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Anguilla
  • Introduction :: ANGUILLA

  • Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980, with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.
  • Geography :: ANGUILLA

  • Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
    18 15 N, 63 10 W
    Central America and the Caribbean
    total: 91 sq km
    land: 91 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    about one-half the size of Washington, DC
    0 km
    61 km
    territorial sea: 3 nm
    exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
    tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds
    flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone
    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Crocus Hill 65 m
    salt, fish, lobster
    agricultural land: 0%
    arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%
    forest: 61.1%
    other: 38.9% (mostly rock with some commercial salt ponds) (2011 est.)
    NA
    frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)
    supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system
    the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles
  • People and Society :: ANGUILLA

  • noun: Anguillan(s)
    adjective: Anguillan
    black 90.1%, mixed 4.6%, white 3.7%, other 1.5% (2001 est.)
    English (official)
    Protestant 83.3% (includes Anglican 29%, Methodist 23.9%, Pentecostal 7.7%, Seventh Day Adventist 7.6%, Church of God 7.6%, Baptist 7.3%, Presbytarian .2%), Roman Catholic 5.7%, other Christian 1.5%, other 5.1%, unspecified 0.3%, none 4% (2001 est.)
    16,086 (July 2014 est.)
    0-14 years: 23.3% (male 1,918/female 1,826)
    15-24 years: 14.1% (male 1,123/female 1,144)
    25-54 years: 45% (male 3,269/female 3,965)
    55-64 years: 9.4% (male 744/female 763)
    65 years and over: 8.3% (male 658/female 676) (2014 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total: 34.1 years
    male: 32.4 years
    female: 35.7 years (2014 est.)
    2.06% (2014 est.)
    12.68 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    4.54 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    12.43 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    urban population: 100% of total population (2014)
    rate of urbanization: 1.19% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    THE VALLEY (capital) 1,000 (2014)
    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
    total: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 3.81 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 2.97 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
    total population: 81.2 years
    male: 78.61 years
    female: 83.86 years (2014 est.)
    1.75 children born/woman (2014 est.)
    43%
    note: percent of women aged 15-45 (2003)
    improved:
    urban: 94.6% of population
    total: 94.6% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 5.4% of population
    total: 5.4% of population (2012 est.)
    improved:
    urban: 97.9% of population
    total: 97.9% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 2.1% of population
    total: 2.1% of population (2012 est.)
    NA
    NA
    NA
    2.8% of GDP (2008)
  • Government :: ANGUILLA

  • conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Anguilla
    note: the name Anguilla means "eel" in various Romance languages (Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French) and likely derives from the island's lengthy shape
    overseas territory of the UK
    NA
    name: The Valley
    geographic coordinates: 18 13 N, 63 03 W
    time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    Anguilla Day, 30 May (1967)
    several previous; latest 1 April 1982; amended 1990 (2013)
    common law based on the English model
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Christina SCOTT (since 23 July 2013)
    head of government: Chief Minister Hubert HUGHES (since 16 February 2010)
    cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly
    elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually appointed chief minister by the governor
    description: unicameral House of Assembly (11 seats; 7 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote, 2 appointed by the governor, and 2 ex officio members - the attorney general and deputy governor; members serve 5-year terms)
    elections: last held on 15 February 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
    election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AUM 4, AUF 2, APP 1
    highest court(s): the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to include Anguilla; the ECSC - headquartered on St. Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the 9 member states; High Court judges reside in 7 member states, though none resides on Anguilla
    judge selection and term of office: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court chief justice appointed by Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62
    subordinate courts: Magistrate's Court; Juvenile Court
    Anguilla Progressive Party or APP [Brent DAVIS]
    Anguilla Strategic Alternative or ANSA [Edison BAIRD]
    Anguilla United Front or AUF [Osbourne FLEMING, Victor BANKS] (a coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla National Alliance or ANA)
    Anguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert HUGHES]
    Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UNESCO (associate), UPU
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with a turquoise-blue field below; the white in the background represents peace; the blue base symbolizes the surrounding sea, as well as faith, youth, and hope; the three dolphins stand for endurance, unity, and strength
    dolphin
    name: "God Bless Anguilla"
    lyrics/music: Alex RICHARDSON
    note: local anthem adopted 1981; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)
  • Economy :: ANGUILLA

  • Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism industry has spurred the growth of the construction sector contributing to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector, which is small but growing. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend largely on the tourism sector and, therefore, on revived income growth in the industrialized nations as well as on favorable weather conditions.
    $175.4 million (2009 est.)
    $191.7 million (2008 est.)
    $108.9 million (2004 est.)
    $175.4 million (2009 est.)
    -8.5% (2009 est.)
    $12,200 (2008 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 119
    household consumption: 76.8%
    government consumption: 19.2%
    investment in fixed capital: 20.9%
    investment in inventories: 0%
    exports of goods and services: 41.4%
    imports of goods and services: -58.3%
    (2014 est.)
    agriculture: 2.6%
    industry: 24.4%
    services: 73% (2014 est.)
    small quantities of tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising
    tourism, boat building, offshore financial services
    2% (2014 est.)
    6,049 (2001)
    agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining: 4%
    manufacturing: 3%
    construction: 18%
    transportation and utilities: 10%
    commerce: 36%
    services: 29% (2000 est.)
    8% (2002)
    23% (2002)
    lowest 10%: NA%
    highest 10%: NA%
    revenues: $64.22 million
    expenditures: $65.11 million (2014 est.)
    36.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
    -0.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
    19.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
    20.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
    1 April - 31 March
    3.1% (2014 est.)
    3.2% (2013 est.)
    6.5% (31 December 2010)
    6.5% (31 December 2009)
    8.9% (31 December 2014 est.)
    9.08% (31 December 2013 est.)
    $16.7 million (31 December 2014 est.)
    $15.95 million (31 December 2013 est.)
    $393.3 million (31 December 2014 est.)
    $381.8 million (31 December 2013 est.)
    $474.6 million (31 December 2014 est.)
    $460.4 million (31 December 2013 est.)
    $-51.8 million (2014 est.)
    $-47.9 million (2013 est.)
    $11.7 million (2014 est.)
    $4.3 million (2013 est.)
    lobster, fish, livestock, salt, concrete blocks, rum
    $138.3 million (2014 est.)
    $127.7 million (2013 est.)
    fuels, foodstuffs, manufactures, chemicals, trucks, textiles
    $8.8 million (1998)
    East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -
    2.7 (2014 est.)
    2.7 (2013 est.)
    2.7 (2012 est.)
    2.7 (2011 est.)
    2.7 (2010 est.)
  • Communications :: ANGUILLA

  • 6,000 (2012)
    26,000 (2012)
    general assessment: modern internal telephone system
    domestic: fixed-line teledensity is roughly 40 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity is roughly 170 per 100 persons
    international: country code - 1-264; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; microwave radio relay to island of Saint Martin/Sint Maarten (2011)
    1 private TV station; multi-channel cable TV subscription services are available; about 10 radio stations, one of which is government-owned (2007)
    AM 3, FM 11, shortwave 2 (2009)
    1 (1997)
    .ai
    269 (2012)
    3,700 (2009)
  • Transportation :: ANGUILLA

  • 2 (2013)
    total: 1
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
    total: 1
    under 914 m:
    1 (2013)
    total: 175 km
    paved: 82 km
    unpaved: 93 km (2004)
    major seaport(s): Blowing Point, Road Bay
  • Military :: ANGUILLA

  • males age 16-49: 3,641 (2010 est.)
    males age 16-49: 3,009
    females age 16-49: 3,397 (2010 est.)
    male: 111
    female: 113 (2010 est.)
    defense is the responsibility of the UK
  • Transnational Issues :: ANGUILLA

  • none
    transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe
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