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Europe :: Denmark Print
Page last updated on May 11, 2020
  • Introduction :: Denmark
  • Background field listing

    Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power, Denmark has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation that is participating in the general political and economic integration of Europe. It joined NATO in 1949 and the EEC (now the EU) in 1973. However, the country has opted out of certain elements of the EU's Maastricht Treaty, including the European Economic and Monetary Union, European defense cooperation, and issues concerning certain justice and home affairs.

  • Geography :: Denmark
  • Location field listing
    Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes several major islands (Sjaelland, Fyn, and Bornholm)
    Geographic coordinates field listing
    56 00 N, 10 00 E
    Map references field listing
    Area field listing
    total: 43,094 sq km
    land: 42,434 sq km
    water: 660 sq km

    note: includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Denmark (the Jutland Peninsula, and the major islands of Sjaelland and Fyn), but excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland

    country comparison to the world: 134
    Area - comparative field listing
    slightly less than twice the size of Massachusetts; about two-thirds the size of West Virginia
    Area comparison map: Area comparison map
    Land boundaries field listing
    total: 140 km
    border countries (1): Germany 140 km
    Coastline field listing
    7,314 km
    Maritime claims field listing
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    Climate field listing
    temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers
    Terrain field listing
    low and flat to gently rolling plains
    Elevation field listing
    mean elevation: 34 m
    lowest point: Lammefjord -7 m
    highest point: Mollehoj/Ejer Bavnehoj 171 m
    Natural resources field listing
    petroleum, natural gas, fish, arable land, salt, limestone, chalk, stone, gravel and sand
    Land use field listing
    agricultural land: 63.4% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 58.9% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 0.1% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 4.4% (2011 est.)
    forest: 12.9% (2011 est.)
    other: 23.7% (2011 est.)

    note: highest percentage of arable land for any country in the world

    Irrigated land field listing
    4,350 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution field listing
    with excellent access to the North Sea, Skagerrak, Kattegat, and the Baltic Sea, population centers tend to be along coastal areas, particularly in Copenhagen and the eastern side of the country's mainland
    Natural hazards field listing
    flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes
    Environment - current issues field listing
    air pollution, principally from vehicle and power plant emissions; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides; much of country's household and industrial waste is recycled
    Environment - international agreements field listing
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Geography - note field listing
    composed of the Jutland Peninsula and a group of more than 400 islands (Danish Archipelago); controls Danish Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic and North Seas; about one-quarter of the population lives in greater Copenhagen
  • People and Society :: Denmark
  • Population field listing
    5,869,410 (July 2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 115
    Nationality field listing
    noun: Dane(s)
    adjective: Danish
    Ethnic groups field listing
    Danish (includes Greenlandic (who are predominantly Inuit) and Faroese) 86.3%, Turkish 1.1%, other 12.6% (largest groups are Polish, Syrian, German, Iraqi, and Romanian) (2018 est.)

    note: data represent population by ancestry

    Languages field listing
    Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority)

    note: English is the predominant second language

    Religions field listing
    Evangelical Lutheran (official) 74.7%, Muslim 5.5%, other/none/unspecified (denominations of less than 1% each in descending order of size include Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Serbian Orthodox Christian, Jewish, Baptist, Buddhist, Mormon, Pentecostal, and nondenominational Christian) 19.8% (2019 est.)
    Age structure field listing
    0-14 years: 16.42% (male 494,806/female 469,005)
    15-24 years: 12.33% (male 370,557/female 352,977)
    25-54 years: 38.71% (male 1,149,991/female 1,122,016)
    55-64 years: 12.63% (male 370,338/female 371,149)
    65 years and over: 19.91% (male 538,096/female 630,475) (2020 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Dependency ratios field listing
    total dependency ratio: 57.3
    youth dependency ratio: 25.6
    elderly dependency ratio: 31.7
    potential support ratio: 3.2 (2020 est.)
    Median age field listing
    total: 42 years
    male: 40.9 years
    female: 43.1 years (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    Population growth rate field listing
    0.48% (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 157
    Birth rate field listing
    11.1 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 178
    Death rate field listing
    9.5 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 45
    Net migration rate field listing
    2.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 39
    Population distribution field listing
    with excellent access to the North Sea, Skagerrak, Kattegat, and the Baltic Sea, population centers tend to be along coastal areas, particularly in Copenhagen and the eastern side of the country's mainland
    Urbanization field listing
    urban population: 88.1% of total population (2020)
    rate of urbanization: 0.51% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population field listing
    1.346 million COPENHAGEN (capital) (2020)
    Sex ratio field listing
    at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
    Mother's mean age at first birth field listing
    29.1 years (2015 est.)
    Maternal mortality rate field listing
    4 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 172
    Infant mortality rate field listing
    total: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 2.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 210
    Life expectancy at birth field listing
    total population: 81.2 years
    male: 79.3 years
    female: 83.3 years (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 35
    Total fertility rate field listing
    1.78 children born/woman (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 151
    Drinking water source field listing
    improved: urban: 100% of population
    rural: 100% of population
    total: 100% of population
    unimproved: urban: 0% of population
    rural: 0% of population
    total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
    Current Health Expenditure field listing
    10.4% (2016)
    Physicians density field listing
    4.46 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
    Hospital bed density field listing
    2.5 beds/1,000 population (2015)
    Sanitation facility access field listing
    improved: urban: 99.6% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 99.6% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 99.6% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate field listing
    0.1% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS field listing
    6,200 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 115
    HIV/AIDS - deaths field listing
    <100 (2018 est.)
    Obesity - adult prevalence rate field listing
    19.7% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 109
    Education expenditures field listing
    7.6% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 7
    School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) field listing
    total: 19 years
    male: 18 years
    female: 20 years (2016)
    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 field listing
    total: 9.4%
    male: 10.5%
    female: 8.2% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 130
  • Government :: Denmark
  • Country name field listing
    conventional long form: Kingdom of Denmark
    conventional short form: Denmark
    local long form: Kongeriget Danmark
    local short form: Danmark
    etymology: the name derives from the words "Dane(s)" and "mark"; the latter referring to a march (borderland) or forest
    Government type field listing
    parliamentary constitutional monarchy
    Capital field listing
    name: Copenhagen
    geographic coordinates: 55 40 N, 12 35 E
    time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October; note - applies to continental Denmark only, not to its North Atlantic components

    etymology: name derives from the city's Danish appellation Kobenhavn, meaning "Merchant's Harbor"

    Administrative divisions field listing
    metropolitan Denmark - 5 regions (regioner, singular - region); Hovedstaden (Capital), Midtjylland (Central Jutland), Nordjylland (North Jutland), Sjaelland (Zealand), Syddanmark (Southern Denmark)
    Independence field listing
    ca. 965 (unified and Christianized under HARALD I Gormsson); 5 June 1849 (became a parliamentary constitutional monarchy)
    National holiday field listing
    Constitution Day, 5 June (1849); note - closest equivalent to a national holiday
    Constitution field listing
    history: several previous; latest adopted 5 June 1953
    amendments: proposed by the Folketing with consent of the government; passage requires approval by the next Folketing following a general election, approval by simple majority vote of at least 40% of voters in a referendum, and assent of the chief of state; changed several times, last in 2009 (Danish Act of Succession) (2016)
    International law organization participation field listing
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    Citizenship field listing
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Denmark
    dual citizenship recognized: yes
    residency requirement for naturalization: 7 years
    Suffrage field listing
    18 years of age; universal
    Executive branch field listing
    chief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II (since 14 January 1972); Heir Apparent Crown Prince FREDERIK (elder son of the monarch, born on 26 May 1968)
    head of government: Prime Minister Mette FREDERIKSEN (since 27 June 2019)
    cabinet: Council of State appointed by the monarch
    elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the monarch
    Legislative branch field listing
    description: unicameral People's Assembly or Folketing (179 seats, including 2 each representing Greenland and the Faroe Islands; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms unless the Folketing is dissolved earlier)
    elections: last held on 5 June 2019 (next to be held on June 2023)
    election results: percent of vote by party - SDP 25.9%, V 23.4%, DF 8.7%, SLP 8.6%, SF 7.7%, EL 6.9%, C 6.6%, A 3.0%, NB 2.4%, LA 2.3%; seats by party - SDP 48, V 43, DF 16, SLP 16, SF 14, EL 13, C 12, A 5, NB 4, LA 4; composition - men 109, women 70 (includes 2 from Greenland), percent of women 39.1%
    Judicial branch field listing
    highest courts: Supreme Court (consists of the court president and 18 judges)
    judge selection and term of office: judges appointed by the monarch upon the recommendation of the Minister of Justice, with the advice of the Judicial Appointments Council, a 6-member independent body of judges and lawyers; judges appointed for life with retirement at age 70
    subordinate courts: Special Court of Indictment and Revision; 2 High Courts; Maritime and Commercial Court; county courts
    Political parties and leaders field listing
    The Alternative A or AP [Uffe ELBAEK]
    Conservative People's Party or DKF or C [Soren PAPE POULSEN]
    Danish People's Party or DF or O [Kristian THULESEN DAHL]
    Liberal Alliance or LA [Alex VANOPSLAGH]
    Liberal Party (Venstre) or V [Jakob ELLEMAN-JENSEN]
    New Right Party or D or NB [Pernille VERMUND]
    Red-Green Alliance (Unity List) or EL [collective leadership, Pernille SKIPPER, spokesperson]
    Social Democrats or A or SDP [Mette FREDERIKSEN]
    Social Liberal Party or B or SLP [Morten OSTERGAARD]
    Socialist People's Party or SF [Pia OLSEN DYHR]
    International organization participation field listing
    ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Arctic Council, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CD, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EITI (implementing country), ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, G-9, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSMA, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
    Diplomatic representation in the US field listing
    Ambassador Lone Dencker WISBORG (since 17 September 2015)
    chancery: 3200 Whitehaven Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 234-4300
    FAX: [1] (202) 328-1470
    consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, New York, Palo Alto (CA)
    Diplomatic representation from the US field listing
    chief of mission: Ambassador Carla SANDS (since 15 December 2017)
    telephone: [45] 33 41 71 00
    embassy: Dag Hammarskjolds Alle 24, 2100 Copenhagen 0
    mailing address: Unit 5280 ODC, DPO AE 09716
    FAX: [45] 35 43 02 23
    Flag description field listing
    red with a white cross that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side; the banner is referred to as the Dannebrog (Danish flag) and is one of the oldest national flags in the world; traditions as to the origin of the flag design vary, but the best known is a legend that the banner fell from the sky during an early-13th century battle; caught up by the Danish king before it ever touched the earth, this heavenly talisman inspired the royal army to victory; in actuality, the flag may derive from a crusade banner or ensign

    note: the shifted cross design element was subsequently adopted by the other Nordic countries of Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden

    National symbol(s) field listing
    lion, mute swan; national colors: red, white
    National anthem field listing
    name: "Der er et yndigt land" (There is a Lovely Country); "Kong Christian" (King Christian)
    lyrics/music: Adam Gottlob OEHLENSCHLAGER/Hans Ernst KROYER; Johannes EWALD/unknown

    note: Denmark has two national anthems with equal status; "Der er et yndigt land," adopted 1844, is a national anthem, while "Kong Christian," adopted 1780, serves as both a national and royal anthem; "Kong Christian" is also known as "Kong Christian stod ved hojen mast" (King Christian Stood by the Lofty Mast) and "Kongesangen" (The King's Anthem); within Denmark, the royal anthem is played only when royalty is present and is usually followed by the national anthem; when royalty is not present, only the national anthem is performed; outside Denmark, the royal anthem is played, unless the national anthem is requested

  • Economy :: Denmark
  • Economy - overview field listing

    This thoroughly modern market economy features advanced industry with world-leading firms in pharmaceuticals, maritime shipping, and renewable energy, and a high-tech agricultural sector. Danes enjoy a high standard of living, and the Danish economy is characterized by extensive government welfare measures and an equitable distribution of income. An aging population will be a long-term issue.

    Denmark’s small open economy is highly dependent on foreign trade, and the government strongly supports trade liberalization. Denmark is a net exporter of food, oil, and gas and enjoys a comfortable balance of payments surplus, but depends on imports of raw materials for the manufacturing sector.

    Denmark is a member of the EU but not the eurozone. Despite previously meeting the criteria to join the European Economic and Monetary Union, Denmark has negotiated an opt-out with the EU and is not required to adopt the euro.

    Denmark is experiencing a modest economic expansion. The economy grew by 2.0% in 2016 and 2.1% in 2017. The expansion is expected to decline slightly in 2018. Unemployment stood at 5.5% in 2017, based on the national labor survey. The labor market was tight in 2017, with corporations experiencing some difficulty finding appropriately-skilled workers to fill billets. The Danish Government offers extensive programs to train unemployed persons to work in sectors that need qualified workers.

    Denmark maintained a healthy budget surplus for many years up to 2008, but the global financial crisis swung the budget balance into deficit. Since 2014 the balance has shifted between surplus and deficit. In 2017 there was a surplus of 1.0%. The government projects a lower deficit in 2018 and 2019 of 0.7%, and public debt (EMU debt) as a share of GDP is expected to decline to 35.6% in 2018 and 34.8% in 2019. The Danish Government plans to address increasing municipal, public housing and integration spending in 2018.

    GDP (purchasing power parity) field listing
    $287.8 billion (2017 est.)
    $281.4 billion (2016 est.)
    $276 billion (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 60
    GDP (official exchange rate) field listing
    $325.6 billion (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate field listing
    2.3% (2017 est.)
    2% (2016 est.)
    1.6% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 139
    GDP - per capita (PPP) field listing
    $50,100 (2017 est.)
    $49,300 (2016 est.)
    $48,800 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 30
    Gross national saving field listing
    28.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
    28.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
    28.7% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 35
    GDP - composition, by end use field listing
    household consumption: 48% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 25.2% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 20% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: -0.2% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 54.5% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -47.5% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin field listing
    agriculture: 1.3% (2017 est.)
    industry: 22.9% (2017 est.)
    services: 75.8% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products field listing
    barley, wheat, potatoes, sugar beets; pork, dairy products; fish
    Industries field listing
    wind turbines, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment, shipbuilding and refurbishment, iron, steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, food processing, machinery and transportation equipment, textiles and clothing, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products
    Industrial production growth rate field listing
    2.5% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 116
    Labor force field listing
    2.998 million (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 104
    Labor force - by occupation field listing
    agriculture: 2.4%
    industry: 18.3%
    services: 79.3% (2016 est.)
    Unemployment rate field listing
    5.7% (2017 est.)
    6.2% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 84
    Population below poverty line field listing
    13.4% (2011 est.)

    note: excludes students

    Household income or consumption by percentage share field listing
    lowest 10%: 9%
    highest 10%: 23.4% (2016 est.)
    Budget field listing
    revenues: 172.5 billion (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 168.9 billion (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues field listing
    53% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 12
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) field listing
    1.1% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 30
    Public debt field listing
    35.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
    37.9% of GDP (2016 est.)

    note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

    country comparison to the world: 151
    Fiscal year field listing
    calendar year
    Inflation rate (consumer prices) field listing
    1.1% (2017 est.)
    0.3% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 58
    Current account balance field listing
    $24.82 billion (2017 est.)
    $22.47 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 14
    Exports field listing
    $113.6 billion (2017 est.)
    $103.6 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 34
    Exports - partners field listing
    Germany 15.5%, Sweden 11.6%, UK 8.2%, US 7.5%, Norway 6%, China 4.4%, Netherlands 4.4% (2017)
    Exports - commodities field listing
    wind turbines, pharmaceuticals, machinery and instruments, meat and meat products, dairy products, fish, furniture and design
    Imports field listing
    $94.93 billion (2017 est.)
    $86.81 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 37
    Imports - commodities field listing
    machinery and equipment, raw materials and semimanufactures for industry, chemicals, grain and foodstuffs, consumer goods
    Imports - partners field listing
    Germany 21.3%, Sweden 11.9%, Netherlands 7.8%, China 7.1%, Norway 6.3%, Poland 4% (2017)
    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold field listing
    $75.25 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $64.25 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 30
    Debt - external field listing
    $484.8 billion (31 March 2016 est.)
    $519.8 billion (31 March 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 25
    Exchange rates field listing
    Danish kroner (DKK) per US dollar -
    6.586 (2017 est.)
    6.7309 (2016 est.)
    6.7309 (2015 est.)
    6.7236 (2014 est.)
    5.6125 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: Denmark
  • Electricity access field listing
    electrification - total population: 100% (2016)
    Electricity - production field listing
    29.84 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
    Electricity - consumption field listing
    33.02 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 59
    Electricity - exports field listing
    9.919 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 20
    Electricity - imports field listing
    14.98 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 14
    Electricity - installed generating capacity field listing
    14.34 million kW (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    Electricity - from fossil fuels field listing
    46% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 158
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 167
    Electricity - from other renewable sources field listing
    54% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 3
    Crude oil - production field listing
    115,000 bbl/day (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 41
    Crude oil - exports field listing
    82,980 bbl/day (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 36
    Crude oil - imports field listing
    98,240 bbl/day (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 44
    Crude oil - proved reserves field listing
    439 million bbl (1 January 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 46
    Refined petroleum products - production field listing
    183,900 bbl/day (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 55
    Refined petroleum products - consumption field listing
    158,500 bbl/day (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 64
    Refined petroleum products - exports field listing
    133,700 bbl/day (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    Refined petroleum products - imports field listing
    109,700 bbl/day (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 51
    Natural gas - production field listing
    4.842 billion cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    Natural gas - consumption field listing
    3.115 billion cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 73
    Natural gas - exports field listing
    2.237 billion cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 37
    Natural gas - imports field listing
    509.7 million cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
    Natural gas - proved reserves field listing
    12.86 billion cu m (1 January 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy field listing
    37.45 million Mt (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
  • Communications :: Denmark
  • Telephones - fixed lines field listing
    total subscriptions: 1,131,064
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 19 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 75
    Telephones - mobile cellular field listing
    total subscriptions: 7.197 million
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 124 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 104
    Telecommunication systems field listing
    general assessment: excellent telephone and Internet services; Denmark's competitive telecom market has led to the country having the second highest broadband penetration rate in Europe; the fixed-line sector continues to see a decline in revenue while customers move to VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) and mobile alternatives; comprehensive LTE coverage and a fast-developing 5G segment; the government is able to offer broadband coverage in rural areas (2020)
    domestic: fixed-line 19 per 100, 124 per 100 for mobile-cellular (2018)
    international: country code - 45; landing points for the NSC, COBRAcable, CANTAT-3, DANICE, Havfrue/AEC-2, TAT-14m Denmark-Norway-5 & 6, Skagenfiber West & East, GC1, GC2, GC3, GC-KPN, Kattegat 1 & 2 & 3, Energinet Lyngsa-Laeso, Energinet Laeso-Varberg, Fehmarn Balt, Baltica, German-Denmark 2 & 3, Ronne-Rodvig, Denmark-Sweden 15 & 16 & 17 & 18, IP-Only Denmark-Sweden, Scandinavian South, Scandinavian Ring North, Danica North, 34 series of fiber-optic submarine cables link Denmark with Canada, Faroe Islands, Germany, Iceland, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russia, Sweden, US and UK; satellite earth stations - 18 (6 Intelsat, 10 Eutelsat, 1 Orion, 1 Inmarsat (Blaavand-Atlantic-East)); note - the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden) share the Danish earth station and the Eik, Norway, station for worldwide Inmarsat access (2019)
    the COVID-19 outbreak is negatively impacting telecommunications production and supply chains globally; consumer spending on telecom devices and services has also slowed due to the pandemic's effect on economies worldwide; overall progress towards improvements in all facets of the telecom industry - mobile, fixed-line, broadband, submarine cable and satellite - has moderated
    Broadcast media field listing
    strong public-sector TV presence with state-owned Danmarks Radio (DR) operating 6 channels and publicly owned TV2 operating roughly a half-dozen channels; broadcasts of privately owned stations are available via satellite and cable feed; DR operates 4 nationwide FM radio stations, 10 digital audio broadcasting stations, and 14 web-based radio stations; 140 commercial and 187 community (non-commercial) radio stations (2019)
    Internet country code field listing
    Internet users field listing
    total: 5,424,169
    percent of population: 97% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 72
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions field listing
    total: 2,534,348
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 44 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 48
  • Military and Security :: Denmark
  • Military expenditures field listing
    1.32% of GDP (2019)
    1.3% of GDP (2018)
    1.15% of GDP (2017)
    1.15% of GDP (2016)
    1.11% of GDP (2015)
    country comparison to the world: 92
    Military and security forces field listing
    Royal Danish Army, Royal Danish Navy, Royal Danish Air Force, Danish Home Guard (Reserves) (2019)
    Military service age and obligation field listing
    18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscripts serve an initial training period that varies from 4 to 12 months depending on specialization; former conscripts are assigned to mobilization units; women eligible to volunteer for military service; in addition to full time employment, the Danish Military offers reserve contracts in all three branches (2016)
  • Transportation :: Denmark
  • National air transport system field listing
    number of registered air carriers: 10 (2015)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 76 (2015)
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 582,011 (2015)
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 0 mt-km (2015)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix field listing
    OY (2016)
    Airports field listing
    80 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 68
    Airports - with paved runways field listing
    total: 28 (2017)
    over 3,047 m: 2 (2017)
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 7 (2017)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 5 (2017)
    914 to 1,523 m: 12 (2017)
    under 914 m: 2 (2017)
    Airports - with unpaved runways field listing
    total: 52 (2013)
    914 to 1,523 m: 5 (2013)
    under 914 m: 47 (2013)
    Pipelines field listing
    1536 km gas, 330 km oil (2015)
    Railways field listing
    total: 3,476 km (2017)
    standard gauge: 3,476 km 1.435-m gauge (1,756 km electrified) (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    Roadways field listing
    total: 74,558 km (2017)
    paved: 74,558 km (includes 1,205 km of expressways) (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    Waterways field listing
    400 km (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 87
    Merchant marine field listing
    total: 682
    by type: bulk carrier 7, container ship 149, general cargo 59, oil tanker 77, other 390 (2019)
    country comparison to the world: 32
    Ports and terminals field listing
    major seaport(s): Baltic Sea - Aarhus, Copenhagen, Fredericia, Kalundborg
    cruise port(s): Copenhagen
    river port(s): Aalborg (Langerak)
    dry bulk cargo port(s): Ensted (coal)
    North Sea - Esbjerg,
  • Transnational Issues :: Denmark
  • Disputes - international field listing

    Iceland, the UK, and Ireland dispute Denmark's claim that the Faroe Islands' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm; sovereignty dispute with Canada over Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel between Ellesmere Island and Greenland; Denmark (Greenland) and Norway have made submissions to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) and Russia is collecting additional data to augment its 2001 CLCS submission

    Refugees and internally displaced persons field listing
    refugees (country of origin): 19,698 (Syria) (2017)
    stateless persons: 8,236 (2018)