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Europe :: Akrotiri Print
Page last updated on November 24, 2020
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  • Introduction :: Akrotiri
  • Background field listing
    By terms of the 1960 Treaty of Establishment that created the independent Republic of Cyprus, the UK retained full sovereignty and jurisdiction over two areas of almost 254 square kilometers - Akrotiri and Dhekelia. The southernmost and smallest of these is the Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area, which is also referred to as the Western Sovereign Base Area.
  • Geography :: Akrotiri
  • Location field listing
    Eastern Mediterranean, peninsula on the southwest coast of Cyprus
    Geographic coordinates field listing
    34 37 N, 32 58 E
    Map references field listing
    Middle East
    Area field listing
    total: 123 sq km

    note: includes a salt lake and wetlands

    country comparison to the world: 224
    Area - comparative field listing
    about 0.7 times the size of Washington, DC
    Land boundaries field listing
    total: 48 km
    border countries (1): Cyprus 48 km
    Coastline field listing
    56.3 km
    Climate field listing
    temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
    Environment - current issues field listing
    hunting around the salt lake; note - breeding place for loggerhead and green turtles; only remaining colony of griffon vultures is on the base
    Geography - note field listing
    British extraterritorial rights also extended to several small off-post sites scattered across Cyprus; of the Sovereign Base Area (SBA) land, 60% is privately owned and farmed, 20% is owned by the Ministry of Defense, and 20% is SBA Crown land
  • People and Society :: Akrotiri
  • Population field listing
    approximately 18,195 on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 11,000 Cypriots and 7,195 Service and UK-based contract personnel and dependents (2020)
    Languages field listing
    English, Greek
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate field listing
  • Government :: Akrotiri
  • Country name field listing
    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Akrotiri
    etymology: named for the village that lies within the Western Sovereign Base Area on Cyprus
    Dependency status field listing
    a special form of UK overseas territory; administered by an administrator who is also the Commander, British Forces Cyprus
    Capital field listing
    name: Episkopi Cantonment (base administrative center for Akrotiri and Dhekelia)
    geographic coordinates: 34 40 N, 32 51 E
    time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    etymology: "Episkopi" means "episcopal" in Greek and stems from the fact that the site previously served as the bishop's seat of an Orthodox diocese
    Constitution field listing
    history: presented 3 August 1960, effective 16 August 1960 (The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Order in Council 1960 serves as a basic legal document)
    amendments: amended 1966
    Executive branch field listing
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
    head of government: Administrator Major General Robert J. THOMSON (since 25 September 2019); note - administrator reports to the British Ministry of Defense; the chief officer is responsible for the day-to-day running of the civil government of the Sovereign Bases
    elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; administrator appointed by the monarch on the advice of the Ministry of Defense
    Judicial branch field listing
    highest courts: Senior Judges' Court (consists of several visiting judges from England and Wales)
    judge selection and term of office: see entry for United Kingdom
    subordinate courts: Resident Judges' Court; Courts Martial
    Diplomatic representation in the US field listing
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    Diplomatic representation from the US field listing
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    Flag description field listing
    the flag of the UK is used
    National anthem field listing

    note: as a UK area of special sovereignty, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)

  • Economy :: Akrotiri
  • Economy - overview field listing
    Economic activity is limited to providing services to the military and their families located in Akrotiri. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.
    Exchange rates field listing

    note: uses the euro

  • Communications :: Akrotiri
  • Broadcast media field listing
    British Forces Broadcast Service (BFBS) provides multi-channel satellite TV service as well as BFBS radio broadcasts to the Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area
  • Transportation :: Akrotiri
  • Airports field listing
    1 (2020)
    country comparison to the world: 210
    Airports - with paved runways field listing
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2017)
  • Military and Security :: Akrotiri
  • Military - note field listing
    defense is the responsibility of the UK; Akrotiri has a full RAF base, headquarters for British Forces Cyprus, and Episkopi Support Unit