Australia-Oceania :: Northern Mariana Islands
(commonwealth in political union with the US)

Introduction ::Northern Mariana Islands

    Under US administration as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific, the people of the Northern Mariana Islands decided in the 1970s not to seek independence but instead to forge closer links with the US. Negotiations for territorial status began in 1972. A covenant to establish a commonwealth in political union with the US was approved in 1975, and came into force on 24 March 1976. A new government and constitution went into effect in 1978.

Geography ::Northern Mariana Islands

People and Society ::Northern Mariana Islands

    noun: NA (US citizens)
    adjective: NA
    Asian 56.3%, Pacific islander 36.3%, Caucasian 1.8%, other 0.8%, mixed 4.8% (2000 census)
    Philippine languages 24.4%, Chinese 23.4%, Chamorro (official) 22.4%, English (official) 10.8%, other Pacific island languages 9.5%, other 9.6% (2000 census)
    Christian (Roman Catholic majority, although traditional beliefs and taboos may still be found)
    51,170 (July 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 208
    0-14 years: 26% (male 6,970/female 6,333)
    15-24 years: 14.9% (male 4,133/female 3,471)
    25-54 years: 45.5% (male 9,906/female 13,396)
    55-64 years: 9.3% (male 2,592/female 2,187)
    65 years and over: 4.3% (male 1,033/female 1,149) (2013 est.)
    total: 31.1 years
    male: 29.5 years
    female: 31.5 years (2013 est.)
    0.09% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 186
    19.6 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 90
    3.52 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 214
    -15.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 217
    urban population: 91% of total population (2010)
    rate of urbanization: 1.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    SAIPAN (capital) NA (2009)
    at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.12 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 0.75 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1.19 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
    total: 5.59 deaths/1,000 live births
    country comparison to the world: 177
    male: 5.98 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 5.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
    total population: 77.45 years
    country comparison to the world: 67
    male: 74.8 years
    female: 80.26 years (2013 est.)
    2.05 children born/woman (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 122
    improved:
    urban: 98% of population
    rural: 97% of population
    total: 98% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 2% of population
    rural: 3% of population
    total: 2% of population (2010 est.)
    improved:
    urban: 92% of population
    rural: 93% of population
    total: 92% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 8% of population
    rural: 7% of population
    total: 8% of population (2000 est.)
    NA
    NA
    NA
    NA
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 97%
    male: 97%
    female: 96% (1980 est.)
    total: 5.9%
    country comparison to the world: 129
    male: 11.2%
    female: 4.4% (2003)

Government ::Northern Mariana Islands

    conventional long form: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
    conventional short form: Northern Mariana Islands
    abbreviation: CNMI
    former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Mariana Islands District
    commonwealth in political union with the US; federal funds to the Commonwealth administered by the US Department of the Interior, Office of Insular Affairs
    commonwealth; self-governing with locally elected governor, lieutenant governor, and legislature
    name: Saipan
    geographic coordinates: 15 12 N, 145 45 E
    time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    none (commonwealth in political union with the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are four municipalities at the second order: Northern Islands, Rota, Saipan, Tinian
    none (commonwealth in political union with the US)
    Commonwealth Day, 8 January (1978)
    Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands effective 1 January 1978; Covenant Agreement fully effective 4 November 1986
    US system applies, except for customs, wages, immigration laws, and taxation
    18 years of age; universal; note - indigenous inhabitants are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections
    chief of state: President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)
    head of government: Governor Eloy S. INOS (since 20 February 2013); Lieutenant Governor Jude U. HOFSCHNEIDER (since 20 February 2013)
    cabinet: the cabinet consists of the heads of the 10 principal departments under the executive branch who are appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the Senate; other members include special assistants to the governor and office heads appointed by and reporting directly to the governor
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: under the US Constitution, residents of unincorporated territories, such as the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, do not vote in elections for US president and vice president; however, they may vote in the Democratic and Republican party presidential primary elections; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held on 7 November 2009 with a run-off election held on 23 November 2009 (next to be held in 2014)
    election results: Benigno R. FITIAL reelected governor in a run-off election held 23 November 2009; percent of vote - Benigno R. FITIAL 51.4%, Heinz HOFSCHNEIDER 48.6%
    note: Benigno R. FITIAL was impeached by House of Representatives on 11-12 February 2013 and resigns on 20 February 2013; Eloy INOS was sworn in as governor the same day
    bicameral legislature consists of the Senate (9 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year staggered terms) and the House of Representatives (20 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)
    elections: Senate - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014); House of Representatives - last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014)
    election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Covenant Party 3, Republican Party 3, Democratic Party 1, independents 2; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Republican Party 4, Covenant Party 3, independents 13
    note: the Northern Mariana Islands elects one nonvoting delegate to the US House of Representatives; election last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014); seats by party - independent 1
    highest court(s): Supreme Court of the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianna Islands or CNMI (consists of the chief justice and 2 associate justices); US Federal District Court (consists of 1 judge); note - US Federal District Court jurisdiction limited to US federal laws
    note - appeals beyond the Northern Mariannas Islands Supreme Court are referred to the US Supreme Court
    judge selection and term of office: judges of the Supreme Court of the CNMI appointed by the governor and confirmed by the CNMI Senate; judges appointed for 8-year terms and can serve another term if approved through voter election; US Federal District Court judges appointed by the US president and confirmed by the US Senate; judges appointed for renewable 10-year terms
    subordinate courts: Superior Court
    Covenant Party [Benigno R. FITIAL]
    Democratic Party [Dr. Carlos S. CAMACHO]
    Republican Party [Juan S. REYES]
    NA
    SPC, UPU
    blue, with a white, five-pointed star superimposed on a gray latte stone (the traditional foundation stone used in building) in the center, surrounded by a wreath; blue symbolizes the Pacific Ocean, the star represents the Commonwealth; the latte stone and the floral head wreath display elements of the native Chamorro culture
    latte stone
    name: "Gi Talo Gi Halom Tasi" (In the Middle of the Sea)

    lyrics/music: Jose S. PANGELINAN [Chamoru], David PETER [Carolinian]/Wilhelm GANZHORN
    note: adopted 1996; the Carolinian version of the song is known as "Satil Matawal Pacifico;" as a commonwealth of the United States, in addition to the local anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner" is official (see United States)

Economy ::Northern Mariana Islands

Energy ::Northern Mariana Islands

Communications ::Northern Mariana Islands

Transportation ::Northern Mariana Islands

Military ::Northern Mariana Islands