(overseas territory of the UK)

Introduction ::Anguilla

    Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980, with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.

Geography ::Anguilla

People and Society ::Anguilla

Government ::Anguilla

    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Anguilla
    overseas territory of the UK
    name: The Valley
    geographic coordinates: 18 13 N, 63 03 W
    time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    Anguilla Day, 30 May (1967)
    Anguilla Constitutional Order 1 April 1982; amended 1990
    common law based on the English model
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Christina SCOTT (since 23 July 2013)
    head of government: Chief Minister Hubert HUGHES (since 16 February 2010)
    cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually appointed chief minister by the governor
    unicameral House of Assembly (11 seats; 7 members elected by direct popular vote, 2 ex officio members, and 2 appointed; members serve five-year terms)
    elections: last held on 15 February 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
    election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AUM 4, AUF 2, APP 1
    highest court(s): the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to include Anguilla; the ECSC - headquartered on St. Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the 9 member states; High Court judges reside in 7 member states, though none resides on Anguilla
    judge selection and term of office: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court chief justice appointed by Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62
    subordinate courts: Magistrate's Court; Juvenile Court
    Anguilla Progressive Party or APP [Brent DAVIS]
    Anguilla Strategic Alternative or ANSA [Edison BAIRD]
    Anguilla United Front or AUF [Osbourne FLEMING, Victor BANKS] (a coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla National Alliance or ANA)
    Anguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert HUGHES]
    Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UPU
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with a turquoise-blue field below; the white in the background represents peace; the blue base symbolizes the surrounding sea, as well as faith, youth, and hope; the three dolphins stand for endurance, unity, and strength
    name: "God Bless Anguilla"
    lyrics/music: Alex RICHARDSON
    note: local anthem adopted 1981; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)

Economy ::Anguilla

Communications ::Anguilla

    6,200 (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 208
    26,000 (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 208
    general assessment: modern internal telephone system
    domestic: fixed-line teledensity is roughly 40 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity is roughly 170 per 100 persons
    international: country code - 1-264; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; microwave radio relay to island of Saint Martin/Sint Maarten (2011)
    1 private TV station; multi-channel cable TV subscription services are available; about 10 radio stations, one of which is government-owned (2007)
    269 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 192
    3,700 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 208

Transportation ::Anguilla

Military ::Anguilla

Transnational Issues ::Anguilla