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Central America :: El Salvador Print
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EL SALVADOR
  • Introduction :: El Salvador
  • Background field listing
    El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms. El Salvador is beset by one of the world's highest homicide rates and pervasive criminal gangs.
    EL SALVADOR SUMMARY: PDF
  • Geography :: El Salvador
  • Location field listing
    Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras
    Geographic coordinates field listing
    13 50 N, 88 55 W
    Map references field listing
    Central America and the Caribbean
    Area field listing
    total: 21,041 sq km
    land: 20,721 sq km
    water: 320 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 153
    Area - comparative field listing
    about the same size as New Jersey
    Land boundaries field listing
    total: 590 km
    border countries (2): Guatemala 199 km, Honduras 391 km
    Coastline field listing
    307 km
    Maritime claims field listing
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    Climate field listing
    tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands
    Terrain field listing
    mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau
    Elevation field listing
    mean elevation: 442 m
    elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
    2730 highest point: Cerro El Pital
    Natural resources field listing
    hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land
    Land use field listing
    agricultural land: 74.7% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 33.1% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 10.9% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 30.7% (2011 est.)
    forest: 13.6% (2011 est.)
    other: 11.7% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land field listing
    452 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution field listing
    athough it is the smallest country in land area in Central America, El Salvador has a population that is 18 times larger than Belize; at least 20% of the population lives abroad; high population density country-wide, with particular concentration around the capital of San Salvador
    Natural hazards field listing

    known as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity; extremely susceptible to hurricanes

    volcanism: significant volcanic activity; San Salvador (1,893 m), which last erupted in 1917, has the potential to cause major harm to the country's capital, which lies just below the volcano's slopes; San Miguel (2,130 m), which last erupted in 2002, is one of the most active volcanoes in the country; other historically active volcanoes include Conchaguita, Ilopango, Izalco, and Santa Ana

    Environment - current issues field listing
    deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; contamination of soils from disposal of toxic wastes
    Environment - international agreements field listing
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
    Geography - note field listing
    smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on the Caribbean Sea
  • People and Society :: El Salvador
  • Population field listing
    6,187,271 (July 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 109
    Nationality field listing
    noun: Salvadoran(s)
    adjective: Salvadoran
    Ethnic groups field listing
    mestizo 86.3%, white 12.7%, Amerindian 0.2% (includes Lenca, Kakawira, Nahua-Pipil), black 0.1%, other 0.6% (2007 est.)
    Languages field listing
    Spanish (official), Nawat (among some Amerindians)
    Religions field listing
    Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 36%, other 2%, none 12% (2014 est.)
    Demographic profile field listing

    El Salvador is the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America. It is well into its demographic transition, experiencing slower population growth, a decline in its number of youths, and the gradual aging of its population. The increased use of family planning has substantially lowered El Salvador's fertility rate, from approximately 6 children per woman in the 1970s to replacement level today. A 2008 national family planning survey showed that female sterilization remained the most common contraception method in El Salvador - its sterilization rate is among the highest in Latin America and the Caribbean - but that the use of injectable contraceptives is growing. Fertility differences between rich and poor and urban and rural women are narrowing.

    Salvadorans fled during the 1979 to 1992 civil war mainly to the United States but also to Canada and to neighboring Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Emigration to the United States increased again in the 1990s and 2000s as a result of deteriorating economic conditions, natural disasters (Hurricane Mitch in 1998 and earthquakes in 2001), and family reunification. At least 20% of El Salvador's population lives abroad. The remittances they send home account for close to 20% of GDP, are the second largest source of external income after exports, and have helped reduce poverty.

    Age structure field listing
    0-14 years: 25.3% (male 802,813 /female 762,852)
    15-24 years: 19.88% (male 619,550 /female 610,725)
    25-54 years: 39.8% (male 1,143,226 /female 1,319,138)
    55-64 years: 7.32% (male 198,513 /female 254,640)
    65 years and over: 7.69% (male 208,817 /female 266,997) (2018 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Dependency ratios field listing
    total dependency ratio: 56.8 (2015 est.)
    youth dependency ratio: 44.4 (2015 est.)
    elderly dependency ratio: 12.4 (2015 est.)
    potential support ratio: 8 (2015 est.)
    Median age field listing
    total: 27.6 years
    male: 26.1 years
    female: 29.1 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 143
    Population growth rate field listing
    0.25% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 177
    Birth rate field listing
    16.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 111
    Death rate field listing
    5.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    Net migration rate field listing
    -8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 205
    Population distribution field listing
    athough it is the smallest country in land area in Central America, El Salvador has a population that is 18 times larger than Belize; at least 20% of the population lives abroad; high population density country-wide, with particular concentration around the capital of San Salvador
    Urbanization field listing
    urban population: 72% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: 1.57% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population field listing
    1.107 million SAN SALVADOR (capital) (2018)
    Sex ratio field listing
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    25-54 years: 0.86 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    55-64 years: 0.8 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    Mother's mean age at first birth field listing
    20.8 years (2008 est.)

    note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

    Maternal mortality rate field listing
    54 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 91
    Infant mortality rate field listing
    total: 16.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    male: 18.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    female: 14.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 95
    Life expectancy at birth field listing
    total population: 75.1 years (2018 est.)
    male: 71.8 years (2018 est.)
    female: 78.6 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    Total fertility rate field listing
    1.84 children born/woman (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 146
    Contraceptive prevalence rate field listing
    72% (2014)
    Health expenditures field listing
    6.8% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 87
    Physicians density field listing
    1.92 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
    Hospital bed density field listing
    1.3 beds/1,000 population (2014)
    Drinking water source field listing
    improved: urban: 97.5% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 86.5% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 93.8% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 13.5% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 6.2% of population (2015 est.)
    Sanitation facility access field listing
    improved: urban: 82.4% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 60% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 75% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 17.6% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 40% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 25% of population (2015 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate field listing
    0.6% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 58
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS field listing
    25,000 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 76
    HIV/AIDS - deaths field listing
    <1000 (2017 est.)
    Major infectious diseases field listing
    degree of risk: high (2016)
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea (2016)
    vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016)

    note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

    Obesity - adult prevalence rate field listing
    24.6% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    Children under the age of 5 years underweight field listing
    5% (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 82
    Education expenditures field listing
    3.5% of GDP (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 129
    Literacy field listing
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)
    total population: 88% (2015 est.)
    male: 90% (2015 est.)
    female: 86.2% (2015 est.)
    School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) field listing
    total: 13 years (2014)
    male: 13 years (2014)
    female: 13 years (2014)
    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 field listing
    total: 9.8% (2016)
    male: 9.6% (2016)
    female: 10.1% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 128
  • Government :: El Salvador
  • Country name field listing
    conventional long form: Republic of El Salvador
    conventional short form: El Salvador
    local long form: Republica de El Salvador
    local short form: El Salvador
    etymology: name is an abbreviation of the original Spanish conquistador designation for the area "Provincia de Nuestro Senor Jesus Cristo, el Salvador del Mundo" (Province of Our Lord Jesus Christ, the Saviour of the World), which became simply "El Salvador" (The Savior)
    Government type field listing
    presidential republic
    Capital field listing
    name: San Salvador
    geographic coordinates: 13 42 N, 89 12 W
    time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    Administrative divisions field listing
    14 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Ahuachapan, Cabanas, Chalatenango, Cuscatlan, La Libertad, La Paz, La Union, Morazan, San Miguel, San Salvador, San Vicente, Santa Ana, Sonsonate, Usulutan
    Independence field listing
    15 September 1821 (from Spain)
    National holiday field listing
    Independence Day, 15 September (1821)
    Constitution field listing
    history: many previous; latest drafted 16 December 1983, enacted 23 December 1983 (2018)
    amendments: proposals require agreement by absolute majority of the Legislative Assembly membership; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote of the Assembly; constitutional articles on basic principles, and citizen rights and freedoms cannot be amended; amended many times, last in 2018 (2018)
    International law organization participation field listing
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
    Citizenship field listing
    citizenship by birth: yes
    citizenship by descent only: yes
    dual citizenship recognized: yes
    residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
    Suffrage field listing
    18 years of age; universal
    Executive branch field listing
    chief of state: President Salvador SANCHEZ CEREN (since 1 June 2014); Vice President Salvador Oscar ORTIZ (since 1 June 2014); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Salvador SANCHEZ CEREN (since 1 June 2014); Vice President Salvador Oscar ORTIZ (since 1 June 2014)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers selected by the president
    elections/appointments: president and vice president directly elected on the same ballot by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a single 5-year term; election last held on 2 February 2014 with a runoff on 9 March 2014 (next to be held on 3 February 2019)
    election results: Salvador SANCHEZ CEREN elected president in second round; percent of vote in first round - Salvador SANCHEZ CEREN (FMLN) 48.9%, Norman QUIJANO (ARENA) 39%, Antonio SACA (CN) 11.4%, other 0.7%; percent of vote in second round - Salvador SANCHEZ CEREN 50.1%, Norman QUIJANO 49.9%
    Legislative branch field listing
    description: unicameral Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa (84 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies and a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote to serve 3-year terms)
    elections: last held on 4 March 2018 (next to be held in March 2021)
    election results: percent of vote by party - ARENA 42.3%, FMLN 24.4%, GANA 11.5%, PCN 10.8%, PDC 3.2%, CD 0.9%, Independent 0.7%, other 6.2%; seats by party - ARENA 37, FMLN 23, GANA 11, PCN 8, PDC 3, CD 1, independent 1
    Judicial branch field listing
    highest courts: Supreme Court or Corte Suprema de Justicia (consists of 15 judges assigned to constitutional, civil, penal, and administrative conflict divisions)
    judge selection and term of office: judges elected by the Legislative Assembly on the recommendation of both the National Council of the Judicature, an independent body elected by the Legislative Assembly, and the Bar Association; judges elected for 9-year terms, with renewal of one-third of membership every 3 years; consecutive reelection is allowed
    subordinate courts: Appellate Courts; Courts of First Instance; Courts of Peace
    Political parties and leaders field listing
    Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Rodolfo Antonio PARKER Soto]
    Democratic Change (Cambio Democratico) or CD [Douglas AVILES] (formerly United Democratic Center or CDU)
    Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front or FMLN [Medardo GONZALEZ]
    Great Alliance for National Unity or GANA [Jose Andres ROVIRA Caneles]
    National Coalition Party or PCN [Manuel RODRIGUEZ]
    Nationalist Republican Alliance or ARENA [Mauricio INTERIANO]
    International organization participation field listing
    BCIE, CACM, CD, CELAC, FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAES, LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, Pacific Alliance (observer), PCA, Petrocaribe, SICA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, Union Latina, UNISFA, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
    Diplomatic representation in the US field listing
    chief of mission: Ambassador Claudia Ivette CANJURA de Centeno (since 17 June 2016)
    chancery: 1400 16th Street NW, Suite 100, Washington, DC 20036
    telephone: [1] (202) 595-7500
    FAX: [1] (202) 232-1928
    consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Brentwood (NY), Chicago, Dallas, Doral (FL), Houston, Las Vegas (NV), Los Angeles, McAllen (TX), New York, Nogales (AZ), San Francisco, Silver Spring (MD), Tucson (AZ), Washington, DC, Woodbridge (VA), Woodstock (GA)
    consulate(s): Elizabeth (NJ), Newark (NJ), Seattle, Woodbridge (VA)
    Diplomatic representation from the US field listing
    chief of mission: Ambassador Jean Elizabeth MANES (since 29 March 2016)
    embassy: Final Boulevard Santa Elena Sur, Antiguo Cuscatlan, La Libertad, San Salvador
    mailing address: Unit 3450, APO AA 34023; 3450 San Salvador Place, Washington, DC 20521-3450
    telephone: [503] 2501-2999
    FAX: [503] 2501-2150
    Flag description field listing
    three equal horizontal bands of cobalt blue (top), white, and cobalt blue with the national coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL; the banner is based on the former blue-white-blue flag of the Federal Republic of Central America; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, while the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water, as well as peace and prosperity

    note: similar to the flag of Nicaragua, which has a different coat of arms centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Honduras, which has five blue stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band

    National symbol(s) field listing
    turquoise-browed motmot (bird); national colors: blue, white
    National anthem field listing
    name: "Himno Nacional de El Salvador" (National Anthem of El Salvador)
    lyrics/music: Juan Jose CANAS/Juan ABERLE

    note: officially adopted 1953, in use since 1879; at 4:20 minutes, the anthem of El Salvador is one of the world's longest

  • Economy :: El Salvador
  • Economy - overview field listing

    The smallest country in Central America geographically, El Salvador has the fourth largest economy in the region. With the global recession, real GDP contracted in 2009 and economic growth has since remained low, averaging less than 2% from 2010 to 2014, but recovered somewhat in 2015-17 with an average annual growth rate of 2.4%. Remittances accounted for approximately 18% of GDP in 2017 and were received by about a third of all households.

    In 2006, El Salvador was the first country to ratify the Dominican Republic-Central American Free Trade Agreement, which has bolstered the export of processed foods, sugar, and ethanol, and supported investment in the apparel sector amid increased Asian competition. In September 2015, El Salvador kicked off a five-year $277 million second compact with the Millennium Challenge Corporation - a US Government agency aimed at stimulating economic growth and reducing poverty - to improve El Salvador's competitiveness and productivity in international markets.

    The Salvadoran Government maintained fiscal discipline during reconstruction and rebuilding following earthquakes in 2001 and hurricanes in 1998 and 2005, but El Salvador's public debt, estimated at 59.3% of GDP in 2017, has been growing over the last several years.

    GDP (purchasing power parity) field listing
    $51.17 billion (2017 est.)
    $50.01 billion (2016 est.)
    $48.75 billion (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 109
    GDP (official exchange rate) field listing
    $24.81 billion (2017 est.) (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate field listing
    2.3% (2017 est.)
    2.6% (2016 est.)
    2.4% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 140
    GDP - per capita (PPP) field listing
    $8,000 (2017 est.)
    $7,900 (2016 est.)
    $7,700 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 152
    Gross national saving field listing
    14.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
    13% of GDP (2016 est.)
    12.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 137
    GDP - composition, by end use field listing
    household consumption: 84.5% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 15.8% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 16.9% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 27.6% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -44.9% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin field listing
    agriculture: 12% (2017 est.)
    industry: 27.7% (2017 est.)
    services: 60.3% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products field listing
    coffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans, oilseed, cotton, sorghum; beef, dairy products
    Industries field listing
    food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals
    Industrial production growth rate field listing
    3.6% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 81
    Labor force field listing
    2.774 million (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 109
    Labor force - by occupation field listing
    agriculture: 21%
    industry: 20%
    services: 58% (2011 est.)
    Unemployment rate field listing
    7% (2017 est.)
    6.9% (2016 est.)

    note: data are official rates; but underemployment is high

    country comparison to the world: 107
    Population below poverty line field listing
    32.7% (2016 est.)
    Household income or consumption by percentage share field listing
    lowest 10%: 32.3% (2014 est.)
    highest 10%: 32.3% (2014 est.)
    Distribution of family income - Gini index field listing
    36 (2016 est.)
    38 (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 90
    Budget field listing
    revenues: 5.886 billion (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 6.517 billion (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues field listing
    23.7% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 123
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) field listing
    -2.5% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    Public debt field listing
    67.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
    66.4% of GDP (2016 est.)

    note: El Salvador's total public debt includes non-financial public sector debt, financial public sector debt, and central bank debt

    country comparison to the world: 54
    Fiscal year field listing
    calendar year
    Inflation rate (consumer prices) field listing
    1% (2017 est.)
    0.6% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 51
    Commercial bank prime lending rate field listing
    6.47% (31 December 2017 est.)
    6.37% (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 124
    Stock of narrow money field listing
    $3.653 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $3.129 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    Stock of broad money field listing
    $3.653 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $3.129 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    Stock of domestic credit field listing
    $14.22 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $13.71 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 100
    Market value of publicly traded shares field listing
    $2.64 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $4.4 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $3.816 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 97
    Current account balance field listing
    -$501 million (2017 est.)
    -$500 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 119
    Exports field listing
    $4.662 billion (2017 est.)
    $5.42 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 113
    Exports - partners field listing
    US 45.7%, Honduras 13.9%, Guatemala 13.5%, Nicaragua 6.7%, Costa Rica 4.6% (2017)
    Exports - commodities field listing
    offshore assembly exports, coffee, sugar, textiles and apparel, ethanol, chemicals, electricity, iron and steel manufactures
    Imports field listing
    $9.499 billion (2017 est.)
    $8.954 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 104
    Imports - commodities field listing
    raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods, fuels, foodstuffs, petroleum, electricity
    Imports - partners field listing
    US 36.7%, Guatemala 10.5%, China 8.7%, Mexico 7.4%, Honduras 6.7% (2017)
    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold field listing
    $3.567 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $3.238 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 104
    Debt - external field listing
    $15.51 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $16.32 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 102
    Stock of direct foreign investment - at home field listing
    $10.28 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $9.197 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad field listing
    $678.7 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $976.3 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 93
    Exchange rates field listing
    note: the US dollar is used as a medium of exchange and circulates freely in the economy
    1 (2017 est.)
  • Energy :: El Salvador
  • Electricity access field listing
    population without electricity: 400,000 (2013)
    electrification - total population: 94% (2013)
    electrification - urban areas: 98% (2013)
    electrification - rural areas: 86% (2013)
    Electricity - production field listing
    5.83 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 116
    Electricity - consumption field listing
    5.928 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 116
    Electricity - exports field listing
    89.6 million kWh (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 82
    Electricity - imports field listing
    1.066 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
    Electricity - installed generating capacity field listing
    1.983 million kW (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 113
    Electricity - from fossil fuels field listing
    49% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 154
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 83
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants field listing
    23% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 84
    Electricity - from other renewable sources field listing
    29% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 18
    Crude oil - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 129
    Crude oil - exports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 117
    Crude oil - imports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    Crude oil - proved reserves field listing
    0 bbl (1 January 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 126
    Refined petroleum products - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 138
    Refined petroleum products - consumption field listing
    52,000 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 103
    Refined petroleum products - exports field listing
    347 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 115
    Refined petroleum products - imports field listing
    49,280 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 82
    Natural gas - production field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 126
    Natural gas - consumption field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 141
    Natural gas - exports field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 98
    Natural gas - imports field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 119
    Natural gas - proved reserves field listing
    0 cu m (1 January 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 130
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy field listing
    7.331 million Mt (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 124
  • Communications :: El Salvador
  • Telephones - fixed lines field listing
    total subscriptions: 677,599 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 11 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 89
    Telephones - mobile cellular field listing
    total subscriptions: 9,982,186 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 162 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 85
    Telephone system field listing
    general assessment: multiple mobile-cellular began rolling out Long Term Evolution (LTE) data services in late-2016; growth in fixed-line services has slowed in the face of mobile-cellular competition; Internet usage grew almost 400% between 2007 and 2015 (2017)
    domestic: nationwide microwave radio relay system (2017)
    international: country code - 503; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); connected to Central American Microwave System (2017)
    Broadcast media field listing
    multiple privately owned national terrestrial TV networks, supplemented by cable TV networks that carry international channels; hundreds of commercial radio broadcast stations and 1 government-owned radio broadcast station; transition to digital transmission to begin in 2018 along with adaptation of the Japanese-Brazilian Digital Standard (ISDB-T) (2017)
    Internet country code field listing
    .sv
    Internet users field listing
    total: 1,785,254 (July 2016 est.)
    percent of population: 29% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 118
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions field listing
    total: 442,727 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 7 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 84
  • Transportation :: El Salvador
  • National air transport system field listing
    number of registered air carriers: 1 (2015)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 32 (2015)
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 2,597,649 (2015)
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 13,873,884 mt-km (2015)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix field listing
    YS (2016)
    Airports field listing
    68 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 74
    Airports - with paved runways field listing
    total: 5 (2017)
    over 3,047 m: 1 (2017)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2017)
    914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2017)
    under 914 m: 1 (2017)
    Airports - with unpaved runways field listing
    total: 63 (2013)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
    914 to 1,523 m: 11 (2013)
    under 914 m: 51 (2013)
    Heliports field listing
    2 (2013)
    Railways field listing
    total: 13 km (2014)
    narrow gauge: 12.5 km 0.914-m gauge (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 135
    Roadways field listing
    total: 6,979 km (2016)
    paved: 4,414 km (includes 341 km of expressways) (2016)
    unpaved: 2,565 km (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 146
    Waterways field listing
    (Rio Lempa River is partially navigable by small craft) (2011)
    Merchant marine field listing
    total: 2 (2017)
    by type: other 2 (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 169
    Ports and terminals field listing
    major seaport(s): Puerto Cutuco
    oil terminal(s): Acajutla offshore terminal
  • Military and Security :: El Salvador
  • Military expenditures field listing
    0.87% of GDP (2016)
    0.95% of GDP (2015)
    0.93% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 127
    Military branches field listing
    Salvadoran Armed Forces (Fuerza Armada de El Salvador, FAES): Salvadoran Army (Ejercito de El Salvador, ES), Salvadoran Navy (Fuerza Naval de El Salvador, FNES), Salvadoran Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Salvadorena, FAS) (2017)
    Military service age and obligation field listing
    18 years of age for selective compulsory military service; 16-22 years of age for voluntary male or female service; service obligation is 12 months, with 11 months for officers and NCOs (2012)
  • Transnational Issues :: El Salvador
  • Disputes - international field listing
    International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" (disputed areas) along the El Salvador-Honduras boundary, in 1992, with final agreement by the parties in 2006 after an Organization of American States survey and a further ICJ ruling in 2003the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca advocating Honduran access to the PacificEl Salvador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not identified in the ICJ decision, off Honduras in the Gulf of Fonseca
    Refugees and internally displaced persons field listing
    IDPs: 71,500 (2017)
    Illicit drugs field listing
    transshipment point for cocaine; small amounts of marijuana produced for local consumption; significant use of cocaine