Australia-Oceania :: American Samoa
(territory of the US)

Introduction ::American Samoa

    Settled as early as 1000 B.C., Samoa was not reached by European explorers until the 18th century. International rivalries in the latter half of the 19th century were settled by an 1899 treaty in which Germany and the US divided the Samoan archipelago. The US formally occupied its portion - a smaller group of eastern islands with the excellent harbor of Pago Pago - the following year.

Geography ::American Samoa

    Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand
    14 20 S, 170 00 W
    total: 199 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 216
    land: 199 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    note: includes Rose Island and Swains Island
    slightly larger than Washington, DC
    0 km
    116 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October); little seasonal temperature variation
    five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls (Rose Island, Swains Island)
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Lata Mountain 964 m
    pumice, pumicite
    arable land: 9.5%
    permanent crops: 15%
    other: 75.5% (2011)
    typhoons common from December to March
    volcanism: limited volcanic activity on the Ofu and Olosega Islands; neither has erupted since the 19th century
    limited natural freshwater resources; the water division of the government has spent substantial funds in the past few years to improve water catchments and pipelines
    Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean, sheltered by shape from rough seas and protected by peripheral mountains from high winds; strategic location in the South Pacific Ocean

People and Society ::American Samoa

    noun: American Samoan(s) (US nationals)
    adjective: American Samoan
    native Pacific islander 91.6%, Asian 2.8%, white 1.1%, mixed 4.2%, other 0.3% (2000 census)
    Samoan 90.6% (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), English 2.9%, Tongan 2.4%, other Pacific islander 2.1%, other 2%
    note: most people are bilingual (2000 census)
    Christian Congregationalist 50%, Roman Catholic 20%, Protestant and other 30%
    54,719 (July 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 206
    0-14 years: 25.2% (male 6,809/female 7,005)
    15-24 years: 20.9% (male 5,657/female 5,760)
    25-54 years: 41.5% (male 11,662/female 11,028)
    55-64 years: 7.7% (male 2,096/female 2,134)
    65 years and over: 4.7% (male 1,189/female 1,379) (2013 est.)
    total: 27.8 years
    male: 28.3 years
    female: 27.3 years (2013 est.)
    -0.4% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 221
    22.84 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 74
    4.62 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 198
    -22.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 222
    urban population: 93% of total population (2010)
    rate of urbanization: 1.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    PAGO PAGO (capital) 64,000 (2011)
    at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
    total: 9.15 deaths/1,000 live births
    country comparison to the world: 150
    male: 11.79 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 6.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
    total population: 74.68 years
    country comparison to the world: 106
    male: 71.73 years
    female: 77.8 years (2013 est.)
    3.04 children born/woman (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    74.6% (2007)
    country comparison to the world: 1
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 97%
    male: 98%
    female: 97% (1980 est.)

Government ::American Samoa

    conventional long form: Territory of American Samoa
    conventional short form: American Samoa
    abbreviation: AS
    unincorporated and unorganized territory of the US; administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior
    name: Pago Pago
    geographic coordinates: 14 16 S, 170 42 W
    time difference: UTC-11 (6 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    none (territory of the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three districts and two islands* at the second order; Eastern, Manu'a, Rose Island*, Swains Island*, Western
    none (territory of the US)
    Flag Day, 17 April (1900)
    ratified 2 June 1966; amended 2008
    mixed legal system of US common law and customary law
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)
    head of government: Governor Lolo Matalasi MOLIGA (since 3 January 2013)
    cabinet: Cabinet made up of 12 department directors
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: under the US Constitution, residents of unincorporated territories, such as American Samoa, do not vote in elections for US president and vice president; however, they may vote in Democratic and Republican presidential primary elections; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held on 6 November 2012 with a runoff election held on 20 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2016)
    election results: runoff election percent of vote - Lolo Matalasi MOLIGA 52.9%, Faoa Aitofele SUNIA 47.1%
    bicameral Fono or Legislative Assembly consists of the Senate (18 seats; members are elected from local chiefs to serve four-year terms) and the House of Representatives (21 seats; 20 members are elected by popular vote and 1 is an appointed, nonvoting delegate from Swains Island; members serve two-year terms)
    elections: House of Representatives - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014); Senate - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2016)
    election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - independents 20; Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - independents 18
    note: American Samoa elects one nonvoting representative to the US House of Representatives; election last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014); results - Eni F. H. FALEOMAVAEGA reelected as delegate
    highest court(s): High Court of American Samoa (consists of the chief justice, associate chief justice, and 6 Samoan associate judges and organized into trial, family, drug, and appellate divisions)
    note - American Samoa has no US federal courts
    judge selection and term of office: chief justice and associate chief justice appointed by the US Secretary of the Interior to serve for life; Samoan associate judges appointed by the governor to serve for life
    subordinate courts: district and village courts
    Democratic Party [Oreta M. TOGAFAU]
    Republican Party [Tautai A. F. FAALEVAO]
    Population Pressure LAS (addresses the growing population pressures)
    AOSIS, Interpol (subbureau), IOC, PIF (observer), SPC, UPU
    none (territory of the US)
    none (territory of the US)
    blue, with a white triangle edged in red that is based on the fly side and extends to the hoist side; a brown and white American bald eagle flying toward the hoist side is carrying two traditional Samoan symbols of authority, a war club known as a "Fa'alaufa'i" (upper; left talon), and a coconut fiber fly whisk known as a "Fue" (lower; right talon); the combination of symbols broadly mimics that seen on the US Great Seal and reflects the relationship between the United States and American Samoa
    name: "Amerika Samoa" (American Samoa)
    lyrics/music: Mariota Tiumalu TUIASOSOPO/Napoleon Andrew TUITELELEAPAGA
    note: local anthem adopted 1950; as a territory of the United States, "The Star-Spangled Banner" is official (see United States)

Economy ::American Samoa

Energy ::American Samoa

Communications ::American Samoa

Transportation ::American Samoa

Military ::American Samoa

Transnational Issues ::American Samoa

    Tokelau included American Samoa's Swains Island (Olosega) in its 2006 draft independence constitution