Europe :: Akrotiri
(UK Sovereign Base Area)

Introduction ::Akrotiri

    By terms of the 1960 Treaty of Establishment that created the independent Republic of Cyprus, the UK retained full sovereignty and jurisdiction over two areas of almost 254 square kilometers - Akrotiri and Dhekelia. The southernmost and smallest of these is the Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area, which is also referred to as the Western Sovereign Base Area.

Geography ::Akrotiri

    Eastern Mediterranean, peninsula on the southwest coast of Cyprus
    34 37 N, 32 58 E
    total: 123 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 224
    note: includes a salt lake and wetlands
    about 0.7 times the size of Washington, DC
    total: 47.4 km
    border countries: Cyprus 47.4 km
    56.3 km
    temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
    hunting around the salt lake; note - breeding place for loggerhead and green turtles; only remaining colony of griffon vultures is on the base
    British extraterritorial rights also extended to several small off-post sites scattered across Cyprus; of the Sovereign Base Area (SBA) land, 60% is privately owned and farmed, 20% is owned by the Ministry of Defense, and 20% is SBA Crown land

People and Society ::Akrotiri

    English, Greek
    approximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK-based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
    country comparison to the world: 222

Government ::Akrotiri

    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Akrotiri
    a special form of UK overseas territory; administered by an administrator who is also the Commander, British Forces Cyprus
    name: Episkopi Cantonment (base administrative center for Akrotiri and Dhekelia)
    geographic coordinates: 34 40 N, 32 51 E
    time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Order in Council 1960, effective 16 August 1960, functions as a basic legal document
    the Sovereign Base Area Administration has its own court system to deal with civil and criminal matters; laws applicable to the Cypriot population are, as far as possible, the same as the laws of the Republic of Cyprus
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
    head of government: Administrator Air Vice Marshall Graham STACEY (since 4 November 2010); note - reports to the British Ministry of Defense; the Chief Officer is responsible for the day-to-day running of the civil government of the Sovereign Bases
    elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; the administrator appointed by the monarch
    highest court(s): Senior Judges' Court (consists of several visiting judges from England and Wales)
    judge selection and term of office: judges appointment and tenure NA
    subordinate courts: Resident Judges' Court; Courts Martial
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    the flag of the UK is used
    note: as a United Kingdom area of special sovereignty, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)

Economy ::Akrotiri

    Economic activity is limited to providing services to the military and their families located in Akrotiri. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.
    note: uses the euro

Communications ::Akrotiri

    British Forces Broadcast Service (BFBS) provides multi-channel satellite TV service as well as BFBS radio broadcasts to the Akrotiri Sovereign Base (2009)

Military ::Akrotiri

    defense is the responsibility of the UK; Akrotiri has a full RAF base, Headquarters for British Forces Cyprus, and Episkopi Support Unit