Introduction ::Saint Lucia

    The island, with its fine natural harbor at Castries, was contested between England and France throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries (changing possession 14 times); it was finally ceded to the UK in 1814. Even after the abolition of slavery on its plantations in 1834, Saint Lucia remained an agricultural island, dedicated to producing tropical commodity crops. Self-government was granted in 1967 and independence in 1979.

Geography ::Saint Lucia

People and Society ::Saint Lucia

Government ::Saint Lucia

    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Saint Lucia
    parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
    name: Castries
    geographic coordinates: 14 00 N, 61 00 W
    time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    11 quarters; Anse-la-Raye, Castries, Choiseul, Dauphin, Dennery, Gros-Islet, Laborie, Micoud, Praslin, Soufriere, Vieux-Fort
    22 February 1979 (from the UK)
    Independence Day, 22 February (1979)
    22 February 1979
    English common law
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Dame Pearlette LOUISY (since September 1997)
    head of government: Prime Minister Kenny Davis ANTHONY (since 30 November 2011)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
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    elections: the monarchy is hereditary; the governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
    bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (11 seats; six members appointed on the advice of the prime minister, three on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and two after consultation with religious, economic, and social groups) and the House of Assembly (17 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: House of Assembly - last held on 28 November 2011 (next to be held in 2016)
    election results: House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - SLP 49.68%, UWP 45.83%; seats by party - SLP 11, UWP 6
    highest court(s): the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States; the ECSC - with its headquarters on St. Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the member states; 3 High Court judges reside on Saint Lucia
    note - Saint Lucia is a member of the Caribbean Court of Justice
    judge selection and term of office: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court chief justice appointed by Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62
    subordinate courts: magistrate's court
    Lucian People's Movement or LPM [Therold PRUDENT]
    Saint Lucia Labor Party or SLP [Kenny ANTHONY]
    United Workers Party or UWP [Stephenson KING]
    chief of mission: Ambassador Sonia Merlyn JOHNNY
    chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
    telephone: [1] (202) 364-6792 through 6795
    FAX: [1] (202) 364-6723
    consulate(s) general: Coral Gables (FL), New York
    the US does not have an embassy in Saint Lucia; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Lucia
    blue, with a gold isosceles triangle below a black arrowhead; the upper edges of the arrowhead have a white border; the blue color represents the sky and sea, gold stands for sunshine and prosperity, and white and black the racial composition of the island (with the latter being dominant); the two major triangles invoke the twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), cone-shaped volcanic plugs that are a symbol of the island
    twin pitons (volcanic peaks); Saint Lucia parrot
    name: "Sons and Daughters of St. Lucia"
    lyrics/music: Charles JESSE/Leton Felix THOMAS
    note: adopted 1967

Economy ::Saint Lucia

    The island nation has been able to attract foreign business and investment, especially in its offshore banking and tourism industries. Tourism is Saint Lucia's main source of jobs and income - accounting for 65% of GDP - and the island's main source of foreign exchange earnings. The manufacturing sector is the most diverse in the Eastern Caribbean area. Crops such as bananas, mangos, and avocados continue to be grown for export, but St. Lucia''s once solid banana industry has been devastated by strong competition and by Hurricane Tomas in 2010. Saint Lucia is vulnerable to a variety of external shocks, including volatile tourism receipts, natural disasters, and dependence on foreign oil. Furthermore, high public debt - 77% of GDP in 2012 - and high debt servicing obligations constrain the ANTHONY administration''s ability to respond to adverse external shocks. St. Lucia has experienced anemic growth since the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008, largely because of a slowdown in tourism. As airlines cut back on their routes to St. Lucia in 2012, tourism growth slowed. Also, St. Lucia introduced a value added tax in 2012 of 15%, becoming the last country in the Eastern Caribbean to do so.
    $2.233 billion (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 190
    $2.243 billion (2011 est.)
    $2.212 billion (2010 est.)
    note: data are in 2012 US dollars
    $1.22 billion (2012 est.)
    -0.4% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 190
    1.4% (2011 est.)
    0.2% (2010 est.)
    $13,300 (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 99
    $13,500 (2011 est.)
    $13,400 (2010 est.)
    note: data are in 2012 US dollars
    household consumption: 59%
    government consumption: 18%
    investment in fixed capital: 39.5%
    investment in inventories: 0%
    exports of goods and services: 52%
    imports of goods and services: -68.5%
    (2012 est.)
    agriculture: 3.1%
    industry: 16.3%
    services: 80.7% (2012 est.)
    bananas, coconuts, vegetables, citrus, root crops, cocoa
    tourism; clothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated cardboard boxes, lime processing, coconut processing
    79,700 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 184
    agriculture: 21.7%
    industry: 24.7%
    services: 53.6% (2002 est.)
    20% (2003 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 161
    lowest 10%: NA%
    highest 10%: NA%
    revenues: $185.2 million
    expenditures: $222.2 million (2011 est.)
    15.2% of GDP (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 192
    -3% of GDP (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 116
    77% of GDP (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 31
    77% of GDP (2010 est.)
    1 April - 31 March
    3.7% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
    2.8% (2011 est.)
    6.5% (31 December 2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 48
    6.5% (31 December 2009 est.)
    10.4% (31 December 2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 88
    10% (31 December 2011 est.)
    $253.9 million (31 December 2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 172
    $250 million (31 December 2011 est.)
    $1.149 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 166
    $1.113 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
    $1.469 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 146
    $1.442 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
    -$178.3 million (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 74
    -$220.4 million (2011 est.)
    $203.3 million (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 183
    $179.8 million (2011 est.)
    bananas 41%, clothing, cocoa, avacados, mangoes, coconut oil
    US 13.1%, Peru 10.1%, UK 9.7%, Antigua and Barbuda 9.7%, Dominica 9.4%, France 8.5%, Barbados 8.5%, Trinidad and Tobago 7.9%, Grenada 6.4% (2012)
    $552.3 million (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 191
    $616 million (2011 est.)
    food 23%, manufactured goods 21%, machinery and transportation equipment 19%, chemicals, fuels
    Brazil 55%, US 18.3%, Trinidad and Tobago 9.5% (2012)
    $438.8 million (31 December 2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 176
    $447.8 million (31 December 2011 est.)
    East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -
    2.7 (2012 est.)
    2.7 (2011 est.)
    2.7 (2010 est.)
    2.7 (2009)

Energy ::Saint Lucia

Communications ::Saint Lucia

    35,900 (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 171
    216,500 (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 179
    general assessment: an adequate system that is automatically switched
    domestic: fixed-line teledensity is 25 per 100 persons and mobile-cellular teledensity is roughly 130 per 100 persons
    international: country code - 1-758; the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) and Southern Caribbean fiber optic system (SCF) submarine cables, along with Intelsat from Martinique, carry calls internationally; direct microwave radio relay link with Martinique and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; tropospheric scatter to Barbados (2010)
    3 privately owned TV stations; 1 public TV station operating on a cable network; multi-channel cable TV service available; a mix of state-owned and privately owned broadcasters operate nearly 25 radio stations including repeater transmission stations (2007)
    100 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 209
    142,900 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 149

Transportation ::Saint Lucia

Military ::Saint Lucia

Transnational Issues ::Saint Lucia

    joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which permits Venezuela to extend its Economic Exclusion Zone/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea
    current situation: St. Lucia is a destination country for persons subjected to forced prostitution and forced labor; legal and illegal immigrants from Haiti, Jamaica, the Dominican Republic, Guyana, and South Asia, especially those working in domestic service, are vulnerable to human trafficking; some children under 18 are coerced to work in St. Lucia's commercial sex industry
    tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - St. Lucia does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so; the government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of trafficking offenders or public officials complicit in human trafficking in 2012 or 2011, although a counter-trafficking act was passed in 2010; the government helps protect trafficking victims by funding an NGO and running a system of informal shelters but lacks formal procedures for identifying victims and referring them to available protection and assistance services; St. Lucia is not a party to the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2013)
    transit point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe