Central America and Caribbean :: Turks and Caicos Islands
(overseas territory of the UK)

Introduction ::Turks and Caicos Islands

    The islands were part of the UK's Jamaican colony until 1962, when they assumed the status of a separate crown colony upon Jamaica's independence. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence, the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982, the policy was reversed and the islands remain a British overseas territory.

Geography ::Turks and Caicos Islands

People and Society ::Turks and Caicos Islands

Government ::Turks and Caicos Islands

    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Turks and Caicos Islands
    abbreviation: TCI
    overseas territory of the UK
    name: Grand Turk (Cockburn Town)
    geographic coordinates: 21 28 N, 71 08 W
    time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    Constitution Day, 30 August (1976)
    Turks and Caicos Islands Constitution Order 2011
    mixed legal system of English common law and civil law
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Damian (Ric) TODD (since 12 September 2011); note - Peter BUCKINGHAM was appointed governor on 29 May 2013; will take office in October
    head of government: Premier Rufus EWING (since 13 November 2012)
    cabinet: consists of the governor, the premier, six ministers appointed by the governor from among the members of the House of Assembly, and the attorney general
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is appointed premier by the governor
    note: the UK foreign minister has determined that sufficient progress has been made to reinstate local government under a new constitution that came into effect in October 2012
    unicameral House of Assembly consisting of 19 seats, 15 elected and 4 appointed by the governor; of elected members, five are elected at large and 10 from single member districts for four-year terms
    elections: last held on 9 November 2012 (next to be held in 2016)
    election results: percent of vote - NA; seats by party - PNP 8, PDM 7
    highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and such number of other judges as determined by the governor); Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and 2 justices)
    note - appeals beyond the Supreme Court are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, in London
    judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court and Appeals Court judges appointed by the governor in accordance with the Judicial Service Commission, a 3-member body of high level judicial officials; Supreme Court judges appointed until mandatory retirement at age 65, but can be extended to age 70; Appeals Court judge tenure determined by individual terms of appointment
    subordinate courts: magistrates' courts
    People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Oswald SKIPPINGS]
    People's Progressive Party [NA]
    Progressive National Party or PNP [Rufus EWING]
    Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), UPU
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and displays a conch shell, a spiny lobster, and Turks Head cactus - three common elements of the islands' biota
    name: "This Land of Ours"
    lyrics/music: Conrad HOWELL
    note: serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is the official anthem (see United Kingdom)

Economy ::Turks and Caicos Islands

Energy ::Turks and Caicos Islands

Communications ::Turks and Caicos Islands

    general assessment: fully digital system with international direct dialing
    domestic: full range of services available; GSM wireless service available
    international: country code - 1-649; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber optic telecommunications submarine cable provides connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)
    no local terrestrial TV stations, broadcasts from the Bahamas can be received and multi-channel cable and satellite TV services are available; government-run radio network operates alongside private broadcasters with a total of about 15 stations (2007)
    73,217 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 86

Transportation ::Turks and Caicos Islands

Military ::Turks and Caicos Islands

Transnational Issues ::Turks and Caicos Islands