Introduction ::Grenada

    Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Christopher COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada in September of 2004 causing severe damage.

Geography ::Grenada

People and Society ::Grenada

Government ::Grenada

    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Grenada
    parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
    name: Saint George's
    geographic coordinates: 12 03 N, 61 45 W
    time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petite Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick
    7 February 1974 (from the UK)
    Independence Day, 7 February (1974)
    19 December 1973
    common law based on English model
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Cecile LA GRENADE (since 7 May 2013)
    head of government: Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 20 February 2013)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
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    elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general
    bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (13 seats, 10 members appointed by the government and 3 by the leader of the opposition) and the House of Representatives (15 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: last held on 19 February 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
    election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NNP 59%, NDC 41%; seats by party - NNP 15
    highest court(s): Supreme Court of Grenada (consists of the High Court with 3 justices and a 2-tier Court of Appeal with NA justices)
    note - the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to include Grenada; the ECSC - with its headquarters on St. Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and is compri
    judge selection and term of office: justice selection and tenure NA
    subordinate courts: magistrates' courts; Court of Magisterial Appeals
    Grenada United Labor Party or GULP [Wilfred HAYES]
    National Democratic Congress or NDC [Tillman THOMAS]
    New National Party or NNP [Keith MITCHELL]
    Committee for Human Rights in Grenada or CHRG
    New Jewel Movement Support Group
    The British Grenada Friendship Society
    The New Jewel 19 Committee
    ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, ITUC, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO
    chief of mission: Ambassador Gillian M.S. BRISTOL
    chancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009
    telephone: [1] (202) 265-2561
    FAX: [1] (202) 265-2468
    consulate(s) general: New York
    chief of mission: the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Grenada
    embassy: Lance-aux-Epines Stretch, Saint George's
    mailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George's
    telephone: [1] (473) 444-1173 through 1177
    FAX: [1] (473) 444-4820
    a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side), with a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow, five-pointed stars with three centered in the top red border, three centered in the bottom red border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonesia); the seven stars stand for the seven administrative divisions, with the central star denoting the capital, St. George; yellow represents the sun and the warmth of the people, green stands for vegetation and agriculture, and red symbolizes harmony, unity, and courage
    name: "Hail Grenada"
    lyrics/music: Irva Merle BAPTISTE/Louis Arnold MASANTO
    note: adopted 1974

Economy ::Grenada

Energy ::Grenada

Communications ::Grenada

    28,400 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 179
    121,900 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 188
    general assessment: automatic, island-wide telephone system
    domestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links
    international: country code - 1-473; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad (2009)
    the Grenada Broadcasting Network, jointly owned by the government and the Caribbean Communications Network of Trinidad and Tobago, operates a TV station and 2 radio stations; multi-channel cable TV subscription service is available; a dozen private radio stations also broadcast (2007)
    .gd
    80 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 212
    25,000 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 186

Transportation ::Grenada

Military ::Grenada

Transnational Issues ::Grenada