Australia-Oceania :: Micronesia, Federated States of

Introduction ::Micronesia, Federated States of

    The Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution in 1979. Independence came in 1986 under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.

Geography ::Micronesia, Federated States of

People and Society ::Micronesia, Federated States of

    noun: Micronesian(s)
    adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese
    Chuukese 48.8%, Pohnpeian 24.2%, Kosraean 6.2%, Yapese 5.2%, Yap outer islands 4.5%, Asian 1.8%, Polynesian 1.5%, other 6.4%, unknown 1.4% (2000 census)
    English (official and common language), Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
    Roman Catholic 52.7%, Protestant 41.7% (Congregational 40.1%, Baptist 0.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 0.7%), other 3.8%, none or unspecified 0.8% (2000 Census)
    106,104 (July 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 192
    0-14 years: 32.4% (male 17,478/female 16,915)
    15-24 years: 20.4% (male 10,933/female 10,715)
    25-54 years: 37.6% (male 19,370/female 20,551)
    55-64 years: 6.3% (male 3,374/female 3,360)
    65 years and over: 3.2% (male 1,500/female 1,908) (2013 est.)
    total dependency ratio: 64.4 %
    youth dependency ratio: 57.7 %
    elderly dependency ratio: 6.7 %
    potential support ratio: 14.9 (2013)
    total: 23.4 years
    male: 22.8 years
    female: 24 years (2013 est.)
    -0.38% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 220
    21.44 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    4.27 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 205
    -20.95 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 220
    urban population: 23% of total population (2010)
    rate of urbanization: 1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    PALIKIR (capital) 7,000 (2009)
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
    100 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 73
    total: 22.71 deaths/1,000 live births
    country comparison to the world: 81
    male: 25.12 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 20.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
    total population: 72.07 years
    country comparison to the world: 136
    male: 70.09 years
    female: 74.16 years (2013 est.)
    2.68 children born/woman (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 75
    14.2% of GDP (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 5
    0.56 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
    3.22 beds/1,000 population (2009)
    improved:
    urban: 94% of population
    rural: 92% of population
    total: 92% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 6% of population
    rural: 8% of population
    total: 8% of population (2000 est.)
    improved:
    urban: 59% of population
    rural: 16% of population
    total: 26% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 41% of population
    rural: 84% of population
    total: 74% of population (2000 est.)
    NA
    NA
    NA
    40.6% (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 12
    NA
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 89%
    male: 91%
    female: 88% (1980 est.)

Government ::Micronesia, Federated States of

    conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
    conventional short form: none
    local long form: Federated States of Micronesia
    local short form: none
    former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts
    abbreviation: FSM
    constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force on 3 November 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force in May 2004
    name: Palikir
    geographic coordinates: 6 55 N, 158 09 E
    time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae (Kosaie), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap
    3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)
    Constitution Day, 10 May (1979)
    10 May 1979
    mixed legal system of common and customary law
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007)
    cabinet: Cabinet includes the vice president and the heads of the eight executive departments
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators at large for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 11 May 2011 (next to be held in May 2015); note - a proposed constitutional amendment to establish popular elections for president and vice president failed
    election results: Emanuel MORI reelected president by Congress unopposed; Alik L. ALIK reelected vice president
    unicameral Congress (14 seats; 4 - one elected from each state to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population to serve two-year terms; members elected by popular vote)
    elections: last held on 5 March 2013 (next to be held in March 2015)
    election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 14
    highest court(s): Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and not more than 5 associate justices and organized into appellate and criminal divisions)
    judge selection and term of office: justices appointed by the president of the Federated States of Micronesia with the approval of two-thirds of Congress; justices appointed for life
    subordinate courts: the highest state-level courts are: Chuuk Supreme Court; Korsae State Court; Pohnpei State Court; Yap State Court
    no formal parties
    NA
    ACP, ADB, AOSIS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
    chief of mission: Ambassador Asterio R. TAKESY
    chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036
    telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383
    FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391
    consulate(s) general: Honolulu, Tamuning (Guam)
    chief of mission: Ambassador Dorothea-Maria (Doria) ROSEN
    embassy: 101 Upper Pics Road, Kolonia
    mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Kolonia, Pohnpei, 96941; U.S. Embassy in Micronesia, 4120 Kolonia Place, Washington, D.C. 20521-4120
    telephone: [691] 320-2187
    FAX: [691] 320-2186
    light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern; blue symbolizes the Pacific Ocean, the stars represent the four island groups of Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap
    name: "Patriots of Micronesia"

    lyrics/music: unknown
    note: adopted 1991; the anthem is also known as "Across All Micronesia;" the music is based on the 1820 German patriotic song "Ich hab mich ergeben," which was the West German national anthem from 1949-1950; variants of this tune are used in Johannes Brahms' "Festival Overture" and Gustav Mahler's "Third Symphony"

Economy ::Micronesia, Federated States of

Energy ::Micronesia, Federated States of

Communications ::Micronesia, Federated States of

    8,500 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 202
    27,500 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 207
    general assessment: adequate system
    domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes), satellite (Intelsat) ground stations, and some coaxial and fiber-optic cable; mobile-cellular service available on Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap
    international: country code - 691; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2002)
    no TV broadcast stations; each state has a multi-channel cable service with TV transmissions carrying roughly 95% imported programming and 5% local programming; about a half dozen radio stations (2009)
    .fm
    4,668 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 147
    17,000 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 196

Transportation ::Micronesia, Federated States of

Military ::Micronesia, Federated States of

Transnational Issues ::Micronesia, Federated States of

    none
    current situation: Micronesia is a source, and to a limited extent, destination country for women subjected to sex trafficking; Micronesian women are fraudulently recruited for jobs in the US and its territories only to be forced into prostitution or labor upon arrival; Micronesian and foreign women and children are also reportedly prostituted on fishing vessels in Micronesia or its territorial waters, as well as restaurants and clubs frequented by fishermen; complaints of nonpayment and inhuman treatment on fishing boats has led to investigations of labor trafficking
    tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Micronesia does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so; despite passage of implementing regulations for Micronesia's 2012 trafficking law, the government has not reported any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions for sex or labor trafficking; the government also makes no efforts to identify trafficking victims and refer them to protective services; no NGOs provide services to victims; limited efforts are made to increase the public's awareness of human trafficking (2013)
    major consumer of cannabis