Europe :: Jersey
(British crown dependency)

Introduction ::Jersey

    Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Jersey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the European Union. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.

Geography ::Jersey

People and Society ::Jersey

    noun: Channel Islander(s)
    adjective: Channel Islander
    Jersey 51.1%, Britons 34.8%, Irish, French, and other white 6.6%, Portuguese/Madeiran 6.4%, other 1.1% (2001 census)
    English 94.5% (official), Portuguese 4.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)
    Protestant (Anglican, Baptist, Congregational New Church, Methodist, Presbyterian), Roman Catholic
    95,732 (July 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 196
    0-14 years: 16.1% (male 7,998/female 7,453)
    15-24 years: 14.9% (male 7,243/female 7,000)
    25-54 years: 41.5% (male 19,854/female 19,836)
    55-64 years: 12.1% (male 5,619/female 5,954)
    65 years and over: 15.4% (male 6,307/female 8,468) (2013 est.)
    total dependency ratio: 46 %
    youth dependency ratio: 21.8 %
    elderly dependency ratio: 24.2 %
    potential support ratio: 4.1
    note: data represents the Channel Islands (2013)
    total: 39.9 years
    male: 37.7 years
    female: 41.7 years (2013 est.)
    0.82% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 134
    11.38 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 171
    7.59 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 113
    4.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 25
    urban population: 31% of total population (2010)
    rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
    total: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births
    country comparison to the world: 201
    male: 4.12 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 3.67 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
    total population: 81.57 years
    country comparison to the world: 14
    male: 79.13 years
    female: 84.15 years (2013 est.)
    1.66 children born/woman (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 174

Government ::Jersey

    conventional long form: Bailiwick of Jersey
    conventional short form: Jersey
    British crown dependency
    parliamentary democracy
    name: Saint Helier
    geographic coordinates: 49 11 N, 2 06 W
    time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 12 parishes: Grouville, Saint Brelade, Saint Clement, Saint Helier, Saint John, Saint Lawrence, Saint Martin, Saint Mary, Saint Ouen, Saint Peter, Saint Saviour, and Trinity
    none (British crown dependency)
    Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
    unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
    the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply; local statutes
    16 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Sir John MCCOLL (since 26 September 2011)
    head of government: Chief Minister Ian GORST (18 December 2011); Bailiff Michael BIRT (since 9 July 2009)
    cabinet: Cabinet (since December 2005)
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: ministers of the Cabinet including the chief minister are elected by the Assembly of States; the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch
    unicameral Assembly of the States of Jersey (58 seats; 53 are voting members, of which 12 are senators elected for six-year terms, 12 are constables or heads of parishes elected for three-year terms, 29 are deputies elected for three-year terms; the 5 non-voting members include the bailiff and the deputy bailiff, the Dean of Jersey, the Attorney General, and the Solicitor General appointed by the monarch)
    elections: last held on 27 April 2011 (next to be held in 2014)
    election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 53; note - starting with the 2014 elections, the number of Senators will be reduced to 8
    highest court(s): Jersey Court of Appeal (consists of the bailiff, deputy bailiff, and 12 judges and organized into Heritage, Family, Probate, and Civil and Criminal Divisions); Royal Court (consists of the bailiff, deputy bailiff, 6 commissioners - part-time judges, and NA lay people referred to as jurats)
    judge selection and term of office: Jersey Court of Appeal bailiffs and judges appointed by the Crown upon the advice of the Secretary of State for Justice; bailiffs and judges appointed for extent of good behavior; Royal Court bailiffs appointed by the Crown upon the advice of the Secretary of State for Justice; commissioners appointed by the bailiff; jurats appointed by the Electoral College; bailiffs and commissioners appointed for extent of good behavior; jurats appointed until retirement at age 72
    subordinate courts: Magistrate's Court; Youth Court; Petty Debts Court; Parish Hall Enquires (a process of preliminary investigation into youth and minor adult offenses to determine need for presentation before a court)
    two declared parties:
    Centre Party
    Jersey Democratic Alliance
    note: all senators and deputies elected in 2008 were independents
    Institute of Directors, Jersey branch (provides business support)
    Jersey Hospitality Association [Robert JONES] (trade association)
    Jersey Rights Association [David ROTHERHAM] (human rights)
    La Societe Jersiaise (education and conservation group)
    Progress Jersey [Daren O'TOOLE, Gino RISOLI] (human rights)
    Royal Jersey Agriculture and Horticultural Society or RJA&HS (development and management of the Jersey breed of cattle)
    Save Jersey's Heritage (protects heritage through building preservation)
    none (British crown dependency)
    none (British crown dependency)
    white with a diagonal red cross extending to the corners of the flag; in the upper quadrant, surmounted by a yellow crown, a red shield with three lions in yellow; according to tradition, the ships of Jersey - in an attempt to differentiate themselves from English ships flying the horizontal cross of St. George - rotated the cross to the "X" (saltire) configuration; because this arrangement still resembled the Irish cross of St. Patrick, the yellow Plantagenet crown and Jersey coat of arms were added
    Jersey cow
    name: "Isle de Siez Nous" (Island Home)
    lyrics/music: Gerard LE FEUVRE
    note: adopted 2008; serves as a local anthem; as a British crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)

Economy ::Jersey

Energy ::Jersey

Communications ::Jersey

    73,800 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 156
    108,000 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 191
    general assessment: increasingly modern system, with broadband access
    domestic: digital telephone system launch announced in 2006 now implemented; fixed-line and mobile-cellular services widely available; combined fixed and mobile-cellular density exceeds 100 per 100 persons
    international: country code - 44; submarine cable connectivity to Guernsey, the UK, and France (2010)
    multiple UK terrestrial television broadcasts are received via a transmitter in Jersey; satellite packages available; BBC Radio Jersey and 1 other radio station operating (2009)
    264 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 193
    29,500 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 182

Transportation ::Jersey

Military ::Jersey