(part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

Introduction ::Aruba

    Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.

Geography ::Aruba

People and Society ::Aruba

    noun: Aruban(s)
    adjective: Aruban; Dutch
    mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%, other 20%
    Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 66.3%, Spanish 12.6%, English (widely spoken) 7.7%, Dutch (official) 5.8%, other 2.2%, unspecified or unknown 5.3% (2000 census)
    Roman Catholic 80.8%, Protestant 7.8% (Evangelist 4.1%, Methodist 1.2%, other Protestant 2.5%), Jehovah's Witnesses 1.5%, Jewish 0.2%, other 5.1%, none or unspecified 4.6%
    109,153 (July 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 190
    note: estimate based on a revision of the base population, fertility, and mortality numbers, as well as a revision of 1985-99 migration estimates from outmigration to inmigration, which is assumed to continue into the future; the new results are consistent with the 2000 census
    0-14 years: 17.9% (male 9,786/female 9,735)
    15-24 years: 13.6% (male 7,427/female 7,405)
    25-54 years: 43.4% (male 22,938/female 24,467)
    55-64 years: 13.2% (male 6,492/female 7,891)
    65 years and over: 11.9% (male 5,113/female 7,899) (2013 est.)
    total dependency ratio: 44.3 %
    youth dependency ratio: 28 %
    elderly dependency ratio: 16.4 %
    potential support ratio: 6.1 (2013)
    total: 38.6 years
    male: 36.8 years
    female: 40.4 years (2013 est.)
    1.39% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 88
    12.72 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 156
    8 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 99
    9.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 13
    urban population: 47% of total population (2010)
    rate of urbanization: 0.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    ORANJESTAD (capital) 37,000 (2011)
    at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.81 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.65 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.9 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
    total: 12.12 deaths/1,000 live births
    country comparison to the world: 129
    male: 15.97 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 8.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
    total population: 76.14 years
    country comparison to the world: 85
    male: 73.09 years
    female: 79.25 years (2013 est.)
    1.84 children born/woman (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 149
    urban: 100% of population
    rural: 100% of population
    total: 100% of population (2010 est.)
    6.7% of GDP (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 26
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 96.8%
    male: 96.9%
    female: 96.7% (2010 est.)
    total: 13 years
    male: 13 years
    female: 13 years (2011)
    total: 23.2%
    country comparison to the world: 42
    male: 24.1%
    female: 22.9% (2007)

Government ::Aruba

    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Aruba
    constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; full autonomy in internal affairs obtained in 1986 upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairs
    parliamentary democracy
    name: Oranjestad
    geographic coordinates: 12 31 N, 70 02 W
    time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
    none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
    Flag Day, 18 March (1976)
    1 January 1986
    civil law system based on the Dutch civil code
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: King WILLEM-ALEXANDER of the Netherlands (since 30 April 2013); represented by Governor General Fredis REFUNJOL (since 11 May 2004)
    head of government: Prime Minister Michiel "Mike" Godfried EMAN (since 30 October 2009)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the Staten
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed for a six-year term by the monarch; prime minister and deputy prime minister elected by the Staten for four-year terms; election last held on 25 September 2009 (next to be held by September 2013)
    election results: Michiel "Mike" Godfried EMAN elected prime minister; percent of legislative vote - NA
    unicameral Legislature or Staten (21 seats; members elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)
    elections: last held on 25 September 2009 (next to be held in 2013)
    election results: percent of vote by party - AVP 48%, MEP 35.9%, PDR 5.7%, other 10.4%; seats by party - AVP 12, MEP 8, PDR 1
    highest court(s): Joint Court of Justice of Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, and of Bonaire, Sint Eustatitus and Saba or "Joint Court of Justice" (consists of the presiding judge, NA members, and NA substitutes); final appeals heard by the Supreme Court, in The Hague, Netherlands
    note - prior to 2010, the Joint Court of Justice was the Common Court of Justice of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba
    judge selection and term of office: Joint Court judges appointed by the monarch for life
    subordinate courts: Courts in First Instance
    Aliansa/Aruban Social Movement or MSA [Robert WEVER]
    Aruban Liberal Organization or OLA [Glenbert CROES]
    Aruban Patriotic Movement or MPA [Monica ARENDS-KOCK]
    Aruban Patriotic Party or PPA [Benny NISBET]
    Aruban People's Party or AVP [Michiel "Mike" EMAN]
    People's Electoral Movement Party or MEP [Nelson O. ODUBER]
    Real Democracy or PDR [Andin BIKKER]
    RED [Rudy LAMPE]
    Workers Political Platform or PTT [Gregorio WOLFF]
    other: environmental groups
    Caricom (observer), FATF, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ITUC (NGOs), UNESCO (associate), UNWTO (associate), UPU
    none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands); note - Mr. Henry BAARH, Minister Plenipotentiary for Aruba at the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
    the US does not have an embassy in Aruba; the Consul General to Curacao is accredited to Aruba
    blue, with two narrow, horizontal, yellow stripes across the lower portion and a red, four-pointed star outlined in white in the upper hoist-side corner; the star represents Aruba and its red soil and white beaches, its four points the four major languages (Papiamento, Dutch, Spanish, English) as well as the four points of a compass, to indicate that its inhabitants come from all over the world; the blue symbolizes Caribbean waters and skies; the stripes represent the island's two main "industries": the flow of tourists to the sun-drenched beaches and the flow of minerals from the earth
    name: "Aruba Deshi Tera" (Aruba Precious Country)

    lyrics/music: Juan Chabaya 'Padu' LAMPE/Rufo Inocencio WEVER
    note: local anthem adopted 1986; as part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, "Het Wilhelmus" is official (see Netherlands)

Economy ::Aruba

Energy ::Aruba

Communications ::Aruba

    35,000 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 174
    131,800 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    general assessment: modern fully automatic telecommunications system
    domestic: increased competition through privatization; 3 mobile-cellular service providers are now licensed
    international: country code - 297; landing site for the PAN-AM submarine telecommunications cable system that extends from the US Virgin Islands through Aruba to Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, and the west coast of South America; extensive interisland microwave radio relay links (2007)
    2 commercial TV stations; cable TV subscription service provides access to foreign channels; about 20 commercial radio stations broadcast (2007)
    40,560 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 101
    24,000 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 188

Transportation ::Aruba

Military ::Aruba

Transnational Issues ::Aruba

    transit point for US- and Europe-bound narcotics with some accompanying money-laundering activity; relatively high percentage of population consumes cocaine