Europe :: Gibraltar
(overseas territory of the UK)

Introduction ::Gibraltar

    Strategically important, Gibraltar was reluctantly ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht; the British garrison was formally declared a colony in 1830. In a referendum held in 1967, Gibraltarians voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency. The subsequent granting of autonomy in 1969 by the UK led to Spain closing the border and severing all communication links. Between 1997 and 2002, the UK and Spain held a series of talks on establishing temporary joint sovereignty over Gibraltar. In response to these talks, the Gibraltar Government called a referendum in late 2002 in which the majority of citizens voted overwhelmingly against any sharing of sovereignty with Spain. Since late 2004, Spain, the UK, and Gibraltar have held tripartite talks with the aim of cooperatively resolving problems that affect the local population, and work continues on cooperation agreements in areas such as taxation and financial services; communications and maritime security; policy, legal and customs services; environmental protection; and education and visa services. Throughout 2009, a dispute over Gibraltar's claim to territorial waters extending out three miles gave rise to periodic non-violent maritime confrontations between Spanish and UK naval patrols. A new noncolonial constitution came into effect in 2007, and the European Court of First Instance recognized Gibraltar's right to regulate its own tax regime in December 2008. The UK retains responsibility for defense, foreign relations, internal security, and financial stability.

Geography ::Gibraltar

People and Society ::Gibraltar

    noun: Gibraltarian(s)
    adjective: Gibraltar
    Spanish, Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese, German, North Africans
    English (used in schools and for official purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
    Roman Catholic 78.1%, Church of England 7%, other Christian 3.2%, Muslim 4%, Jewish 2.1%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 0.9%, none 2.9% (2001 census)
    29,111 (July 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 218
    0-14 years: 20.1% (male 3,013/female 2,845)
    15-24 years: 16.4% (male 2,481/female 2,284)
    25-54 years: 37.7% (male 5,493/female 5,493)
    55-64 years: 11.2% (male 1,580/female 1,667)
    65 years and over: 14.6% (male 2,081/female 2,174) (2013 est.)
    total: 33.8 years
    male: 32.9 years
    female: 34.8 years (2013 est.)
    0.26% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 172
    14.19 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 140
    8.28 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 90
    -3.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 179
    urban population: 100% of total population (2010)
    rate of urbanization: 0.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
    total: 6.42 deaths/1,000 live births
    country comparison to the world: 166
    male: 7.14 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 5.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
    total population: 78.98 years
    country comparison to the world: 47
    male: 76.13 years
    female: 82.03 years (2013 est.)
    1.93 children born/woman (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 136
    definition: NA
    total population: above 80%
    male: NA
    female: NA

Government ::Gibraltar

    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Gibraltar
    overseas territory of the UK
    name: Gibraltar
    geographic coordinates: 36 08 N, 5 21 W
    time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    National Day, 10 September (1967); note - day of the national referendum to decide whether to remain with the UK or join Spain
    5 June 2006; came into force 2 January 2007
    the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply
    18 years of age; universal; and British citizens who have been residents six months or more
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Vice Admiral Sir Adrian JOHNS (since 26 October 2009)
    head of government: Chief Minister Fabian PICARDO (since 9 December 2011)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed from among the 17 elected members of the Parliament by the governor in consultation with the chief minister
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor
    unicameral Parliament (18 seats: 17 members elected by popular vote, 1 for the speaker appointed by Parliament; members serve four-year terms)
    elections: last held on 8 December 2011 (next to be held not later than 8 December 2015)
    election results: percent of vote by party - GSD 48%, GSLP 46.8%, Progressive Democratic Party 4.4%, other 0.8%; seats by party - GSD 10, GSLP 7
    highest court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of at least three judges, including the court president); Supreme Court of Gibraltar (consists of the chief justice and 3 judges)
    note - appeals beyond the Court of Appeal are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)
    judge selection and term of office: Court of Appeal and Supreme Court judges appointed by the governor upon the advice of the Judicial Service Commission, a 7-member body of judges and appointees of the governor; tenure of the Court of Appeal president based on terms of appointment; Supreme Court chief justice and judge normally appointed until retirement at age 67, but can be extended 3 years
    subordinate courts: Court of First Instance; Magistrates' Court; specialized tribunals for issues relating to social security, taxes, and employment
    Gibraltar Liberal Party [Joseph GARCIA]
    Gibraltar Social Democrats or GSD [Daniel FEETHAM]
    Gibraltar Socialist Labor Party or GSLP [Fabian PICARDO]
    Progressive Democratic Party [Nick CRUZ]
    Chamber of Commerce
    Gibraltar Representatives Organization
    Women's Association
    ICC (NGOs), Interpol (subbureau), UPU
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    two horizontal bands of white (top, double width) and red with a three-towered red castle in the center of the white band; hanging from the castle gate is a gold key centered in the red band; the design is that of Gibraltar's coat of arms granted on 10 July 1502 by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain; the castle symbolizes Gibraltar as a fortress, while the key represents Gibraltar's strategic importance - the key to the Mediterranean
    Barbary macaque
    name: "Gibraltar Anthem"
    lyrics/music: Peter EMBERLEY
    note: adopted 1994; serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" remains official (see United Kingdom)

Economy ::Gibraltar

Energy ::Gibraltar

Communications ::Gibraltar

    24,000 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 184
    32,500 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 205
    general assessment: adequate, automatic domestic system and adequate international facilities
    domestic: automatic exchange facilities
    international: country code - 350; radiotelephone; microwave radio relay; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
    Gibraltar Broadcasting Corporation (GBC) provides TV and radio broadcasting services via 1 TV station and 4 radio stations; British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) operates 1 radio station; broadcasts from Spanish radio and TV stations are accessible (2008)
    3,509 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 151
    20,200 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 193

Transportation ::Gibraltar

    1 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 217
    total: 1
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
    total: 29 km
    country comparison to the world: 219
    paved: 29 km (2007)
    total: 267
    country comparison to the world: 32
    by type: bulk carrier 3, cargo 146, chemical tanker 64, container 28, liquefied gas 2, petroleum tanker 14, roll on/roll off 2, vehicle carrier 8
    foreign-owned: 254 (Belgium 1, Cyprus 1, Denmark 7, Finland 2, Germany 123, Greece 8, Iceland 1, Italy 4, Jersey 1, Morocco 4, Netherlands 34, Norway 46, Sweden 11, UAE 5, UK 6)
    registered in other countries: 6 (Liberia 5, Panama 1) (2010)
    major seaport(s): Gibraltar

Military ::Gibraltar

Transnational Issues ::Gibraltar

    in 2002, Gibraltar residents voted overwhelmingly by referendum to reject any "shared sovereignty" arrangement; the Government of Gibraltar insists on equal participation in talks between the UK and Spain; Spain disapproves of UK plans to grant Gibraltar even greater autonomy