South America :: ARGENTINA
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  • Introduction :: ARGENTINA

  • In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, with Italy and Spain providing the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions.
    After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents.
  • Geography :: ARGENTINA

  • Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay
    34 00 S, 64 00 W
    South America
    total: 2,780,400 sq km
    land: 2,736,690 sq km
    water: 43,710 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 8
    slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US
    Area comparison map:
    total: 11,968 km
    border countries (5): Bolivia 942 km, Brazil 1,263 km, Chile 6,691 km, Paraguay 2,531 km, Uruguay 541 km
    4,989 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest
    rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border
    mean elevation: 595 m
    elevation extremes: lowest point: Laguna del Carbon -105 m (located between Puerto San Julian and Comandante Luis Piedra Buena in the province of Santa Cruz)
    highest point: Cerro Aconcagua 6,960 m (located in the northwestern corner of the province of Mendoza; highest point in South America)
    fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium, arable land
    agricultural land: 53.9%
    arable land 13.9%; permanent crops 0.4%; permanent pasture 39.6%
    forest: 10.7%
    other: 35.4% (2011 est.)
    23,600 sq km (2012)
    814 cu km (2011)
    total: 32.57 cu km/yr (23%/13%/64%)
    per capita: 864.9 cu m/yr (2005)
    San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the pampas and northeast; heavy flooding in some areas
    volcanism: volcanic activity in the Andes Mountains along the Chilean border; Copahue (elev. 2,997 m) last erupted in 2000; other historically active volcanoes include Llullaillaco, Maipo, Planchon-Peteroa, San Jose, Tromen, Tupungatito, and Viedma
    environmental problems (urban and rural) typical of an industrializing economy such as deforestation, soil degradation, desertification, air pollution, and water pollution
    note: Argentina is a world leader in setting voluntary greenhouse gas targets
    party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
    second-largest country in South America (after Brazil); strategic location relative to sea lanes between the South Atlantic and the South Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); diverse geophysical landscapes range from tropical climates in the north to tundra in the far south; Cerro Aconcagua is the Western Hemisphere's tallest mountain, while Laguna del Carbon is the lowest point in the Western Hemisphere
  • People and Society :: ARGENTINA

  • noun: Argentine(s)
    adjective: Argentine
    white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%
    Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua)
    nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%
    Argentina's population continues to grow but at a slower rate because of its steadily declining birth rate. Argentina's fertility decline began earlier than in the rest of Latin America, occurring most rapidly between the early 20th century and the 1950s and then becoming more gradual. Life expectancy has been improving, most notably among the young and the poor. While the population under age 15 is shrinking, the youth cohort - ages 15-24 - is the largest in Argentina's history and will continue to bolster the working-age population. If this large working-age population is well-educated and gainfully employed, Argentina is likely to experience an economic boost and possibly higher per capita savings and investment. Although literacy and primary school enrollment are nearly universal, grade repetition is problematic and secondary school completion is low. Both of these issues vary widely by region and socioeconomic group.
    Argentina has been primarily a country of immigration for most of its history, welcoming European immigrants after its independence in the 19th century and attracting especially large numbers from Spain and Italy. European immigration diminished in the 1950s, when Argentina's military dictatorships tightened immigration rules and European economies rebounded. Regional migration, however, continued to supply low-skilled workers and today it accounts for three-quarters of Argentina's immigrant population. The first waves of highly skilled Argentine emigrant workers headed mainly to the United States and Spain in the 1960s and 1970s. The ongoing European economic crisis is driving the return migration of some Argentinean and other Latin American nationals, as well as the immigration of Europeans to South America, where Argentina is a key recipient.
    43,431,886 (July 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 33
    0-14 years: 24.74% (male 5,498,766/female 5,244,555)
    15-24 years: 15.59% (male 3,458,318/female 3,311,765)
    25-54 years: 39.01% (male 8,452,645/female 8,489,476)
    55-64 years: 9.11% (male 1,917,317/female 2,040,750)
    65 years and over: 11.55% (male 2,088,160/female 2,930,134) (2015 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total dependency ratio: 56.5%
    youth dependency ratio: 39.4%
    elderly dependency ratio: 17.1%
    potential support ratio: 5.8% (2015 est.)
    total: 31.5 years
    male: 30.3 years
    female: 32.7 years (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 102
    0.93% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 124
    16.64 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 111
    7.33 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 117
    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
    urban population: 91.8% of total population (2015)
    rate of urbanization: 1.04% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    BUENOS AIRES (capital) 15.18 million; Cordoba 1.511 million; Rosario 1.381 million; Mendoza 1.009 million; San Miguel de Tucuman 910,000; La Plata 846,000 (2015)
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2015 est.)
    52 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 84
    total: 9.69 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 10.86 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 8.47 deaths/1,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 140
    total population: 77.69 years
    male: 74.46 years
    female: 81.09 years (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    2.23 children born/woman (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 97
    78.9% (2004/05)
    4.8% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    3.86 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
    4.7 beds/1,000 population (2012)
    urban: 99% of population
    rural: 100% of population
    total: 99.1% of population
    urban: 1% of population
    rural: 0% of population
    total: 0.9% of population (2015 est.)
    urban: 96.2% of population
    rural: 98.3% of population
    total: 96.4% of population
    urban: 3.8% of population
    rural: 1.7% of population
    total: 3.6% of population (2015 est.)
    0.47% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 69
    126,600 (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 37
    1,500 (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 60
    note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)
    26.5% (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 29
    2.3% (2005)
    country comparison to the world: 119
    5.3% of GDP (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 32
    definition: age 10 and over can read and write
    total population: 98.1%
    male: 98%
    female: 98.1% (2015 est.)
    total: 17 years
    male: 16 years
    female: 18 years (2013)
    total number: 435,252
    percentage: 7%
    note: data represent children ages 5-13 (2003 est.)
    total: 19.4%
    male: 17%
    female: 23.5% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 63
  • Government :: ARGENTINA

  • conventional long form: Argentine Republic
    conventional short form: Argentina
    local long form: Republica Argentina
    local short form: Argentina
    etymology: originally the area was referred to as Tierra Argentina, i.e., "Land beside the Silvery River" or "silvery land," which referred to the massive estuary in the east of the country, the Rio de la Plata (River of Silver); over time the name shortened to simply Argentina or "silvery"
    presidential republic
    name: Buenos Aires
    geographic coordinates: 34 36 S, 58 22 W
    time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    23 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 autonomous city*; Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Ciudad Autonoma de Buenos Aires*, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tierra del Fuego - Antartida e Islas del Atlantico Sur (Tierra del Fuego), Tucuman
    note: the US does not recognize any claims to Antarctica
    9 July 1816 (from Spain)
    Revolution Day, 25 May (1810)
    several previous; latest effective 11 May 1853; amended many times, last in 1994 (2016)
    civil law system based on West European legal systems; note - in 2014, Congress passed government-backed reform to the civil code that will go into effect in 2016
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    citizenship by birth: yes
    citizenship by descent: yes
    dual citizenship recognized: yes
    residency requirement for naturalization: 2 years
    18-70 years of age; universal and compulsory; 16-17 years of age - optional for national elections
    chief of state: President Mauricio MACRI (since 10 December 2015); Vice President Gabriela MICHETTI (since 10 December 2015); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Mauricio MACRI (since 10 December 2015); Vice President Gabriela MICHETTI (since 10 December 2015)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president
    elections/appointments: president and vice president directly elected on the same ballot by qualified majority popular vote for a 4-year term (eligible for a second consecutive term); election last held in 2 rounds on 25 October and 22 November 2015 (next to be held in October 2019)
    election results: Mauricio MACRI elected president; percent of vote: first-round results - Daniel SCIOLI (PJ) 37.1%, Mauricio MACRI (PRO) 34.2%, Sergio MASSA (FR/PJ) 21.4%, other 7.3%; second-round results - Mauricio MACRI (PRO) 51.4%, Daniel SCIOLI (PJ) 48.6%
    description: bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate (72 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 6-year terms with one-third of the membership elected every 2 years) and the Chamber of Deputies (257 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms with one-half of the membership renewed every 2 years)
    elections: Senate - last held on 25 October 2015 (next to be held October 2017); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 25 October 2015 (next to be held October 2017)
    election results: Senate - percent of vote by bloc or party - NA; seats by bloc or party - Cambiemos 12, FpV 8, PF 2, Progresistas 2; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by bloc or party - NA; seats by bloc or party - FpV 84, Cambiemos 21, FR and allies 8, Progresistas 9, Federal Peronism 3, PP 3, other 2; note - as of 1 February 2016, the total seats per party of bloc in the legislature is as follows: Senate - FpV 117, UCR/CC 50, Pro 41, PJ 36, PS/GEN 9, other 4; Chamber of Deputies - FpV 42, UCR/CC 11, PJ 10, Pro 4, PS/GEN 2, other 3
    highest court(s): Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (consists of the court president, vice-president, and 5 judges)
    judge selection and term of office: judges nominated by the president and approved by the Senate; judges have a mandatory retirement age of 75
    subordinate courts: federal level appellate, district, and territorial courts; provincial level supreme, appellate, and first instance courts
    Cambiemos (a coalition composed of CC, PRO, and UCR) [Mauricio MACRI]
    Civic Coalition or CC (a coalition loosely affiliated with Elisa CARRIO)
    Dissident Peronists (PJ Disidente) or Federal Peronism (a right-wing faction of the Justicialist Party opposed to the Kirchners) [Ramon PUERTA]
    Front for Victory or FpV (left-wing faction of PJ) [Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER]
    Peronist (or Justicialist) Party or PJ [Eduardo FELLNER]
    Popular Path or PP
    Progresistas [Margarita STOLBIZER]
    Radical Civic Union or UCR [Ernesto SANZ]
    Republican Proposal or PRO [Mauricio MACRI]
    Socialist Party or PS [Hermes BINNER]
    Renewal Front (Frente Renovador) or FR [Sergio MASSA]
    numerous provincial parties
    Argentine Association of Pharmaceutical Labs or CILFA
    Argentine Industrial Union (manufacturers' association)
    Argentine Rural Confederation or CRA (small to medium landowners' association)
    Argentine Rural Society (large landowners' association)
    Blue and White CGT (dissident CGT labor confederation)
    Central of Argentine Workers or CTA (a union for employed and unemployed workers)
    General Confederation of Labor or CGT (Peronist-leaning umbrella labor organization)
    Roman Catholic Church
    other: business organizations; Peronist-dominated labor movement; Piquetero groups (popular protest organizations that can be either pro or anti-government); students
    AfDB (nonregional member), Australia Group, BCIE, BIS, CAN (associate), CD, CELAC, FAO, FATF, G-15, G-20, G-24, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, NAM (observer), NSG, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, Paris Club (associate), PCA, SICA (observer), UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNASUR, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina (observer), UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
    chief of mission: Ambassador Martin LOUSTEAU (since 28 January 2016)
    chancery: 1600 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009
    telephone: [1] (202) 238-6400
    FAX: [1] (202) 332-3171
    consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Washington, DC
    chief of mission: Ambassador Noah Bryson MAMET (since 16 January 2015)
    embassy: Avenida Colombia 4300, C1425GMN Buenos Aires
    mailing address: international mail: use embassy street address; APO address: US Embassy Buenos Aires, Unit 4334, APO AA 34034
    telephone: [54] (11) 5777-4533
    FAX: [54] (11) 5777-4240
    three equal horizontal bands of light blue (top), white, and light blue; centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face known as the Sun of May; the colors represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes; the sun symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25 May 1810 during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence; the sun features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun
    Sun of May (a sun-with-face symbol); national colors: light blue, white
    name: "Himno Nacional Argentino" (Argentine National Anthem)
    lyrics/music: Vicente LOPEZ y PLANES/Jose Blas PARERA
    note: adopted 1813; Vicente LOPEZ was inspired to write the anthem after watching a play about the 1810 May Revolution against Spain
  • Economy :: ARGENTINA

  • Argentina benefits from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, an export-oriented agricultural sector, and a diversified industrial base. Although one of the world's wealthiest countries 100 years ago, Argentina suffered during most of the 20th century from recurring economic crises, persistent fiscal and current account deficits, high inflation, mounting external debt, and capital flight.
    A severe depression, growing public and external indebtedness, and an unprecedented bank run culminated in 2001 in the most serious economic, social, and political crisis in the country's turbulent history. Interim President Adolfo RODRIGUEZ SAA declared a default - at the time the largest ever - on the government's foreign debt in December of that year, and abruptly resigned only a few days after taking office. His successor, Eduardo DUHALDE, announced an end to the peso's decade-long 1-to-1 peg to the US dollar in early 2002. The economy bottomed out that year, with real GDP 18% smaller than in 1998 and almost 60% of Argentines below the poverty line. Real GDP rebounded to grow by an average 8.5% annually over the subsequent six years, taking advantage of previously idled industrial capacity and labor, an audacious debt restructuring and reduced debt burden, excellent international financial conditions, and expansionary monetary and fiscal policies. Inflation also increased, however, during the administration of President Nestor KIRCHNER, which responded with price restraints on businesses, as well as export taxes and restraints, and beginning in 2007, with understating inflation data.
    Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER succeeded her husband as president in late 2007, and the rapid economic growth of previous years began to slow sharply the following year as government policies held back exports and the world economy fell into recession. The economy in 2010 rebounded strongly from the 2009 recession, but has slowed since late 2011 even as the government continued to rely on expansionary fiscal and monetary policies, which have kept inflation in the double digits.
    The government has taken multiple steps in recent years to deal with these problems. It expanded state intervention in the economy throughout 2012. In May 2012 the Congress approved the nationalization of the oil company YPF from Spain's Repsol. The government expanded formal and informal measures to restrict imports during the year, including a requirement for pre-registration and pre-approval of all imports. In July 2012, the government also further tightened currency controls in an effort to bolster foreign reserves and stem capital flight. In October 2013, the government settled long standing international arbitral disputes dating to before and following the 2001 Argentine financial crisis. During 2014, the government continued its expansionary fiscal and monetary policies and foreign exchange and imports controls. Between 2011 and 2013, Central Bank foreign reserves had dropped $21.3 billion from a high of $52.7 billion. In July 2014, Argentina and China agreed on an $11 billion currency swap; the Argentine Central Bank has received the equivalent of $3.2 billion in Chinese yuan, which it counts as international reserves.
    In 2014, the government also took some measures to mend ties with the international financial community, including engaging with the IMF to improve its economic data reporting, reaching a compensation agreement with Repsol for the expropriation of YPF, and agreeing to pay $9.7 billion in arrears to the Paris Club over five years, including $606 million owed to the US. In July 2014, Argentina made its first payment to Paris Club creditors. At the same time, the Argentine Government in July 2014 entered a technical default on its external debt after it failed to reach an agreement with holdout creditors in the US. The FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER government rejected repeated attempts by the court to encourage a negotiated solution with holdouts. Throughout much of 2015, negotiations to repay holdout creditors stalled. The government’s delay in reaching a settlement and the continuation of interventionist policies contributed to high inflation and a prolonged recession.
    After being elected into office on December 10, President MACRI has taken significant steps to liberalize the Argentine economy. His administration lifted capital controls; floated the peso, negotiated debt payments with holdout bond creditors, and removed export controls on some commodities.
    $972 billion (2015 est.)
    $960.4 billion (2014 est.)
    $956.1 billion (2013 est.)
    note: data are in 2015 US dollars
    country comparison to the world: 26
    $585.6 billion (2015 est.)
    1.2% (2015 est.)
    0.5% (2014 est.)
    2.9% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 166
    $22,600 (2015 est.)
    $22,500 (2014 est.)
    $22,700 (2013 est.)
    note: data are in 2015 US dollars
    country comparison to the world: 81
    15.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
    18.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
    17.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 108
    household consumption: 64.6%
    government consumption: 16.7%
    investment in fixed capital: 17.3%
    investment in inventories: 1.6%
    exports of goods and services: 12.9%
    imports of goods and services: -13.1% (2015 est.)
    agriculture: 10.5%
    industry: 29.1%
    services: 60.4% (2015 est.)
    sunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock
    food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel
    note: based on private sector estimates (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 164
    17.47 million
    note: urban areas only (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 36
    agriculture: 5%
    industry: 23%
    services: 72% (2009 est.)
    7.6% (2015 est.)
    7.3% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 89
    note: data are based on private estimates (2010 est.)
    lowest 10%: 1.5%
    highest 10%: 32.3% (2010 est.)
    45.8 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    revenues: $143.4 billion
    expenditures: $170.4 billion (2015 est.)
    24.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 122
    -4.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 164
    45.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
    42.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    calendar year
    27.6% (2015 est.)
    37.6% (2014 est.)
    note: data are derived from private estimates
    country comparison to the world: 221
    23.6% (31 December 2015 est.)
    24.01% (31 December 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 8
    $69.37 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    $62.87 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 43
    $150.3 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    $138.6 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 51
    $208.2 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    $183.3 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 43
    $34.24 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
    $43.58 billion (31 December 2011)
    $63.91 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 59
    -$16.11 billion (2015 est.)
    -$7.441 billion (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 183
    $65.95 billion (2015 est.)
    $67.42 billion (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 43
    soybeans and derivatives, petroleum and gas, vehicles, corn, wheat
    Brazil 17%, China 8.6%, US 5.9% (2015)
    $60.56 billion (2015 est.)
    $65.25 billion (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 43
    machinery, motor vehicles, petroleum and natural gas, organic chemicals, plastics
    Brazil 22.1%, US 16.1%, China 15.4%, Germany 5.1% (2015)
    $28.22 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    $31.4 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    $147 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $143.7 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 41
    $125.9 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    $116.5 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 42
    $37.66 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    $36.44 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 48
    Argentine pesos (ARS) per US dollar -
    9.2 (2015 est.)
    8.0753 (2014 est.)
    8.0753 (2013 est.)
    4.54 (2012 est.)
    4.1101 (2011 est.)
  • Energy :: ARGENTINA

  • 127.9 billion kWh (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 29
    117.1 billion kWh (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 30
    506 million kWh (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 67
    8.116 billion kWh (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 27
    34.95 million kW (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 27
    68.1% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    2.7% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 27
    26% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 85
    0.4% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 105
    532,100 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 28
    59,630 bbl/day (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 42
    100 bbl/day (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 83
    2.354 billion bbl (1 January 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 35
    678,700 bbl/day (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 26
    770,000 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 24
    59,470 bbl/day (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 54
    99,930 bbl/day (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 53
    36.89 billion cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 25
    47.99 billion cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 18
    100 million cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 45
    11.2 billion cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 24
    378.8 billion cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 36
    196 million Mt (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 31
  • Communications :: ARGENTINA

  • total subscriptions: 10,119,920
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 23 (July 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 21
    total: 60.664 million
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 140 (July 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 23
    general assessment: in 1998 Argentina opened its telecommunications market to competition and foreign investment encouraging the growth of modern telecommunications technology; fiber-optic cable trunk lines are being installed between all major cities; major networks are entirely digital and the availability of telephone service is improving
    domestic: microwave radio relay, fiber-optic cable, and a domestic satellite system with 40 earth stations serve the trunk network; fixed-line teledensity is increasing gradually and mobile-cellular subscribership is increasing rapidly; broadband Internet services are gaining ground
    international: country code - 54; landing point for the Atlantis-2, UNISUR, South America-1, and South American Crossing/Latin American Nautilus submarine cable systems that provide links to Europe, Africa, South and Central America, and US; satellite earth stations - 112; 2 international gateways near Buenos Aires (2011)
    government owns a TV station and a radio network; more than 2 dozen TV stations and hundreds of privately owned radio stations; high rate of cable TV subscription usage (2007)
    AM 260, FM (probably more than 1,000, mostly unlicensed), shortwave 6 (1998)
    42 (plus 444 repeaters) (1997)
    11.232 million (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 13
    total: 30.142 million
    percent of population: 69.4% (July 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 23
  • Transportation :: ARGENTINA

  • 1,138 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 6
    total: 161
    over 3,047 m: 4
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 29
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 65
    914 to 1,523 m: 53
    under 914 m: 10 (2013)
    total: 977
    over 3,047 m: 1
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 43
    914 to 1,523 m: 484
    under 914 m: 448 (2013)
    2 (2013)
    gas 29,930 km; liquid petroleum gas 41 km; oil 6,248 km; refined products 3,631 km (2013)
    total: 36,917.4 km
    broad gauge: 26,391 km 1.676-m gauge (149 km electrified)
    standard gauge: 2,745.1 km 1.435-m gauge (41.1 km electrified)
    narrow gauge: 7,523.3 km 1.000-m gauge; 258 km 0.750-m gauge (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 8
    total: 231,374 km
    paved: 69,412 km (includes 734 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 161,962 km (2004)
    country comparison to the world: 21
    11,000 km (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 12
    total: 36
    by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo 5, chemical tanker 6, container 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 18, refrigerated cargo 4
    foreign-owned: 14 (Brazil 1, Chile 6, Spain 3, Taiwan 2, UK 2)
    registered in other countries: 15 (Liberia 1, Panama 5, Paraguay 5, Uruguay 1, unknown 3) (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    major seaport(s): Bahia Blanca, Buenos Aires, La Plata, Punta Colorada, Ushuaia
    river port(s): Arroyo Seco, Rosario, San Lorenzo-San Martin (Parana)
    container port(s) (TEUs): Buenos Aires (1,851,701)
    LNG terminal(s) (import): Bahia Blanca
  • Military and Security :: ARGENTINA

  • Argentine Army (Ejercito Argentino), Navy of the Argentine Republic (Armada Republica; includes naval aviation and naval infantry), Argentine Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Argentina, FAA) (2013)
    18-24 years of age for voluntary military service (18-21 requires parental consent); no conscription; if the number of volunteers fails to meet the quota of recruits for a particular year, Congress can authorize the conscription of citizens turning 18 that year for a period not exceeding one year (2012)
    0.91% of GDP (2012)
    0.9% of GDP (2011)
    0.91% of GDP (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 106
    the Argentine military is a well-organized force constrained by the country's prolonged economic hardship; the country has recently experienced a strong recovery, and the military is implementing a modernization plan aimed at making the ground forces lighter and more responsive (2008)
  • Transnational Issues :: ARGENTINA

  • Argentina continues to assert its claims to the UK-administered Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas), South Georgia, and the South Sandwich Islands in its constitution, forcibly occupying the Falklands in 1982, but in 1995 agreed to no longer seek settlement by force; UK continues to reject Argentine requests for sovereignty talks; territorial claim in Antarctica partially overlaps UK and Chilean claims; uncontested dispute between Brazil and Uruguay over Braziliera/Brasiliera Island in the Quarai/Cuareim River leaves the tripoint with Argentina in question; in 2010, the ICJ ruled in favor of Uruguay's operation of two paper mills on the Uruguay River, which forms the border with Argentina; the two countries formed a joint pollution monitoring regime; the joint boundary commission, established by Chile and Argentina in 2001 has yet to map and demarcate the delimited boundary in the inhospitable Andean Southern Ice Field (Campo de Hielo Sur); contraband smuggling, human trafficking, and illegal narcotic trafficking are problems in the porous areas of the border with Bolivia
    a transshipment country for cocaine headed for Europe, heroin headed for the US, and ephedrine and pseudoephedrine headed for Mexico; some money-laundering activity, especially in the Tri-Border Area; law enforcement corruption; a source for precursor chemicals; increasing domestic consumption of drugs in urban centers, especially cocaine base and synthetic drugs (2008)