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Central America :: Bahamas, The Print
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BAHAMAS, THE
  • Introduction :: Bahamas, The
  • Background field listing
    Lucayan Indians inhabited the islands when Christopher COLUMBUS first set foot in the New World on San Salvador in 1492. British settlement of the islands began in 1647; the islands became a colony in 1783. Piracy thrived in the 17th and 18th centuries because of The Bahamas close proximity to shipping lanes. Since attaining independence from the UK in 1973, The Bahamas has prospered through tourism, international banking, and investment management. Because of its location, the country is a major transshipment point for illegal drugs, particularly shipments to the US and Europe, and its territory is used for smuggling illegal migrants into the US. Current Prime Minister Hubert MINNIS is only the fourth prime minister in Bahamian history following its independence from the UK; he is also the first prime minister in 25 years besides Perry CHRISTIE and Hubert INGRAHAM, who repeatedly traded the premiership from 1992 to 2017.
    THE BAHAMAS SUMMARY: PDF
  • Geography :: Bahamas, The
  • Location field listing
    chain of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Florida, northeast of Cuba
    Geographic coordinates field listing
    24 15 N, 76 00 W
    Map references field listing
    Central America and the Caribbean
    Area field listing
    total: 13,880 sq km
    land: 10,010 sq km
    water: 3,870 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 161
    Area - comparative field listing
    slightly smaller than Connecticut
    Land boundaries field listing
    0 km
    Coastline field listing
    3,542 km
    Maritime claims field listing
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    Climate field listing
    tropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream
    Terrain field listing
    long, flat coral formations with some low rounded hills
    Elevation field listing
    0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
    64 highest point: Mount Alvernia on Cat Island
    Natural resources field listing
    salt, aragonite, timber, arable land
    Land use field listing
    agricultural land: 1.4% (2014 est.)
    arable land: 0.8% (2014 est.) / permanent crops: 0.4% (2014 est.) / permanent pasture: 0.2% (2014 est.)
    forest: 51.4% (2014 est.)
    other: 47.2% (2014 est.)
    Irrigated land field listing
    10 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution field listing
    most of the population lives in urban areas, with two-thirds living on New Providence Island where Nassau is located
    Natural hazards field listing
    hurricanes and other tropical storms cause extensive flood and wind damage
    Environment - current issues field listing
    coral reef decay; solid waste disposal
    Environment - international agreements field listing
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Geography - note field listing
    strategic location adjacent to US and Cuba; extensive island chain of which 30 are inhabited
  • People and Society :: Bahamas, The
  • Population field listing
    332,634 (July 2018 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

    country comparison to the world: 179
    Nationality field listing
    noun: Bahamian(s)
    adjective: Bahamian
    Ethnic groups field listing
    black 90.6%, white 4.7%, black and white 2.1%, other 1.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2010 est.)
    Languages field listing
    English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
    Religions field listing
    Protestant 69.9% (includes Baptist 34.9%, Anglican 13.7%, Pentecostal 8.9% Seventh Day Adventist 4.4%, Methodist 3.6%, Church of God 1.9%, Brethren 1.6%), Roman Catholic 12%, other Christian 13% (includes Jehovah's Witness 1.1%), other 0.6%, none 1.9%, unspecified 2.6% (2010 est.)
    Age structure field listing
    0-14 years: 22.39% (male 37,777 /female 36,686)
    15-24 years: 16.01% (male 26,984 /female 26,281)
    25-54 years: 44.1% (male 73,627 /female 73,068)
    55-64 years: 9.45% (male 14,298 /female 17,140)
    65 years and over: 8.05% (male 10,318 /female 16,455) (2018 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Dependency ratios field listing
    total dependency ratio: 40.8 (2015 est.)
    youth dependency ratio: 29.1 (2015 est.)
    elderly dependency ratio: 11.7 (2015 est.)
    potential support ratio: 8.5 (2015 est.)
    Median age field listing
    total: 32.3 years
    male: 31.1 years
    female: 33.5 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 102
    Population growth rate field listing
    0.79% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 131
    Birth rate field listing
    15.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 124
    Death rate field listing
    7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 119
    Net migration rate field listing
    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 72
    Population distribution field listing
    most of the population lives in urban areas, with two-thirds living on New Providence Island where Nassau is located
    Urbanization field listing
    urban population: 83% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: 1.13% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population field listing
    280,000 NASSAU (capital) (2018)
    Sex ratio field listing
    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    55-64 years: 0.81 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    Maternal mortality rate field listing
    80 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    Infant mortality rate field listing
    total: 11.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    male: 11.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    female: 10.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 126
    Life expectancy at birth field listing
    total population: 72.9 years (2018 est.)
    male: 70.4 years (2018 est.)
    female: 75.4 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 144
    Total fertility rate field listing
    1.94 children born/woman (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 126
    Health expenditures field listing
    7.7% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 62
    Physicians density field listing
    2.26 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
    Hospital bed density field listing
    2.9 beds/1,000 population (2013)
    Drinking water source field listing
    improved: urban: 98.4% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 98.4% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 98.4% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 1.6% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 1.6% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 1.6% of population (2015 est.)
    Sanitation facility access field listing
    improved: urban: 92% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 92% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 92% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 8% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 8% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 8% of population (2015 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate field listing
    1.9% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 25
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS field listing
    5,300 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 115
    HIV/AIDS - deaths field listing
    NA
    Obesity - adult prevalence rate field listing
    31.6% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 21
    Education expenditures field listing
    NA
    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 field listing
    total: 30.8% (2012 est.)
    male: 29.6% (2012 est.)
    female: 32.2% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 27
  • Government :: Bahamas, The
  • Country name field listing
    conventional long form: Commonwealth of The Bahamas
    conventional short form: The Bahamas
    etymology: name derives from the Spanish "baha mar," meaning "shallow sea," which describes the shallow waters of the Bahama Banks
    Government type field listing
    parliamentary democracy (Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm
    Capital field listing
    name: Nassau
    geographic coordinates: 25 05 N, 77 21 W
    time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
    etymology: named after William III, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, who was a member of the House of Nassau
    Administrative divisions field listing
    31 districts; Acklins Islands, Berry Islands, Bimini, Black Point, Cat Island, Central Abaco, Central Andros, Central Eleuthera, City of Freeport, Crooked Island and Long Cay, East Grand Bahama, Exuma, Grand Cay, Harbour Island, Hope Town, Inagua, Long Island, Mangrove Cay, Mayaguana, Moore's Island, North Abaco, North Andros, North Eleuthera, Ragged Island, Rum Cay, San Salvador, South Abaco, South Andros, South Eleuthera, Spanish Wells, West Grand Bahama
    Independence field listing
    10 July 1973 (from the UK)
    National holiday field listing
    Independence Day, 10 July (1973)
    Constitution field listing
    history: previous 1964 (preindependence); latest adopted 20 June 1973, effective 10 July 1973 (2018)
    amendments: proposed as an “Act” by Parliament; passage of amendments to articles such as the organization and composition of the branches of government requires approval by at least two-thirds majority of the membership of both houses of Parliament and majority approval in a referendum; passage of amendments to constitutional articles such as fundamental rights and individual freedoms, the powers, authorities, and procedures of the branches of government, or changes to the Bahamas Independence Act 1973 requires approval by at least three-fourths majority of the membership of both houses and majority approval in a referendum; amended many times, last in 2016 (2018)
    International law organization participation field listing
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
    Citizenship field listing
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of The Bahamas
    dual citizenship recognized: no
    residency requirement for naturalization: 6-9 years
    Suffrage field listing
    18 years of age; universal
    Executive branch field listing
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Dame Marguerite PINDLING (since 8 July 2014)
    head of government: Prime Minister Hubert MINNIS (since 11 May 2017)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by governor general on recommendation of prime minister
    elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; the prime minister recommends the deputy prime minister

    note: Prime Minister Hubert MINNIS is only the fourth prime minister in Bahamian history following its independence from the UK; he is also the first prime minister in 25 years besides Perry CHRISTIE and Hubert INGRAHAM, who repeatedly traded the premiership from 1992 to 2017

    Legislative branch field listing
    description: bicameral Parliament consists of:
    Senate (16 seats; members appointed by the governor general upon the advice of the prime minister and the opposition leader to serve 5-year terms)
    House of Assembly (39 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms)
    elections:
    last held on 10 May 2017 (next to be held by May 2022)
    election results:
    House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - FNM 57%, PLP 36.9%, other 6.1%; seats by party - FNM 35, PLP 4
    note: the government may dissolve the parliament and call elections at any time
    Judicial branch field listing
    highest courts: Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and 4 justices, organized in 3-member panels); Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and a maximum of 11 and a minimum of 2 justices)
    judge selection and term of office: Court of Appeal president and Supreme Court chief justice appointed by the governor-general on the advice of the prime minister after consultation with the leader of the opposition party; other Court of Appeal and Supreme Court justices appointed by the governor general upon recommendation of the Judicial and Legal Services Commission, a 5-member body headed by the chief justice; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement normally at age 68 but can be extended until age 70; Supreme Court justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement normally at age 65 but can be extended until age 67
    subordinate courts: Industrial Tribunal; Stipendiary and Magistrates' Courts; Family Island Administrators

    note: as of 2008, the Bahamas was not a party to the agreement establishing the Caribbean Court of Justice as the highest appellate court for the 15-member Caribbean Community (CARICOM); the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London) serves as the final court of appeal for The Bahamas

    Political parties and leaders field listing
    Democratic National Alliance or DNA [Christopher MORTIMER]
    Free National Movement or FNM [Hubert MINNIS]
    Progressive Liberal Party or PLP [Philip "Brave" DAVIS]
    International organization participation field listing
    ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
    Diplomatic representation in the US field listing
    chief of mission: Ambassador Sidney Stanley COLLIE (since 20 November 2017)
    chancery: 2220 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 319-2660
    FAX: [1] (202) 319-2668
    consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Miami, New York
    Diplomatic representation from the US field listing
    chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d' Affaires Stephanie BOWERS (since 1 March 2018)
    embassy: 42 Queen Street, Nassau, New Providence
    mailing address: local or express mail address: P. O. Box N-8197, Nassau; US Department of State, 3370 Nassau Place, Washington, DC 20521-3370
    telephone: [1] (242) 322-1181, 328-2206 (after hours)
    FAX: [1] (242) 356-7174
    Flag description field listing
    three equal horizontal bands of aquamarine (top), gold, and aquamarine, with a black equilateral triangle based on the hoist side; the band colors represent the golden beaches of the islands surrounded by the aquamarine sea; black represents the vigor and force of a united people, while the pointing triangle indicates the enterprise and determination of the Bahamian people to develop the rich resources of land and sea
    National symbol(s) field listing
    blue marlin, flamingo, Yellow Elder flower; national colors: aquamarine, yellow, black
    National anthem field listing
    name: March On, Bahamaland!
    lyrics/music: Timothy GIBSON

    note: adopted 1973; as a Commonwealth country, in addition to the national anthem, "God Save the Queen" serves as the royal anthem (see United Kingdom)

  • Economy :: Bahamas, The
  • Economy - overview field listing
    The Bahamas has the second highest per capita GDP in the English-speaking Caribbean with an economy heavily dependent on tourism and financial services. Tourism accounts for approximately 50% of GDP and directly or indirectly employs half of the archipelago's labor force. Financial services constitute the second-most important sector of the Bahamian economy, accounting for about 15% of GDP. Manufacturing and agriculture combined contribute less than 7% of GDP and show little growth, despite government incentives aimed at those sectors. The new government led by Prime Minister Hubert MINNIS has prioritized addressing fiscal imbalances and rising debt, which stood at 75% of GDP in 2016. Large capital projects like the Baha Mar Casino and Hotel are driving growth. Public debt increased in 2017 in large part due to hurricane reconstruction and relief financing. The primary fiscal balance was a deficit of 0.4% of GDP in 2016. The Bahamas is the only country in the Western Hemisphere that is not a member of the World Trade Organization.
    GDP (purchasing power parity) field listing
    $12.06 billion (2017 est.)
    $11.89 billion (2016 est.)
    $12.09 billion (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 156
    GDP (official exchange rate) field listing
    $12.16 billion (2017 est.) (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate field listing
    1.4% (2017 est.)
    -1.7% (2016 est.)
    1% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 175
    GDP - per capita (PPP) field listing
    $32,400 (2017 est.)
    $32,300 (2016 est.)
    $33,200 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 62
    Gross national saving field listing
    11.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
    18.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
    12.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 155
    GDP - composition, by end use field listing
    household consumption: 68% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 13% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 26.3% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: 0.7% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 33.7% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -41.8% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin field listing
    agriculture: 2.3% (2017 est.)
    industry: 7.7% (2017 est.)
    services: 90% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products field listing
    citrus, vegetables; poultry; seafood
    Industries field listing
    tourism, banking, oil bunkering, maritime industries, transshipment and logistics, salt, aragonite, pharmaceuticals
    Industrial production growth rate field listing
    5.8% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 44
    Labor force field listing
    196,900 (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    Labor force - by occupation field listing
    agriculture: 37% (2011 est.)
    industry: 11% (2011 est.)
    tourism: 49% (2011 est.)
    other services: 37% (2011 est.)
    Unemployment rate field listing
    10.1% (2017 est.)
    12.2% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 140
    Population below poverty line field listing
    9.3% (2010 est.)
    Household income or consumption by percentage share field listing
    lowest 10%: 22% (2007 est.)
    highest 10%: 22% (2007)
    Budget field listing
    revenues: 2.139 billion (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 2.46 billion (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues field listing
    17.6% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 166
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) field listing
    -2.6% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 115
    Public debt field listing
    54.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
    50.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    Fiscal year field listing
    1 July - 30 June
    Inflation rate (consumer prices) field listing
    1.4% (2017 est.)
    -0.3% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 75
    Central bank discount rate field listing
    4.5% (1 January 2014)
    4.5% (31 December 2012)
    country comparison to the world: 85
    Commercial bank prime lending rate field listing
    4.25% (31 December 2017 est.)
    4.75% (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 161
    Stock of narrow money field listing
    $2.654 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $2.461 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 124
    Stock of broad money field listing
    $2.654 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $2.461 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 131
    Stock of domestic credit field listing
    $8.805 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $9.09 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 113
    Market value of publicly traded shares field listing
    $2.78 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 95
    Current account balance field listing
    -$1.909 billion (2017 est.)
    -$868 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 163
    Exports field listing
    $550 million (2017 est.)
    $444.3 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 175
    Exports - commodities field listing
    Rock lobster, aragonite, crude salt, polystyrene products
    Exports - partners field listing
    US 63.9%, Namibia 19.3% (2017)
    Imports field listing
    $3.18 billion (2017 est.)
    $2.594 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 145
    Imports - commodities field listing
    machinery and transport equipment, manufactures, chemicals, mineral fuels; food and live animals
    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold field listing
    $1.522 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $1.002 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 125
    Imports - partners field listing
    US 83.2% (2017)
    Debt - external field listing
    $17.56 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    $16.35 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 98
    Exchange rates field listing
    Bahamian dollars (BSD) per US dollar -
    1 (2017 est.)
    1 (2016 est.)
    1 (2015 est.)
    1 (2014 est.)
    1 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: Bahamas, The
  • Electricity access field listing
    electrification - total population: 100% (2016)
    Electricity - production field listing
    1.807 billion kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 139
    Electricity - consumption field listing
    1.681 billion kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 145
    Electricity - exports field listing
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 101
    Electricity - imports field listing
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    Electricity - installed generating capacity field listing
    577,000 kW (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 140
    Electricity - from fossil fuels field listing
    99.8% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 25
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 44
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 158
    Electricity - from other renewable sources field listing
    0.2% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 158
    Crude oil - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 105
    Crude oil - exports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 88
    Crude oil - imports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 93
    Crude oil - proved reserves field listing
    0 bbl (1 January 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 108
    Refined petroleum products - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 116
    Refined petroleum products - consumption field listing
    24,000 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 129
    Refined petroleum products - exports field listing
    923 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 107
    Refined petroleum products - imports field listing
    26,330 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 105
    Natural gas - production field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 105
    Natural gas - consumption field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 121
    Natural gas - exports field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 62
    Natural gas - imports field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 87
    Natural gas - proved reserves field listing
    0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 112
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy field listing
    4.1 million Mt (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 131
  • Communications :: Bahamas, The
  • Telephones - fixed lines field listing
    total subscriptions: 113,852 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 35 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 140
    Telephones - mobile cellular field listing
    total subscriptions: 353,540 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 107 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 176
    Telephone system field listing
    general assessment: modern facilities;  the telecom sector provides a relatively high contribution to overall GDP; 35 per 100 fixed-line, 107 per 100 mobile-cellular (2017)
    domestic: totally automatic system; highly developed; operators focus investment on mobile networks (2017)
    international: country code - 1-242; landing point for the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) and two additional fiber-optic submarine cables that provide links to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth stations - 2; the Bahamas Domestic Submarine Network links all of the major islands; (2017)
    Broadcast media field listing
    The Bahamas has 4 major TV providers that provide service to all major islands in the archipelago; 1 TV station is operated by government-owned, commercially run Broadcasting Corporation of the Bahamas (BCB) and competes freely with 3 privately owned TV stations; multi-channel cable TV subscription service is widely available; there are 31 licensed broadcast (radio) service providers, 28 are privately owned FM radio stations operating on New Providence, Grand Bahama Island, Abaco Island, and on smaller islands in the country; the BCB operates a multi-channel radio broadcasting network that has national coverage; the sector is regulated by the Utilities Regulation and Competition Authority (2017)
    Internet country code field listing
    .bs
    Internet users field listing
    total: 261,853 (July 2016 est.)
    percent of population: 80% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 165
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions field listing
    total: 86,868 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 26 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 123
  • Transportation :: Bahamas, The
  • National air transport system field listing
    number of registered air carriers: 4 (2015)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 16 (2015)
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 587,516 (2015)
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 172,730 mt-km (2015)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix field listing
    C6 (2016)
    Airports field listing
    61 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 79
    Airports - with paved runways field listing
    total: 24 (2017)
    over 3,047 m: 2 (2017)
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 2 (2017)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 13 (2017)
    914 to 1,523 m: 7 (2017)
    Airports - with unpaved runways field listing
    total: 37 (2013)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2013)
    914 to 1,523 m: 16 (2013)
    under 914 m: 17 (2013)
    Heliports field listing
    1 (2013)
    Roadways field listing
    total: 2,700 km (2011)
    paved: 1,620 km (2011)
    unpaved: 1,080 km (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 170
    Merchant marine field listing
    total: 1,440 (2017)
    by type: bulk carrier 335, container ship 53, general cargo 98, oil tanker 284, other 670 (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 19
    Ports and terminals field listing
    major seaport(s): Freeport, Nassau, South Riding Point
    cruise port(s): Nassau
    container port(s) (TEUs): Freeport (1,116,272)(2011)
  • Military and Security :: Bahamas, The
  • Military branches field listing
    Royal Bahamas Defense Force: Land Force, Navy, Air Wing (2011)
    Military service age and obligation field listing
    18 years of age for voluntary male and female service; no conscription (2012)
  • Transnational Issues :: Bahamas, The
  • Disputes - international field listing
    disagrees with the US on the alignment of the northern axis of a potential maritime boundary
    Illicit drugs field listing
    transshipment point for cocaine and marijuana bound for US and Europe; offshore financial center