North America :: Bermuda
(overseas territory of the UK)

Introduction ::Bermuda

    Bermuda was first settled in 1609 by shipwrecked English colonists headed for Virginia. Vacationing to the island to escape North American winters first developed in Victorian times. Tourism continues to be important to the island's economy, although international business has overtaken it in recent years. Bermuda has also developed into a highly successful offshore financial center. A referendum on independence from the UK was soundly defeated in 1995.

Geography ::Bermuda

People and Society ::Bermuda

Government ::Bermuda

    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Bermuda
    former: Somers Islands
    overseas territory of the UK
    parliamentary; self-governing territory
    name: Hamilton
    geographic coordinates: 32 17 N, 64 47 W
    time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
    9 parishes and 2 municipalities*; Devonshire, Hamilton, Hamilton*, Paget, Pembroke, Saint George*, Saint George's, Sandys, Smith's, Southampton, Warwick
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    Bermuda Day, 24 May
    8 June 1968; amended 1989 and 2003
    English common law
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor George FERGUSSON (since 23 May 2012)
    head of government: Premier Craig CANNONIER (since 18 December 2012)
    cabinet: Cabinet nominated by the premier, appointed by the governor
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually appointed premier by the governor
    bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (11 seats; members appointed by the governor, the premier, and the opposition to serve a five-year term) and the House of Assembly (36 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve up to five-year terms)
    elections: last general election held on 17 December 2012 (next to be held not later than 2017)
    election results: percent of vote by party - OBA 51.7%, PLP 46.1%, other 2.2%; seats by party - OBA 19, PLP 17
    highest court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and 4 justices); Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice, 4 puisne judges, and 1 associate justice)
    note - the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, in London, is the court of last resort
    judge selection and term of office: Court of Appeal justice appointed by the governor; justice tenure by individual appointment; Supreme Court judges nominated by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission and appointed by the governor; judge tenure NA
    subordinate courts: commercial court (began in 2006); magistrates' courts
    Progressive Labor Party or PLP [Marc BEAN]; One Bermuda Alliance or OBA [Thad HOLLIS]
    Association of Bermuda Insurers and Reinsurers or ABIR [Bradley KADING]; Association of Bermuda International Companies or ABIC [George HUTCHINGS]; Bermuda Employer's Council [Keith JENSEN]; Bermuda Industrial Union or BIU [Chris Furbert]; Bermuda Public Services Union or BPSU [Kevin GRANT and Ed BALL]; Bermuda Union of Teachers [Michael CHARLES]
    Caricom (associate), ICC (NGOs), Interpol (subbureau), IOC, ITUC (NGOs), UPU, WCO
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    chief of mission: Consul General Robert SETTJE
    consulate(s) general: Crown Hill, 16 Middle Road, Devonshire DVO3
    mailing address: P. O. Box HM325, Hamilton HMBX; American Consulate General Hamilton, US Department of State, 5300 Hamilton Place, Washington, DC 20520-5300
    telephone: [1] (441) 295-1342
    FAX: [1] (441) 295-1592, 296-9233
    red, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Bermudian coat of arms (a white shield with a red lion standing on a green grassy field holding a scrolled shield showing the sinking of the ship Sea Venture off Bermuda in 1609) centered on the outer half of the flag; it was the shipwreck of the vessel, filled with English colonists originally bound for Virginia, that led to settling of Bermuda
    note: the flag is unusual in that it is only British overseas territory that uses a red ensign, all others use blue
    red lion
    name: "Hail to Bermuda"
    lyrics/music: Bette JOHNS
    note: serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)

Economy ::Bermuda

Energy ::Bermuda

Communications ::Bermuda

    57,800 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 160
    88,200 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    general assessment: a good, fully automatic digital telephone system with fiber-optic trunk lines
    domestic: the system has a high fixed-line teledensity coupled with a mobile-cellular teledensity of roughly 125 per 100 persons
    international: country code - 1-441; landing points for the GlobeNet, Gemini Bermuda, CBUS, and the Challenger Bermuda-1 (CB-1) submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 (2010)
    3 TV stations; cable and satellite TV subscription services are available; roughly 13 radio stations operating (2012)
    20,040 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 119
    54,000 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 173

Transportation ::Bermuda

    1 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 212
    total: 1
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2013)
    total: 447 km
    country comparison to the world: 197
    paved: 447 km
    note: 225 km public roads; 222 km private roads (2010)
    total: 139
    country comparison to the world: 41
    by type: bulk carrier 22, chemical tanker 3, container 14, liquefied gas 43, passenger 27, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 19, refrigerated cargo 9
    foreign-owned: 105 (France 1, Germany 14, Greece 8, Hong Kong 4, Ireland 1, Israel 3, Japan 2, Monaco 2, Nigeria 11, Norway 5, Sweden 14, UK 14, US 26)
    registered in other countries: 241 (Bahamas 15, Cyprus 1, France 5, Greece 3, Hong Kong 20, Isle of Man 7, Liberia 4, Malta 15, Marshall Islands 35, Netherlands 1, Norway 24, Panama 27, Philippines 47, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1, Singapore 25, UK 6, US 5) (2010)
    major seaport(s): Hamilton, Ireland Island, Saint George

Military ::Bermuda