Australia-Oceania :: Wallis and Futuna
(overseas collectivity of France)

Introduction ::Wallis and Futuna

    The Futuna island group was discovered by the Dutch in 1616 and Wallis by the British in 1767, but it was the French who declared a protectorate over the islands in 1842, and took official control of them between 1886 and 1888. Notably, Wallis and Futuna was the only French colony to side with the Vichy regime during World War II, a phase that ended in May of 1942 with the arrival of 2,000 American troops. In 1959, the inhabitants of the islands voted to become a French overseas territory and officially assumed this status in July 1961.

Geography ::Wallis and Futuna

    Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
    13 18 S, 176 12 W
    total: 142 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 221
    land: 142 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    note: includes Ile Uvea (Wallis Island), Ile Futuna (Futuna Island), Ile Alofi, and 20 islets
    1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
    0 km
    129 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    tropical; hot, rainy season (November to April); cool, dry season (May to October); rains 2,500-3,000 mm per year (80% humidity); average temperature 26.6 degrees C
    volcanic origin; low hills
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mont Singavi (on Futuna) 765 m
    arable land: 7.14%
    permanent crops: 35.71%
    other: 57.15% (2011)
    deforestation (only small portions of the original forests remain) largely as a result of the continued use of wood as the main fuel source; as a consequence of cutting down the forests, the mountainous terrain of Futuna is particularly prone to erosion; there are no permanent settlements on Alofi because of the lack of natural freshwater resources
    both island groups have fringing reefs

People and Society ::Wallis and Futuna

    noun: Wallisian(s), Futunan(s), or Wallis and Futuna Islanders
    adjective: Wallisian, Futunan, or Wallis and Futuna Islander
    Wallisian (indigenous Polynesian language) 58.9%, Futunian 30.1%, French (official) 10.8%, other 0.2% (2003 census)
    Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%
    15,507 (July 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 223
    0-14 years: 24.1% (male 1,952/female 1,786)
    15-24 years: 18.1% (male 1,468/female 1,338)
    25-54 years: 40.3% (male 3,089/female 3,163)
    55-64 years: 8.9% (male 711/female 674)
    65 years and over: 8.6% (male 625/female 701) (2013 est.)
    total: 29.6 years
    male: 28.7 years
    female: 30.9 years (2013 est.)
    0.35% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 161
    13.74 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 146
    4.84 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 193
    -5.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population
    country comparison to the world: 194
    note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia (2013 est.)
    urban population: 0% of total population (2008)
    rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
    total: 4.55 deaths/1,000 live births
    country comparison to the world: 187
    male: 4.79 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
    total population: 79.27 years
    country comparison to the world: 44
    male: 76.29 years
    female: 82.4 years (2013 est.)
    1.77 children born/woman (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 163
    rural: 100% of population
    total: 100% of population (2008 est.)
    rural: 96% of population
    total: 96% of population
    rural: 4% of population
    total: 4% of population (2008 est.)
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 50%
    male: 50%
    female: 50% (1969 est.)

Government ::Wallis and Futuna

    conventional long form: Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands
    conventional short form: Wallis and Futuna
    local long form: Territoire des Iles Wallis et Futuna
    local short form: Wallis et Futuna
    overseas territory of France
    parliamentary representive democratic French overseas collectivity
    name: Mata-Utu (on Ile Uvea)
    geographic coordinates: 13 57 S, 171 56 W
    time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    none (overseas territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three kingdoms at the second order named Alo, Sigave, Wallis
    none (overseas territory of France)
    Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
    4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
    French civil law
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012); represented by High Administrator Michel JEANJEAN (since 10 June 2010)
    head of government: President of the Territorial Assembly Vetelino NAU (since 4 April 2012)
    cabinet: Council of the Territory consists of 3 kings and 3 members appointed by the high administrator on the advice of the Territorial Assembly
    (For more information visit the World Leaders website Opens in New Window)
    note: there are 3 traditional kings with limited powers
    elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; high administrator appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; the presidents of the Territorial Government and the Territorial Assembly elected by the members of the assembly
    unicameral Territorial Assembly or Assemblee Territoriale (20 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: last held on 22 March 2012 (next to be held in March 2017)
    election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PS 4, UMP 4, centrists, 3, other 9
    note: Wallis and Futuna elects one senator to the French Senate and one deputy to the French National Assembly; French Senate - elections last held on 21 September 2008 (next to be held by September 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats - UMP 1; French National Assembly - elections last held on 17 June 2012 (next to be held by 2017); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats - UMP 1
    highest court(s): Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel, located in Noumea, New Caledonia
    judge selection and term of office: NA
    subordinate courts: note: justice generally administered under French law by the high administrator, but the three traditional kings administer customary law and there is a magistrate in Mata-Utu
    Lua Kae Tahi (Giscardians)
    Mouvement des Radicaux de Gauche or MRG
    Rally for the Republic or RPR (UMP)
    Socialist Party or PS
    Taumu'a Lelei
    Union Populaire Locale or UPL
    Union Pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF
    PIF (observer), SPC, UPU
    none (overseas territory of France)
    none (overseas territory of France)
    unofficial, local flag has a red field with four white isosceles triangles in the middle, representing the three native kings of the islands and the French administrator; the apexes of the triangles are oriented inward and at right angles to each other; the flag of France, outlined in white on two sides, is in the upper hoist quadrant
    note: the design is derived from an original red banner with a white cross pattee that was introduced in the 19th century by French missionaries; the flag of France is used for official occasions
    red saltire (Saint Andrew's Cross) on a white square on a red field
    note: as a territory of France, "La Marseillaise" is official (see France)

Economy ::Wallis and Futuna

Communications ::Wallis and Futuna

Transportation ::Wallis and Futuna

Military ::Wallis and Futuna