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Australia - Oceania :: Fiji Print
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FIJI
  • Introduction :: Fiji
  • Background field listing
    Fiji became independent in 1970 after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987 caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indian community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British in the 19th century). The coups and a 1990 constitution that cemented native Melanesian control of Fiji led to heavy Indian emigration; the population loss resulted in economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. A new constitution enacted in 1997 was more equitable. Free and peaceful elections in 1999 resulted in a government led by an Indo-Fijian, but a civilian-led coup in 2000 ushered in a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held in 2001 provided Fiji with a democratically elected government led by Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE. Reelected in May 2006, QARASE was ousted in a December 2006 military coup led by Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA, who initially appointed himself acting president but in January 2007 became interim prime minister. Following years of political turmoil, long-delayed legislative elections were held in September 2014 that were deemed "credible" by international observers and that resulted in BAINIMARAMA being reelected.
  • Geography :: Fiji
  • Location field listing
    Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
    Geographic coordinates field listing
    18 00 S, 175 00 E
    Map references field listing
    Oceania
    Area field listing
    total: 18,274 sq km
    land: 18,274 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 157
    Area - comparative field listing
    slightly smaller than New Jersey
    Land boundaries field listing
    0 km
    Coastline field listing
    1,129 km
    Maritime claims field listing
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
    Climate field listing
    tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
    Terrain field listing
    mostly mountains of volcanic origin
    Elevation field listing
    0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
    1324 highest point: Tomanivi
    Natural resources field listing
    timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower
    Land use field listing
    agricultural land: 23.3% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 9% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 4.7% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 9.6% (2011 est.)
    forest: 55.7% (2011 est.)
    other: 21% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land field listing
    40 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution field listing
    approximately 70% of the population lives on the island of Viti Levu; roughly half of the population lives in urban areas
    Natural hazards field listing
    cyclonic storms can occur from November to January
    Environment - current issues field listing
    the widespread practice of waste incineration is a major contributor to air pollution in the country, as are vehicle emissions in urban areas; deforestation and soil erosion are significant problems; a contributory factor to erosion is clearing of land by bush burning, a widespread practie that threatens biodiversity
    Environment - international agreements field listing
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Geography - note field listing
    includes 332 islands; approximately 110 are inhabited
  • People and Society :: Fiji
  • Population field listing
    926,276 (July 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 161
    Nationality field listing
    noun: Fijian(s)
    adjective: Fijian
    Ethnic groups field listing
    iTaukei 56.8% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 37.5%, Rotuman 1.2%, other 4.5% (European, part European, other Pacific Islanders, Chinese) (2007 est.)

    note: a 2010 law replaces 'Fijian' with 'iTaukei' when referring to the original and native settlers of Fiji

    Languages field listing
    English (official), Fijian (official), Hindustani
    Religions field listing
    Protestant 45% (Methodist 34.6%, Assembly of God 5.7%, Seventh Day Adventist 3.9%, and Anglican 0.8%), Hindu 27.9%, other Christian 10.4%, Roman Catholic 9.1%, Muslim 6.3%, Sikh 0.3%, other 0.3%, none 0.8% (2007 est.)
    Age structure field listing
    0-14 years: 27.45% (male 129,962 /female 124,305)
    15-24 years: 15.91% (male 75,165 /female 72,219)
    25-54 years: 41.05% (male 194,743 /female 185,469)
    55-64 years: 8.79% (male 41,286 /female 40,167)
    65 years and over: 6.8% (male 28,924 /female 34,036) (2018 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Dependency ratios field listing
    total dependency ratio: 52.8 (2015 est.)
    youth dependency ratio: 43.9 (2015 est.)
    elderly dependency ratio: 8.9 (2015 est.)
    potential support ratio: 11.2 (2015 est.)
    Median age field listing
    total: 29.2 years
    male: 29 years
    female: 29.4 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 126
    Population growth rate field listing
    0.56% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 151
    Birth rate field listing
    18.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 91
    Death rate field listing
    6.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 156
    Net migration rate field listing
    -6.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 200
    Population distribution field listing
    approximately 70% of the population lives on the island of Viti Levu; roughly half of the population lives in urban areas
    Urbanization field listing
    urban population: 56.2% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: 1.62% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population field listing
    178,000 SUVA (capital) (2018)
    Sex ratio field listing
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    Maternal mortality rate field listing
    30 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 113
    Infant mortality rate field listing
    total: 9.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    male: 10.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    female: 8.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 142
    Life expectancy at birth field listing
    total population: 73.2 years (2018 est.)
    male: 70.5 years (2018 est.)
    female: 76 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 141
    Total fertility rate field listing
    2.37 children born/woman (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 82
    Health expenditures field listing
    4.5% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 156
    Physicians density field listing
    0.84 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
    Hospital bed density field listing
    2.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
    Drinking water source field listing
    improved: urban: 99.5% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 91.2% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 95.7% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 0.5% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 8.8% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 4.3% of population (2015 est.)
    Sanitation facility access field listing
    improved: urban: 93.4% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 88.4% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 91.1% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 6.6% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 11.6% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 8.9% of population (2015 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate field listing
    0.1% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 111
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS field listing
    <1000 (2016 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - deaths field listing
    <100 (2016 est.)
    Major infectious diseases field listing

    note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

    Obesity - adult prevalence rate field listing
    30.2% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 24
    Education expenditures field listing
    3.9% of GDP (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 113
    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 field listing
    total: 15.4% (2016 est.)
    male: 11.9% (2016 est.)
    female: 22.4% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 85
  • Government :: Fiji
  • Country name field listing
    conventional long form: Republic of Fiji
    conventional short form: Fiji
    local long form: Republic of Fiji/Matanitu ko Viti
    local short form: Fiji/Viti
    etymology: the Fijians called their home Viti, but the neighboring Tongans called it Fisi, and in the Anglicized spelling of the Tongan pronunciation - promulgated by explorer Captain James COOK - the designation became Fiji
    Government type field listing
    parliamentary republic
    Capital field listing
    name: Suva (on Viti Levu)
    geographic coordinates: 18 08 S, 178 25 E
    time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in November; ends second Sunday in January
    Administrative divisions field listing
    14 provinces and 1 dependency*; Ba, Bua, Cakaudrove, Kadavu, Lau, Lomaiviti, Macuata, Nadroga and Navosa, Naitasiri, Namosi, Ra, Rewa, Rotuma*, Serua, Tailevu
    Independence field listing
    10 October 1970 (from the UK)
    National holiday field listing
    Fiji (Independence) Day, 10 October (1970)
    Constitution field listing
    several previous; latest signed into law September 2013 (2017)
    International law organization participation field listing
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    Citizenship field listing
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Fiji
    dual citizenship recognized: yes
    residency requirement for naturalization: at least 5 years residency out of the 10 years preceding application
    Suffrage field listing
    18 years of age; universal
    Executive branch field listing
    chief of state: President Jioji Konousi KONROTE (since 12 November 2015)
    head of government: Prime Minister Voreqe "Frank" BAINIMARAMA (since 22 September 2014)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among members of Parliament and is responsible to Parliament
    elections/appointments: president elected by Parliament for a 3-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 31 August 2018 (next to be held in 2021); prime minister appointed by the president
    election results: Jioji Konousi KONROTE reelected president (unopposed)
    Legislative branch field listing
    description: unicameral Parliament (50 seats - 51 beginning in 2018; members directly elected in a nationwide, multi-seat constituency by open-list proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms)
    elections: last held on 17 September 2014 (next to be held in 2018)
    election results: percent of vote by party - FijiFirst 59.2%, SODELPA 28.2%, NFP 5.5%, other 7.1%; seats by party - FijiFirst 32, SODELPA 15, NFP 3
    Judicial branch field listing
    highest courts: Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice, all justices of the Court of Appeal, and judges appointed specifically as Supreme Court judges); Court of Appeal (consists of the court president, all puisne judges of the High Court, and judges specifically appointed to the Court of Appeal); High Court (chaired by the chief justice and includes a minimum of 10 puisne judges; High Court organized into civil, criminal, family, employment, and tax divisions)
    judge selection and term of office: chief justice appointed by the president of Fiji on the advice of the prime minister following consultation with the parliamentary leader of the opposition; judges of the Supreme Court, the president of the Court of Appeal, the justices of the Court of Appeal, and puisne judges of the High Court appointed by the president of Fiji upon the nomination of the Judicial Service Commission after consulting with the cabinet minister and the committee of the House of Representatives responsible for the administration of justice; the chief justice, Supreme Court judges and justices of Appeal generally required to retire at age 70 but may be waived for one or more sessions of the court; puisne judges appointed for not less than 4 years nor more than 7 years with mandatory retirement at age 65
    subordinate courts: Magistrates' Court (organized into civil, criminal, juvenile, and small claims divisions)
    Political parties and leaders field listing
    FijiFirst [Veroqe “Frank” BAINIMARAMA]
    Fiji Labor Party or FLP [Mahendra CHAUDHRY]
    Fiji United Freedon Party or FUFP [Jagath KARUNARATNE]
    National Federation Party or NFP [Biman PRASAD] (primarily Indian)
    Peoples Democratic Party or PDP [Lynda TABUYA]
    Social Democratic Liberal Party or SODELPA [Sitiveni RABUKA]
    Unity Fiji [Adi QORO]
    International organization participation field listing
    ACP, ADB, AOSIS, C, CP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, OPCW, PCA, PIF, Sparteca (suspended), SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMISS, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
    Diplomatic representation in the US field listing
    chief of mission: Ambassador Solo MARA (since 28 January 2016)
    chancery: 2000 M Street NW, Suite 710, Washington, DC 20036
    telephone: [1] (202) 466-8320
    FAX: [1] (202) 466-8325
    Diplomatic representation from the US field listing
    chief of mission: Ambassador Judith CEFKIN (since 3 February 2015); note - also accredited to Kiribati, Nauru, Tonga, and Tuvalu
    embassy: 158 Princes Rd, Tamavua
    mailing address: P. O. Box 218, Suva
    telephone: [679] 331-4466
    FAX: [679] 330-8685
    Flag description field listing
    light blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Fijian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the blue symbolizes the Pacific Ocean and the Union Jack reflects the links with Great Britain; the shield - taken from Fiji's coat of arms - depicts a yellow lion, holding a coconut pod between its paws, above a white field quartered by the cross of Saint George; the four quarters depict stalks of sugarcane, a palm tree, a banana bunch, and a white dove of peace
    National symbol(s) field listing
    Fijian canoe; national color: light blue
    National anthem field listing
    name: God Bless Fiji
    lyrics/music: Michael Francis Alexander PRESCOTT/C. Austin MILES (adapted by Michael Francis Alexander PRESCOTT)

    note: adopted 1970; known in Fijian as "Meda Dau Doka" (Let Us Show Pride); adapted from the hymn, "Dwelling in Beulah Land," the anthem's English lyrics are generally sung, although they differ in meaning from the official Fijian lyrics

  • Economy :: Fiji
  • Economy - overview field listing

    Fiji, endowed with forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the most developed and connected of the Pacific island economies. Earnings from the tourism industry, with an estimated 842,884 tourists visiting in 2017, and remittances from Fijian’s working abroad are the country’s largest foreign exchange earners.

    Bottled water exports to the US is Fiji’s largest domestic export. Fiji's sugar sector remains a significant industry and a major export, but crops and one of the sugar mills suffered damage during Cyclone Winston in 2016. Fiji’s trade imbalance continues to widen with increased imports and sluggish performance of domestic exports.

    The return to parliamentary democracy and successful elections in September 2014 improved investor confidence, but increasing bureaucratic regulation, new taxes, and lack of consultation with relevant stakeholders brought four consecutive years of decline for Fiji on the World Bank Ease of Doing Business index. Private sector investment in 2017 approached 20% of GDP, compared to 13% in 2013.

    GDP (purchasing power parity) field listing
    $8.629 billion (2017 est.)
    $8.376 billion (2016 est.)
    $8.321 billion (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 163
    GDP (official exchange rate) field listing
    $4.891 billion (2017 est.) (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate field listing
    3% (2017 est.)
    0.7% (2016 est.)
    3.8% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 113
    GDP - per capita (PPP) field listing
    $9,800 (2017 est.)
    $9,600 (2016 est.)
    $9,600 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 140
    Gross national saving field listing
    12.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
    13.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
    16.1% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 146
    GDP - composition, by end use field listing
    household consumption: 81.3% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 24.4% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 16.9% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 29% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -51.6% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin field listing
    agriculture: 13.5% (2017 est.)
    industry: 17.4% (2017 est.)
    services: 69.1% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products field listing
    sugarcane, copra, ginger, tropical fruits, vegetables; beef, pork, chicken, fish
    Industries field listing
    tourism, sugar processing, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber
    Industrial production growth rate field listing
    2.8% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 108
    Labor force field listing
    353,100 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 161
    Labor force - by occupation field listing
    agriculture: 41.6% (2011)
    industry: 14.3% (2011)
    services: 41.6% (2011)
    Unemployment rate field listing
    4.5% (2017 est.)
    5.5% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 63
    Population below poverty line field listing
    31% (2009 est.)
    Household income or consumption by percentage share field listing
    lowest 10%: 34.9% (2009 est.)
    highest 10%: 34.9% (2009 est.)
    Budget field listing
    revenues: 1.454 billion (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 1.648 billion (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues field listing
    29.7% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) field listing
    -4% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 157
    Public debt field listing
    48.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
    47.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 106
    Fiscal year field listing
    calendar year
    Inflation rate (consumer prices) field listing
    3.4% (2017 est.)
    3.9% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 140
    Central bank discount rate field listing
    1.75% (31 December 2010)
    3% (31 December 2009)
    country comparison to the world: 122
    Commercial bank prime lending rate field listing
    5.74% (31 December 2017 est.)
    5.85% (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 129
    Stock of narrow money field listing
    $2.272 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $1.994 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 132
    Stock of broad money field listing
    $2.272 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $1.994 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 140
    Stock of domestic credit field listing
    $3.607 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $3.295 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 135
    Market value of publicly traded shares field listing
    $452.5 million (31 December 2012 est.)
    $392.2 million (31 December 2011 est.)
    $418.8 million (31 December 2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 113
    Current account balance field listing
    -$277 million (2017 est.)
    -$131 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 101
    Exports field listing
    $908.2 million (2017 est.)
    $709 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 164
    Exports - commodities field listing
    fuel, including oil, fish, beverages, gems, sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish, molasses, coconut oil, mineral water
    Exports - partners field listing
    US 20.8%, Australia 14.9%, NZ 7.7%, Tonga 5%, Vanuatu 4.6%, China 4.5%, Spain 4.3%, UK 4.3%, Kiribati 4.1% (2017)
    Imports field listing
    $1.911 billion (2017 est.)
    $1.844 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 165
    Imports - commodities field listing
    manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, food and beverages, chemicals, tobacco
    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold field listing
    $1.116 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $908.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 130
    Imports - partners field listing
    Australia 19.2%, NZ 17.2%, Singapore 17%, China 13.8% (2017)
    Debt - external field listing
    $1.022 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $696.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 166
    Stock of direct foreign investment - at home field listing
    $4.342 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $4.022 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 108
    Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad field listing
    $117.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $115.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
    Exchange rates field listing
    Fijian dollars (FJD) per US dollar -
    2.075 (2017 est.)
    2.0947 (2016 est.)
    2.0947 (2015 est.)
    2.0976 (2014 est.)
    1.8874 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: Fiji
  • Electricity access field listing
    population without electricity: 375,274 (2012)
    electrification - total population: 59% (2012)
    electrification - urban areas: 72% (2012)
    electrification - rural areas: 45% (2012)
    Electricity - production field listing
    890 million kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 155
    Electricity - consumption field listing
    827.7 million kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 160
    Electricity - exports field listing
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 134
    Electricity - imports field listing
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 146
    Electricity - installed generating capacity field listing
    333,000 kW (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 152
    Electricity - from fossil fuels field listing
    36% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 170
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 92
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants field listing
    39% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 54
    Electricity - from other renewable sources field listing
    25.2% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 20
    Crude oil - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 133
    Crude oil - exports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 122
    Crude oil - imports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 127
    Crude oil - proved reserves field listing
    0 bbl (1 January 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 135
    Refined petroleum products - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 145
    Refined petroleum products - consumption field listing
    16,000 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 146
    Refined petroleum products - exports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 157
    Refined petroleum products - imports field listing
    15,970 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 128
    Natural gas - production field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 136
    Natural gas - consumption field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    Natural gas - exports field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 103
    Natural gas - imports field listing
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 128
    Natural gas - proved reserves field listing
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 140
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy field listing
    1.89 million Mt (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 149
  • Communications :: Fiji
  • Telephones - fixed lines field listing
    total subscriptions: 75,952 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 8 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 147
    Telephones - mobile cellular field listing
    total subscriptions: 1,033,915 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 112 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 159
    Telephone system field listing
    general assessment: modern local, interisland, and international (wire/radio integrated) public and special-purpose telephone, telegraph, and teleprinter facilities; regional radio communications center; subject to occasional devastating cyclones (2016)
    domestic: telephone or radio telephone links to almost all inhabited islands; most towns and large villages have automatic telephone exchanges and direct dialing; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 110 per 100 persons (2016)
    international: country code - 679; access to important cable links between US and Canada, as well as between NZ and Australia; satellite earth stations - 2 Inmarsat (Pacific Ocean) (2016)
    Broadcast media field listing
    Fiji TV, a publicly traded company, operates a free-to-air channel; Digicel Fiji operates the Sky Fiji and Sky Pacific multi-channel pay-TV services; state-owned commercial company, Fiji Broadcasting Corporation, Ltd, operates 6 radio stations - 2 public broadcasters and 4 commercial broadcasters with multiple repeaters; 5 radio stations with repeaters operated by Communications Fiji, Ltd; transmissions of multiple international broadcasters are available (2017)
    Internet country code field listing
    .fj
    Internet users field listing
    total: 425,680 (July 2016 est.)
    percent of population: 46.5% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 152
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions field listing
    total: 12,135 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 1 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 167
  • Transportation :: Fiji
  • National air transport system field listing
    number of registered air carriers: 2 (2015)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 12 (2015)
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 1,336,976 (2015)
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 83,686,504 mt-km (2015)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix field listing
    DQ (2016)
    Airports field listing
    28 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 121
    Airports - with paved runways field listing
    total: 4 (2017)
    over 3,047 m: 1 (2017)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2017)
    914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2017)
    Airports - with unpaved runways field listing
    total: 24 (2013)
    914 to 1,523 m: 5 (2013)
    under 914 m: 19 (2013)
    Railways field listing
    total: 597 km (2008)
    narrow gauge: 597 km 0.600-m gauge (2008)

    note: belongs to the government-owned Fiji Sugar Corporation; used to haul sugarcane during the harvest season, which runs from May to December

    country comparison to the world: 109
    Roadways field listing
    total: 3,440 km (2011)
    paved: 1,686 km (2011)
    unpaved: 1,754 km (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 163
    Waterways field listing
    203 km (122 km are navigable by motorized craft and 200-metric-ton barges) (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 97
    Merchant marine field listing
    total: 68 (2017)
    by type: bulk carrier 6, general cargo 25, oil tanker 2, other 35 (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 103
    Ports and terminals field listing
    major seaport(s): Lautoka, Levuka, Suva
  • Military and Security :: Fiji
  • Military expenditures field listing
    0.98% of GDP (2016)
    1.07% of GDP (2015)
    1.03% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 116
    Military branches field listing
    Republic of Fiji Military Forces (RFMF): Land Forces, Naval Forces (2011)
    Military service age and obligation field listing
    18 years of age for voluntary military service; mandatory retirement at age 55 (2013)
  • Transnational Issues :: Fiji
  • Disputes - international field listing
    none