Library

 
View Text Low Bandwidth Version
Download Publication
Australia-Oceania :: Ashmore and Cartier Islands
(territory of Australia)
Page last updated on January 22, 2015
 
view 3 photos of
Ashmore and Cartier Islands
  • Introduction :: ASHMORE AND CARTIER ISLANDS

  • These uninhabited islands came under Australian authority in 1931; formal administration began two years later. Ashmore Reef supports a rich and diverse avian and marine habitat; in 1983, it became a National Nature Reserve. Cartier Island, a former bombing range, became a marine reserve in 2000.
  • Geography :: ASHMORE AND CARTIER ISLANDS

  • Southeastern Asia, islands in the Indian Ocean, midway between northwestern Australia and Timor island
    12 14 S, 123 05 E
    Southeast Asia
    total: 5 sq km
    land: 5 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    note: includes Ashmore Reef (West, Middle, and East Islets) and Cartier Island
    country comparison to the world: 250
    about eight times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
    0 km
    74.1 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    contiguous zone: 12 nm
    exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
    continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    tropical
    low with sand and coral
    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    highest point: unnamed location 3 m
    fish
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    other: 100% (all grass and sand) (2014 est.)
    surrounded by shoals and reefs that can pose maritime hazards
    illegal killing of protected wildlife by traditional Indonesian fisherman, as well as fishing by non-traditional Indonesian vessels, are ongoing problems
    Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve established in August 1983; Cartier Island Marine Reserve established in 2000
  • People and Society :: ASHMORE AND CARTIER ISLANDS

  • no indigenous inhabitants
    note: Indonesian fishermen are allowed access to the lagoon and fresh water at Ashmore Reef's West Island; access to East and Middle Islands is by permit only
  • Government :: ASHMORE AND CARTIER ISLANDS

  • conventional long form: Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands
    conventional short form: Ashmore and Cartier Islands
    territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Department of Regional Australia, Local Government, Arts and Sport
    the laws of the Commonwealth of Australia and the laws of the Northern Territory of Australia, where applicable, apply
    none (territory of Australia)
    none (territory of Australia)
    the flag of Australia is used
  • Economy :: ASHMORE AND CARTIER ISLANDS

  • no economic activity
  • Transportation :: ASHMORE AND CARTIER ISLANDS

  • none; offshore anchorage only
  • Military :: ASHMORE AND CARTIER ISLANDS

  • defense is the responsibility of Australia; periodic visits by the Royal Australian Navy and Royal Australian Air Force
  • Transnational Issues :: ASHMORE AND CARTIER ISLANDS

  • Australia has closed parts of the Ashmore and Cartier reserve to Indonesian traditional fishing; Indonesian groups challenge Australia's claim to Ashmore Reef
GO TOP