Europe :: Guernsey
(British crown dependency)

Introduction ::Guernsey

    Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Guernsey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the European Union. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.

Geography ::Guernsey

People and Society ::Guernsey

    noun: Channel Islander(s)
    adjective: Channel Islander
    British and Norman-French descent with small percentages from other European countries
    English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts
    Protestant (Anglican, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist), Roman Catholic
    65,605 (July 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 204
    0-14 years: 14.7% (male 4,992/female 4,642)
    15-24 years: 12.1% (male 4,023/female 3,901)
    25-54 years: 42.3% (male 13,957/female 13,811)
    55-64 years: 13% (male 4,252/female 4,266)
    65 years and over: 17.9% (male 5,281/female 6,480) (2013 est.)
    total dependency ratio: 46 %
    youth dependency ratio: 21.8 %
    elderly dependency ratio: 24.2 %
    potential support ratio: 4.1
    note: data represents the Channel Islands (2013)
    total: 42.8 years
    male: 41.7 years
    female: 43.9 years (2013 est.)
    0.38% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 158
    9.95 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 196
    8.61 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    2.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 36
    urban population: 31% of total population (2010)
    rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
    total: 3.49 deaths/1,000 live births
    country comparison to the world: 209
    male: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 3.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
    total population: 82.32 years
    country comparison to the world: 7
    male: 79.65 years
    female: 85.12 years (2013 est.)
    1.54 children born/woman (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
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Government ::Guernsey

    conventional long form: Bailiwick of Guernsey
    conventional short form: Guernsey
    British crown dependency
    parliamentary democracy
    name: Saint Peter Port
    geographic coordinates: 49 27 N, 2 32 W
    time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 10 parishes: Castel, Forest, Saint Andrew, Saint Martin, Saint Peter Port, Saint Pierre du Bois, Saint Sampson, Saint Saviour, Torteval, Vale
    none (British crown dependency)
    Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
    unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
    customary legal system based on Norman customary law, and includes elements of the French Civil Code and English common law
    16 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor Air Marshall Peter WALKER (since 15 April 2011)
    head of government: Chief Minister Peter HARWOOD (since 1 May 2012); Bailiff Richard COLLAS (since 23 March 2012)
    cabinet: Policy Council elected by the States of Deliberation
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch; chief minister elected by States of Deliberation
    election results: Peter HARWOOD elected chief minister, percent of vote NA
    unicameral States of Deliberation (45 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms; note - there are also 10 Douzaine representatives - one from each parish, 2 representatives from Alderney and the appointed attorney general and soliciter general); note - Alderney and Sark have parliaments
    elections: last held on 18 April 2012 (next to be held in 2016)
    election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - all independents
    highest court(s): Guernsey Court of Appeal (consists of the Bailiff of Guernsey, who is the ex-officio president of the Guernsey Court of Appeal, and at least 12 judges); Royal Court (organized into 3 divisions - Full Court sits with 1 judge and 7 to 12 jurats acting as judges of fact, Ordinary Court sits with 1 judge and normally 3 jurats, and Matrimonial Causes Division sits with a 1 judge and 4 jurats); note - appeals beyond Guernsey courts are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)
    judge selection and term of office: Royal Court Balliff, Deputy Balliff and Court of Appeal justices appointed by the British Crown and hold office at Her Majesty's pleasure; jurats elected by the States of Election, a body chaired by the Balliff and a number of jurats
    subordinate courts: Court of Alderney; Court of the Seneschal of Sark; Magistrate's Court (includes Juvenile Court); Contracts Court; Ecclesiastical Court; Court of Chief Pleas
    none; all independents
    Stop Traffic Endangering Pedestrian Safety or STEPS
    No More Masts [Colin FALLAIZE]
    UPU
    none (British crown dependency)
    none (British crown dependency)
    white with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) extending to the edges of the flag and a yellow equal-armed cross of William the Conqueror superimposed on the Saint George cross; the red cross represents the old ties with England and the fact that Guernsey is a British Crown dependency; the gold cross is a replica of the one used by Duke William of Normandy at the Battle of Hastings
    Guernsey cow; donkey
    name: "Sarnia Cherie" (Guernsey Dear)
    lyrics/music: George DEIGHTON/Domencio SANTANGELO
    note: adopted 1911; serves as a local anthem; as a British crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" remains official (see United Kingdom)

Economy ::Guernsey

Communications ::Guernsey

Transportation ::Guernsey

Military ::Guernsey