(overseas territory of the UK)

Introduction ::Montserrat

    English and Irish colonists from St. Kitts first settled on Montserrat in 1632; the first African slaves arrived three decades later. The British and French fought for possession of the island for most of the 18th century, but it finally was confirmed as a British possession in 1783. The island's sugar plantation economy was converted to small farm landholdings in the mid 19th century. Much of this island was devastated and two-thirds of the population fled abroad because of the eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano that began on 18 July 1995. Montserrat has endured volcanic activity since, with the last eruption occurring in July 2003.

Geography ::Montserrat

People and Society ::Montserrat

    noun: Montserratian(s)
    adjective: Montserratian
    black, white
    Protestant (Anglican, Methodist, Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian denominations), Roman Catholic
    5,189 (July 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 230
    note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned
    0-14 years: 26.2% (male 708/female 652)
    15-24 years: 13.5% (male 357/female 341)
    25-54 years: 47.9% (male 1,174/female 1,309)
    55-64 years: 6.3% (male 156/female 171)
    65 years and over: 6.2% (male 199/female 122) (2013 est.)
    total: 30.8 years
    male: 30.3 years
    female: 31.3 years (2013 est.)
    0.48% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 152
    11.37 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 172
    6.55 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    urban population: 14% of total population (2010)
    rate of urbanization: 2.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 1.55 male(s)/female
    total population: 1 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
    total: 14.16 deaths/1,000 live births
    country comparison to the world: 117
    male: 10.86 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 17.62 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
    total population: 73.65 years
    country comparison to the world: 120
    male: 75.31 years
    female: 71.91 years (2013 est.)
    1.28 children born/woman (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 216
    urban: 100% of population
    rural: 100% of population
    total: 100% of population (2010 est.)
    urban: 96% of population
    rural: 96% of population
    total: 96% of population
    urban: 4% of population
    rural: 4% of population
    total: 4% of population (2010 est.)
    5.8% of GDP (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 43
    definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
    total population: 97%
    male: 97%
    female: 97% (1970 est.)
    total: 15 years
    male: 14 years
    female: 17 years (2007)

Government ::Montserrat

    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Montserrat
    overseas territory of the UK
    name: Plymouth
    geographic coordinates: 16 42 N, 62 13 W
    time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    note: Plymouth was abandoned in 1997 because of volcanic activity; interim government buildings have been built at Brades Estate in the Carr's Bay/Little Bay vicinity at the northwest end of Montserrat
    3 parishes; Saint Anthony, Saint Georges, Saint Peter
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June (1926)
    Montserrat Constitution Order 2010, effective 1 September 2011
    English common law
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Adrian DAVIS (since 8 April 2011)
    head of government: Premier Rueben T. MEADE (since 27 September 2011); note - the office of premier came into effect with the new Constitution Order; he replaces the Chief Minister
    cabinet: Executive Council consists of the governor, the premier, 3 other ministers, the attorney general, and the finance secretary
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party usually becomes premier
    unicameral Legislative Council (11 seats; 9 members popularly elected to serve five-year terms; the attorney general and financial secretary sit as ex-officio members)
    elections: last held on 8 September 2009 (next to be held by 2014)
    election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - MCAP 6, independents 3
    highest court(s): the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to include Montserrat; the ECSC - with its headquarters on St. Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the 9 member states; 1 judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of Montserrat and presides over the High Court
    note - Montserrat is also a member of the Caribbean Court of Justice
    judge selection and term of office: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court chief justice appointed by Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62
    subordinate courts: magistrate's court
    Montserrat Democratic Party or MDP [Lowell LEWIS]
    Movement for Change and Prosperity or MCAP [Roselyn CASSELL-SEALY]
    New People's Liberation Movement or NPLM [John A. OSBORNE]
    Caricom, CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UPU
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Montserratian coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the arms feature a woman in green dress, Erin, the female personification of Ireland, standing beside a yellow harp and embracing a large dark cross with her right arm; Erin and the harp are symbols of Ireland reflecting the territory's Irish ancestry; blue represents awareness, trustworthiness, determination, and righteousness
    note: as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)

Economy ::Montserrat

Energy ::Montserrat

Communications ::Montserrat

    2,600 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 216
    4,200 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 213
    general assessment: modern and fully digitalized
    domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 100 per 100 persons
    international: country code - 1-664; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) optic submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad (2011)
    Radio Montserrat, a public radio broadcaster, transmits on 1 station and has a repeater transmission to a second station; repeater transmissions from the GEM Radio Network of Trinidad and Tobago provide another 2 radio stations; cable and satellite TV available (2007)
    2,431 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 160
    1,200 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 213

Transportation ::Montserrat

Military ::Montserrat

Transnational Issues ::Montserrat