(self-governing in free association with New Zealand)

Introduction ::Niue

    Niue's remoteness, as well as cultural and linguistic differences between its Polynesian inhabitants and those of the rest of the Cook Islands, has caused it to be separately administered. The population of the island continues to drop (from a peak of 5,200 in 1966 to an estimated 1,229 in 2013) with substantial emigration to New Zealand 2,400 km to the southwest.

Geography ::Niue

People and Society ::Niue

Government ::Niue

    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Niue
    note: pronunciation falls between nyu-way and new-way, but not like new-wee
    former: Savage Island
    self-governing in free association with New Zealand since 1974; Niue fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs and defense; however, these responsibilities confer no rights of control and are only exercised at the request of the Government of Niue
    self-governing parliamentary democracy
    name: Alofi
    geographic coordinates: 19 01 S, 169 55 W
    time difference: UTC-11 (6 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    none; note - there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 14 villages at the second order
    19 October 1974 (Niue became a self-governing parliamentary government in free association with New Zealand)
    Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand), 6 February (1840)
    19 October 1974 (Niue Constitution Act)
    English common law
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General of New Zealand Anand SATYANAND (since 23 August 2006); the UK and New Zealand are represented by New Zealand High Commissioner Mark BLUMSKY (since September 2011)
    head of government: Premier Toke TALAGI (since 18 June 2008)
    cabinet: Cabinet consists of the premier and 3 ministers
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: the monarchy is hereditary; premier elected by the Legislative Assembly for a three-year term; election last held on 16 May 2011 (next to be held in 2014)
    election results: Toke TALAGI reelected premier in Legislative Assembly vote; Toke TALAGI - 11, Togia SIONEHOLO - 8
    unicameral Legislative Assembly (20 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms; six elected from a common roll and 14 are village representatives)
    elections: last held on 7 May 2011 (next to be held in 2014)
    election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - 20 independents
    highest court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of the chief justice and up to 3 judges); note - the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London) is the final appeal court beyond the Niue Court of Appeal
    note - Niue is a participant in the Pacific Judicial Development Program; the program is designed to build governance and the rule of law in 15 Pacific island countries
    judge selection and term of office: Niue chief justice appointed by the governor-general on the advice of the Cabinet and tendered by the premier; other judges appointed by the governor-general on the advice of the Cabinet and tendered by the chief justice and the minister of justice; judges serve until age 68
    subordinate courts: High Court
    Alliance of Independents or AI
    Niue People's Action Party or NPP [Young VIVIAN]
    none (self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand)
    none (self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand)
    yellow with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the flag of the UK bears five yellow five-pointed stars - a large star on a blue disk in the center and a smaller star on each arm of the bold red cross; the larger star stands for Niue, the smaller stars recall the Southern Cross constellation on the New Zealand flag and symbolize links with that country; yellow represents the bright sunshine of Niue and the warmth and friendship between Niue and New Zealand
    name: "Ko e Iki he Lagi" (The Lord in Heaven)
    lyrics/music: unknown/unknown, prepared by Sioeli FUSIKATA
    note: adopted 1974

Economy ::Niue

    The economy suffers from the typical Pacific island problems of geographic isolation, few resources, and a small population. Government expenditures regularly exceed revenues, and the shortfall is made up by critically needed grants from New Zealand that are used to pay wages to public employees. Niue has cut government expenditures by reducing the public service by almost half. The agricultural sector consists mainly of subsistence gardening, although some cash crops are grown for export. Industry consists primarily of small factories to process passion fruit, lime oil, honey, and coconut cream. The sale of postage stamps to foreign collectors is an important source of revenue. The island in recent years has suffered a serious loss of population because of emigration to New Zealand. Efforts to increase GDP include the promotion of tourism and financial services, although the International Banking Repeal Act of 2002 resulted in the termination of all offshore banking licenses. Economic aid from New Zealand in FY08/09 was US$5.7 million. Niue suffered a devastating typhoon in January 2004, which decimated nascent economic programs. While in the process of rebuilding, Niue has been dependent on foreign aid.
    $10.01 million (2003 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 228
    $10.01 million (2003)
    6.2% (2003 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 44
    $5,800 (2003 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 153
    agriculture: 23.5%
    industry: 26.9%
    services: 49.5% (2003)
    coconuts, passion fruit, honey, limes, taro, yams, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, poultry, beef cattle
    handicrafts, food processing
    663 (2001)
    country comparison to the world: 231
    note: most work on family plantations; paid work exists only in government service, small industry, and the Niue Development Board
    12% (2001)
    country comparison to the world: 125
    lowest 10%: NA%
    highest 10%: NA%
    revenues: $15.07 million
    expenditures: $16.33 million (FY04/05)
    -12.6% of GDP (FY04/05)
    country comparison to the world: 212
    1 April - 31 March
    4% (2005)
    country comparison to the world: 127
    $201,400 (2004)
    country comparison to the world: 219
    canned coconut cream, copra, honey, vanilla, passion fruit products, pawpaws, root crops, limes, footballs, stamps, handicrafts
    $9.038 million (2004)
    country comparison to the world: 222
    food, live animals, manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, lubricants, chemicals, drugs
    $418,000 (2002 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 200
    New Zealand dollars (NZD) per US dollar -
    1.2334 (2012)
    1.263 (2011)
    1.3874 (2010)
    1.6002 (2009)
    1.4151 (2008)

Energy ::Niue

Communications ::Niue

Transportation ::Niue

Military ::Niue