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Australia-Oceania :: Micronesia, Federated States of
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Micronesia, Federated States of

  • The Caroline Islands are a widely scattered archipelago in the western Pacific Ocean; they became part of a UN Trust Territory under US administration following World War II. The eastern four island groups adopted a constitution in 1979 and chose to become the Federated States of Micronesia. (The fifth, westernmost island group became Palau.) Independence came in 1986 under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, overdependence on US foreign aid, and state perception of inequitable allocation of US aid.

  • Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
    6 55 N, 158 15 E
    total: 702 sq km
    land: 702 sq km
    water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)
    note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)
    country comparison to the world: 191
    four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)
    0 km
    6,112 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage
    islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m
    timber, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate
    arable land: 2.86%
    permanent crops: 24.29%
    other: 72.86% (2012 est.)
    typhoons (June to December)
    overfishing, climate change, pollution
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    four major island groups totaling 607 islands

  • noun: Micronesian(s)
    adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese
    Chuukese/Mortlockese 49.3%, Pohnpeian 29.8%, Kosraean 6.3%, Yapese 5.7%, Yap outer islanders 5.1%, Polynesian 1.6%, Asian 1.4%, other 0.8% (2010 est.)
    English (official and common language), Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
    Roman Catholic 54.7%, Protestant 41.1% (includes Congregational 38.5%, Baptist 1.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 0.8%, Assembly of God .7%), Mormon 1.5%, other 1.9%, none 0.7%, unspecified 0.1% (2010 est.)
    105,681 (July 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 193
    0-14 years: 31.9% (male 17,120/female 16,561)
    15-24 years: 20.2% (male 10,755/female 10,609)
    25-54 years: 38% (male 19,483/female 20,686)
    55-64 years: 6.5% (male 3,440/female 3,477)
    65 years and over: 3.4% (male 1,576/female 1,974) (2014 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total dependency ratio: 63.3%
    youth dependency ratio: 56.4%
    elderly dependency ratio: 6.9%
    potential support ratio: 14.6% (2014 est.)
    total: 23.8 years
    male: 23.2 years
    female: 24.4 years (2014 est.)
    -0.42% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 220
    20.97 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    4.25 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 206
    -20.93 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 220
    urban population: 22.4% of total population (2014)
    rate of urbanization: 0.27% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    PALIKIR (capital) 7,000 (2014)
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
    100 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 71
    total: 21.93 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 24.28 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 19.47 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 81
    total population: 72.35 years
    male: 70.34 years
    female: 74.45 years (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 136
    2.55 children born/woman (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 78
    12.8% of GDP (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 6
    0.18 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
    3.2 beds/1,000 population (2009)
    urban: 94.8% of population
    rural: 87.4% of population
    total: 89% of population
    urban: 5.2% of population
    rural: 12.6% of population
    total: 11% of population (2012 est.)
    urban: 85.1% of population
    rural: 49% of population
    total: 57.2% of population
    urban: 14.9% of population
    rural: 51% of population
    total: 42.8% of population (2012 est.)
    40.6% (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 12

  • conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
    conventional short form: none
    local long form: Federated States of Micronesia
    local short form: none
    former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts
    abbreviation: FSM
    constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force on 3 November 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force in May 2004
    name: Palikir
    geographic coordinates: 6 55 N, 158 09 E
    time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae (Kosaie), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap
    3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)
    Constitution Day, 10 May (1979)
    drafted June 1975, ratified 1 October 1978, entered into force 10 May 1979; amended 1990 (2012)
    mixed legal system of common and customary law
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007)
    cabinet: Cabinet includes the vice president and the heads of the eight executive departments
    elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators at large for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 11 May 2011 (next to be held in May 2015)
    election results: Emanuel MORI re-elected president by Congress unopposed; Alik L. ALIK reelected vice president
    description: unicameral Congress (14 seats; 10 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 2-year terms and 4 directly elected from each of the 4 states by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms)
    elections: last held on 5 March 2013 (next to be held in March 2015)
    election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independent 14
    highest court(s): Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and not more than 5 associate justices and organized into appellate and criminal divisions)
    judge selection and term of office: justices appointed by the president of the Federated States of Micronesia with the approval of two-thirds of Congress; justices appointed for life
    subordinate courts: the highest state-level courts are: Chuuk Supreme Court; Korsae State Court; Pohnpei State Court; Yap State Court
    no formal parties
    chief of mission: Ambassador Asterio R. TAKESY (since 13 January 2012)
    chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036
    telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383
    FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391
    consulate(s) general: Honolulu, Tamuning (Guam)
    chief of mission: Ambassador Dorothea-Maria (Doria) ROSEN (since 9 August 2012)
    embassy: 101 Upper Pics Road, Kolonia
    mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Kolonia, Pohnpei, 96941; U.S. Embassy in Micronesia, 4120 Kolonia Place, Washington, D.C. 20521-4120
    telephone: [691] 320-2187
    FAX: [691] 320-2186
    light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern; blue symbolizes the Pacific Ocean, the stars represent the four island groups of Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap
    four, five-pointed, white stars on a light blue field; national colors: light blue, white
    name: "Patriots of Micronesia"
    lyrics/music: unknown
    note: adopted 1991; also known as "Across All Micronesia"; the music is based on the 1820 German patriotic song "Ich hab mich ergeben", which was the West German national anthem from 1949-1950; variants of this tune are used in Johannes Brahms' "Festival Overture" and Gustav Mahler's "Third Symphony"

  • Economic activity consists of subsistence farming and fishing and government which is funded largely by Compact of Free Association (Compact) assistance provided by the US. The islands have few known mineral deposits worth commercial exploration. The potential for tourism is also limited by isolation, lack of adequate facilities, and limited air and water connections hinder development. Under the terms of the original Compact, the US provided $1.3 billion in grants and aid in 1986-2001. The US and the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) negotiated a second (amended) Compact agreement in 2002-2003 that took effect in 2004. The amended Compact runs for a 20-year period to 2024; during which the US will provide roughly $2.1 billion to the FSM. The amended Compact also includes a Trust Fund for the people of the FSM which is to provide an income stream beyond 2024 when Compact grants are to end. The country's medium-term economic outlook appears fragile because of reduced US assistance and lackluster performance of its small and stagnant private sector.
    $331 million (2014 est.)
    $329 million (2013 est.)
    $327 million (2012 est.)
    note: data are in 2013 US dollars; GDP supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually
    country comparison to the world: 216
    $339 million (2014 est.)
    0.6% (2014 est.)
    0.6% (2013 est.)
    0.4% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    $3,200 (2014 est.)
    $3,200 (2013 est.)
    $3,100 (2012 est.)
    note: data are in 2013 US dollars
    country comparison to the world: 184
    agriculture: 14%
    industry: 12%
    services: 74% (2011 est.)
    black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, bananas, cassava (manioc, tapioca), sakau (kava), Kosraen citrus, betel nuts, sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens; fish
    tourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items (from shell, wood, and pearls)
    15,920 (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 214
    agriculture: 0.9%
    industry: 20.6%
    services: 78.5%
    note: two-thirds of the labor force are government employees (2011 est.)
    22% (2000 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 168
    26.7% (2000)
    lowest 10%: NA%
    highest 10%: NA%
    revenues: $107 million
    expenditures: $102 million (FY10/11 est.)
    31.6% of GDP (FY10/11 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 83
    1.5% of GDP (FY10/11 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 18
    1 October - 30 September
    3.4% (2011 est.)
    3.5% (2010 est.)
    14.35% (31 December 2013 est.)
    14.35% (31 December 2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 47
    $27.22 million (31 December 2011 est.)
    $118.4 million (31 December 2011 est.)
    $113.9 million (31 December 2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 190
    $56.77 million (31 December 2011 est.)
    -$34.3 million (FY05 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    $24.9 million (2009 est.)
    $14 million (2004 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 204
    fish, garments, bananas, black pepper, sakau (kava), betel nuts
    $132.7 million (2004)
    country comparison to the world: 209
    food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages
    $75.06 million (31 December 2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 167
    $60.8 million (FY05 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 193
    the US dollar is used

  • 192 million kWh (2002)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    178.6 million kWh (2002)
    country comparison to the world: 190
    0 kWh (2002)
    country comparison to the world: 139
    0 kWh (2002)
    country comparison to the world: 146

  • 8,400 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 200
    27,600 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 208
    general assessment: adequate system
    domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes), satellite (Intelsat) ground stations, and some coaxial and fiber-optic cable; mobile-cellular service available on Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap
    international: country code - 691; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2002)
    no TV broadcast stations; each state has a multi-channel cable service with TV transmissions carrying roughly 95% imported programming and 5% local programming; about a half dozen radio stations (2009)
    AM 5, FM 1, shortwave 0 (2004)
    3 (cable TV also available) (2004)
    4,668 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 147
    17,000 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 191

  • 6 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    total: 6
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
    914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2013)
    total: 240 km
    paved: 42 km
    unpaved: 198 km (2000)
    country comparison to the world: 208
    total: 3
    by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 2 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 139
    major seaport(s): Colonia (Tomil Harbor), Lele Harbor, Pohnepi Harbor

  • no regular military forces (2012)
    males age 16-49: 26,712 (2010 est.)
    males age 16-49: 22,008
    females age 16-49: 23,501 (2010 est.)
    male: 1,276
    female: 1,253 (2010 est.)
    defense is the responsibility of the US
  • Transnational Issues :: MICRONESIA, FEDERATED STATES OF

  • none
    major consumer of cannabis