Europe :: Isle of Man
(British crown dependency)

Introduction ::Isle of Man

    Part of the Norwegian Kingdom of the Hebrides until the 13th century when it was ceded to Scotland, the isle came under the British crown in 1765. Current concerns include reviving the almost extinct Manx Gaelic language. Isle of Man is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the European Union. However, the UK Government remains constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.

Geography ::Isle of Man

People and Society ::Isle of Man

Government ::Isle of Man

    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Isle of Man
    abbreviation: I.O.M.
    British crown dependency
    parliamentary democracy
    name: Douglas
    geographic coordinates: 54 09 N, 4 29 W
    time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 24 local authorities each with its own elections
    none (British crown dependency)
    Tynwald Day, 5 July
    unwritten; note - The Isle of Man Constitution Act of 1961 does not embody the unwritten Manx Constitution
    the laws of the UK where applicable apply and include Manx statutes
    16 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Adam WOOD (since 7 April 2011)
    head of government: Chief Minister Allan BELL (since 11 October 2011)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch; the chief minister elected by the Tynwald for a five-year term; election last held on 11 October 2011 (next to be held in December 2016)
    election results: House of Keys speaker Allan BELL elected chief minister by the Tynwald with 27 votes out of 30
    bicameral Tynwald consists of the Legislative Council (11 seats; members composed of the President of Tynwald, the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, a nonvoting attorney general, and 8 others named by the House of Keys) and the House of Keys (24 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: House of Keys - last held on 29 September 2011 (next to be held in September 2016)
    election results: House of Keys - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Liberal Vannin Party 3, independents 21
    highest court(s): Isle of Man High Courts of Justice (consists of 3 permanent judges called "deemsters" and 1 judge of appeal; organized into the Staff of Government Division or Court of Appeal and the Civil Division)
    note - appeals beyond the High Court of Justice are referred to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)
    judge selection and term of office: judges appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor; judge tenure NA
    subordinate courts: High Court; Court of Summary Gaol Delivery; Summary Courts; magistrate's Court; specialized courts
    Alliance for Progressive Government
    Liberal Vannin Party [Peter KARRAN]
    Manx Labor Party
    Manx Nationalist Party (Mec Vannin) [Bernard MOFFATT]
    note:
    most members sit as independents
    Alliance for Progressive Government or APG (a government watchdog)
    Mec Vannin (political party advocating a sovereign state and environment policies); note - has only had one member elected to the Tynwald
    UPU
    none (British crown dependency)
    none (British crown dependency)
    red with the Three Legs of Man emblem (triskelion), in the center; the three legs are joined at the thigh and bent at the knee; in order to have the toes pointing clockwise on both sides of the flag, a two-sided emblem is used; the flag is based on the coat-of-arms of the last recognized Norse King of Mann, Magnus III (r. 1252-65); the triskelion has its roots in an early Celtic sun symbol
    triskelion (a motif of three legs)
    name: "Arrane Ashoonagh dy Vannin" (O Land of Our Birth)
    lyrics/music: William Henry GILL [English], John J. KNEEN [Manx]/traditional
    note: adopted 2003, in use since 1907; serves as a local anthem; as a British crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom) and is played when the sovereign, members of the royal family, or the lieutenant governor are present

Economy ::Isle of Man

Communications ::Isle of Man

    domestic: landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone system
    international: country code - 44; fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cable
    national public radio broadcasts over 3 FM stations and 1 AM station; 2 commercial broadcasters operating with 1 having multiple FM stations; receives radio and TV services via relays from British TV and radio broadcasters (2008)
    .im
    895 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 174

Transportation ::Isle of Man

    1 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 219
    total: 1
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
    total: 63 km
    country comparison to the world: 128
    narrow gauge: 6 km 1.076-m gauge (6 km electrified); 57 km 0.914-m gauge (29 km electrified)
    note: primarily summer tourist attractions (2008)
    total: 500 km (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 195
    total: 321
    country comparison to the world: 30
    by type: bulk carrier 59, cargo 55, chemical tanker 52, container 7, liquefied gas 43, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 93, roll on/roll off 5, vehicle carrier 5
    foreign-owned: 223 (Bermuda 7, Chile 9, Denmark 30, Germany 56, Greece 62, Ireland 1, Japan 19, Malaysia 6, Norway 30, South Africa 2, US 1) (2010)
    Douglas, Ramsey

Military ::Isle of Man