FIELD LISTING :: POPULATION
This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: Starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.


Country Comparison to the World

CountryPOPULATION
Afghanistan 34,124,811 (July 2017 est.)
Akrotiri approximately 15,700 on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK-based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Albania 3,047,987 (July 2017 est.)
Algeria 40,969,443 (July 2017 est.)
American Samoa 51,504 (July 2017 est.)
Andorra 85,702 (July 2017 est.)
Angola 29,310,273
note: results from Angola's 2014 national census estimate the country's population to be 25.8 million (July 2017 est.)
Anguilla 17,087 (July 2017 est.)
Antarctica no indigenous inhabitants, but there are both permanent and summer-only staffed research stations
note: 53 countries have signed the 1959 Antarctic Treaty; 30 of those operate through their National Antarctic Program a number of seasonal-only (summer) and year-round research stations on the continent and its nearby islands south of 60 degrees south latitude (the region covered by the Antarctic Treaty); the population engaging in and supporting science or managing and protecting the Antarctic region varies from approximately 4,400 in summer to 1,100 in winter; in addition, approximately 1,000 personnel, including ship's crew and scientists doing onboard research, are present in the waters of the treaty region
peak summer (December-February) population - 4,490 total; Argentina 667, Australia 200, Australia and Romania jointly 13, Belgium 20, Brazil 40, Bulgaria 18, Chile 359, China 90, Czech Republic 20, Ecuador 26, Finland 20, France 125, France and Italy jointly 60, Germany 90, India 65, Italy 102, Japan 125, South Korea 70, NZ 85, Norway 44, Peru 28, Poland 40, Russia 429, South Africa 80, Spain 50, Sweden 20, Ukraine 24, UK 217, US 1,293, Uruguay 70 (2008-09)
winter (June-August) station population - 1,106 total; Argentina 176, Australia 62, Brazil 12, Chile 114, China 29, France 26, France and Italy jointly 13, Germany 9, India 25, Japan 40, South Korea 18, NZ 10, Norway 7, Poland 12, Russia 148, South Africa 10, Ukraine 12, UK 37, US 337, Uruguay 9 (2009); research stations operated within the Antarctic Treaty area (south of 60 degrees south latitude) by National Antarctic Programs
year-round stations - approximately 40 total; Argentina 6, Australia 3, Brazil 1, Chile 6, China 2, France 1, France and Italy jointly 1, Germany 1, India 1, Japan 1, South Korea 1, NZ 1, Norway 1, Poland 1, Russia 5, South Africa 1, Ukraine 1, UK 2, US 3, Uruguay 1 (2009)
a range of seasonal-only (summer) stations, camps, and refuges - Argentina, Australia, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Brazil, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, UK, US, and Uruguay (2008-09)
in addition, during the austral summer some nations have numerous occupied locations such as tent camps, summer-long temporary facilities, and mobile traverses in support of research (May 2009 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda 94,731 (July 2017 est.)
Argentina 44,293,293 (July 2017 est.)
Armenia 3,045,191 (July 2017 est.)
Aruba 115,120 (July 2017 est.)
Ashmore and Cartier Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: Indonesian fishermen are allowed access to the lagoon and fresh water at Ashmore Reef's West Island; access to East and Middle Islands is by permit only
Australia 23,232,413 (July 2017 est.)
Austria 8,754,413 (July 2017 est.)
Azerbaijan 9,961,396 (July 2017 est.)
Bahamas, The 329,988
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Bahrain 1,410,942 (July 2017 est.)
note: immigrants make up approximately 50% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Bangladesh 157,826,578 (July 2017 est.)
Barbados 292,336 (July 2017 est.)
Belarus 9,549,747 (July 2017 est.)
Belgium 11,491,346 (July 2017 est.)
Belize 360,346 (July 2017 est.)
Benin 11,038,805
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Bermuda 70,864 (July 2017 est.)
Bhutan 758,288 (July 2017 est.)
Bolivia 11,138,234 (July 2017 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,856,181 (July 2017 est.)
Botswana 2,214,858
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Bouvet Island uninhabited
Brazil 207,353,391 (July 2017 est.)
British Indian Ocean Territory no indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 1,200 former agricultural workers resident in the Chagos Archipelago, often referred to as Chagossians or Ilois, were relocated to Mauritius and the Seychelles in the 1960s and 1970s; approximately 3,000 UK and US military personnel and civilian contractors were living on the island of Diego Garcia
British Virgin Islands 35,015 (July 2017 est.)
Brunei 443,593 (July 2017 est.)
Bulgaria 7,101,510 (July 2017 est.)
Burkina Faso 20,107,509
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Burma 55,123,814
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Burundi 11,466,756
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Cabo Verde 560,899 (July 2017 est.)
Cambodia 16,204,486
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Cameroon 24,994,885
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Canada 35,623,680 (July 2017 est.)
Cayman Islands 58,441
note: most of the population lives on Grand Cayman (July 2017 est.)
Central African Republic 5,625,118
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Chad 12,075,985 (July 2017 est.)
Chile 17,789,267 (July 2017 est.)
China 1,379,302,771 (July 2017 est.)
Christmas Island 2,205 (July 2016 est.)
Clipperton Island uninhabited
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 596 (July 2014 est.)
Colombia 47,698,524 (July 2017 est.)
Comoros 808,080 (July 2017 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 83,301,151
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Congo, Republic of the 4,954,674
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Cook Islands 9,290 (July 2017 est.)
note: the Cook Islands' Ministry of Finance & Economic Management estimated the resident population to have been 11,700 in September 2016
Coral Sea Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: there is a staff of three to four at the meteorological station on Willis Island (July 2007 est.)
Costa Rica 4,930,258 (July 2017 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 24,184,810
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Croatia 4,292,095 (July 2017 est.)
Cuba 11,147,407 (July 2017 est.)
Curacao 149,648 (July 2017 est.)
Cyprus 1,221,549 (July 2017 est.)
Czechia 10,674,723 (July 2017 est.)
Denmark 5,605,948 (July 2017 est.)
Dhekelia approximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 service and UK based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Djibouti 865,267 (July 2017 est.)
Dominica 73,897 (July 2017 est.)
Dominican Republic 10,734,247 (July 2017 est.)
Ecuador 16,290,913 (July 2017 est.)
Egypt 97,041,072 (July 2017 est.)
El Salvador 6,172,011 (July 2017 est.)
Equatorial Guinea 778,358 (July 2017 est.)
Eritrea 5,918,919 (July 2017 est.)
Estonia 1,251,581 (July 2017 est.)
Ethiopia 105,350,020
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
European Union total: 516,195,432
rank by population:
1. Germany 80,594,017
2. France 67,106,161
3. United Kingdom 64,769,452
4. Italy 62,137,802
5. Spain 48,958,159
6. Poland 38,476,269
7. Romania 21,529,967
8. Netherlands 17,084,719
9. Belgium 11,491,346
10. Portugal 10,839,514
11. Greece 10,768,477
12. Czechia 10,674,723
13. Sweden 9,960,487
14. Hungary 9,850,845
15. Austria 8,754,413
16. Bulgaria 7,101,510
17. Denmark 5,605,948
18. Finland 5,518,371
19. Slovakia 5,445,829
20. Ireland 5,011,102
21. Croatia 4,292,095
22. Lithuania 2,823,859
23. Slovenia 1,972,126
24. Latvia 1,944,643
25. Estonia 1,251,581
26. Cyprus 1,221,549
27. Luxembourg 594,130
28. Malta 416,338 (July 2017 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) 3,198
note: data include all persons usually resident in the islands at the time of the 2016 census (2016 est.)
Faroe Islands 50,730 (July 2017 est.)
Fiji 920,938 (July 2017 est.)
Finland 5,518,371 (July 2017 est.)
France 67,106,161
note: the above figure is for metropolitan France and five overseas regions; the metropolitan France population is 62,814,233 (July 2017 est.)
French Polynesia 287,881 (July 2017 est.)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands no indigenous inhabitants
Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): no permanent residents but has a meteorological station
Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): uninhabited but is frequently visited by fishermen and has a scientific research cabin for short stays
Iles Crozet: uninhabited except for 18 to 30 people staffing the Alfred Faure research station on Ile del la Possession
Iles Kerguelen: 50 to 100 scientists are located at the main base at Port-aux-Francais on Ile Kerguelen
Bassas da India (Iles Eparses): uninhabitable
Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island (Iles Eparses): a small French military garrison and a few meteorologists on each possession; visited by scientists
Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses): uninhabited, except for visits by scientists
Gabon 1,772,255
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Gambia, The 2,051,363 (July 2017 est.)
Gaza Strip 1,795,183 (July 2017 est.)
Georgia 4,926,330 (July 2017 est.)
Germany 80,594,017 (July 2017 est.)
Ghana 27,499,924
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Gibraltar 29,396 (July 2017 est.)
Greece 10,768,477 (July 2017 est.)
Greenland 57,713 (July 2017 est.)
Grenada 111,724 (July 2017 est.)
Guam 167,358 (July 2017 est.)
Guatemala 15,460,732 (July 2017 est.)
Guernsey 66,502 (July 2017 est.)
Guinea-Bissau 1,792,338 (July 2017 est.)
Guinea 12,413,867 (July 2017 est.)
Guyana 737,718
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Haiti 10,646,714
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Heard Island and McDonald Islands uninhabited
Holy See (Vatican City) 1,000 (2017 est.)
Honduras 9,038,741
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Hong Kong 7,191,503 (July 2017 est.)
Howland Island uninhabited
note: American civilians evacuated in 1942 after Japanese air and naval attacks during World War II; occupied by US military during World War II but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Hungary 9,850,845 (July 2017 est.)
Iceland 339,747 (July 2017 est.)
India 1,281,935,911 (July 2017 est.)
Indonesia 260,580,739 (July 2017 est.)
Iran 82,021,564 (July 2017 est.)
Iraq 39,192,111 (July 2017 est.)
Ireland 5,011,102 (July 2017 est.)
Isle of Man 88,815 (July 2017 est.)
Israel 8,299,706 (includes populations of the Golan Heights of Golan Sub-District and also East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after 1967) (July 2016 est.)
note: approximately 21,000 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2015); approximately 201,000 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014) (July 2017 est.)
Italy 62,137,802 (July 2017 est.)
Jamaica 2,990,561 (July 2017 est.)
Jan Mayen no indigenous inhabitants
note: personnel operate the Long Range Navigation (Loran-C) base and the weather and coastal services radio station
Japan 126,451,398 (July 2017 est.)
Jarvis Island uninhabited
note: Millersville settlement on western side of island occasionally used as a weather station from 1935 until World War II, when it was abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year by scientists who left in 1958; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Jersey 98,840 (July 2017 est.)
Johnston Atoll uninhabited
note: in previous years, there was an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel present; as of September 2001, population had decreased significantly when US Army Chemical Activity Pacific (USACAP) departed; as of May 2005 all US Government personnel had left the island
Jordan 10,248,069
note: increased estimate reflects revised assumptions about the net migration rate due to the increased flow of Syrian refugees (July 2017 est.)
Kazakhstan 18,556,698 (July 2017 est.)
Kenya 47,615,739
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Kingman Reef uninhabited
Kiribati 108,145 (July 2017 est.)
Korea, North 25,248,140 (July 2017 est.)
Korea, South 51,181,299 (July 2017 est.)
Kosovo 1,895,250 (July 2017 est.)
Kuwait 2,875,422 (July 2017 est.)
note: Kuwait's Public Authority for Civil Information estimates the country's total population to be 4,183,658 for 2015, with immigrants accounting more than 69%
Kyrgyzstan 5,789,122 (July 2017 est.)
Laos 7,126,706 (July 2017 est.)
Latvia 1,944,643 (July 2017 est.)
Lebanon 6,229,794 (July 2017 est.)
Lesotho 1,958,042
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Liberia 4,689,021 (July 2017 est.)
Libya 6,653,210 (July 2017 est.)
note: immigrants make up just over 12% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Liechtenstein 38,244 (July 2017 est.)
Lithuania 2,823,859 (July 2017 est.)
Luxembourg 594,130 (July 2017 est.)
Macau 601,969 (July 2017 est.)
note: Macau's statistical agency estimated the total population to be approximately 644,900 as of 31 December 2016
Macedonia 2,103,721 (July 2017 est.)
Madagascar 25,054,161 (July 2017 est.)
Malawi 19,196,246
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Malaysia 31,381,992 (July 2017 est.)
Maldives 392,709 (July 2017 est.)
Mali 17,885,245 (July 2017 est.)
Malta 416,338 (July 2017 est.)
Marshall Islands 74,539 (July 2017 est.)
Mauritania 3,758,571 (July 2017 est.)
Mauritius 1,356,388 (July 2017 est.)
Mexico 124,574,795 (July 2017 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of 104,196 (July 2017 est.)
Midway Islands no indigenous inhabitants; approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services contractor living at the atoll (July 2014 est.)
Moldova 3,474,121 (July 2017 est.)
Monaco 30,645 (July 2017 est.)
note: immigrants make up more than 55% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Mongolia 3,068,243
note: Mongolia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world (2 people per sq km); twice as many Mongols (some 6 million) live in Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol) in neighboring China (July 2017 est.)
Montenegro 642,550 (July 2017 est.)
Montserrat 5,292
note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned (July 2017 est.)
Morocco 33,986,655 (July 2017 est.)
Mozambique 26,573,706
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Namibia 2,484,780
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Nauru 9,642 (July 2017 est.)
Navassa Island uninhabited
note: transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island
Nepal 29,384,297 (July 2017 est.)
Netherlands 17,084,719 (July 2017 est.)
New Caledonia 279,070 (July 2017 est.)
New Zealand 4,510,327 (July 2017 est.)
Nicaragua 6,025,951 (July 2017 est.)
Nigeria 190,632,261
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Niger 19,245,344 (July 2017 est.)
Niue 1,618 (July 2017 est.)
Norfolk Island 1,748 (2016 est.)
Northern Mariana Islands 52,263 (July 2017 est.)
Norway 5,320,045 (July 2017 est.)
Oman 3,424,386 (July 2017 est.)
note: immigrants make up over 40% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Pakistan 204,924,861 (July 2017 est.)
note: provisional results of Pakistan's 2017 national census estimate the country's total population to be 207,774,000
Palau 21,431 (July 2017 est.)
Palmyra Atoll no indigenous inhabitants
note: variable temporary population of 4 to 20 staff and scientists of the Nature Conservancy and the US Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2014 est.)
Panama 3,753,142 (July 2017 est.)
Papua New Guinea 6,909,701 (July 2017 est.)
Paracel Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: Chinese activity has increased in recent years, particularly on Woody Island, where the population exceeds 1,000; there are scattered Chinese garrisons on some other islands
Paraguay 6,943,739 (July 2017 est.)
Peru 31,036,656 (July 2017 est.)
Philippines 104,256,076 (July 2017 est.)
Pitcairn Islands 54 (July 2016 est.)
Poland 38,476,269 (July 2017 est.)
Portugal 10,839,514 (July 2017 est.)
Puerto Rico 3,351,827 (July 2017 est.)
Qatar 2,314,307 (July 2017 est.)
Romania 21,529,967 (July 2017 est.)
Russia 142,257,519 (July 2017 est.)
Rwanda 11,901,484
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Saint Barthelemy 7,184 (July 2017 est.)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha 7,828
note: Saint Helena's statistical agency estimated the enumerated national population (including Ascension Island and Tristan da Cuhna) to be 5,901 in 2016, according to the 2016 census; only Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha islands are inhabited, none of the other nearby islands/islets (July 2017 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis 52,715 (July 2017 est.)
Saint Lucia 164,994 (July 2017 est.)
Saint Martin 32,125 (July 2017 est.)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 5,533 (July 2017 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 102,089 (July 2017 est.)
Samoa 200,108 (July 2017 est.)
San Marino 33,537 (July 2017 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe 201,025 (July 2017 est.)
Saudi Arabia 28,571,770 (July 2017 est.)
note: immigrants make up more than 30% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Senegal 14,668,522 (July 2017 est.)
Serbia 7,111,024
note: does not include the population of Kosovo (July 2017 est.)
Seychelles 93,920 (July 2017 est.)
Sierra Leone 6,163,195 (July 2017 est.)
Singapore 5,888,926 (July 2017 est.)
Sint Maarten 42,083 (July 2017 est.)
Slovakia 5,445,829 (July 2017 est.)
Slovenia 1,972,126 (July 2017 est.)
Solomon Islands 647,581 (July 2017 est.)
Somalia 11,031,386
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2017 est.)
South Africa 54,841,552
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: the small military garrison on South Georgia withdrew in March 2001, replaced by a permanent group of scientists of the British Antarctic Survey, which also has a biological station on Bird Island; the South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited
South Sudan 13,026,129 (July 2017 est.)
Spain 48,958,159 (July 2017 est.)
Spratly Islands no indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered garrisons occupied by military personnel of several claimant states
Sri Lanka 22,409,381 (July 2017 est.)
Sudan 37,345,935 (July 2017 est.)
Suriname 591,919 (July 2017 est.)
Svalbard 2,583 (July 2017 est.)
Swaziland 1,467,152
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Sweden 9,960,487 (July 2017 est.)
Switzerland 8,236,303 (July 2017 est.)
Syria 18,028,549 (July 2017 est.)
note: approximately 20,500 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2014)
Taiwan 23,508,428 (July 2017 est.)
Tajikistan 8,468,555 (July 2017 est.)
Tanzania 53,950,935
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Thailand 68,414,135
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Timor-Leste 1,291,358 (July 2017 est.)
Togo 7,965,055
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Tokelau 1,285 (2016 est.)
Tonga 106,479 (July 2017 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago 1,218,208 (July 2017 est.)
Tunisia 11,403,800 (July 2017 est.)
Turkey 80,845,215 (July 2017 est.)
Turkmenistan 5,351,277 (July 2017 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands 52,570 (July 2017 est.)
Tuvalu 11,052 (July 2017 est.)
Uganda 39,570,125
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Ukraine 44,033,874 (July 2017 est.)
United Arab Emirates 6,072,475 (July 2017 est.)
note: the UN estimated the country's total population was 9,400,145 as of mid-year 2017; immigrants make up about 88% of the total population, according to 2015 UN data (2016)
United Kingdom 64,769,452 (July 2017 est.)
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges no indigenous inhabitants
note: public entry is only by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Jarvis Island: Millersville settlement on western side of island occasionally used as a weather station from 1935 until World War II, when it was abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year by scientists who left in 1958; currently unoccupied
Johnston Atoll: in previous years, an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel were present; as of May 2005, all US Government personnel had left the island
Midway Islands: approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services contractor living at the atoll
Palmyra Atoll: four to 20 Nature Conservancy, US Fish and Wildlife staff, and researchers
United States 326,625,791 (July 2017 est.)
Uruguay 3,360,148 (July 2017 est.)
Uzbekistan 29,748,859 (July 2017 est.)
Vanuatu 282,814 (July 2017 est.)
Venezuela 31,304,016 (July 2017 est.)
Vietnam 96,160,163 (July 2017 est.)
Virgin Islands 107,268 (July 2017 est.)
Wake Island no indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 150 military personnel and civilian contractors maintain and operate the airfield and communications facilities (2009)
Wallis and Futuna 15,714 (July 2017 est.)
West Bank 2,747,943 (July 2017 est.)
note: approximately 385,900 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank; approximately 201,200 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
Western Sahara 603,253
note: estimate is based on projections by age, sex, fertility, mortality, and migration; fertility and mortality are based on data from neighboring countries (July 2017 est.)
World 7,405,107,650 (July 2017 est.)
top ten most populous countries (in millions): China 1379.3; India 1281.93; United States 326.63; Indonesia 260.58; Brazil 207.35; Pakistan 204.92; Nigeria 190.63; Bangladesh 157.83; Russia 142.26; Japan 126.45
ten least populous countries: Holy See (Vatican City) 1,000; Montserrat 5,292; Saint Pierre and Miquelon 5,533; Saint Barthelemy 7,184; Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan de Cunha 7,828; Cook Islands 9,290; Nauru 9,642; Tuvalu 11,052; Wallis and Futuna 15,714; Anguilla 17,087
ten most densely populated countries (population per sq km): Macau 21,346; Monaco 15,322; Singapore 8,572; Hong Kong 6,702; Gaza Strip 4,987; Gibraltar 4,523; Bahrain 1,857; Maldives 1,318; Malta 1,317; Bermuda 1,312
ten least densely populated countries (population per sq km): Greenland less than 1; Mongolia 2.0; Western Sahara 2.3; Australia 3.0; Namibia 3.0; Iceland 3.4; Mauritania 3.6; Guyana 3.7; Libya 3.8; Suriname 3.8
Yemen 28,036,829 (July 2017 est.)
Zambia 15.972 million
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Zimbabwe 13,805,084
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)