga 106,513 (July 2016 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago 1,220,479 (July 2016 est.)
Tunisia 11,134,588 (July 2016 est.)
Turkey 80,274,604 (July 2016 est.)
Turkmenistan 5,291,317 (July 2016 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands 51,430 (July 2016 est.)
Tuvalu 10,959 (July 2016 est.)
Uganda 38,319,241
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Ukraine 44,209,733 (July 2016 est.)
United Arab Emirates 5,927,482 (July 2016 est.)
note: the UN estimated the country's total population was 9,157,000 as of mid-year 2015; immigrants make up almost 85% of the total population, according to 2015 UN data (2016)
United Kingdom 64,430,428 (July 2016 est.)
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges no indigenous inhabitants
note: public entry is only by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Jarvis Island: Millersville settlement on western side of island occasionally used as a weather station from 1935 until World War II, when it was abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year by scientists who left in 1958; currently unoccupied
Johnston Atoll: in previous years, an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel were present; as of May 2005, all US Government personnel had left the island
Midway Islands: approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services contractor living at the atoll
Palmyra Atoll: four to 20 Nature Conservancy, US Fish and Wildlife staff, and researchers
United States 323,995,528 (July 2016 est.)
Uruguay 3,351,016 (July 2016 est.)
Uzbekistan 29,473,614 (July 2016 est.)
Vanuatu 277,554 (July 2016 est.)
Venezuela 30,912,302 (July 2016 est.)
Vietnam 95,261,021 (July 2016 est.)
Virgin Islands 102,951 (July 2016 est.)
Wake Island no indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 150 military personnel and civilian contractors maintain and operate the airfield and communications facilities (2009)
Wallis and Futuna 15,664 (July 2016 est.)
West Bank 2,697,687 (represents Palestinian population only) (July 2016 est.)
note: approximately 371,000 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank; approximately 211,640 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
Western Sahara 587,020 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimate is based on projections by age, sex, fertility, mortality, and migration; fertility and mortality are based on data from neighboring countries (July 2016 est.)
World 7,323,187,457 (July 2016 est.)
top ten most populous countries (in millions): China 1373.54; India 1266.88; United States 324.00; Indonesia 258.32; Brazil 205.82; Pakistan 202.00; Nigeria 186.05; Bangladesh 156.19; Russia 142.36; Japan 126.70
ten least populous countries: Holy See (Vatican City) 1,000; Nauru 9,540; Tuvalu 10,869; Palau 21,265; San Marino 33,020; Liechtenstein 37,624; Monaco 37,731; Saint Kitts and Nevis 51,936; Marshall Islands 72,191; Dominica 73,607
ten most densely populated countries (population per sq km): Monaco 18,866; Singapore 8,260; Holy See (Vatican City) 2,273; Bahrain 1,772; Maldives 1,320; Malta 1,310; Bangladesh 1,298; Barbados 676; Mauritius 660; Lebanon 605
ten least densely populated countries (population per sq km): Mongolia 1.93; Namibia 2.69; Australia 2.96; Iceland 3.31; Mauritania 3.49; Libya 3.64; Suriname 3.72; Guyana 3.73; Botswana 3.85; Canada 3.86
Yemen 27,392,779 (July 2016 est.)
Zambia 15,510,711
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Zimbabwe 14,546,961
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)