FIELD LISTING :: DISTRIBUTION OF FAMILY INCOME - GINI INDEX
This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the richest. The index is the ratio of (a) the area between a country's Lorenz curve and the 45 degree helping line to (b) the entire triangular area under the 45 degree line. The more nearly equal a country's income distribution, the closer its Lorenz curve to the 45 degree line and the lower its Gini index, e.g., a Scandinavian country with an index of 25. The more unequal a country's income distribution, the farther its Lorenz curve from the 45 degree line and the higher its Gini index, e.g., a Sub-Saharan country with an index of 50. If income were distributed with perfect equality, the Lorenz curve would coincide with the 45 degree line and the index would be zero; if income were distributed with perfect inequality, the Lorenz curve would coincide with the horizontal axis and the right vertical axis and the index would be 100.


Country Comparison to the World

CountryDISTRIBUTION OF FAMILY INCOME - GINI INDEX
Albania 29 (2012 est.)
30 (2008 est.)
Algeria 35.3 (1995)
Argentina 45.8 (2009)
Armenia 30.3 (2012)
31.3 (2011)
Australia 30.3 (2008)
35.2 (1994)
Austria 29.2 (2013)
26.3 (2007)
Azerbaijan 33.7 (2008)
36.5 (2001)
Bangladesh 32.1 (2010)
33.6 (1996)
Belarus 26.5 (2011)
21.7 (1998)
Belgium 25.9 (2013 est.)
28.7 (1996)
Benin 36.5 (2003)
Bhutan 38.7 (2012)
38.1 (2007)
Bolivia 46.6 (2012)
57.9 (1999)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36.2 (2007)
Botswana 60.5 (2009)
Brazil 51.9 (2012)
55.3 (2001)
Bulgaria 35.4 (2013)
31.2 (2005)
Burkina Faso 39.5 (2007)
48.2 (1994)
Burundi 42.4 (1998)
Cambodia 37.9 (2008 est.)
41.9 (2004 est.)
Cameroon 44.6 (2001)
47.7 (1996)
Canada 32.1 (2005)
31.5 (1994)
Central African Republic 61.3 (1993)
Chad 43.3 (2011 est.)
Chile 52.1 (2009)
57.1 (2000)
China 46.9 (2014 est.)
47.3 (2013 est.)
Colombia 53.5 (2012)
56.9 (1996)
Costa Rica 50.3 (2009)
45.9 (1997)
Cote d'Ivoire 41.5 (2008)
36.7 (1995)
Croatia 32 (2010)
29 (1998)
Cyprus 34.8 (2014 est.)
32.4 (2013 est.)
Czechia 24.9 (2012)
25.4 (1996)
Denmark 24.8 (2011 est.)
24.7 (1992)
Djibouti 40.9 (2002)
Dominican Republic 47.1 (2013 est.)
45.7 (2012 est.)
Ecuador 48.5 (December 2013)
50.5 (December 2010)
note: data are for urban households
Egypt 30.8 (2008)
32.1 (2005)
El Salvador 46.9 (2007)
52.5 (2001)
Estonia 35.6 (2014)
37 (1999)
Ethiopia 33 (2011)
30 (2000)
European Union 30.9 (2014 est.)
30.5 (2013 est.)
Finland 26.8 (2008)
25.6 (1991)
France 30.1 (2013)
30.5 (2012)
Gambia, The 50.2 (1998)

Georgia 46 (2011)
37.1 (1996)
Germany 27 (2006)
30 (1994)
Ghana 42.3 (2012-13)
41.9 (2005-06)
Greece 36.7 (2012 est.)
35.7 (2011)
Guatemala 53 (2014 est.)
56 (2011)
Guinea 39.4 (2007)
40.3 (1994)
Guyana 44.6 (2007)
43.2 (1999)
Haiti 60.8 (2012)
59.2 (2001)
Honduras 57.7 (2007)
53.8 (2003)
Hong Kong 53.7 (2011)
53.3 (2007)
Hungary 30.6 (2013 est.)
24.7 (2009)
Iceland 28 (2006)
25 (2005)
India 33.6 (2012)
37.8 (1997)
Indonesia 36.8 (2009)
39.4 (2005)
Iran 44.5 (2006)
Ireland 33.9 (2010)
35.9 (1987)
Israel 42.8 (2013)
39.2 (2008)
Italy 31.9 (2012 est.)
27.3 (1995)
Jamaica 45.5 (2004)
37.9 (2000)
Japan 37.9 (2011)
24.9 (1993)
Jordan 39.7 (2007)
36.4 (1997)
Kazakhstan 28.9 (2011)
31.5 (2003)
Kenya 42.5 (2008 est.)
44.9 (1997)
Korea, South 30.2 (2014 est.)
35.8 (2000)
Kosovo 30 (FY05/06)
Kyrgyzstan 33.4 (2007)
29 (2001)
Laos 36.7 (2008)
34.6 (2002)
Latvia 35.2 (2010)
32 (1999)
Lesotho 63.2 (1995)
56 (1986-87)
Lithuania 35.5 (2009)
34 (1999)
Luxembourg 30.4 (2013 est.)
26 (2005 est.)
Macau 35 (2013)
38 (2008)
Macedonia 43.6 (2013)
39.2 (2011)
Madagascar 47.5 (2001)
38.1 (1999)
Malawi 39 (2004)
Malaysia 46.2 (2009)
49.2 (1997)
Maldives 37.4 (2004 est.)
Mali 40.1 (2001)
50.5 (1994)
Malta 27.7 (2014)
27.9 (2013)
Mauritania 39 (2000)
37.3 (1995)
Mauritius 35.9 (2012 est.)
39 (2006 est.)
Mexico 48.3 (2008)
53.1 (1998)
Micronesia, Federated States of 61.1 (2013 est.)
Moldova 28.5 (2013)
33.2 (2003)
Mongolia 36.5 (2008)
32.8 (2002)
Montenegro 26.2 (2013 est.)
24.3 (2010)
Morocco 40.9 (2007 est.)
39.5 (1999 est.)
Mozambique 45.6 (2008)
47.3 (2002)
Namibia 59.7 (2010)
70.7 (2003)
Nepal 32.8 (2010)
47.2 (2008 est.)
Netherlands 25.1 (2013 est.)
32.6 (1994 est.)
New Zealand 36.2 (1997)
Nicaragua 40.5 (2010)
60.3 (1998)
Nigeria 43.7 (2003)
50.6 (1997)
Niger 34 (2007)
50.5 (1995)
Norway 26.8 (2010)
25.8 (1995)
Pakistan 29.6 (FY2011)
31.4 (FY2008)
Panama 51.9 (2010 est.)
56.1 (2003)
Papua New Guinea 50.9 (1996)
Paraguay 53.2 (2009)
57.7 (1998)
Peru 45.3 (2012)
51 (2005)
Philippines 46 (2012)
46.4 (2009)
Poland 32.4 (2012)
33.7 (2008)
Portugal 34.2 (2013 est.)
34.2 (2012 est.)
Romania 27.3 (2012)
28.2 (2010)
Russia 42 (2014)
41.7 (2011)
Rwanda 46.8 (2000)
28.9 (1985)
Saudi Arabia 45.9 (2013 est.)
Senegal 40.3 (2011)
Serbia 38.7 (2014 est.)
28.2 (2008 est.)
Sierra Leone 34 (2011)
62.9 (1989)
Singapore 46.4 (2014)
46.3 (2013)
Slovakia 26 (2013)
25.7 (2011)
Slovenia 23.7 (2012)
23.8 (2005)
South Africa 62.5 (2013 est.)
59.3 (1994)
South Sudan 46 (2010 est.)
Spain 35.9 (2012)
32 (2005)
Sri Lanka 49 (2010)
46 (1995)
Swaziland 50.4 (2001)
Sweden 24.9 (2013)
25 (1992)
Switzerland 28.7 (2012 est.)
33.1 (1992)
Taiwan 33.6 (2014)
32.6 (2000)
Tajikistan 32.6 (2006)
34.7 (1998)
Tanzania 37.6 (2007)
34.6 (2000)
Thailand 48.4 (2011)
49 (2009)
Timor-Leste 31.9 (2007 est.)
38 (2002 est.)
Tunisia 40 (2005 est.)
41.7 (1995 est.)
Turkey 40.2 (2010)
43.6 (2003)
Turkmenistan 40.8 (1998)
Uganda 39.5 (2013)
45.7 (2002)
Ukraine 24.6 (2013)
28.2 (2009)
United Kingdom 32.4 (2012)
33.4 (2010)
United States 45 (2007)
40.8 (1997)
Uruguay 45.3 (2010)
44.8 (1999)
Uzbekistan 36.8 (2003)
44.7 (1998)
Venezuela 39 (2011)
49.5 (1998)
Vietnam 37.6 (2008)
36.1 (1998)
West Bank 34.5 (2009 est.)
38.7 (2007 est.)
note: includes Gaza Strip
World 38.1 (2009 est.)
37.3 (2000 est.)
Yemen 37.9 (2009 est.)
37.3 (1999 est.)
Zambia 57.5 (2013)
50.8 (2004)
Zimbabwe 50.1 (2006)
50.1 (1995)