(territory of the US)

Introduction ::Guam

    Spain ceded Guam to the US in 1898. Captured by the Japanese in 1941, it was retaken by the US three years later. The military installation on the island is one of the most strategically important US bases in the Pacific.

Geography ::Guam

    Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines
    13 28 N, 144 47 E
    total: 544 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 195
    land: 544 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    three times the size of Washington, DC
    0 km
    125.5 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season (January to June), rainy season (July to December); little seasonal temperature variation
    volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low hills in center, mountains in south
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mount Lamlam 406 m
    aquatic wildlife (supporting tourism), fishing (largely undeveloped)
    arable land: 1.85%
    permanent crops: 16.67%
    other: 81.48% (2011)
    2 sq km (2011)
    frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare but potentially destructive typhoons (June to December)
    extirpation of native bird population by the rapid proliferation of the brown tree snake, an exotic, invasive species
    largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago; strategic location in western North Pacific Ocean

People and Society ::Guam

    noun: Guamanian(s) (US citizens)
    adjective: Guamanian
    Chamorro 37.1%, Filipino 26.3%, other Pacific islander 11.3%, white 6.9%, other Asian 6.3%, other ethnic origin or race 2.3%, mixed 9.8% (2000 census)
    English 38.3%, Chamorro 22.2%, Philippine languages 22.2%, other Pacific island languages 6.8%, Asian languages 7%, other languages 3.5% (2000 census)
    Roman Catholic 85%, other 15% (1999 est.)
    160,378 (July 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 187
    0-14 years: 26.4% (male 21,806/female 20,480)
    15-24 years: 16.9% (male 13,961/female 13,156)
    25-54 years: 39.5% (male 32,312/female 30,962)
    55-64 years: 9.1% (male 7,325/female 7,273)
    65 years and over: 8.2% (male 5,950/female 7,153) (2013 est.)
    total dependency ratio: 52.3 %
    youth dependency ratio: 39.9 %
    elderly dependency ratio: 12.3 %
    potential support ratio: 8.1 (2013)
    total: 29.7 years
    male: 29.2 years
    female: 30.2 years (2013 est.)
    0.34% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 166
    17.23 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 109
    4.95 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 186
    -8.89 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 208
    urban population: 93% of total population (2010)
    rate of urbanization: 1.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    HAGATNA (capital) 153,000 (2009)
    at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
    total: 5.61 deaths/1,000 live births
    country comparison to the world: 176
    male: 6.02 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 5.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
    total population: 78.66 years
    country comparison to the world: 50
    male: 75.62 years
    female: 81.89 years (2013 est.)
    2.41 children born/woman (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 84
    note: percent of women aged 18-44 (2002)
    urban: 100% of population
    rural: 100% of population
    total: 100% of population (2010 est.)
    urban: 99% of population
    rural: 98% of population
    total: 99% of population
    urban: 1% of population
    rural: 2% of population
    total: 1% of population (2010 est.)
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 99%
    male: 99%
    female: 99% (1990 est.)

Government ::Guam

    conventional long form: Territory of Guam
    conventional short form: Guam
    local long form: Guahan
    local short form: Guahan
    organized, unincorporated territory of the US with policy relations between Guam and the US under the jurisdiction of the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior
    name: Hagatna (Agana)
    geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 144 44 E
    time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    none (territory of the US)
    none (territory of the US)
    Discovery Day, first Monday in March (1521)
    Organic Act of Guam, 1 August 1950
    common law modeled on US system; US federal laws apply
    18 years of age; universal; note - Guamanians are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections
    chief of state: President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)
    head of government: Governor Eddie CALVO (since 3 January 2011); Lieutenant Governor Ray TENORIO (since 3 January 2011)
    cabinet: heads of executive departments; appointed by the governor with the consent of the Guam legislature
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: under the US Constitution, residents of unincorporated territories, such as Guam, do not vote in elections for US president and vice president; however, they may vote in Democratic and Republican presidential primary elections; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for a four-year term (can serve two consecutive terms, then must wait a full term before running again); election last held on 2 November 2010 (next to be held in November 2014)
    election results: Eddie CALVO elected governor with 50.6% percent of vote against 49.4% for Carl GUTIERREZ; Ray TENORIO elected lieutenant governor
    unicameral Legislature (15 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)
    elections: last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014)
    election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Democratic Party 9, Republican Party 6
    note: Guam elects one nonvoting delegate to the US House of Representatives; election last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Democratic Party 1
    highest court(s): Supreme Court of Guam (consists of 3 justices)
    note - appeals beyond the Supreme Court of Guam are heard by the US Supreme Court
    judge selection and term of office: justices appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Guam legislature; justices appointed for life subject to retention election every 10 years
    subordinate courts: Superior Court of Guam - includes several divisions; US Federal District Court for the District of Guam (a US territorial court; appeals beyond this court are heard before the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit)
    Democratic Party [Carlo BRANCH]
    Republican Party [Mike BENITO]
    Guam Commission on Decolonization
    Guam Federation of Teachers' Union
    Guam Waterworks Authority Workers
    We Are Guahan
    IOC, PIF (observer), SPC, UPU
    none (territory of the US)
    none (territory of the US)
    territorial flag is dark blue with a narrow red border on all four sides; centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse containing a beach scene, a proa or outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree with the word GUAM superimposed in bold red letters; the proa is sailing in Agana Bay with the promontory of Punta Dos Amantes, near the capital, in the background; blue represents the sea and red the blood shed in the struggle against oppression
    note: the US flag is the national flag
    coconut tree
    name: "Fanohge Chamoru" (Stand Ye Guamanians)
    lyrics/music: Ramon Manalisay SABLAN [English], Lagrimas UNTALAN [Chamoru]/Ramon Manalisay SABLAN
    note: adopted 1919; the local anthem is also known as "Guam Hymn"; as a territory of the United States, "The Star-Spangled Banner," which generally follows the playing of "Stand Ye Guamanians," is official (see United States)

Economy ::Guam

Energy ::Guam

Communications ::Guam

    65,500 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 158
    98,000 (2004)
    country comparison to the world: 192
    general assessment: modern system, integrated with US facilities for direct dialing, including free use of 800 numbers
    domestic: digital system, including mobile-cellular service and local access to the Internet
    international: country code - 1-671; major landing point for submarine cables between Asia and the US (Guam is a transpacific communications hub for major carriers linking the US and Asia); satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2011)
    about a dozen TV channels, including digital channels; multi-channel cable TV services are available; roughly 20 radio stations (2009)
    23 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 219
    90,000 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 163

Transportation ::Guam

Military ::Guam