Australia-Oceania :: French Polynesia
(overseas lands of France)

Introduction ::French Polynesia

    The French annexed various Polynesian island groups during the 19th century. In September 1995, France stirred up widespread protests by resuming nuclear testing on the Mururoa atoll after a three-year moratorium. The tests were halted in January 1996. In recent years, French Polynesia's autonomy has been considerably expanded.

Geography ::French Polynesia

People and Society ::French Polynesia

    noun: French Polynesian(s)
    adjective: French Polynesian
    Polynesian 78%, Chinese 12%, local French 6%, metropolitan French 4%
    French (official) 61.1%, Polynesian (official) 31.4%, Asian languages 1.2%, other 0.3%, unspecified 6% (2002 census)
    Protestant 54%, Roman Catholic 30%, other 10%, no religion 6%
    277,293 (July 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 181
    0-14 years: 24.1% (male 34,376/female 32,457)
    15-24 years: 17.1% (male 24,553/female 22,953)
    25-54 years: 43.6% (male 62,080/female 58,903)
    55-64 years: 8.2% (male 11,771/female 11,081)
    65 years and over: 6.9% (male 9,299/female 9,820) (2013 est.)
    total dependency ratio: 42.4 %
    youth dependency ratio: 32.2 %
    elderly dependency ratio: 10.2 %
    potential support ratio: 9.8 (2013)
    total: 30.2 years
    male: 30.1 years
    female: 30.3 years (2013 est.)
    1% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 116
    15.7 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 128
    4.85 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 192
    -0.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 147
    urban population: 51% of total population (2010)
    rate of urbanization: 1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    PAPEETE (capital) 133,000 (2009)
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
    total: 4.83 deaths/1,000 live births
    country comparison to the world: 181
    male: 5.36 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 4.26 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
    total population: 76.59 years
    country comparison to the world: 75
    male: 74.37 years
    female: 78.93 years (2013 est.)
    1.97 children born/woman (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 133
    urban: 100% of population
    rural: 100% of population
    total: 100% of population (2010 est.)
    urban: 99% of population
    rural: 97% of population
    total: 98% of population
    urban: 1% of population
    rural: 3% of population
    total: 2% of population (2010 est.)
    definition: age 14 and over can read and write
    total population: 98%
    male: 98%
    female: 98% (1977 est.)
    total: 33.2%
    country comparison to the world: 18
    male: 29.3%
    female: 39.1% (2002)

Government ::French Polynesia

    conventional long form: Overseas Lands of French Polynesia
    conventional short form: French Polynesia
    local long form: Pays d'outre-mer de la Polynesie Francaise
    local short form: Polynesie Francaise
    former: French Colony of Oceania
    overseas lands of France; overseas territory of France from 1946-2003; overseas collectivity of France since 2003, though it is often referred to as an overseas country due to its degree of autonomy
    parliamentary representative democratic French overseas collectivity
    name: Papeete (located on Tahiti)
    geographic coordinates: 17 32 S, 149 34 W
    time difference: UTC-10 (5 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    none (overseas lands of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are five second order administrative units named Iles Australes, Iles du Vent, Iles Marquises, Iles Sous le Vent, Iles Tuamotu et Gambier
    none (overseas lands of France)
    Fete de la Federation, 14 July (1789); note - the local holiday is Internal Autonomy Day, 29 June (1880)
    4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
    the laws of France, where applicable, apply
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012), represented by acting High Commissioner of the Republic Gilles CANTAL (since 23 August 2013); note - Lionel BEFFRE was named by the French Council of Ministers to the post on 21 August 2013
    head of government: President of French Polynesia Gaston FLOSS (since 17 May 2013); President of the Assembly of French Polynesia Jacqui DROLLET (since 14 April 2011)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers; president submits a list of members of the Assembly for approval by them to serve as ministers
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; high commissioner appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the French Polynesia government and the president of the Assembly of French Polynesia elected by the members of the assembly for five-year terms (no term limits)
    unicameral Assembly of French Polynesia or Assemblee de la Polynesia francaise (57 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: last held on 21 April 2013 (first round) and 5 May 2013 (second round) (next to be held in 2018)
    election results: percent of vote by party - Popular Rally 45.1%, Union for Democracy alliance 29.3%, A Tia Porinetia 25.6%, other 15.8%; seats by party - Popular Rally 38, Union for Democracy alliance 11, A Tia Porinetia 8
    note: two seats were elected to the French Senate on 21 September 2008 (next to be held in September 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 1, independent 1; three seats were elected to the French National Assembly on 17 June 2012 (next to be held by June 2017); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 3
    highest court(s): Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel (composition NA)
    note - appeals beyond the French Polynesia Court of Appeal are heard by the Court of Cassation (in Paris)
    judge selection and term of office: NA
    subordinate courts: Court of the First Instance or Tribunal de Premiere Instance; Court of Administrative Law or Tribunal Administratif
    A Tia Porinetia [Teva ROHFRITSCH]
    Alliance for a New Democracy or ADN (includes the parties The New Star and This Country is Yours)
    New Fatherland Party (Ai'a Api) [Emile Vernaudon]
    Our Home alliance
    People's Servant Party (Tavini Huiraatira) [Oscar TEMARU]
    Popular Rally (Tahoeraa Huiraatira) [Gaston FLOSSE]
    Union for Democracy alliance or UPD [Oscar TEMARU]
    ITUC (NGOs), PIF (associate member), SPC, UPU
    none (overseas lands of France)
    none (overseas lands of France)
    two red horizontal bands encase a wide white band in a 1:2:1 ratio; centered on the white band is a disk with a blue and white wave pattern depicting the sea on the lower half and a gold and white ray pattern depicting the sun on the upper half; a Polynesian canoe rides on the wave pattern; the canoe has a crew of five represented by five stars that symbolize the five island groups; red and white are traditional Polynesian colors
    note: similar to the red-white-red flag of Tahiti, the largest of the islands in French Polynesia, which has no emblem in the white band; the flag of France is used for official occasions
    outrigger canoe
    name: "Ia Ora 'O Tahiti Nui" (Long Live Tahiti Nui)
    lyrics/music: Maeva BOUGES, Irmine TEHEI, Angele TEROROTUA, Johanna NOUVEAU, Patrick AMARU, Louis MAMATUI and Jean-Pierre CELESTIN
    note: adopted 1993; serves as a local anthem; as a territory of France, "La Marseillaise" is official (see France)
    under certain acts of France, French Polynesia has acquired autonomy in all areas except those relating to police and justice, monetary policy, tertiary education, immigration, and defense and foreign affairs; the duties of its president are fashioned after those of the French prime minister

Economy ::French Polynesia

Energy ::French Polynesia

Communications ::French Polynesia

Transportation ::French Polynesia

Military ::French Polynesia