Australia-Oceania :: Pitcairn Islands
(overseas territory of the UK)

Introduction ::Pitcairn Islands

    Pitcairn Island was discovered in 1767 by the British and settled in 1790 by the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions. Pitcairn was the first Pacific island to become a British colony (in 1838) and today remains the last vestige of that empire in the South Pacific. Outmigration, primarily to New Zealand, has thinned the population from a peak of 233 in 1937 to less than 50 today.

Geography ::Pitcairn Islands

People and Society ::Pitcairn Islands

Government ::Pitcairn Islands

    conventional long form: Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands
    conventional short form: Pitcairn Islands
    overseas territory of the UK
    name: Adamstown
    geographic coordinates: 25 04 S, 130 05 W
    time difference: UTC-9 (4 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June (1926)
    The Pitcairn Constitution Order 2010, effective 4 March 2010
    local island by-laws
    18 years of age; universal with three years residency
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by UK High Commissioner to New Zealand and Governor (nonresident) of the Pitcairn Islands Victoria M. TREADELL (since May 2010); Commissioner (nonresident) Leslie JAQUES (since September 2003) serves as liaison between the governor and the Island Council
    head of government: Mayor and Chairman of the Island Council Mike WARREN (since 1 January 2008)
    cabinet: NA
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor and commissioner appointed by the monarch; island mayor elected by popular vote for a three-year term; election last held in December 2010 (next to be held in December 2013)
    election results: Mike WARREN reelected mayor and chairman of the Island Council
    unicameral Island Council (11 seats; mayor, deputy mayor, 4 members elected by popular vote, 1 member appointed by the governor, 3 ex officio members including governor, deputy governor, and commissioner; deputy mayor and elected members serve two-year terms)
    elections: last held on 24 December 2012 (next to be held on 24 December 2014)
    election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - 4 independents
    highest court(s): Pitcairn Court of Appeal (consists of the court president, 2 judges, and the Supreme Court chief justice (ex-officio member); Pitcairn Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and 2 judges)
    note - appeals beyond the Pitcairn Court of Appeal are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London); note 2: the Court of Appeal was established in 2000 by an Order in Council
    judge selection and term of office: all judges of both courts appointed by the governor of the Pitcairn Islands on the instructions of the Queen of England through the Secretary of State; all judges appointed until retirement, normally at age 75
    subordinate courts: Magistrate's Court
    SPC, UPU
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Pitcairn Islander coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the green, yellow, and blue of the shield represents the island rising from the ocean; the green field features a yellow anchor surmounted by a bible (both the anchor and the bible were items found on the HMS Bounty); sitting on the crest is a Pitcairn Island wheelbarrow from which springs a slip of miro (a local plant)
    name: "We From Pitcairn Island"
    lyrics/music: unknown/Frederick M. LEHMAN
    note: serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)

Economy ::Pitcairn Islands

    The inhabitants of this tiny isolated economy exist on fishing, subsistence farming, handicrafts, and postage stamps. The fertile soil of the valleys produces a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, including citrus, sugarcane, watermelons, bananas, yams, and beans. Bartering is an important part of the economy. The major sources of revenue are the sale of postage stamps to collectors and the sale of handicrafts to passing ships.
    honey; wide variety of fruits and vegetables; goats, chickens; fish
    postage stamps, handicrafts, beekeeping, honey
    15 (2004)
    country comparison to the world: 233
    note: no business community in the usual sense; some public works; subsistence farming and fishing
    revenues: $746,000
    expenditures: $1.028 million (FY04/05)
    1 April - 31 March
    fruits, vegetables, curios, stamps
    fuel oil, machinery, building materials, flour, sugar, other foodstuffs
    New Zealand dollars (NZD) per US dollar -
    1.2334 (2012)
    1.263 (2011)
    1.3874 (2010)
    1.6002 (2009)
    1.4151 (2008)

Communications ::Pitcairn Islands