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Africa :: EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Page last updated on October 07, 2017
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  • Introduction :: EQUATORIAL GUINEA

  • Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule; it is one of the smallest countries in Africa consisting of a mainland territory and five inhabited islands. The capital of Malabo is located on the island of Bioko, approximately 25 km from the Cameroonian coastline in the Gulf of Guinea. Between 1968 and 1979, autocratic President Francisco MACIAS NGUEMA virtually destroyed all of the country's political, economic, and social institutions before being deposed by his nephew Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO in a coup. President OBIANG has ruled since October 1979 and was reelected in 2016. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, presidential and legislative elections since 1996 have generally been labeled as flawed. The president exerts almost total control over the political system and has placed legal and bureaucratic barriers that prevent political opposition. Equatorial Guinea has experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves, and in the last decade has become Sub-Saharan Africa's third largest oil exporter. Despite the country's economic windfall from oil production, resulting in a massive increase in government revenue in recent years, the drop in global oil prices has placed significant strain on the state budget. Equatorial Guinea continues to seek to diversify its economy and to increase foreign investment despite limited improvements in the population's living standards. Equatorial Guinea is the host of major regional and international conferences and continues to seek a greater role in regional affairs.
  • Geography :: EQUATORIAL GUINEA

  • Central Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon
    2 00 N, 10 00 E
    Africa
    total: 28,051 sq km
    land: 28,051 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 146
    slightly smaller than Maryland
    total: 528 km
    border countries (2): Cameroon 183 km, Gabon 345 km
    296 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    tropical; always hot, humid
    coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic
    mean elevation: 577 m
    elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Pico Basile 3,008 m
    petroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand and gravel, clay
    agricultural land: 10.1%
    arable land 4.3%; permanent crops 2.1%; permanent pasture 3.7%
    forest: 57.5%
    other: 32.4% (2011 est.)
    NA
    only two large cities over 30,000 people (Bata on the mainland, and the capital Malabo on the island of Bioko); small communities are scattered throughout the mainland and the five inhabited islands
    violent windstorms; flash floods
    volcanism: Santa Isabel (elev. 3,007 m), which last erupted in 1923, is the country's only historically active volcano; Santa Isabel, along with two dormant volcanoes, form Bioko Island in the Gulf of Guinea
    tap water is non-potable; deforestation
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    insular and continental regions widely separated
  • People and Society :: EQUATORIAL GUINEA

  • 778,358 (July 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 164
    noun: Equatorial Guinean(s) or Equatoguinean(s)
    adjective: Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean
    Fang 85.7%, Bubi 6.5%, Mdowe 3.6%, Annobon 1.6%, Bujeba 1.1%, other 1.4% (1994 census)
    Spanish (official) 67.6%, other (includes French (official), Fang, Bubi) 32.4% (1994 census)
    nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices
    Equatorial Guinea is one of the smallest and least populated countries in continental Africa and is the only independent African country where Spanish is an official language. Despite a boom in oil production in the 1990s, authoritarianism, corruption, and resource mismanagement have concentrated the benefits among a small elite. These practices have perpetuated income inequality and unbalanced development, such as low public spending on education and health care. Unemployment remains problematic because the oil-dominated economy employs a small labor force dependent on skilled foreign workers. The agricultural sector, Equatorial Guinea’s main employer, continues to deteriorate because of a lack of investment and the migration of rural workers to urban areas. About three-quarters of the population lives below the poverty line.
    Equatorial Guinea’s large and growing youth population – about 60% are under the age of 25 – is particularly affected because job creation in the non-oil sectors is limited, and young people often do not have the skills needed in the labor market. Equatorial Guinean children frequently enter school late, have poor attendance, and have high dropout rates. Thousands of Equatorial Guineans fled across the border to Gabon in the 1970s to escape the dictatorship of MACIAS NGUEMA; smaller numbers have followed in the decades since. Continued inequitable economic growth and high youth unemployment increases the likelihood of ethnic and regional violence.
    0-14 years: 39.81% (male 157,388/female 152,469)
    15-24 years: 19.72% (male 78,145/female 75,348)
    25-54 years: 32.15% (male 125,108/female 125,096)
    55-64 years: 4.37% (male 14,676/female 19,349)
    65 years and over: 3.95% (male 12,808/female 17,971) (2017 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total dependency ratio: 67.5
    youth dependency ratio: 62.7
    elderly dependency ratio: 4.8
    potential support ratio: 20.6 (2015 est.)
    total: 19.6 years
    male: 19.1 years
    female: 20.1 years (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 196
    2.4% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 24
    32.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 32
    7.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 97
    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    only two large cities over 30,000 people (Bata on the mainland, and the capital Malabo on the island of Bioko); small communities are scattered throughout the mainland and the five inhabited islands
    urban population: 40.3% of total population (2017)
    rate of urbanization: 3.09% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    MALABO (capital) 145,000 (2014)
    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.76 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
    342 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 47
    total: 67.2 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 68.2 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 66.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 14
    total population: 64.2 years
    male: 63.1 years
    female: 65.4 years (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 183
    4.39 children born/woman (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 24
    12.6% (2011)
    3.8% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 165
    2.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
    improved:
    urban: 72.5% of population
    rural: 31.5% of population
    total: 47.9% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 27.5% of population
    rural: 68.5% of population
    total: 52.1% of population (2015 est.)
    improved:
    urban: 79.9% of population
    rural: 71% of population
    total: 74.5% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 20.1% of population
    rural: 29% of population
    total: 25.5% of population (2015 est.)
    6.2% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 11
    35,000 (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 63
    <1000 (2016 est.)
    degree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne disease: malaria and dengue fever
    animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
    16.2% (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 129
    5.6% (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 87
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 95.3%
    male: 97.4%
    female: 93% (2015 est.)
  • Government :: EQUATORIAL GUINEA

  • conventional long form: Republic of Equatorial Guinea
    conventional short form: Equatorial Guinea
    local long form: Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial/Republique de Guinee Equatoriale
    local short form: Guinea Ecuatorial/Guinee Equatoriale
    former: Spanish Guinea
    etymology: the country is named for the Guinea region of West Africa that lies along the Gulf of Guinea and stretches north to the Sahel; the "equatorial" refers to the fact that the country lies just north of the Equator
    presidential republic
    name: Malabo; note - a new capital of Oyala is being built on the mainland near Djibloho; Malabo is on the island of Bioko
    geographic coordinates: 3 45 N, 8 47 E
    time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    7 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Annobon, Bioko Norte, Bioko Sur, Centro Sur, Kie-Ntem, Litoral, Wele-Nzas
    12 October 1968 (from Spain)
    Independence Day, 12 October (1968)
    history: previous 1968, 1973, 1982; approved by referendum 17 November 1991
    amendments: proposed by the president of the republic or supported by three-fourths of the membership in either house of the National Assembly; passage requires three-fourths majority vote by both houses of the Assembly and approval in a referendum if requested by the president; amended several times, last in 2012 (2017)
    mixed system of civil and customary law
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Equatorial Guinea
    dual citizenship recognized: no
    residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: President Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Teodoro OBIANG Nguema Mbasogo (since 3 August 1979 when he seized power in a military coup)
    head of government: Prime Minister Francisco Pascual Eyegue OBAMA Asue (since 23 June 2016); First Deputy Prime Minister Clemente Engonga NGUEMA Onguene (since 23 June 2016); Second Deputy Prime Minister Andres Jorge Mbomio Nsem ABUA (since 23 June 2016); Third Deputy Prime Minister Alfonso Nsue MOKUY (since 23 June 2016)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
    elections/appointments: president directly elected by simple majority popular vote for a 7-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 24 April 2016 (next to be held in 2023); prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the president
    election results: Teodoro OBIANG Nguema Mbasogo reelected president; percent of vote - Teodoro OBIANG Nguema Mbasogo (PDGE) 93.5%, other 6.5%
    description: bicameral National Assembly or Asemblea Nacional, formerly the unicameral Parliament, consists of the Senate or Senado (70 seats; 55 members directly elected by simple majority vote and 15 appointed by the president) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de los Deputados (100 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms); note - the constitutional referendum of 2011 established the Senate and was implemented at the time of the May 2013 elections
    elections: last held on 26 May 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
    election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDGE 54, CPDS 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDGE 99, CPDS 1
    highest court(s): Supreme Court of Justice (consists of the chief justice - who is also chief of state - and 9 judges and organized into civil, criminal, commercial, labor, administrative, and customary sections); Constitutional Court (consists of the court president and 4 members)
    judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the president for 5-year terms; Constitutional Court members appointed by the president, 2 of which are nominated by the Chamber of Deputies
    subordinate courts: Court of Guarantees; military courts; Courts of Appeal; first instance tribunals; district and county tribunals
    Convergence Party for Social Democracy or CPDS [Andres ESONO ONDO]
    Democratic Party for Equatorial Guinea or PDGE [Teodoro OBIANG Nguema Mbasogo]
    Electoral Coalition or EC
    Front of Democratic Opposiiton or FOD (coalition includes CPDS, FDR, UP)
    Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea or APGE [Carmelo MBA BACALE]
    Popular Union or UP [Daniel MARTINEZ AYECABA]
    not officially registered parties: Democratic Republican Force or FDR [Guillermo NGUEMA ELA]
    Citizens for Innovation or CI
    Party for Progress of Equatorial Guinea or PPGE [Severo MOTO]
    Union for the Center Right or UDC [Avelino MOCACHE MEAENGA]
    ASODEGUE (Madrid-based pressure group for democratic reform)
    Coalicion CEIBA (group formed by diverse, exiled political parties)
    C.O.R.E.D. (originally led by Raimundo Ela Nsang; based in Paris)
    EG Justice (US-based anti-corruption group)
    ACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, CEMAC, CPLP (associate), FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OAS (observer), OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO (observer)
    chief of mission: Ambassador Miguel Ntutumu EVUNA ANDEME (since 23 February 2015)
    chancery: 2020 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
    telephone: [1] (202) 518-5700
    FAX: [1] (202) 518-5252
    consulate(s) general: Houston
    chief of mission: Ambassador Julie FURUTA-TOY (since January 2016)
    embassy: Carretera Malabo II, Malabo, Guinea Ecuatorial
    mailing address: US Embassy Malabo, US Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-2520
    telephone: [240] 333 09 57 41
    three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red, with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side and the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and five offshore islands) above a gray shield bearing a silk-cotton tree and below which is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace, Justice); green symbolizes the jungle and natural resources, blue represents the sea that connects the mainland to the islands, white stands for peace, and red recalls the fight for independence
    silk cotton tree; national colors: green, white, red, blue
    name: "Caminemos pisando la senda" (Let Us Tread the Path)
    lyrics/music: Atanasio Ndongo MIYONO/Atanasio Ndongo MIYONO or Ramiro Sanchez LOPEZ (disputed)
    note: adopted 1968
  • Economy :: EQUATORIAL GUINEA

  • Exploitation of oil and gas deposits, beginning in the 1990s, has driven economic growth in Equatorial Guinea; a recent rebasing of GDP resulted in an upward revision of the size of the economy by approximately 30%. Forestry and farming are minor components of GDP. Although preindependence Equatorial Guinea counted on cocoa production for hard currency earnings, the neglect of the rural economy since independence has diminished the potential for agriculture-led growth. Subsistence farming is the dominant form of livelihood. Declining revenue from hydrocarbon production, high levels of infrastructure expenditures, lack of economic diversification, and corruption have pushed the economy into decline in recent years and limited improvements in the general population’s living conditions. Equatorial Guinea’s real GDP growth has been weak in recent years, averaging -0.5% per year from 2010 to 2014, because of a declining hydrocarbon sector. Inflation remained very low in 2016, down from an average of 4% in 2014.
    Foreign assistance programs by the World Bank and the IMF have been cut since 1993 because of corruption and mismanagement, and as a middle income country Equatorial Guinea is now ineligible for most low-income donor funding. The government has been widely criticized for its lack of transparency and misuse of oil revenues and has attempted to address this issue by working toward compliance with the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. US foreign assistance to Equatorial Guinea is limited in part because of US restrictions pursuant to the Trafficking Victims Protection Act.
    Equatorial Guinea hosted two economic diversification symposia in 2014 that focused on attracting investment in five sectors: agriculture and animal ranching, fishing, mining and petrochemicals, tourism, and financial services. Undeveloped mineral resources include gold, zinc, diamonds, columbite-tantalite, and other base metals.
    $31.72 billion (2016 est.)
    $35.25 billion (2015 est.)
    $38.08 billion (2014 est.)
    note: data are in 2016 dollars
    country comparison to the world: 128
    $11.64 billion (2016 est.)
    -10% (2016 est.)
    -7.4% (2015 est.)
    -0.5% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 220
    $38,600 (2016 est.)
    $44,100 (2015 est.)
    $48,900 (2014 est.)
    note: data are in 2016 dollars
    country comparison to the world: 46
    46.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
    54.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
    47.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 2
    household consumption: 25.6%
    government consumption: 5.7%
    investment in fixed capital: 69.7%
    investment in inventories: 0.1%
    exports of goods and services: 53.4%
    imports of goods and services: -54.5% (2016 est.)
    agriculture: 8.8%
    industry: 71.7%
    services: 16.5% (2016 est.)
    coffee, cocoa, rice, yams, cassava (manioc, tapioca), bananas, palm oil nuts; livestock; timber
    petroleum, natural gas, sawmilling
    -6.7% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 197
    195,200 (2007 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 172
    8.6% (2014 est.)
    22.3% (2009 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 103
    44% (2011 est.)
    lowest 10%: NA%
    highest 10%: NA%
    revenues: $2.436 billion
    expenditures: $2.862 billion (2016 est.)
    20.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 146
    -3.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 129
    24.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
    16.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 165
    calendar year
    1.4% (2016 est.)
    1.7% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 103
    8.5% (31 December 2010)
    4.25% (31 December 2009)
    country comparison to the world: 37
    14% (31 December 2016 est.)
    14% (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 48
    $1.445 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $1.888 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 139
    $3.788 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $3.841 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 142
    $1.443 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $1.557 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 154
    -$2.008 billion (2016 est.)
    -$1.855 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 149
    $5.064 billion (2016 est.)
    $7.41 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 106
    petroleum products, timber
    India 19.4%, China 13.5%, South Korea 13.2%, Spain 12.3%, Italy 5.1%, Netherlands 5.1%, US 4.1% (2016)
    $3.03 billion (2016 est.)
    $3.953 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 141
    petroleum sector equipment, other equipment, construction materials, vehicles
    US 23.3%, Spain 21.8%, China 12.8% (2016)
    $621.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    $1.205 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 140
    $1.364 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $1.194 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 160
    Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale francs (XAF) per US dollar -
    605.7 (2016 est.)
    591.45 (2015 est.)
    591.45 (2014 est.)
    494.42 (2013 est.)
    510.53 (2012 est.)
  • Energy :: EQUATORIAL GUINEA

  • population without electricity: 300,000
    electrification - total population: 66%
    electrification - urban areas: 93%
    electrification - rural areas: 48% (2013)
    98 million kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 200
    91.14 million kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 201
    0 kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    0 kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 182
    200,000 kW (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 160
    22.6% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 85
    77.4% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 19
    0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 172
    250,000 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 35
    290,100 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 27
    0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 121
    1.1 billion bbl (1 January 2016 es)
    country comparison to the world: 42
    0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 138
    5,200 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 175
    0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 151
    5,197 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 165
    6.55 billion cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 47
    1.594 billion cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 83
    4.956 billion cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 32
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    36.81 billion cu m (1 January 2016 es)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    3.7 million Mt (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 137
  • Communications :: EQUATORIAL GUINEA

  • total subscriptions: 10,000
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 1 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    total: 541,000
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 71 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 170
    general assessment: digital fixed-line network in most major urban areas and decent mobile cellular coverage
    domestic: fixed-line density is about 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular subscribership has been increasing and in 2016 stood at about 70 percent of the population
    international: country code - 240; international communications from Bata and Malabo to African and European countries; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) (2016)
    state maintains control of broadcast media with domestic broadcast media limited to 1 state-owned TV station, 1 private TV station owned by the president's eldest son, 1 state-owned radio station, and 1 private radio station owned by the president's eldest son; satellite TV service is available; transmissions of multiple international broadcasters are accessible (2013)
    .gq
    total: 180,597
    percent of population: 23.8% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 167
  • Transportation :: EQUATORIAL GUINEA

  • number of registered air carriers: 6
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 15
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 400,759
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 461,650 mt-km (2015)
    3C (2016)
    7 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 166
    total: 6
    over 3,047 m: 1
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
    under 914 m: 2 (2017)
    total: 1
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2013)
    condensate 42 km; condensate/gas 5 km; gas 79 km; oil 71 km (2013)
    total: 2,880 km (2000)
    country comparison to the world: 168
    total: 5
    by type: cargo 1, chemical tanker 1, petroleum tanker 3
    foreign-owned: 1 (Norway 1) (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 124
    major seaport(s): Bata, Luba, Malabo
    LNG terminal(s) (export): Bioko Island
  • Military and Security :: EQUATORIAL GUINEA

  • 0.18% of GDP (2016)
    0.78% of GDP (2014)
    Equatorial Guinea Armed Forces (FAGE): Equatorial Guinea National Guard (Guardia Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial, GNGE (Army), Navy, Air Force (2013)
    18 years of age for selective compulsory military service, although conscription is rare in practice; 2-year service obligation; women hold only administrative positions in the Navy (2013)
  • Transnational Issues :: EQUATORIAL GUINEA

  • in 2002, ICJ ruled on an equidistance settlement of Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea-Nigeria maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea, but a dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River and imprecisely defined maritime coordinates in the ICJ decision delayed final delimitation; UN urged Equatorial Guinea and Gabon to resolve the sovereignty dispute over Gabon-occupied Mbane and lesser islands and to create a maritime boundary in the hydrocarbon-rich Corisco Bay
    current situation: Equatorial Guinea is a source country for children subjected to sex trafficking and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor; Equatorial Guinean girls may be encouraged by their parents to engage in the sex trade in urban centers to receive groceries, gifts, housing, and money; children are also trafficked from nearby countries for work as domestic servants, market laborers, ambulant vendors, and launderers; women are trafficked to Equatorial Guinea from Cameroon, Benin, other neighboring countries, and China for forced labor or prostitution
    tier rating: Tier 3 – Equatorial Guinea does not fully comply with the minimum standards on the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so; in 2014, the government made no efforts to investigate or prosecute any suspected trafficking offenders or to identify or protect victims, despite its 2004 law prohibiting all forms of trafficking and mandating the provision of services to victims; undocumented migrants continued to be deported without being screened to assess whether any were trafficking victims; authorities did not undertake any trafficking awareness campaigns, implement any programs to address forced child labor, or make any other efforts to prevent trafficking (2015)