Field Listing :: GDP - composition, by end use
This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
imports of goods and services consist of purchases, barter, or receipts of gifts, or grants of goods and services by residents from nonresidents. Exports are treated as a positive item, while imports are treated as a negative item. In a purely accounting sense, imports have no direct impact on GDP, which only measures output of the domestic economy. Imports are entered as a negative item to offset the fact that the expenditure figures for consumption, investment, government, and exports also include expenditures on imports. These imports contribute directly to foreign GDP but only indirectly to domestic GDP. Because of this negative offset for imports of goods and services, the sum of the other five items, excluding imports, will always total more than 100 percent of GDP. A surplus of exports of goods and services over imports indicates an economy is investing abroad, while a deficit indicates an economy is borrowing from abroad.
Country
GDP - composition, by end use(%)
Afghanistan household consumption: 96.5%
government consumption: 23.3%
investment in fixed capital: 25.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 18.1%
imports of goods and services: -63.4%
(2011 est.)
Albania household consumption: 87.6%
government consumption: 8.4%
investment in fixed capital: 25%
investment in inventories: -2.6%
exports of goods and services: 36%
imports of goods and services: -54.4%
(2013 est.)
Algeria household consumption: 33.7%
government consumption: 20.6%
investment in fixed capital: 32.9%
investment in inventories: 8.2%
exports of goods and services: 33.3%
imports of goods and services: -28.7%
(2013 est.)
Angola household consumption: 49.2%
government consumption: 20%
investment in fixed capital: 11.4%
investment in inventories: -0.1%
exports of goods and services: 59.2%
imports of goods and services: -39.7%
(2013 est.)
Anguilla household consumption: 74.5%
government consumption: 20.1%
investment in fixed capital: 22.1%
exports of goods and services: 43.7%
imports of goods and services: -60.4%
(2013 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda household consumption: 55.8%
government consumption: 14.9%
investment in fixed capital: 28%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 46.2%
imports of goods and services: -45%
(2013 est.)
Argentina household consumption: 55.5%
government consumption: 18%
investment in fixed capital: 22%
investment in inventories: 3.1%
exports of goods and services: 20.3%
imports of goods and services: -18.9%
(2013 est.)
Armenia household consumption: 84.7%
government consumption: 13%
investment in fixed capital: 22.7%
investment in inventories: -0.9%
exports of goods and services: 23.6%
imports of goods and services: -43.1%
(2013 est.)
Australia household consumption: 54.6%
government consumption: 17.8%
investment in fixed capital: 27.4%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 20.9%
imports of goods and services: -20.8%
(2013 est.)
Austria household consumption: 54.6%
government consumption: 19.2%
investment in fixed capital: 20.8%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 56.9%
imports of goods and services: -52%
(2013 est.)
Azerbaijan household consumption: 41.4%
government consumption: 10.5%
investment in fixed capital: 23.3%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 49.9%
imports of goods and services: -25.2%
(2013 est.)
Bahamas, The household consumption: 68.7%
government consumption: 15.5%
investment in fixed capital: 34.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 45.8%
imports of goods and services: -64.4%
(2013 est.)
Bahrain household consumption: 39.8%
government consumption: 15.6%
investment in fixed capital: 20.7%
investment in inventories: 0.8%
exports of goods and services: 74.8%
imports of goods and services: -51.7%
(2013 est.)
Bangladesh household consumption: 75.3%
government consumption: 5.7%
investment in fixed capital: 25.6%
investment in inventories: 3.6%
exports of goods and services: 24.5%
imports of goods and services: -34.7%
(2013 est.)
Barbados household consumption: 81.7%
government consumption: 15.4%
investment in fixed capital: 14.3%
investment in inventories: 1.9%
exports of goods and services: 40.5%
imports of goods and services: -53.8%
(2013 est.)
Belarus household consumption: 46.3%
government consumption: 15.3%
investment in fixed capital: 30%
investment in inventories: 0.7%
exports of goods and services: 80.2%
imports of goods and services: -72.5%
(2013 est.)
Belgium household consumption: 53.7%
government consumption: 25%
investment in fixed capital: 20.2%
investment in inventories: 0.8%
exports of goods and services: 81.8%
imports of goods and services: -81.5%
(2013 est.)
Belize household consumption: 79.3%
government consumption: 16.8%
investment in fixed capital: 31.2%
investment in inventories: 1.2%
exports of goods and services: 62.1%
imports of goods and services: -90.6%
(2013 est.)
Benin household consumption: 81.3%
government consumption: 12.7%
investment in fixed capital: 18.6%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 13.2%
imports of goods and services: -26%
(2013 est.)
Bermuda household consumption: 29.4%
government consumption: 15%
investment in fixed capital: 23.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 64.8%
imports of goods and services: -32.5%
(2013 est.)
Bhutan household consumption: 37.9%
government consumption: 21.3%
investment in fixed capital: 64%
investment in inventories: -0.1%
exports of goods and services: 28.6%
imports of goods and services: -51.7%
(2013 est.)
Bolivia household consumption: 58.9%
government consumption: 13.4%
investment in fixed capital: 18%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 47.8%
imports of goods and services: -38.4%
(2013 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina household consumption: 82.1%
government consumption: 22.1%
investment in fixed capital: 17.7%
investment in inventories: 1.5%
exports of goods and services: 29%
imports of goods and services: -52.4%
(2012 est.)
Botswana household consumption: 51.6%
government consumption: 18.3%
investment in fixed capital: 34.1%
investment in inventories: -1.2%
exports of goods and services: 47%
imports of goods and services: -49.8%
(2013 est.)
Brazil household consumption: 62.5%
government consumption: 21.7%
investment in fixed capital: 18.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 12.4%
imports of goods and services: -14.9%
(2013 est.)
British Virgin Islands household consumption: 34.1%
government consumption: 8.3%
investment in fixed capital: 23.7%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 107.8%
imports of goods and services: -73.9%
(2013 est.)
Brunei household consumption: 22.1%
government consumption: 18.2%
investment in fixed capital: 14.6%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 78.4%
imports of goods and services: -33.3%
(2013 est.)
Bulgaria household consumption: 70.4%
government consumption: 7.9%
investment in fixed capital: 21.3%
investment in inventories: 2.5%
exports of goods and services: 69.7%
imports of goods and services: -71.8%
(2013 est.)
Burkina Faso household consumption: 55.2%
government consumption: 16.9%
investment in fixed capital: 18.3%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 34.4%
imports of goods and services: -25%
(2013 est.)
Burma household consumption: 80.6%
government consumption: 3.8%
investment in fixed capital: 17.5%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 20.1%
imports of goods and services: -22.3%
(2013 est.)
Burundi household consumption: 88.8%
government consumption: 22.4%
investment in fixed capital: 22.1%
investment in inventories: -4.6%
exports of goods and services: 7.2%
imports of goods and services: -35.9%
(2013 est.)
Cabo Verde household consumption: 52.9%
government consumption: 16.6%
investment in fixed capital: 41.9%
investment in inventories: 1.7%
exports of goods and services: 34.3%
imports of goods and services: -47.3%
(2013 est.)
Cambodia household consumption: 74.7%
government consumption: 7.7%
investment in fixed capital: 16.4%
investment in inventories: 2.1%
exports of goods and services: 65.3%
imports of goods and services: -66.2%
(2013 est.)
Cameroon household consumption: 65.6%
government consumption: 16%
investment in fixed capital: 21.7%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 31.7%
imports of goods and services: -35%
(2013 est.)
Canada household consumption: 55.8%
government consumption: 21.6%
investment in fixed capital: 24.6%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 30.1%
imports of goods and services: -32.3%
(2013 est.)
Cayman Islands household consumption: 62.7%
government consumption: 14.8%
investment in fixed capital: 22.3%
exports of goods and services: 57.4%
imports of goods and services: -57.1%
(2013 est.)
Central African Republic household consumption: 91.5%
government consumption: 6.1%
investment in fixed capital: 8.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 9.7%
imports of goods and services: -15.6%
(2013 est.)
Chad household consumption: 25.9%
government consumption: 12.2%
investment in fixed capital: 53%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 32%
imports of goods and services: -23.4%
(2013 est.)
Chile household consumption: 63.2%
government consumption: 12%
investment in fixed capital: 25%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 32.7%
imports of goods and services: -33.5%
(2013 est.)
China household consumption: 36.3%
government consumption: 13.7%
investment in fixed capital: 46%
investment in inventories: 1.2%
exports of goods and services: 25.1%
imports of goods and services: -22.2%
(2013 est.)
Colombia household consumption: 61.7%
government consumption: 16.7%
investment in fixed capital: 23.8%
investment in inventories: -0.3%
exports of goods and services: 17.3%
imports of goods and services: -19.3%
(2013 est.)
Comoros household consumption: 97.2%
government consumption: 17.4%
investment in fixed capital: 21.6%
investment in inventories: 5.1%
exports of goods and services: 15%
imports of goods and services: -56.4%
(2013 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the household consumption: 65.9%
government consumption: 12.5%
investment in fixed capital: 27.9%
investment in inventories: 1%
exports of goods and services: 49.9%
imports of goods and services: -56.3%
(2013 est.)
Congo, Republic of the household consumption: 24.8%
government consumption: 11.1%
investment in fixed capital: 55.4%
investment in inventories: 0.9%
exports of goods and services: 91.8%
imports of goods and services: -84.1%
(2013 est.)
Costa Rica household consumption: 64.7%
government consumption: 17.9%
investment in fixed capital: 20.9%
investment in inventories: 0.8%
exports of goods and services: 35.2%
imports of goods and services: -39.5%
(2013 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire household consumption: 79.1%
government consumption: 9.1%
investment in fixed capital: 12.7%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 53.2%
imports of goods and services: -54.1%
(2013 est.)
Croatia household consumption: 59.2%
government consumption: 20%
investment in fixed capital: 18.5%
investment in inventories: 1.7%
exports of goods and services: 44.4%
imports of goods and services: -43.8%
(2013 est.)
Cuba household consumption: 52.1%
government consumption: 34.4%
investment in fixed capital: 10%
investment in inventories: -3.4%
exports of goods and services: 26%
imports of goods and services: -19.2%
(2013 est.)
Cyprus household consumption: 67.2%
government consumption: 20.1%
investment in fixed capital: 10.5%
investment in inventories: -4.8%
exports of goods and services: 45.5%
imports of goods and services: -38.5%
(2013 est.)
Czech Republic household consumption: 45.1%
government consumption: 18.3%
investment in fixed capital: 27%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 81.1%
imports of goods and services: -71.5%
(2013 est.)
Denmark household consumption: 49.1%
government consumption: 28.8%
investment in fixed capital: 17.7%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 53.4%
imports of goods and services: -49.2%
(2013 est.)
Djibouti household consumption: 56.6%
government consumption: 23.1%
investment in fixed capital: 35.7%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 35.2%
imports of goods and services: -51.1%
(2013 est.)
Dominica household consumption: 65.5%
government consumption: 18.9%
investment in fixed capital: 24.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 46.4%
imports of goods and services: -55.6%
(2013 est.)
Dominican Republic household consumption: 83.3%
government consumption: 7.7%
investment in fixed capital: 15.6%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 26.4%
imports of goods and services: -33.2%
(2013 est.)
Ecuador household consumption: 62.4%
government consumption: 13.4%
investment in fixed capital: 26.6%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 29.4%
imports of goods and services: -32.1%
(2013 est.)
Egypt household consumption: 78.6%
government consumption: 11.8%
investment in fixed capital: 14.3%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 18%
imports of goods and services: -23.2%
(2013 est.)
El Salvador household consumption: 93.9%
government consumption: 11.1%
investment in fixed capital: 14.5%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 29%
imports of goods and services: -48.5%
(2013 est.)
Equatorial Guinea household consumption: 26.7%
government consumption: 3.7%
investment in fixed capital: 37.9%
investment in inventories: 1%
exports of goods and services: 80.8%
imports of goods and services: -50.1%
(2013 est.)
Eritrea household consumption: 75.1%
government consumption: 18.4%
investment in fixed capital: 15.7%
exports of goods and services: 10.2%
imports of goods and services: -19.4%
(2013 est.)
Estonia household consumption: 50.6%
government consumption: 19%
investment in fixed capital: 24.5%
investment in inventories: 0.9%
exports of goods and services: 90.4%
imports of goods and services: -90.3%
(2013 est.)
Ethiopia household consumption: 83.1%
government consumption: 8.6%
investment in fixed capital: 26.1%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 11.5%
imports of goods and services: -29.3%
(2013 est.)
European Union household consumption: 56.9%
government consumption: 21.6%
investment in fixed capital: 17.9%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 44.9%
imports of goods and services: -42.9%
(2012 est.)
Fiji household consumption: 90.4%
government consumption: 16%
investment in fixed capital: 22.7%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 39.7%
imports of goods and services: -68.8%
(2013 est.)
Finland household consumption: 56.3%
government consumption: 24.3%
investment in fixed capital: 18.3%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 38%
imports of goods and services: -37.3%
(2013 est.)
France household consumption: 57.6%
government consumption: 25.1%
investment in fixed capital: 18.7%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 27.3%
imports of goods and services: -28.8%
(2013 est.)
Gabon household consumption: 39.1%
government consumption: 10.5%
investment in fixed capital: 33.7%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 58.1%
imports of goods and services: -41.4%
(2013 est.)
Gambia, The household consumption: 89.2%
government consumption: 10.9%
investment in fixed capital: 19.1%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 28%
imports of goods and services: -47.3%
(2013 est.)
Gaza Strip household consumption: 99.5%
government consumption: 29.5%
investment in fixed capital: 18%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 14.9%
imports of goods and services: -62%
(2013 est.)
Georgia household consumption: 68.6%
government consumption: 19%
investment in fixed capital: 23.6%
investment in inventories: 3.2%
exports of goods and services: 39.9%
imports of goods and services: -54.4%
(2013 est.)
Germany household consumption: 57.6%
government consumption: 19.4%
investment in fixed capital: 17.5%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 49.5%
imports of goods and services: -44.1%
(2013 est.)
Ghana household consumption: 64.2%
government consumption: 14.2%
investment in fixed capital: 31.7%
investment in inventories: 0.7%
exports of goods and services: 50.2%
imports of goods and services: -61%
(2013 est.)
Greece household consumption: 72.7%
government consumption: 17.4%
investment in fixed capital: 12.3%
investment in inventories: 0.9%
exports of goods and services: 28.4%
imports of goods and services: -31.7%
(2013 est.)
Grenada household consumption: 91.6%
government consumption: 15.8%
investment in fixed capital: 16.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 21.9%
imports of goods and services: -46.1%
(2013 est.)
Guatemala household consumption: 84.5%
government consumption: 11%
investment in fixed capital: 14.1%
investment in inventories: 0.7%
exports of goods and services: 25.1%
imports of goods and services: -35.3%
(2013 est.)
Guinea household consumption: 84.7%
government consumption: 12.4%
investment in fixed capital: 37.1%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 22.8%
imports of goods and services: -57%
(2013 est.)
Guinea-Bissau household consumption: 81.3%
government consumption: 13%
investment in fixed capital: 12.9%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 25.5%
imports of goods and services: -32.7%
(2013 est.)
Guyana household consumption: 85.6%
government consumption: 16.3%
investment in fixed capital: 22.5%
investment in inventories: -13.5%
exports of goods and services: 59.9%
imports of goods and services: -70.8%
(2013 est.)
Honduras household consumption: 79.5%
government consumption: 16.4%
investment in fixed capital: 25.2%
investment in inventories: 1.2%
exports of goods and services: 51.5%
imports of goods and services: -73.8%
(2013 est.)
Hong Kong household consumption: 64%
government consumption: 9.3%
investment in fixed capital: 24.8%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 222.6%
imports of goods and services: -220.9%
(2013 est.)
Hungary household consumption: 55.5%
government consumption: 20.4%
investment in fixed capital: 16.4%
investment in inventories: -0.7%
exports of goods and services: 97.2%
imports of goods and services: -88.8%
(2013 est.)
Iceland household consumption: 53.3%
government consumption: 24.9%
investment in fixed capital: 13.8%
investment in inventories: 2%
exports of goods and services: 56.4%
imports of goods and services: -50.4%
(2013 est.)
India household consumption: 56.4%
government consumption: 12.4%
investment in fixed capital: 29.6%
investment in inventories: 8.2%
exports of goods and services: 25.2%
imports of goods and services: -31.8%
(2013 est.)
Indonesia household consumption: 56%
government consumption: 9.4%
investment in fixed capital: 32.7%
investment in inventories: 2%
exports of goods and services: 23.5%
imports of goods and services: -25.8%
(2013 est.)
Iran household consumption: 45.4%
government consumption: 14.1%
investment in fixed capital: 31.1%
investment in inventories: 1.2%
exports of goods and services: 20.8%
imports of goods and services: -12.7%
(2013 est.)
Ireland household consumption: 50.2%
government consumption: 14.8%
investment in fixed capital: 10%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 106.8%
imports of goods and services: -81.9%
(2013 est.)
Israel household consumption: 56.1%
government consumption: 22.7%
investment in fixed capital: 19.6%
investment in inventories: 0.7%
exports of goods and services: 34.4%
imports of goods and services: -33.5%
(2013 est.)
Italy household consumption: 60%
government consumption: 20.6%
investment in fixed capital: 17.6%
investment in inventories: -0.3%
exports of goods and services: 30.1%
imports of goods and services: -27.9%
(2013 est.)
Jamaica household consumption: 86.6%
government consumption: 15.7%
investment in fixed capital: 21.2%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 34.5%
imports of goods and services: -58.4%
(2013 est.)
Japan household consumption: 61%
government consumption: 20.7%
investment in fixed capital: 21.6%
investment in inventories: -0.6%
exports of goods and services: 15.8%
imports of goods and services: -18.4%
(2013 est.)
Jordan household consumption: 73.1%
government consumption: 21%
investment in fixed capital: 26.2%
investment in inventories: 17%
exports of goods and services: 44.1%
imports of goods and services: -81.4%
(2013 est.)
Kazakhstan household consumption: 51%
government consumption: 12.4%
investment in fixed capital: 22.1%
investment in inventories: 2.5%
exports of goods and services: 44.6%
imports of goods and services: -32.6%
(2013 est.)
Kenya household consumption: 79.2%
government consumption: 18.2%
investment in fixed capital: 21.3%
investment in inventories: -0.3%
exports of goods and services: 28.5%
imports of goods and services: -47%
(2013 est.)
Korea, South household consumption: 53.1%
government consumption: 15.9%
investment in fixed capital: 27%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 54.6%
imports of goods and services: -50.8%
(2013 est.)
Kosovo household consumption: 90.5%
government consumption: 16%
investment in fixed capital: 28.2%
investment in inventories: 3%
exports of goods and services: 18.8%
imports of goods and services: -53.9%
(2012 est.)
Kuwait household consumption: 23.9%
government consumption: 16.4%
investment in fixed capital: 16.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 68.5%
imports of goods and services: -25.1%
(2013 est.)
Kyrgyzstan household consumption: 78.1%
government consumption: 17.6%
investment in fixed capital: 25.3%
investment in inventories: 8%
exports of goods and services: 51.2%
imports of goods and services: -80.2%
(2013 est.)
Laos household consumption: 66.9%
government consumption: 9.8%
investment in fixed capital: 31.7%
investment in inventories: -1.3%
exports of goods and services: 40%
imports of goods and services: -48.4%
(2013 est.)
Latvia household consumption: 62.4%
government consumption: 15%
investment in fixed capital: 22.5%
investment in inventories: 2.8%
exports of goods and services: 61.3%
imports of goods and services: -63.9%
(2013 est.)
Lebanon household consumption: 82.3%
government consumption: 14.9%
investment in fixed capital: 31.2%
exports of goods and services: 18.6%
imports of goods and services: -47%
(2013 est.)
Lesotho household consumption: 86%
government consumption: 39.4%
investment in fixed capital: 33.7%
investment in inventories: 1.2%
exports of goods and services: 47.9%
imports of goods and services: -108.2%
(2013 est.)
Liberia household consumption: 125.6%
government consumption: 15.2%
investment in fixed capital: 25%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 27.5%
imports of goods and services: -93.3%
(2011 est.)
Libya household consumption: 58%
government consumption: 20.2%
investment in fixed capital: 8.6%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 54.5%
imports of goods and services: -41.9%
(2013 est.)
Lithuania household consumption: 64.4%
government consumption: 17.2%
investment in fixed capital: 16.8%
investment in inventories: 0.9%
exports of goods and services: 85.4%
imports of goods and services: -84.7%
(2013 est.)
Luxembourg household consumption: 32.3%
government consumption: 17.5%
investment in fixed capital: 22.2%
investment in inventories: -2.4%
exports of goods and services: 170.5%
imports of goods and services: -140.1%
(2013 est.)
Macau household consumption: 19.2%
government consumption: 6.3%
investment in fixed capital: 13.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 107.5%
imports of goods and services: -46.4%
(2013 est.)
Macedonia household consumption: 77.5%
government consumption: 15.3%
investment in fixed capital: 22.5%
investment in inventories: 3.1%
exports of goods and services: 47.7%
imports of goods and services: -66.1%
(2013 est.)
Madagascar household consumption: 84%
government consumption: 12.7%
investment in fixed capital: 14%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 24.7%
imports of goods and services: -35.3%
(2013 est.)
Malawi household consumption: 73.6%
government consumption: 20.7%
investment in fixed capital: 13%
investment in inventories: 1.9%
exports of goods and services: 29.2%
imports of goods and services: -38.4%
(2013 est.)
Malaysia household consumption: 50.1%
government consumption: 13.9%
investment in fixed capital: 26.2%
investment in inventories: 0.8%
exports of goods and services: 84.1%
imports of goods and services: -75.2%
(2013 est.)
Mali household consumption: 68.8%
government consumption: 18.6%
investment in fixed capital: 23.5%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 22.5%
imports of goods and services: -34%
(2013 est.)
Malta household consumption: 58%
government consumption: 21.6%
investment in fixed capital: 13.2%
investment in inventories: -0.1%
exports of goods and services: 94.2%
imports of goods and services: -86.9%
(2013 est.)
Mauritania household consumption: 52.4%
government consumption: 22.7%
investment in fixed capital: 61.9%
investment in inventories: -8.9%
exports of goods and services: 56.8%
imports of goods and services: -84.9%
(2013 est.)
Mauritius household consumption: 74.1%
government consumption: 13.2%
investment in fixed capital: 22%
investment in inventories: 1.5%
exports of goods and services: 54.6%
imports of goods and services: -65.4%
(2013 est.)
Mexico household consumption: 69.1%
government consumption: 11.8%
investment in fixed capital: 22.7%
investment in inventories: -1%
exports of goods and services: 31.2%
imports of goods and services: -33.8%
(2013 est.)
Moldova household consumption: 92.9%
government consumption: 20.6%
investment in fixed capital: 22.6%
investment in inventories: 1.7%
exports of goods and services: 44.1%
imports of goods and services: -81.9%
(2013 est.)
Mongolia household consumption: 58.5%
government consumption: 14.9%
investment in fixed capital: 55.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 50%
imports of goods and services: -79.2%
(2013 est.)
Montenegro household consumption: 84.4%
government consumption: 22.1%
investment in fixed capital: 18.4%
investment in inventories: 1.1%
exports of goods and services: 40.2%
imports of goods and services: -66.2%
(2011 est.)
Montserrat household consumption: 84.8%
government consumption: 47.1%
investment in fixed capital: 26%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 23%
imports of goods and services: -80.9%
(2013 est.)
Morocco household consumption: 59.5%
government consumption: 19.1%
investment in fixed capital: 30.8%
investment in inventories: 3.7%
exports of goods and services: 35.4%
imports of goods and services: -48.5%
(2013 est.)
Mozambique household consumption: 71.4%
government consumption: 16.9%
investment in fixed capital: 33.8%
investment in inventories: -1.6%
exports of goods and services: 30%
imports of goods and services: -50.5%
(2013 est.)
Namibia household consumption: 59.9%
government consumption: 26.2%
investment in fixed capital: 22.8%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 41.4%
imports of goods and services: -50.9%
(2013 est.)
Nepal household consumption: 81.2%
government consumption: 10%
investment in fixed capital: 21.6%
investment in inventories: 14.6%
exports of goods and services: 10.3%
imports of goods and services: -37.7%
(2013 est.)
Netherlands household consumption: 45.3%
government consumption: 27.7%
investment in fixed capital: 15.7%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 86%
imports of goods and services: -75.2%
(2013 est.)
New Caledonia household consumption: 63.5%
government consumption: 27.6%
investment in fixed capital: 29.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 25.1%
imports of goods and services: -45.4%
(2013 est.)
New Zealand household consumption: 58.1%
government consumption: 19.9%
investment in fixed capital: 20.2%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 30%
imports of goods and services: -28.7%
(2013 est.)
Nicaragua household consumption: 86.1%
government consumption: 10.3%
investment in fixed capital: 34.4%
exports of goods and services: 38.6%
imports of goods and services: -69.5%
(2013 est.)
Niger household consumption: 61%
government consumption: 25.1%
investment in fixed capital: 44.7%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 26.3%
imports of goods and services: -57.1%
(2013 est.)
Nigeria household consumption: 50.3%
government consumption: 12.8%
investment in fixed capital: 9.8%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 49.9%
imports of goods and services: -22.8%
(2013 est.)
Norway household consumption: 40.5%
government consumption: 21.6%
investment in fixed capital: 21.7%
investment in inventories: 3.4%
exports of goods and services: 39.9%
imports of goods and services: -27.1%
(2013 est.)
Oman household consumption: 30.5%
government consumption: 17.8%
investment in fixed capital: 27.3%
investment in inventories: -0.5%
exports of goods and services: 63.8%
imports of goods and services: -39.4%
(2013 est.)
Pakistan household consumption: 81%
government consumption: 10.8%
investment in fixed capital: 12.6%
investment in inventories: 1.6%
exports of goods and services: 12.7%
imports of goods and services: -18.8%
(2013 est.)
Panama household consumption: 57.6%
government consumption: 13.1%
investment in fixed capital: 30.3%
investment in inventories: 0.9%
exports of goods and services: 81%
imports of goods and services: -82.9%
(2013 est.)
Papua New Guinea household consumption: 55.7%
government consumption: 8.9%
investment in fixed capital: 13.3%
investment in inventories: 18.4%
exports of goods and services: 53.6%
imports of goods and services: -49.9%
(2013 est.)
Paraguay household consumption: 67.1%
government consumption: 12.8%
investment in fixed capital: 16.9%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 52.1%
imports of goods and services: -49.4%
(2013 est.)
Peru household consumption: 62.4%
government consumption: 10.8%
investment in fixed capital: 27%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 24.4%
imports of goods and services: -24.7%
(2013 est.)
Philippines household consumption: 72.6%
government consumption: 11.5%
investment in fixed capital: 20.2%
investment in inventories: -0.2%
exports of goods and services: 28.3%
imports of goods and services: -32.4%
(2013 est.)
Poland household consumption: 61.5%
government consumption: 17.6%
investment in fixed capital: 18.3%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 46.7%
imports of goods and services: -44.7%
(2013 est.)
Portugal household consumption: 64.8%
government consumption: 18.1%
investment in fixed capital: 15.5%
investment in inventories: -0.4%
exports of goods and services: 42%
imports of goods and services: -40%
(2013 est.)
Puerto Rico household consumption: 88.2%
government consumption: 14.6%
investment in fixed capital: 14%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 106.9%
imports of goods and services: -123.8%
(2013 est.)
Qatar household consumption: 13.5%
government consumption: 13.8%
investment in fixed capital: 29.3%
investment in inventories: 2.5%
exports of goods and services: 71.7%
imports of goods and services: -30.8%
(2013 est.)
Romania household consumption: 72.7%
government consumption: 6.7%
investment in fixed capital: 25.9%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 41.2%
imports of goods and services: -46.6%
(2013 est.)
Russia household consumption: 51.3%
government consumption: 18.8%
investment in fixed capital: 22%
investment in inventories: 1.4%
exports of goods and services: 29.6%
imports of goods and services: -23%
(2013 est.)
Rwanda household consumption: 88.2%
government consumption: 9%
investment in fixed capital: 21.2%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 11.3%
imports of goods and services: -29.7%
(2013 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis household consumption: 72.1%
government consumption: 10.6%
investment in fixed capital: 28.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 30.8%
imports of goods and services: -41.9%
(2013 est.)
Saint Lucia household consumption: 60.6%
government consumption: 19%
investment in fixed capital: 31.5%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 50.3%
imports of goods and services: -61.3%
(2013 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines household consumption: 92.3%
government consumption: 16.6%
investment in fixed capital: 23.7%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 21.8%
imports of goods and services: -54.4%
(2013 est.)
San Marino exports of goods and services: 176.6%
imports of goods and services: -153.3%
Sao Tome and Principe household consumption: 137.6%
government consumption: 12%
investment in fixed capital: 53.1%
investment in inventories: -1.4%
exports of goods and services: 13.2%
imports of goods and services: -114.5%
(2013 est.)
Saudi Arabia household consumption: 29.7%
government consumption: 21.7%
investment in fixed capital: 23.5%
investment in inventories: 3.5%
exports of goods and services: 52.9%
imports of goods and services: -31.4%
(2013 est.)
Senegal household consumption: 81.8%
government consumption: 9%
investment in fixed capital: 31%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 25.6%
imports of goods and services: -47.4%
(2013 est.)
Serbia household consumption: 75.8%
government consumption: 19.2%
investment in fixed capital: 16.3%
investment in inventories: 5.4%
exports of goods and services: 42.7%
imports of goods and services: -59.4%
(2013 est.)
Seychelles household consumption: 92.3%
government consumption: 11.9%
investment in fixed capital: 28.2%
investment in inventories: 15.2%
exports of goods and services: 35.1%
imports of goods and services: -82.7%
(2013 est.)
Sierra Leone household consumption: 77.8%
government consumption: 6.8%
investment in fixed capital: 36.7%
investment in inventories: 0.8%
exports of goods and services: 9.7%
imports of goods and services: -31.8%
(2013 est.)
Singapore household consumption: 41%
government consumption: 9.7%
investment in fixed capital: 25.6%
investment in inventories: 4.5%
exports of goods and services: 195.8%
imports of goods and services: -176.7%
(2013 est.)
Slovakia household consumption: 58%
government consumption: 16.9%
investment in fixed capital: 19.9%
investment in inventories: -2.2%
exports of goods and services: 97.5%
imports of goods and services: -90.2%
(2013 est.)
Slovenia household consumption: 58.4%
government consumption: 21.2%
investment in fixed capital: 17.7%
investment in inventories: -5.2%
exports of goods and services: 81.1%
imports of goods and services: -73.2%
(2013 est.)
Somalia household consumption: 72.6%
government consumption: 8.7%
investment in fixed capital: 20%
investment in inventories: 0.1% 0.3%
imports of goods and services: -1.7%
South Africa household consumption: 63.8%
government consumption: 24%
investment in fixed capital: 22%
investment in inventories: -0.8%
exports of goods and services: 30.6%
imports of goods and services: -39.6%
(2013 est.)
South Sudan household consumption: 34.9%
government consumption: 17.1%
investment in fixed capital: 10.4%
exports of goods and services: 64.9%
imports of goods and services: -27.2%
(2011 est.)
Spain household consumption: 59%
government consumption: 19.9%
investment in fixed capital: 18.4%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 32.8%
imports of goods and services: -30.4%
(2013 est.)
Sri Lanka household consumption: 69.7%
government consumption: 13.2%
investment in fixed capital: 29%
investment in inventories: 1.7%
exports of goods and services: 20.1%
imports of goods and services: -33.7%
(2013 est.)
Sudan household consumption: 64.1%
government consumption: 11.3%
investment in fixed capital: 23.2%
investment in inventories: 3.4%
exports of goods and services: 17.9%
imports of goods and services: -19.9%
(2013 est.)
Suriname household consumption: 73.8%
government consumption: 9.9%
investment in fixed capital: 5%
investment in inventories: 19.7%
exports of goods and services: 43.2%
imports of goods and services: -51.6%
(2013 est.)
Swaziland household consumption: 86.2%
government consumption: 21.5%
investment in fixed capital: 10.1%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 57.4%
imports of goods and services: -75.3%
(2013 est.)
Sweden household consumption: 48.6%
government consumption: 26.8%
investment in fixed capital: 18.3%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 45.8%
imports of goods and services: -39.9%
(2013 est.)
Switzerland household consumption: 57.4%
government consumption: 11.5%
investment in fixed capital: 20.3%
investment in inventories: 0.7%
exports of goods and services: 50.4%
imports of goods and services: -40.2%
(2013 est.)
Syria household consumption: 68.3%
government consumption: 19.7%
investment in fixed capital: 20.1%
investment in inventories: 9.3%
exports of goods and services: 11.3%
imports of goods and services: -28.6%
(2013 est.)
Taiwan household consumption: 59.5%
government consumption: 12.2%
investment in fixed capital: 19.4%
investment in inventories: 0.3%
exports of goods and services: 73.1%
imports of goods and services: -64.5%
(2013 est.)
Tajikistan household consumption: 97%
government consumption: 12%
investment in fixed capital: 14%
investment in inventories: 6.7%
exports of goods and services: 13.7%
imports of goods and services: -48.5%
(2013 est.)
Tanzania household consumption: 60.3%
government consumption: 17.2%
investment in fixed capital: 40.2%
investment in inventories: 0.6%
exports of goods and services: 30.1%
imports of goods and services: -48.5%
(2013 est.)
Thailand household consumption: 53.5%
government consumption: 13.3%
investment in fixed capital: 28.2%
investment in inventories: 0.9%
exports of goods and services: 70.6%
imports of goods and services: -66.6%
(2013 est.)
Timor-Leste household consumption: 16.7%
government consumption: 22.3%
investment in fixed capital: 16.5%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 74%
imports of goods and services: -29.5%
(2013 est.)
Togo household consumption: 87.5%
government consumption: 9.7%
investment in fixed capital: 18.7%
investment in inventories: 1.2%
exports of goods and services: 36.9%
imports of goods and services: -54%
(2013 est.)
Tonga household consumption: 95.9%
government consumption: 17.2%
investment in fixed capital: 29.9%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 18.8%
imports of goods and services: -61.8%
(2013 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago household consumption: 56.1%
government consumption: 16.9%
investment in fixed capital: 15.4%
investment in inventories: -20.2%
exports of goods and services: 94.3%
imports of goods and services: -62.5%
(2013 est.)
Tunisia household consumption: 66.5%
government consumption: 18.4%
investment in fixed capital: 22.6%
investment in inventories: 3.5%
exports of goods and services: 49.2%
imports of goods and services: -60.1%
(2013 est.)
Turkey household consumption: 71%
government consumption: 15.4%
investment in fixed capital: 19.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 26.6%
imports of goods and services: -32.5%
(2013 est.)
Turkmenistan household consumption: 50%
government consumption: 12.8%
investment in fixed capital: 11.6%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 56.4%
imports of goods and services: -30.8%
(2013 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands household consumption: 29.6%
government consumption: 17.7%
investment in fixed capital: 52.9%
exports of goods and services: 76.2%
imports of goods and services: -76.3%
(2013 est.)
Uganda household consumption: 82.3%
government consumption: 7.6%
investment in fixed capital: 25.5%
investment in inventories: 0.2%
exports of goods and services: 22.8%
imports of goods and services: -38.3%
(2013 est.)
Ukraine household consumption: 72%
government consumption: 18.6%
investment in fixed capital: 17.8%
investment in inventories: -1.1%
exports of goods and services: 49.6%
imports of goods and services: -56.9%
(2013 est.)
United Arab Emirates household consumption: 51.9%
government consumption: 7%
investment in fixed capital: 23.1%
investment in inventories: 0.7%
exports of goods and services: 96%
imports of goods and services: -78.8%
(2013 est.)
United Kingdom household consumption: 66.5%
government consumption: 21.4%
investment in fixed capital: 13.8%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 31.1%
imports of goods and services: -33.2%
(2013 est.)
United States household consumption: 68.6%
government consumption: 18.6%
investment in fixed capital: 15.3%
investment in inventories: 0.4%
exports of goods and services: 13.4%
imports of goods and services: -16.3%
(2013 est.)
Uruguay household consumption: 68.9%
government consumption: 13.6%
investment in fixed capital: 23.1%
investment in inventories: -0.8%
exports of goods and services: 25.8%
imports of goods and services: -30.5%
(2013 est.)
Uzbekistan household consumption: 55.7%
government consumption: 16.6%
investment in fixed capital: 23.5%
investment in inventories: 4.9%
exports of goods and services: 28%
imports of goods and services: -31.3%
(2011 est.)
Vanuatu household consumption: 60.8%
government consumption: 17.8%
investment in fixed capital: 27.3%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 41.5%
imports of goods and services: -47.3%
(2013 est.)
Venezuela household consumption: 62.3%
government consumption: 13.2%
investment in fixed capital: 17.3%
investment in inventories: 5.7%
exports of goods and services: 25%
imports of goods and services: -23.5%
(2013 est.)
Vietnam household consumption: 68.9%
government consumption: 6.8%
investment in fixed capital: 30.4%
investment in inventories: 3.1%
exports of goods and services: 84.7%
imports of goods and services: -93.9%
(2013 est.)
West Bank household consumption: 99.5%
government consumption: 29.5%
investment in fixed capital: 18%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 14.9%
imports of goods and services: -62%
(2013 est.)
World household consumption: 62%
government consumption: 18.5%
investment in fixed capital: 19.4%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 29.3%
imports of goods and services: -29.7%
(2011 est.)
Yemen household consumption: 80.3%
government consumption: 12.5%
investment in fixed capital: 18.4%
investment in inventories: -4%
exports of goods and services: 17.8%
imports of goods and services: -24.9%
(2013 est.)
Zambia household consumption: 60%
government consumption: 26.5%
investment in fixed capital: 19.1%
investment in inventories: 1%
exports of goods and services: 36.2%
imports of goods and services: -42.9%
(2013 est.)
Zimbabwe household consumption: 68.5%
government consumption: 30.4%
investment in fixed capital: 22.2%
exports of goods and services: 68.4%
imports of goods and services: -89.4%
(2013 est.)